Sutradara Terbaik (Academy Awards)

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Lompat ke: navigasi, cari
Sutradara Terbaik Academy Award
Negara Amerika Serikat
Dipandu oleh Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Pertama diberikan 1929
Saat ini dipegang oleh Alfonso Cuarón,
Gravity (2013)
Situs web resmi oscars.org

Academy Award untuk Sutradara Terbaik (secara resmi dikenal sebagai Academy Award untuk Penyutradaraan Terbaik) adalah sebuah penghargaan yang dipersembahkan setiap tahun oleh Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Penghargaan tersebut diberikan untuk menghormati seorang sutradara yang menampolkan penyutradaraan menarik saat berkarya dalam industri film.

Acara Academy Awards ke-1 diadakan pada 1929 dimana penghargaan tersebut dipisah dalam kategori "Drama" dan "Komedi"; Frank Borzage dan Lewis Milestone menang masing-masing untuk Seventh Heaven dan Two Arabian Knights.[1] Namun, kategori-kategori tersebyt digabung pada acara-acara berikutnya.[2] Nominasi-nominasinya ditentukan oleh pemungutan suara berpindah tunggal pada cabang sutradara-sutradara dari AMPAS; para pemenang dipilih oleh suara pluralitas dari para anggota yang dianggap layak memberikan suara dari Academy.[3][4][5]

Untuk sebelas tahun pertama Academy Awards, para sutradara diperbolehkan mendapatkan nominasi untuk film berganda pada tahun yang sama. Setelah penominasian Michael Curtiz untuk dua film, Angels with Dirty Faces dan Four Daughters, di Academy Awards ke-11, peraturan direvisi sehingga seorang individual hanya dapat dinominasikan untuk satu film pada setiap acara.[6] Meskipun perusahaan diamandemenkan, satu-satunya sutradara yang meraih nominasi berganda dalam tahun yang sama adalah Steven Soderbergh untuk Erin Brockovich dan Traffic pada 2000, dan memenangkan penghargaan tersebut untuk film Traffic. Academy Awards untuk Sutradara Terbaik dan Film Terbaik sangat berkaitan sepanjang sejarah mereka. Dari 88 film yang dianugerahi Film Terbaik, 63 film juga dianugerahi Sutradara Terbaik.[7] Sejak pembentukannya, penghargaan tersebut telah diberikan kepada 69 sutradara atau tim penyutradaraan. John Ford telah meraih penghargaan terbanyak dalam kategori tersebut dengan empat kemenangan. William Wyler dinominasikan dua belas kali, lebih banyak ketimbang orang lainnya. Pada acara 2016, Alejandro G. Iñárritu adalah pemenang paling terkini dalam kategori tersebut untuk karyanya pada Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) dan The Revenant, menjadikannya sutradara ketiga yang memenangkan dua Oscar penyutradaraan berturut-turut. Dua tim penyutradaraan berbagi penghargaan tersebut; Robert Wise dan Jerome Robbins untuk West Side Story pada 1960 dan Joel dan Ethan Coen untuk No Country for Old Men pada 2007. Coen bersaudara adalah satu-satunya kaka beradik yang memenangkan penghargaan tersebut.[8]

Pemenang dan nominasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada tabel berikut ini, tahun-tahun didaftarkan menurut tahun konvensi Academy, dan umumnya ditujukan kepada tahun rilis film di Kabupaten Los Angeles, California; acara-acara tersebut selalu diadakan pada tahun berikutnya.[9] Untuk lima acara pertama, periode penentuan berlangsung selama dua belas bulan dari 1 Agustus sampai 31 Juli.[10] Pada acara ke-6 yang diadakan pada 1934, periode penentuan berlangsung dari 1 Agustus 1932 sampai 31 Desember 1933.[10] Sejak acara ke-7 yang diadakan pada 1935, periode penentuan berlangsung selama setahun kalender penuh pada tahun sebelumnya dari 1 Januari sampai 31 Desember.[10]

Keterangan
Pemenang penghargaan Menandakan pemenang
Foto hitam-putih Frank Borzage, 1920.
Frank Borzage menang dalam kategori "Drama" di acara pertama.
Foto publisitas hitam-putih Lewis Milestone.
Lewis Milestone menang dalam kategori "Komedi" di acara pertama dan kemudian meraih penghargaan kedua untuk All Quiet on the Western Front.
Foto potret Frank Capra.
Frank Capra memenangkan tiga penghargaan dalam kategori tersebut, untuk It Happened One Night, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, dan You Can't Take It with You.
Foto hitam-putih John Ford sedang merokok pipa.
John Ford meraih kemenangan terbanyak pada kategori Sutradara Terbaik dengan empat kemenangan masing-masing pada 1935, 1940, 1941, dan 1952.
