Perancis Vichy

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Negara Perancis
État français
Negara klien Jerman (1940–42)
Pemerintahan boneka Jerman (1942–44)
1940–1944[1]
Bendera Lambang
Pemimpin Negara
Semboyan
"Travail, Famille, Patrie"
"Kerja, Keluarga, Tanah Air"
Lagu kebangsaan
"La Marseillaise" (resmi)

"Maréchal, nous voilà![2]
Marsekal, kami disini!  (tak resmi)
Negara Peranci pada 1942:
  •   Negara Perancis
  •   Negara Perancis, zona pendudukan militer Jerman
  •   Protektorat Perancis
Ibu kota Vichy (de facto)
Paris (de jure)
Ibu kota
dalam pengasingan
Sigmaringen 1944–45
Bahasa Perancis
Bentuk Pemerintahan Negara otoritarian
Pemimpin Negara
 -  1940–1944 Philippe Pétain
Perdana Menteri
 -  1940–1942 Philippe Pétain
 -  1942–1944 Pierre Laval
Badan legislatif Majelis Nasional
Era sejarah Perang Dunia II
 -  Compiègne Kedua 22 Juni 1940
 -  Pétain diberi kekuasaan penuh 10 July 1940
 -  Operasi Torch 8 November 1942
 -  Case Anton 11 November 1942
 -  Retreat Jerman musim panas 1944
 -  Dibubarkan 1944[1]
 -  Penaklukan enklave Sigmaringen 22 April 1945
Mata uang Franc Perancis
Pendahulu
Pengganti
Republik Perancis Ketiga
Pemerintahan Provisional Republik Perancis

Perancis Vichy adalah nama umum dari Negara Perancis (État français), setelah pemindahan tempatnya ke kota Vichy, yang dikepalai oleh Marsekal Philippe Pétain dari 1940 sampai 1944 pada Perang Dunia II. Pada periode tersebut, Paris masih menjadi ibukota Perancis de jure. Dari 1940 sampai 1942, meskipun rezim Vichy menjadi pemerintah nominal Perancis secara keseluruhan, Jerman secara militer menduduki utara Perancis. Setelah pendaratan Sekutu di Afrika Utara Perancis oada 8 November 1942, selatan Perancis juga secara militer diduduki oleh Jerman dan Italia pada 11 November 1942

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama law-1944-08-09
  2. ^ Dompnier, Nathalie (2001). "Entre La Marseillaise et Maréchal, nous voilà ! quel hymne pour le régime de Vichy ?". Di Chimènes, Myriam. La vie musicale sous Vichy. Histoire du temps présent (dalam French). Bruxelles: Éditions Complexe – IRPMF-CNRS, coll. p. 71. ISBN 2870278640. 

