Daftar pemimpin negara tahun 1998

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Berikut ini adalah daftar kepala negara, kepala pemerintahan, dan pemimpin negara lain pada tahun 1998.

Afrika[sunting | sunting sumber]

Asia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Eropa[sunting | sunting sumber]

Amerika Utara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Oseania[sunting | sunting sumber]

Amerika Selatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  2. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971, until then the monarch was titled Hakim of Bahrain.
  3. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  4. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  5. ^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  6. ^ The position of Chairman was declared to be the "highest office of state" by the constitution that came into effect on 5 September 1998.
  7. ^ In exile between 1990 dan 1991.
  8. ^ In exile between 1990 dan 1991.
  9. ^ Kirgizstan only became independent in 1991.
  10. ^ Turkmenistan only became independent in 1991.
  11. ^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  12. ^ Ali Abdullah Saleh was Presiden North Yaman until 1990.
  13. ^ Armenia only became independent in 1991.
  14. ^ Kroasia only became independent in 1991.
  15. ^ Abkhazia only declared independence on 23 July 1992.
  16. ^ Helmut Kohl was Kanselir West Jerman until 1990.
  17. ^ Transnistria only declared independence in 1991.
  18. ^ Rusia only became independent in 1991.
  19. ^ The capital was retaken by Rusia in 2000 dan Maskhadov was in hiding afterwards.
  20. ^ Slovenia only became independent in 1991.
  21. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state dan the government of Swiss. Within the Council, the Presiden Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  22. ^ Palau only became independent in 1994.
  23. ^ Tonga only became independent in 1970.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]