Foto hitam-putih Gloria Swanson dan Billy Wilder saat memfilmkan Sunset Boulevard.
Billy Wilder (kanan) dinominasikan delapan kali, menang dua kali.
Gambar Elia Kazan pada masa dewasa muda.
Elia Kazan menang pada 1948 untuk Gentleman's Agreement dan kembali untuk On the Waterfront.
Foto publisitas John Huston dalam film 1974 Chinatown.
John Huston meraih penghargaan tersebut pada 1948 untuk The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.
George Stevens meraih Oscar-nya untuk Giant.
George Stevens menang dua kali, dengan selisih lima tahun, untuk A Place in the Sun dan Giant.
Fred Zinnemann in the 1940s.
Fred Zinnemann meraih dua penghargaan (untuk From Here to Eternity dan A Man for All Seasons).
David Lean di Finlandia saat pemfilman Doctor Zhivago.
David Lean menang untuk The Bridge on the River Kwai dan Lawrence of Arabia dan dinominasikan untuk lima film lainnya.
Robert Wise in 1990.
Robert Wise meraih dua penghargan dalam kategori ini, menang untuk West Side Story dan The Sound of Music.
George Cukor pada 1973.
George Cukor menang pada 1964 untuk My Fair Lady.
Foto Mike Nichols dan Elaine May.
Mike Nichols (kanan) menang untuk The Graduate pada 1967.
William Friedkin pada 2012.
William Friedkin menang pada 1971 untuk The French Connection.
Bob Fosse dan Viveca Lindfors pada 1963.
Bob Fosse (kiri) menang untuk film sutradaraannya Cabaret pada 1972.
Francis Ford Coppola menghadiri San Diego Comic-Con pada 2011.
Francis Ford Coppola meraih penghargaan tersebut untuk The Godfather Part II.
Miloš Forman di Festival Film Internasional Karlovy Vary ke-44.
Miloš Forman menang untuk One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest pada 1975 dan Amadeus pada 1984.
Woody Allen yang meraih tujuh nominasi dalam kategori tersebut, hanya menang sekali (untuk Annie Hall).
Robert Redford pada 2010an.
Aktor Robert Redford menang untuk Ordinary People.
Warren Beatty dalam sebuah foto publisitas untuk Shampoo pada 1975.
Warren Beatty menang pada 1981 karena menyutradarai Reds.
Richard Attenborough pada 1975.
Richard Attenborough menang pada 1982 untuk biopik epik buatannya, Gandhi.
James L. Brooks saat penayangan perdana The Simpsons Movie pada 2007.
James L. Brooks menang untuk film 1983-nya Terms of Endearment.
Oliver Stone di Festival Film Subversive pada 2013.
Oliver Stone meraih dua penghargaan dalam kategori tersebut pada 1980an—yang satu untuk Platoon (1986), dan yang lainnya untuk Born on the Fourth of July (1989).
Bernardo Bertolucci pada Februari 2011.
Bernardo Bertolucci menang sebagai sutradara The Last Emperor pada 1987.
Kevin Costner menghadiri Festival Film Internasional Toronto pada 2014.
Kevin Costner meraih penghargaan tersebut pada 1990 untuk menyutradarai Dances with Wolves.
Clint Eastwood di Festival Film Internasional Toronto 2010.
Clint Eastwood menang pada 1992 untuk film Unforgiven dan menjadi sutradara tertua yang menang dalam kategori tersebut dengan film Million Dollar Baby pada 2004.
Steven Spielberg di Festival Film Cannes 2013.
Steven Spielberg, seorang pemenang dua kali untuk Schindler's List dan Saving Private Ryan.
Robert Zemeckis di Festival Film Tokyo ke-28.
Robert Zemeckis menang untuk film sutradaraannya Forrest Gump (1994).
James Cameron in 2010.
James Cameron meraih penghargaan tersebut untu Titanic.
Sam Mendes di penayangan perdana musikal Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.
Sam Mendes menang pada 1999 untuk debut penyutradaraannya—American Beauty.
Ron Howard pada  2011.
Ron Howard, pemenang 2001 untuk A Beautiful Mind.
Roman Polanski di Festival Film Cannes 2013.
Roman Polanski menang pada 2002 untuk film sutradaraannya The Pianist.
Ang Lee di Festival Film Venesia ke-66.
Ang Leemenang dua kali dalam kategori tersebut—pada 2005 untuk Brokeback Mountain dan pada 2012 untuk Life of Pi.
Martin Scorsese di Cannes pada 2010.
Martin Scorsese telah meraih delapan nominasi untuk Sutradara Terbaik, namun hanya menang untuk The Departed pada 2006.
