Perang Pasifik

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Perang Pasifik
Bagian dari Perang Dunia II
Pesawat Amerika Serikat terbang di atas kapal perang Jepang, Mikuma, yang terbakar.
Pesawat Amerika Serikat terbang di atas kapal perang Jepang, Mikuma, yang terbakar.
Tanggal 7 Juli 1937 - 9 September 1945
Lokasi Asia, Samudra Pasifik, kepulauan dan negara-negara sekitarnya.
Hasil Kemenangan Sekutu
Pihak terlibat
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army Republik Tiongkok
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Amerika Serikat (1941)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Britania Raya (1941)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia (1941)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands (1941)
Flag of New Zealand.svg Selandia Baru (1941)
Canadian Red Ensign (1957-1965).svg Kanada (1941)
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Uni Soviet (1945)
Flag of Japan.svg Kekaisaran Jepang
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army Chiang Kai-shek
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Franklin D. Roosevelt
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Winston Churchill
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Josef Stalin (1945)
Flag of Japan.svg Hideki Tojo
Flag of Japan.svg Isoroku Yamamoto
Flag of Thailand.svg Pibulsonggram

Perang Pasifik atau Perang Asia Pasifik, atau yang dikenal di Jepang dengan nama Perang Asia Timur Raya (Greater East Asia War (大東亜戦争 Dai Tō-A Sensō?)) adalah perang yang terjadi di Samudra Pasifik, pulau-pulaunya, dan di Asia. Konflik ini terjadi antara tahun 1937 dan 1945, namun peristiwa-peristiwa yang lebih penting terjadi setelah 7 Desember 1941, ketika Jepang menyerang Amerika Serikat serta wilayah-wilayah yang dikuasai Britania Raya dan banyak negara lain serta yang dikuasai oleh sekutu.

Perang ini dimulai lebih awal dari Perang Dunia II yaitu pada tanggal 8 Juli 1937 oleh sebuah insiden yang disebut Insiden Jembatan Marco Polo Peristiwa tersebut menyulut peperangan antara Tiongkok dengan Jepang.Konflik antara Jepang dan Tiongkok dan beberapa dari peristiwa dan serangannya yang penting juga merupakan bagian dari perang tersebut. Perang ini terjadi antara pihak Sentral diantaranya Jepang, Jerman Nazi, dan Italia dengan pihak Sekutu (termasuk Tiongkok), Amerika Serikat, Britania Raya, Filipina, Australia, Belanda dan Selandia Baru. Uni Soviet berhasil memukul mundur Jepang pada 1939, dan tetap netral hingga 1945, saat ia memainkan pernanan penting di pihak Sekutu pada masa-masa akhir perang.

Setelah dijajah pada tahun 1941, Thailand dipaksa bergabung dengan pihak Jepang. Jerman Nazi dan Italia yang juga merupakan sekutu Jepang, mengeoperasikan armada Angkatan Laut mereka di Samudra Pasifik dan Hindia antara tahun 1940 dan 1945.

Antara tahun 1942 dan 1945, terdapat 4 wilayah otorita Sekutu yang berperang melawan Jepang: Tiongkok, wilayah Samudra Pasifik, Asia Tenggara dan wilayah Pasifik Barat Daya.

Perang Pasifik berakhir pada 15 Agustus 1945 dan perjanjian menyerahnya Jepang ditandatangani oleh wakil dari sekutu yaitu Jendral Douglas McArthur dan Jepang diwakili oleh Mamoru Shigemitsu di atas kapal USS Missouri.

Akibat Perang Pasifik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Berikut ini adalah beberapa akibat dari Perang Asia Pasifik yang terjadi antara tahun 1937 sampai 1945 ini:

