SS-Reichssicherheitshauptamt

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Lompat ke: navigasi, cari
RSHA
Reichssicherheitshauptamt
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg
Bendera SS. RSHA adalah sebuah pusat utama cabang dari SS.
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R98683, Reinhard Heydrich.jpg
Reinhard Heydrich, ketua RSHA, sebagai seorang SS-Gruppenführer pada Agustus 1940
Tentang Lembaga
Tanggal Pembentukan 27 September 1939
Pendahulu Sicherheitspolizei
Sicherheitsdienst
Tanggal Pembubaran 8 Mei 1945
Yurisdiksi Bendera Jerman Nazi Jerman
Eropa yang diduduki
Kantor pusat Prinz-Albrecht-Straße, Berlin
52°30′26″LU 13°22′57″BT / 52,50722°LU 13,3825°BT / 52.50722; 13.38250
Karyawan 50,648 sekitar Februari 1944[1]
Menteri Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, (1939–1945)
Eksekutif SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich 1939–1942, Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD
Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler 1942–1943, Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD (Pelaksana Jabatan)
SS-Obergruppenführer Dr. Ernst Kaltenbrunner 1943–1945, Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD
Lembaga Induk Kementerian Dalam Negeri (secara nominal)
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Allgemeine SS
Lembaga turunan Gestapo
Sicherheitsdienst
Sicherheitspolizei
Kriminalpolizei

RSHA, atau Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Pusat Keamanan Utama Reich[2][3] atau Pusat Utama Keamanan Reich[4] atau Pusat Kepala Keamanan Reich[5]) adalah sebuah organisasi subordinat dari Heinrich Himmler dalam kapasitas gandanya sebagai Chef der Deutschen Polizei (Ketua Polisi Jerman) dan Reichsführer-SS. Organisasi tersebut digunakan untuk melawan seluruh "musuh-musuh Reich" di dalam dan di luar perbatasan Jerman Nazi.

Pembentukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

RSHA dibuat oleh Reichsführer-SS Himmler pada 27 September 1939.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Robert Gellately. The Gestapo and German Society. Diakses tanggal 2 June 2009. 
  2. ^ McNab, Chris. The SS: 1923–1945, p. 41.
  3. ^ Le Tissier 2010, hlm. 179.
  4. ^ "Nuremberg Trial Proceedings, Vol 20, Day 194". Diakses tanggal 3 January 2009. 
  5. ^ Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich at War, p. 919.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Benz, Wolfgang. A Concise History of the Third Reich. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007.
  • Bracher, Karl D. The German Dictatorship: The Origins, Structure, and Effects of National Socialism. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970.
  • Broszat, Martin. The Hitler State: The Foundation and Development of the Internal Structure of the Third Reich. Harlow: Longmans, 1981
  • Burleigh, Michael. The Third Reich: A New History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2001.
  • Dülffer, Jost. Nazi Germany 1933-1945: Faith and Annihilation. London: Bloomsbury, 2009.
  • Evans, Richard J. The Coming of the Third Reich. New York: Penguin, 2005.
  • Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich in Power. New York: Penguin, 2006.
  • Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich at War. New York: Penguin, 2010.
  • Fischer, Klaus. Nazi Germany: A New History. New York: Continuum, 1995.
  • Gregor, Neil, ed. Nazism. (Oxford Readers). New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • Hildebrand, Klaus. The Third Reich. London & New York: Routledge, 1986.
  • Hilberg, Raul (2003). The Destruction of the European Jews, Third Edition, Yale Univ. Press, 1961.
  • Höhne, Heinz:
    • Der Orden unter dem Totenkopf: Die Geschichte der SS. (original).
    • The Order of the Death's Head: The Story of Hitler's SS. (Engl. edition of the above).
  • Leitz, Christian, ed. The Third Reich: The Essential Readings. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 1999.
  • Longerich, Peter (2011). Heinrich Himmler: A Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-959232-6. 
  • Le Tissier, Tony (2010) [1999]. Race for the Reichstag: The 1945 Battle for Berlin. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-84884-230-4. 
  • Lumsden, Robin (2002). A Collector's Guide To: The Allgemeine – SS, Ian Allan Publishing, Inc. ISBN 0-7110-2905-9.
  • Mazower, Mark. Hitler’s Empire: How the Nazis Ruled Europe. New York: Penguin, 2009.
  • McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945, Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-49-5.
  • Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression (1946). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Reitlinger, Gerald. The SS: Alibi of a Nation, 1922-1945. New York: Da Capo Press, 1989.
  • Rich, Norman. Hitler's War Aims: Ideology, the Nazi State, and the Course of Expansion. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1992.
  • Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Ballantine Books, 1988, [1961].
  • Speer, Albert. Inside the Third Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.
  • Wildt, Michael (2002). Generation of the Unbound: The Leadership Corps of the Reich Security Main Office, Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, (Engl., in original German, Hamburg: 2002). ISBN 965-308-162-4.
  • Wildt, Michael (2010). An Uncompromising Generation: The Nazi Leadership of the Reich Security Main Office. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Williams, Max (2001) (2003). Reinhard Heydrich: The Biography: Volumes 1 and 2, Ulric Publishing. ISBN 0-9537577-5-7 and ISBN 0-9537577-6-5.
  • Williamson, David G. The Third Reich. 3rd edition. London: Longman Publishers, 2002.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Organisasi SS Templat:Einsatzgruppen