Kathryn Bigelow di Academy Awards ke-82
Kathryn Bigelow adalah wanita pertama dan satu-satunya sampai saat ini yang memenangkan penghargaan tersebut, Ia menang untuk The Hurt Locker pada 2009.
Michel Hazanavicius di Festival Film Cannes 2015
Michel Hazanavicius menjadi sutradara Perancis pertama yang memenangkan penghargaan tersebut untuk karyanya pada The Artist.
Alfonso Cuarón pada 2013.
Pada 2013, Alfonso Cuarón menjadi sutradara Meksiko pertama yang memenangkan penghargaan tersebut untuk karyanya pada Gravity.
Alejandro González Iñárritu pada 2014 di Los Angeles, California.
Alejandro G. Iñárritu memenangkan penghargaan tersebut pada dua tahun berturut-turut karena menyutradarai Birdman (2014) dan The Revenant (2015).
Tahun Sutradara Film Ref.
1927/28
(ke-1)
Frank Borzage (Drama)Pemenang penghargaan 7th Heaven [11]
Herbert Brenon (Drama) Sorrell and Son
King Vidor (Drama) The Crowd
Lewis Milestone (Komedi)Pemenang penghargaan Two Arabian Knights
Ted Wilde (Komedi) Speedy
1928/1929
(ke-2)
Frank LloydPemenang penghargaan The Divine Lady [12]
Lionel Barrymore Madame X
Harry Beaumont The Broadway Melody
Irving Cummings In Old Arizona
Frank Lloyd Drag
Weary River
Ernst Lubitsch The Patriot
1929/1930
(ke-3)
Lewis MilestonePemenang penghargaan All Quiet on the Western Front [13]
Clarence Brown Anna Christie
Romance
Robert Z. Leonard The Divorcee
Ernst Lubitsch The Love Parade
King Vidor Hallelujah!
1930/1931
(ke-4)
Norman TaurogPemenang penghargaan Skippy [14]
Clarence Brown A Free Soul
Lewis Milestone The Front Page
Wesley Ruggles Cimarron
Josef von Sternberg Morocco
1931/1932
(ke-5)
Frank BorzagePemenang penghargaan Bad Girl [15]
King Vidor The Champ
Josef von Sternberg Shanghai Express
1932/1933
(ke-6)
Frank LloydPemenang penghargaan Cavalcade [16]
Frank Capra Lady for a Day
George Cukor Little Women
1934
(ke-7)
Frank CapraPemenang penghargaan It Happened One Night [17]
Victor Schertzinger One Night of Love
W. S. Van Dyke The Thin Man
1935
(ke-8)
John FordPemenang penghargaan The Informer [18]
Henry Hathaway The Lives of a Bengal Lancer
Frank Lloyd Mutiny on the Bounty
1936
(ke-9)
Frank CapraPemenang penghargaan Mr. Deeds Goes to Town [19]
Gregory La Cava My Man Godfrey
Robert Z. Leonard The Great Ziegfeld
W. S. Van Dyke San Francisco
William Wyler Dodsworth
1937
(ke-10)
Leo McCareyPemenang penghargaan The Awful Truth [20]
William Dieterle The Life of Emile Zola
Sidney Franklin The Good Earth
Gregory La Cava Stage Door
William A. Wellman A Star Is Born
1938
(ke-11)
Frank CapraPemenang penghargaan You Can't Take It with You [21]
Michael Curtiz Angels with Dirty Faces
Four Daughters
Norman Taurog Boys Town
King Vidor The Citadel
1939
(ke-12)
Victor FlemingPemenang penghargaan Gone with the Wind [22]
Frank Capra Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
John Ford Stagecoach
Sam Wood Goodbye, Mr. Chips
William Wyler Wuthering Heights
1940
(ke-13)
John FordPemenang penghargaan The Grapes of Wrath [23]
George Cukor The Philadelphia Story
Alfred Hitchcock Rebecca
Sam Wood Kitty Foyle
William Wyler The Letter
1941
(ke-14)
John FordPemenang penghargaan How Green Was My Valley [24]
Alexander Hall Here Comes Mr. Jordan
Howard Hawks Sergeant York
Orson Welles Citizen Kane
William Wyler The Little Foxes
1942
(ke-15)
William WylerPemenang penghargaan Mrs. Miniver [25]
Michael Curtiz Yankee Doodle Dandy
John Farrow Wake Island
Mervyn LeRoy Random Harvest
Sam Wood Kings Row
1943
(ke-16)
Michael CurtizPemenang penghargaan Casablanca [26]
Clarence Brown The Human Comedy
Henry King The Song of Bernadette
Ernst Lubitsch Heaven Can Wait
George Stevens The More the Merrier
1944
(ke-17)
Leo McCareyPemenang penghargaan Going My Way [27]
Alfred Hitchcock Lifeboat
Henry King Wilson
Otto Preminger Laura
Billy Wilder Double Indemnity
1945
(ke-18)
Billy WilderPemenang penghargaan The Lost Weekend [28]
Clarence Brown National Velvet
Alfred Hitchcock Spellbound
Leo McCarey The Bells of St. Mary's
Jean Renoir The Southerner
1946
(ke-19)
William WylerPemenang penghargaan The Best Years of Our Lives [29]
Clarence Brown The Yearling
Frank Capra It's a Wonderful Life
David Lean Brief Encounter
Robert Siodmak The Killers
1947
(ke-20)
Elia KazanPemenang penghargaan Gentleman's Agreement [30]
George Cukor A Double Life
Edward Dmytryk Crossfire
Henry Koster The Bishop's Wife
David Lean Great Expectations
1948