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

Inggris[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Atkin, Nicholas, Pétain, (Longman, 1997)
  • Azema, Jean-Pierre. From Munich to Liberation 1938–1944 (The Cambridge History of Modern France) (1985)
  • Azema, Jean-Pierre, ed. Collaboration and Resistance: Images of Life in Vichy France 1940–1944 (2000) 220pp; photographs
  • Boyd, Douglas. Voices from the Dark Years: The Truth About Occupied France 1940-1945 (The History Press, 2015)
  • Burrin, Philippe. France Under the Germans: Collaboration and Compromise (1998)
  • Carmen Callil Bad Faith. A Forgotten History of Family, Fatherland and Vichy France. New York: Knopf. 2006. ISBN 0-375-41131-3; Biography of Louis Darquier de Pellepoix, the Commissioner for Jewish Affairs
  • Christofferson, Thomas R., and Michael S. Christofferson. France during World War II: From Defeat to Liberation (2nd ed. 2006) 206pp; brief introduction online edition
  • Davies, Peter. France and the Second World War: Resistance, Occupation and Liberation (Introduction to History) (2000) 128pp excerpt and text search
  • Diamond, Hanna. Women and the Second World War in France, 1939–1948: Choices and Constraints (1999)
  • Diamond, Hanna, and Simon Kitson, eds. Vichy, Resistance, Liberation: New Perspectives on Wartime France (2005) online edition; online review
  • Fogg, Shannon Lee. The Politics of Everyday Life in Vichy France: Foreigners, Undesirables, and Strangers (2009), 226pp excerpt and text search
  • Gildea, Robert. Marianne in Chains: Daily Life in the Heart of France During the German Occupation (2004) excerpt and text search
  • Glass, Charles, Americans in Paris: Life and Death Under Nazi Occupation (2009) excerpt and text search
  • Gordon, B. Historical Dictionary of World War Two France: The Occupation, Vichy and the Resistance, 1938–1946 (Westport, Conn., 1998)
  • Halls, W. D. Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France (1995) online edition
  • Jackson, Julian. France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944 (2003) excerpt and text search; online edition
  • Kedward, H. R. Occupied France: Collaboration and Resistance (Oxford, 1985), short survey
  • Kitson, Simon, The Hunt for Nazi Spies: Fighting Espionage in Vichy France, (University of Chicago Press, 2008). ISBN 978-0-226-43893-1.
  • Kooreman, Megan. The Expectation of Justice: France, 1944–1946. (Duke University Press. 1999)
  • Lackerstein, Debbie. National Regeneration in Vichy France: Ideas and Policies, 1930–1944 (2013) excerpt and text search
  • Langer, William, Our Vichy gamble, (1947); U.S. policy 1940–42
  • Larkin, Maurice. France since the Popular Front: Government and People 1936–1996 (Oxford U P 1997). ISBN 0-19-873151-5
  • Lemmes, Fabian. "Collaboration in wartime France, 1940–1944," European Review of History (2008), 15#2 pp 157–177
  • Manow, Philip. "Workers, farmers and Catholicism: A history of political class coalitions and the south-European welfare state regime." Journal of European Social Policy (2015) 25#1 pp: 32-49.
  • Marrus, Michael R. and Robert Paxton. Vichy France and the Jews. (Stanford University Press, 1995). online 1981 edition
  • Melton, George E. Darlan: Admiral and Statesman of France, 1881–1942. (Praeger, 1998). ISBN 0-275-95973-2.
  • Nord, Philip. France's New Deal: From the Thirties to the Postwar Era (Princeton U.P., 2010) 457 pages
  • Paxton, Robert O. Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order, 1940–1944 (2nd ed. 2001) excerpt and text search; influential survey
  • Pollard, Miranda. Reign of virtue: mobilizing gender in Vichy France (University of Chicago Press, 2012)
  • Smith, Colin. England's Last War Against France: Fighting Vichy, 1940–1942, London, Weidenfeld, 2009. ISBN 978-0-297-85218-6
  • Sutherland, Jonathan, and Diane Canwell. Vichy Air Force at War: The French Air Force that Fought the Allies in World War II (Pen & Sword Aviation, 2011)
  • Sweets, John F., Choices in Vichy France: The French Under Nazi Occupation (New York, 1986) excerpt and text search, focus on city of Clermont-Ferrand
  • Thomas, Martin, The French Empire at War, 1940–45, Manchester University Press, 1998, paperback 2007.
  • Vinen, Richard. The Unfree French: Life Under the Occupation (2007)
  • Weisberg, Richard H.. Vichy Law and the Holocaust in France. New York University Press. 1998. ISBN 0-8147-9336-3

Historiografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Conan, Eric, and Henry Rousso. Vichy: An ever-present past (UP of New England, 1998)
  • Fishman, Sarah, et al. France at War: Vichy and the Historians (2000) online edition
  • Golsan, Richard J. Vichy's Afterlife: History & Counterhistory in Postwar France (2000)
  • Gordon, Bertram M. "The 'Vichy Syndrome' problem in history," French Historical Studies (1995) 19#2 pp 495–518, on the denial of the realities of Vichy in JSTOR
  • Munholland, Kim. "Wartime France: Remembering Vichy," French Historical Studies (1994) 18#3 pp. 801–820 in JSTOR
  • Poznanski, Renée. "Rescue of the Jews and the Resistance in France: From History to Historiography," French Politics, Culture and Society (2012) 30#2 pp 8–32.
  • Rousso, Henry. The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1944. (2nd ed. 2006). ISBN 0-674-93539-X
  • Singer, Barnett. "The Changing Image of Vichy in France," Contemporary Review Summer 2009 online edition