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Blair, Jr., Clay. Silent Victory. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1975 (submarine war).
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  • Buell, Thomas. Master of Seapower: A Biography of Admiral Ernest J. King Naval Institute Press, 1976.
  • Buell, Thomas. The Quiet Warrior: A Biography of Admiral Raymond Spruance. 1974.
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  • Hara, Tameichi (2011). Japanese Destroyer Captain. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-384-0. 
  • Harrison, Simon (2012). Dark Trophies. Hunting and the Enemy Body in Modern War. New York City: Berghahn Books. ISBN 978-0-85745-499-7. 
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  • Saburo Hayashi and Alvin Coox. Kogun: The Japanese Army in the Pacific War. Quantico, Virginia: Marine Corps Assoc., 1959.
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  • Hsiung, James C. and Steven I. Levine, eds. China's Bitter Victory: The War with Japan, 1937–1945 M. E. Sharpe, 1992
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  • Inoguchi, Rikihei, Tadashi Nakajima, and Robert Pineau. The Divine Wind. Ballantine, 1958. Kamikaze.
  • James, D. Clayton. The Years of MacArthur. Vol. 2. Houghton Mifflin, 1972.
  • Jansen, Marius B. (2002). The Making of Modern Japan. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-00334-9. 
  • Jowett, Phillip (2005). Rays of the Rising Sun: Japan's Asian Allies 1931–1945 Volume 1: China and Manchukuo. Helion and Company Ltd. ISBN 1-874622-21-3. 
  • Kirby, S. Woodburn The War Against Japan. 4 vols. London: H.M.S.O., 1957–1965. Official Royal Navy history.
  • L, Klemen (1999–2000). "Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941–1942". 
  • Leary, William M. We Shall Return: MacArthur's Commanders and the Defeat of Japan. University Press of Kentucky, 1988.
  • Long, Gavin (1963). The Final Campaigns. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 1 – Army. Volume 7. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. OCLC 1297619. 
  • McCarthy, Dudley (1959). South-West Pacific Area – First Year. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 1 – Army. Volume 5. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. OCLC 3134247. 
  • McGibbon, Ian, ed. (2000). The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Military History. Auckland: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-558376-0. 
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  • Miller, Edward S. (2007). War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-500-7. 
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  • Takemae, Eiji (2003). The Allied Occupation of Japan. Continuum Press. ISBN 0-82641-521-0. 
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  • Potter, E. B. and Chester W. Nimitz. Triumph in the Pacific. Prentice Hall, 1963. Naval battles
  • Potter, E. B. Bull Halsey Naval Institute Press, 1985.
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  • Potter, John D.Yamamoto 1967.
  • Prange, Gordon W. Donald Goldstein, and Katherine Dillon. At Dawn We Slept. Penguin, 1982. Pearl Harbor
  • ——, et al. Miracle at Midway. Penguin, 1982.
  • ——, et al. Pearl Harbor: The Verdict of History.
  • Sarantakes, Nicholas Evan. Allies against the Rising Sun: The United States, the British Nations, and the Defeat of Imperial Japan (2009). 458pp.
  • Seki, Eiji (2007). Sinking of the SS Automedon And the Role of the Japanese Navy: A New Interpretation. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 1-905246-28-5. 
  • Shaw, Henry, and Douglas Kane. History of U.S. Marine Corps Operations in World War II. Vol. 2, Isolation of Rabaul. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, 1963
  • Shaw, Henry, Bernard Nalty, and Edwin Turnbladh. History of U.S. Marine Corps Operations in World War II. Vol. 3, Central Pacific Drive. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, 1953.
  • E.B. Sledge, With the Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa. Presidio, 1981. Memoir.
  • Smith, J. Douglas, and Richard Jensen. World War II on the Web: A Guide to the Very Best Sites. (2002)
  • Ronald Spector, Eagle Against the Sun: The American War with Japan Free Press, 1985.
  • John Toland, The Rising Sun. 2 vols. Random House, 1970. Japan's war.
  • Ian W. Toll. Pacific Crucible: War at Sea in the Pacific, 1941–1942 (2011)
  • Parshall, Jonathan; Tully, Anthony (2005). Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Dulles, Virginia: Potomac Books. ISBN 1-57488-923-0. 
  • Willmott Empires in the Balance. Annapolis: United States Naval Institute Press, 1982.
  • Willmott, H.P. The Barrier and the Javelin. Annapolis: United States Naval Institute Press, 1983.
  • Weinberg, Gerhard L. A World at Arms: A Global History of World War II, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-44317-2. (2005).
  • Y'Blood, William. Red Sun Setting: The Battle of the Philippine Sea. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1980.
  • Yenne, Bill (2014). The Imperial Japanese Army: The Invincible Years 1941–42. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-78200-982-5. 
  • Harries, Meirion; Harries, Susie (1994). Soldiers of the Sun : The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Japanese Army. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-75303-6. 
  • Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, The Soviet factor in ending the Pacific War (2003)
Sumber primer
  • United States War Department. TM 30-480 Handbook On Japanese Military Forces, 1942 (1942) online; 384pp; highly detailed description of wartime IJA by U.S. Army Intelligence.

Bacaan lebih lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:States in the sphere of influence of Imperial Japan during World War II