(ke-21)
John HustonPemenang penghargaan The Treasure of the Sierra Madre [31]
Anatole Litvak The Snake Pit
Jean Negulesco Johnny Belinda
Laurence Olivier Hamlet
Fred Zinnemann The Search
1949
(ke-22)
Joseph L. MankiewiczPemenang penghargaan A Letter to Three Wives [32]
Carol Reed The Fallen Idol
Robert Rossen All the King's Men
William A. Wellman Battleground
William Wyler The Heiress
1950
(ke-23)
Joseph L. MankiewiczPemenang penghargaan All About Eve [33]
George Cukor Born Yesterday
John Huston The Asphalt Jungle
Carol Reed The Third Man
Billy Wilder Sunset Boulevard
1951
(ke-24)
George StevensPemenang penghargaan A Place in the Sun [34]
John Huston The African Queen
Elia Kazan A Streetcar Named Desire
Vincente Minnelli An American in Paris
William Wyler Detective Story
1952
(ke-25)
John FordPemenang penghargaan The Quiet Man [35]
Cecil B. DeMille The Greatest Show on Earth
John Huston Moulin Rouge
Joseph L. Mankiewicz 5 Fingers
Fred Zinnemann High Noon
1953
(ke-26)
Fred ZinnemannPemenang penghargaan From Here to Eternity [36]
George Stevens Shane
Charles Walters Lili
Billy Wilder Stalag 17
William Wyler Roman Holiday
1954
(ke-27)
Elia KazanPemenang penghargaan On the Waterfront [37]
Alfred Hitchcock Rear Window
George Seaton The Country Girl
William A. Wellman The High and the Mighty
Billy Wilder Sabrina
1955
(ke-28)
Delbert MannPemenang penghargaan Marty [38]
Elia Kazan East of Eden
David Lean Summertime
Joshua Logan Picnic
John Sturges Bad Day at Black Rock
1956
(ke-29)
George StevensAward winner Giant [39]
Michael Anderson Around the World in 80 Days
Walter Lang The King and I
King Vidor War and Peace
William Wyler Friendly Persuasion
1957
(ke-30)
David LeanPemenang penghargaan The Bridge on the River Kwai [40]
Joshua Logan Sayonara
Sidney Lumet 12 Angry Men
Mark Robson Peyton Place
Billy Wilder Witness for the Prosecution
1958
(ke-31)
Vincente MinnelliPemenang penghargaan Gigi [41]
Richard Brooks Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Stanley Kramer The Defiant Ones
Mark Robson The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
Robert Wise I Want to Live!
1959
(ke-32)
William WylerPemenang penghargaan Ben-Hur [42]
Jack Clayton Room at the Top
George Stevens The Diary of Anne Frank
Billy Wilder Some Like It Hot
Fred Zinnemann The Nun's Story
1960
(ke-33)
Billy WilderPemenang penghargaan The Apartment [43]
Jack Cardiff Sons and Lovers
Jules Dassin Never on Sunday
Alfred Hitchcock Psycho
Fred Zinnemann The Sundowners
1961
(ke-34)
Robert WisePemenang penghargaan
Jerome RobbinsPemenang penghargaan
West Side Story [44]
Federico Fellini La Dolce Vita
Stanley Kramer Judgment at Nuremberg
Robert Rossen The Hustler
J. Lee Thompson The Guns of Navarone
1962
(ke-35)
David LeanPemenang penghargaan Lawrence of Arabia [45]
Pietro Germi Divorce Italian Style
Robert Mulligan To Kill a Mockingbird
Arthur Penn The Miracle Worker
Frank Perry David and Lisa
1963
(ke-36)
Tony RichardsonPemenang penghargaan Tom Jones [46]
Federico Fellini
Elia Kazan America America
Otto Preminger The Cardinal
Martin Ritt Hud
1964
(ke-37)
George CukorPemenang penghargaan My Fair Lady [47]
Michael Cacoyannis Zorba the Greek
Peter Glenville Becket
Stanley Kubrick Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb
Robert Stevenson Mary Poppins
1965
(ke-38)
Robert WisePemenang penghargaan The Sound of Music [48]
David Lean Doctor Zhivago
John Schlesinger Darling
Hiroshi Teshigahara Woman in the Dunes
William Wyler The Collector
1966
(ke-39)
Fred ZinnemannAward winner A Man for All Seasons [49]
Michelangelo Antonioni Blowup
Richard Brooks The Professionals
Claude Lelouch A Man and a Woman
Mike Nichols Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
1967
(ke-40)
Mike NicholsPemenang penghargaan The Graduate [50]
Richard Brooks In Cold Blood
Norman Jewison In the Heat of the Night
Stanley Kramer Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Arthur Penn Bonnie and Clyde
1968
(ke-41)
Carol ReedPemenang penghargaan Oliver! [51]
Anthony Harvey The Lion in Winter
Stanley Kubrick 2001: A Space Odyssey
Gillo Pontecorvo The Battle of Algiers
Franco Zeffirelli Romeo and Juliet
1969
(ke-42)
John SchlesingerPemenang penghargaan Midnight Cowboy [52]
Costa Gavras Z
George Roy Hill Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Arthur Penn Alice's Restaurant
Sydney Pollack They Shoot Horses, Don't They?