Perancis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Henri Amouroux, La grande histoire des Français sous l'Occupation, 8 volumes, Laffont, 1976
  • Jean-Pierre Azéma & François Bedarida, Vichy et les Français, Paris, Fayard, 1996.
    • Le régime de Vichy et les Français (dir. Jean-Pierre Azéma & François Bédarida, Institut d'histoire du temps présent), Fayard, 1992, ISBN 2-213-02683-1
  • Michèle Cointet. Dictionnaire historique de la France sous l'Occupation (2nd ed. 2000) 732pp
  • Michèle Cointet. L'Eglise sous Vichy. 1940–1945. La repentance en question., Perrin, Paris, 1998. ISBN 2-262-01231-8
  • Eric Conan et Henry Rousso. Vichy, un passé qui ne passe pas, Fayard, Paris, 1994, ISBN 2-213-59237-3
  • Yves Maxime Danan, La vie politique à Alger, de 1940 à 1944, L.G.D.J., Paris 1963.
  • Jean-Luc Einaudi (2001). Les silences de la police : 16 juillet 1942-17 octobre 1961 (dalam French). Paris: L'Esprit frappeur. ISBN 978-2-84405-173-8. 
  • André Kaspi. Les Juifs pendant l'Occupation, Seuil, Paris, 1991, ISBN 2-02-013509-4
  • Serge Klarsfeld. Vichy-Auschwitz. Le rôle de Vichy dans la solution finale de la question juive en France. 1943–1944., Fayard, Paris, 1985, ISBN 2-213-01573-2
  • Launay, Jacques de. Le Dossier de Vichy, in series, Collection Archives, [Éditions] Julliard, [Paris], 1967. N.B.: A documentary history.
  • Herbert R. Lottman. Pétain. Seuil, 1984, ISBN 2-02-006763-3
  • Jacques Sabille. "Les Juifs de Tunisie sous Vichy et l'Occupation". Paris: Edition du Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine, 1954
  • Sémelin, Jacques (2013). Persécutions et entraides dans la France occupée : comment 75 % des juifs de France ont échappé à la mort (dalam French). Paris: Seuil Arènes. ISBN 978-2-35204-235-8. 

Jerman[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Eberhard Jäckel: Frankreich in Hitlers Europa: die deutsche Frankreichpolitik im 2. Weltkrieg, Stuttgart 1966.
  • Martin Jungius: Der verwaltete Raub. Die "Arisierung" der Wirtschaft in Frankreich 1940–1944. Thorbecke, Ostfildern 2008, Beiheft der Francia Nr. 67, hrsg. von Deutschen Historischen Institut Paris.
  • Henry Rousso, Vichy. Frankreich unter deutscher Besatzung 1940–1944 (München, C.H.Beck, 2009) (beck'sche reihe; 1910).
  • Michael Mayer Staaten als Täter. Ministerialbürokratie und 'Judenpolitik' in NS-Deutschland und Vichy-Frankreich. Ein Vergleich. Preface by Horst Möller and Georges-Henri Soutou München, Oldenbourg, 2010 (Studien zur Zeitgeschichte; 80). ISBN 978-3-486-58945-0. (Comparative study of anti-Jewish policy implemented by the government in Nazi-Germany, by German occupational forces in France and by the semi-autonomic French government in Vichy)

Film[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]


Templat:Topik Perancis Templat:Pendudukan Jerman Nazi

Koordinat: 46°10′LU 3°24′BT / 46,167°LU 3,4°BT / 46.167; 3.400