1970
(ke-43)
Franklin J. SchaffnerPemenang penghargaan Patton [53]
Robert Altman M*A*S*H
Federico Fellini Fellini Satyricon
Arthur Hiller Love Story
Ken Russell Women in Love
1971
(ke-44)
William FriedkinPemenang penghargaan The French Connection [54]
Peter Bogdanovich The Last Picture Show
Norman Jewison Fiddler on the Roof
Stanley Kubrick A Clockwork Orange
John Schlesinger Sunday Bloody Sunday
1972
(ke-45)
Bob FossePemenang penghargaan Cabaret [55]
John Boorman Deliverance
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather
Joseph L. Mankiewicz Sleuth
Jan Troell The Emigrants
1973
(ke-46)
George Roy HillPemenang penghargaan The Sting [56]
Ingmar Bergman Cries and Whispers
Bernardo Bertolucci Last Tango in Paris
William Friedkin The Exorcist
George Lucas American Graffiti
1974
(ke-47)
Francis Ford CoppolaPemenang penghargaan The Godfather Part II [57]
John Cassavetes A Woman Under the Influence
Bob Fosse Lenny
Roman Polanski Chinatown
François Truffaut Day for Night
1975
(ke-48)
Miloš FormanPemenang penghargaan One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest [58]
Robert Altman Nashville
Federico Fellini Amarcord
Stanley Kubrick Barry Lyndon
Sidney Lumet Dog Day Afternoon
1976
(ke-49)
John G. AvildsenPemenang penghargaan Rocky [59]
Ingmar Bergman Face to Face
Sidney Lumet Network
Alan J. Pakula All the President's Men
Lina Wertmüller Seven Beauties
1977
(ke-50)
Woody AllenPemenang penghargaan Annie Hall [60]
George Lucas Star Wars
Herbert Ross The Turning Point
Steven Spielberg Close Encounters of the Third Kind
Fred Zinnemann Julia
1978
(ke-51)
Michael CiminoPemenang penghargaan The Deer Hunter [61]
Woody Allen Interiors
Hal Ashby Coming Home
Warren Beatty
Buck Henry
Heaven Can Wait
Alan Parker Midnight Express
1979
(ke-52)
Robert BentonPemenang penghargaan Kramer vs. Kramer [62]
Francis Ford Coppola Apocalypse Now
Bob Fosse All That Jazz
Édouard Molinaro La Cage aux Folles
Peter Yates Breaking Away
1980
(ke-53)
Robert RedfordPemenang penghargaan Ordinary People [63]
David Lynch The Elephant Man
Roman Polanski Tess
Richard Rush The Stunt Man
Martin Scorsese Raging Bull
1981
(ke-54)
Warren BeattyPemenang penghargaan Reds [64]
Hugh Hudson Chariots of Fire
Louis Malle Atlantic City
Mark Rydell On Golden Pond
Steven Spielberg Raiders of the Lost Ark
1982
(ke-55)
Richard AttenboroughPemenang penghargaan Gandhi [65]
Sidney Lumet The Verdict
Wolfgang Petersen Das Boot
Sydney Pollack Tootsie
Steven Spielberg E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
1983
(ke-56)
James L. BrooksPemenang penghargaan Terms of Endearment [66]
Bruce Beresford Tender Mercies
Ingmar Bergman Fanny and Alexander
Mike Nichols Silkwood
Peter Yates The Dresser
1984
(ke-57)
Miloš FormanPemenang penghargaan Amadeus [67]
Woody Allen Broadway Danny Rose
Robert Benton Places in the Heart
Roland Joffé The Killing Fields
David Lean A Passage to India
1985
(ke-58)
Sydney PollackPemenang penghargaan Out of Africa [68]
Héctor Babenco Kiss of the Spider Woman
John Huston Prizzi's Honor
Akira Kurosawa Ran
Peter Weir Witness
1986
(ke-59)
Oliver StonePemenang penghargaan Platoon [69]
Woody Allen Hannah and Her Sisters
James Ivory A Room with a View
Roland Joffé The Mission
David Lynch Blue Velvet
1987
(ke-60)
Bernardo BertolucciPemenang penghargaan The Last Emperor [70]
John Boorman Hope and Glory
Lasse Hallström My Life as a Dog
Norman Jewison Moonstruck
Adrian Lyne Fatal Attraction
1988
(ke-61)
Barry LevinsonPemenang penghargaan Rain Man [71]
Charles Crichton A Fish Called Wanda
Mike Nichols Working Girl
Alan Parker Mississippi Burning
Martin Scorsese The Last Temptation of Christ
1989
(ke-62)
Oliver StonePemenang penghargaan Born on the Fourth of July [72]
Woody Allen Crimes and Misdemeanors
Kenneth Branagh Henry V
Jim Sheridan My Left Foot
Peter Weir Dead Poets Society
1990
(ke-63)
Kevin CostnerPemenang penghargaan Dances with Wolves [73]
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather Part III
Stephen Frears The Grifters
Barbet Schroeder Reversal of Fortune
Martin Scorsese Goodfellas
1991
(ke-64)
Jonathan DemmePemenang penghargaan The Silence of the Lambs [74]
Barry Levinson Bugsy
Ridley Scott Thelma & Louise
John Singleton Boyz n the Hood
Oliver Stone JFK
1992
(ke-65)
Clint EastwoodPemenang penghargaan Unforgiven [75]
Robert Altman The Player
Martin Brest Scent of a Woman
James Ivory Howards End
Neil Jordan The Crying Game
1993
(ke-66)
Steven SpielbergPemenang penghargaan Schindler's List [76]
Robert Altman Short Cuts
Jane Campion The Piano
James Ivory The Remains of the Day
Jim Sheridan In the Name of the Father
1994
(ke-67)
Robert ZemeckisPemenang penghargaan Forrest Gump [77]
Woody Allen Bullets over Broadway
Krzysztof Kieślowski Three Colors: Red
Robert Redford Quiz Show
Quentin Tarantino Pulp Fiction
1995
(ke-68)
Mel GibsonPemenang penghargaan Braveheart [78]
Mike Figgis Leaving Las Vegas
Chris Noonan Babe
Michael Radford Il Postino: The Postman
Tim Robbins Dead Man Walking
1996
(ke-69)
Anthony MinghellaPemenang penghargaan The English Patient [79]
Joel Coen Fargo
Miloš Forman The People vs. Larry Flynt
Scott Hicks Shine
Mike Leigh Secrets & Lies
1997
(ke-70)
James CameronPemenang penghargaan Titanic [80]
Peter Cattaneo The Full Monty
Atom Egoyan The Sweet Hereafter
Curtis Hanson L.A. Confidential
Gus Van Sant Good Will Hunting
1998
(71st)
Steven SpielbergPemenang penghargaan Saving Private Ryan [81]
Roberto Benigni Life Is Beautiful
John Madden Shakespeare in Love
Terence Malick The Thin Red Line
Peter Weir The Truman Show
1999
(ke-72)
Sam MendesPemenang penghargaan American Beauty [82]
Lasse Hallström The Cider House Rules
Spike Jonze Being John Malkovich
Michael Mann The Insider
M. Night Shyamalan The Sixth Sense
2000
(ke-73)
Steven SoderberghPemenang penghargaan Traffic [83]
Stephen Daldry Billy Elliot
Ang Lee Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Ridley Scott Gladiator
Steven Soderbergh Erin Brockovich
2001
(ke-74)
Ron HowardPemenang penghargaan A Beautiful Mind [84]
Robert Altman Gosford Park
Peter Jackson The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
David Lynch Mulholland Drive
Ridley Scott Black Hawk Down
2002
(ke-75)
Roman PolanskiPemenang penghargaan The Pianist [85]
Pedro Almodóvar Talk to Her
Stephen Daldry The Hours
Rob Marshall Chicago
Martin Scorsese Gangs of New York
2003
(ke-76)
Peter JacksonPemenang penghargaan The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King [86]
Sofia Coppola Lost in Translation
Clint Eastwood Mystic River
Fernando Meirelles City of God
Peter Weir Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World
2004
(ke-77)
Clint EastwoodPemenang penghargaan Million Dollar Baby [87]
Taylor Hackford Ray
Mike Leigh Vera Drake
Alexander Payne Sideways
Martin Scorsese The Aviator
2005
(ke-78)
Ang LeePemenang penghargaan Brokeback Mountain [88]
George Clooney Good Night, and Good Luck
Paul Haggis Crash
Bennett Miller Capote
Steven Spielberg Munich
2006
(ke-79)
Martin ScorsesePemenang penghargaan The Departed [89]
Clint Eastwood Letters from Iwo Jima
Stephen Frears The Queen
Paul Greengrass United 93
Alejandro González Iñárritu Babel
2007
(ke-80)
Joel CoenPemenang penghargaan
Ethan CoenPemenang penghargaan
No Country for Old Men [90]
Paul Thomas Anderson There Will Be Blood
Tony Gilroy Michael Clayton
Jason Reitman Juno
Julian Schnabel The Diving Bell and the Butterfly
2008
(ke-81)
Danny BoylePemenang penghargaan Slumdog Millionaire [91]
Stephen Daldry The Reader
David Fincher The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Ron Howard Frost/Nixon
Gus Van Sant Milk
2009
(ke-82)
Kathryn BigelowPemenang penghargaan The Hurt Locker [92]
James Cameron Avatar
Lee Daniels Precious
Jason Reitman Up in the Air
Quentin Tarantino Inglourious Basterds
2010
(ke-83)
Tom HooperPemenang penghargaan The King's Speech [93]
Darren Aronofsky Black Swan
Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
True Grit
David Fincher The Social Network
David O. Russell The Fighter
2011
(ke-84)
Michel HazanaviciusPemenang penghargaan The Artist [94]
Woody Allen Midnight in Paris
Terrence Malick The Tree of Life
Alexander Payne The Descendants
Martin Scorsese Hugo
2012
(ke-85)
Ang LeePemenang penghargaan Life of Pi [95]
Michael Haneke Amour
David O. Russell Silver Linings Playbook
Steven Spielberg Lincoln
Benh Zeitlin Beasts of the Southern Wild
2013
(ke-86)
Alfonso CuarónPemenang penghargaan Gravity [96]
Steve McQueen 12 Years a Slave
Alexander Payne Nebraska
David O. Russell American Hustle
Martin Scorsese The Wolf of Wall Street
2014
(ke-87)
Alejandro G. IñárrituPemenang penghargaan Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) [97]
Wes Anderson The Grand Budapest Hotel
Richard Linklater Boyhood
Bennett Miller Foxcatcher
Morten Tyldum The Imitation Game
2015
(ke-88)
Alejandro G. IñárrituPemenang penghargaan The Revenant [98]
Lenny Abrahamson Room
Tom McCarthy Spotlight
Adam McKay The Big Short
George Miller Mad Max: Fury Road

Kemenangan dan nominasi berganda[sunting | sunting sumber]

Superlatif usia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rekor Sutradara Film Usia (pada tahun tersebut) Ref.
Pemenang tertua Clint Eastwood Million Dollar Baby 74 [99]
Nominee tertua John Huston Prizzi's Honor 79 [99]
Pemenang termuda Norman Taurog Skippy 32 [99]
Nominee termuda John Singleton Boyz n the Hood 24 [99]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Dirks, Tim. "1927–28 Academy Awards Winners". Rainbow Media. Diakses tanggal November 20, 2015. 
  2. ^ Dirks, Tim. "Academy Awards Winners (1927/8 – 1939)". Rainbow Media. Diakses tanggal November 20, 2015. 
  3. ^ "87th Annual Academy Awards of Merit Rules" (PDF). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Rule 5.5 & Rule 10. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal October 21, 2014. Diakses tanggal February 8, 2016. 
  4. ^ Pond, Steve (January 7, 2006). "Eight things every voter (and fan) should know about Oscar’s decidedly unique nomination process.". Los Angeles Times. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 17 October 2006. Diakses tanggal 2007-01-27. 
  5. ^ Young, John (27 January 2011). "Oscars: The wacky way the Academy counts votes, and the results of our 'If You Were an Oscar Voter' poll". Entertainment Weekly. Diakses tanggal 29 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Dirks, Tim. "1938 Academy Awards Winners and History". Rainbow Media. Diakses tanggal November 20, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Picture/Director Not from Same Film". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 11, 2011. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal January 13, 2012. Diakses tanggal February 8, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Coen brothers make Oscar history". Today.com. Diakses tanggal July 1, 2016. 
  9. ^ Crouse 2005, hlm. 257
  10. ^ a b c Levy 2003, page 52
  11. ^ "The 1st Academy Awards (1929) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  12. ^ "The 2nd Academy Awards Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  13. ^ "The 3rd Academy Awards (1930) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  14. ^ "The 4th Academy Awards (1931) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  15. ^ "The 5th Academy Awards (1932) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  16. ^ "The 6th Academy Awards (1933) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  17. ^ "The 7th Academy Awards (1935) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  18. ^ "The 8th Academy Awards (1936) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  19. ^ "The 9th Academy Awards (1937) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  20. ^ "The 10th Academy Awards (1938) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  21. ^ "The 11th Academy Awards (1939) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  22. ^ "The 12th Academy Awards (1940) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  23. ^ "The 13th Academy Awards (1941) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  24. ^ "The 14th Academy Awards (1942) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  25. ^ "The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  26. ^ "The 16th Academy Awards (1944) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  27. ^ "The 17th Academy Awards (1945) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  28. ^ "The 18th Academy Awards (1946) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  29. ^ "The 19th Academy Awards (1947) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  30. ^ "The 20th Academy Awards (1948) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  31. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  32. ^ "The 22nd Academy Awards (1950) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  33. ^ "The 23rd Academy Awards (1951) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  34. ^ "The 24th Academy Awards (1952) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  35. ^ "The 25th Academy Awards (1953) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  36. ^ "The 26th Academy Awards (1954) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  37. ^ "The 27th Academy Awards (1955) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  38. ^ "The 28th Academy Awards (1956) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  39. ^ "The 29th Academy Awards (1957) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  40. ^ "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  41. ^ "The 31st Academy Awards (1959) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  42. ^ "The 32nd Academy Awards (1960) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  43. ^ "The 33rd Academy Awards (1961) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  44. ^ "The 34th Academy Awards (1962) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  45. ^ "The 35th Academy Awards (1963) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  46. ^ "The 36th Academy Awards (1964) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  47. ^ "The 37th Academy Awards (1965) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  48. ^ "The 38th Academy Awards (1966) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  49. ^ "The 39th Academy Awards (1967) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  50. ^ "The 40th Academy Awards (1968) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  51. ^ "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  52. ^ "The 42nd Academy Awards (1970) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  53. ^ "The 43rd Academy Awards (1971) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  54. ^ "The 44th Academy Awards (1972) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  55. ^ "The 45th Academy Awards (1973) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  56. ^ "The 46th Academy Awards (1974) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  57. ^ "The 47th Academy Awards (1975) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  58. ^ "The 48th Academy Awards (1976) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  59. ^ "The 49th Academy Awards (1977) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  60. ^ "The 50th Academy Awards (1978) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  61. ^ "The 51st Academy Awards (1979) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  62. ^ "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  63. ^ "The 53rd Academy Awards (1981) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  64. ^ "The 54th Academy Awards (1982) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  65. ^ "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  66. ^ "The 56th Academy Awards (1984) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  67. ^ "The 57th Academy Awards (1985) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  68. ^ "The 58th Academy Awards (1986) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  69. ^ "The 59th Academy Awards (1987) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  70. ^ "The 60th Academy Awards (1988) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  71. ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  72. ^ "The 62nd Academy Awards (1990) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  73. ^ "The 63rd Academy Awards (1991) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  74. ^ "The 64th Academy Awards (1992) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  75. ^ "The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  76. ^ "The 66th Academy Awards (1994) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  77. ^ "The 67th Academy Awards (1995) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  78. ^ "The 68th Academy Awards (1996) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  79. ^ "The 69th Academy Awards (1997) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  80. ^ "The 70th Academy Awards (1998) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  81. ^ "The 71st Academy Awards (1999) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  82. ^ "The 72nd Academy Awards (2000) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  83. ^ "The 73rd Academy Awards (2001) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  84. ^ "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  85. ^ "The 75th Academy Awards (2003) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  86. ^ "The 76th Academy Awards (2004) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  87. ^ "The 77th Academy Awards (2005) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  88. ^ "The 78th Academy Awards (2006) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  89. ^ "The 79th Academy Awards (2007) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  90. ^ "The 80th Academy Awards (2008) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  91. ^ "The 81st Academy Awards (2009) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  92. ^ "The 82nd Academy Awards (2010) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  93. ^ "The 83rd Academy Awards (2011) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  94. ^ "The 84th Academy Awards (2012) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  95. ^ "The 85th Academy Awards (2013) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2013. 
  96. ^ "The 86th Academy Awards (2014) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal April 10, 2014. 
  97. ^ "The 87th Academy Awards (2015) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal January 15, 2015. 
  98. ^ "The 88th Academy Awards (2016) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Diakses tanggal January 14, 2016. 
  99. ^ a b c d "Oldest/Youngest Directing Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal November 19, 2015. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]