Perang Soviet–Jepang (1945)

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Soviet-Japanese War
Bagian dari Perang Dunia II
US-Soviet sailors on VJ Day.jpg
Pelaut Soviet dan Amerika di Alaska pada Hari Kemenangan atas Jepang
Tanggal 9 Agustus – 2 September 1945
(3 minggu and 3 hari)
Lokasi Manchuria/Manchukuo, Mongolia Dalam/Mengjiang, Sakhalin, Kepulauan Kuril, dan Korea
Hasil Kemenangan Telak Soviet
Menjadi salah satu penyebab menyerahnya Jepang
Pihak terlibat

Sekutu:
 Uni Soviet

Bendera Mongolia Mongolia (Mongolia Luar)

Poros:
 Jepang

 Manchukuo
 Mengjiang (Mongolia Dalam)
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Bendera Uni Soviet Aleksandr Vasilevsky
[1][2]
Bendera Kekaisaran Jepang Otozō Yamada (POW)
Kekuatan
Uni Soviet:
1,577,225 pria,
26,137 artileri,
1,852 sup. artileri,
5,556 tank dan artileri yang bergerak otomatis
5,368 pesawat
Mongolia:
16,000 pria
Jepang:
1,217,000 pria,
5,360 artileri,
1,155 tank,
1,800 pesawat,
1,215 kapal[1]
Manchukuo:
200,000 pria[3]
Mengjiang:
10,000 men
Korban
9,726 KIA/MIA,
24,425 WIA[4][5]
83,737 KIA
640,276 tahanan perang

Perang Soviet-Jepang 1945 (bahasa Rusia: Советско-японская война) (bahasa Jepang: ソビエト戦争), dimulai pada tanggal 9 Agustis 1945, ketika Soviet menyerbu negara boneka Jepang Manchukuo. Dalam perang ini, Soviet berhasil menduduki wilayah Manchukuo, Mengjiang (Mongolia Dalam), Korea bagian utara, Sakhalin bagian selatan, dan Kepulauan Kuril. Kekalahan Tentara Kwantung Jepang di Manchuria menjadi salah satu penyebab menyerahnya Jepang dan berakhirnya Perang Dunia II.[6][7]

Referensi dan catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b LTC David M. Glantz, "August Storm: The Soviet 1945 Strategic Offensive in Manchuria". Leavenworth Papers No. 7, Combat Studies Institute, February 1983, Fort Leavenworth Kansas.
  2. ^ "Battlefield - Manchuria - The Forgotten Victory", Battlefield (documentary series), 2001, 98 minutes.
  3. ^ Jowett, Rays of The Rising Sun, Pg. 36
  4. ^ Soviet casualties, in Russian. www.soldat.ru
  5. ^ Glantz, David M. & House, Jonathan (1995), When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler, Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, ISBN 0-7006-0899-0, p. 300
  6. ^ The Associated Press (8 August 2005). "A Soviet Push Helped Force Japan to Surrender". The Moscow Times. 
  7. ^ Lekic, Slobodan (22 August 2010). "How the Soviets helped Allies defeat Japan". San Francisco Chronicle. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Semua dalam bahasa Inggris:

  • Butow, Robert Joseph Charles. (1956). Japan's decision to surrender. (Extracts on-line)
  • Despres, J, Dzirkals, L, et al. (1976). Timely Lessons of History : The Manchurian Model for Soviet Strategy. Santa Monica, RAND: 103. (available on-line)
  • Duara, P. (2006). The New Imperialism and the Post-Colonial Developmental State: Manchukuo in comparative perspective. Japan Focus.
  • Frank, Richard B. (2001). Downfall : The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire, Penguin, 2001 ISBN 0-14-100146-1. (Extracts on-line)
  • Garthoff, R L. (1966). Soviet Military Policy : A Historical Analysis. London, Faber and Faber.
  • Garthoff, R L. (1969). The Soviet Manchurian Campaign, August 1945. Military Affairs XXXIII(Oct 1969): 312-336.
  • Glantz, LTC David M. (1983a). August Storm: The Soviet 1945 Strategic Offensive in Manchuria, Leavenworth Paper No.7, Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, KA, February 1983.
  • Glantz, LTC David M. (1983b). August Storm: Soviet Tactical and Operational Combat in Manchuria, 1945, Leavenworth Paper No.8, Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, KA, June 1983.
  • Glantz, David M. (1995) The Soviet Invasion of Japan. Quarterly Journal of Military History, vol. 7, no. 3, Spring 1995.
  • Glantz, David M. (2003). The Soviet Strategic Offensive in Manchuria, 1945 (Cass Series on Soviet (Russian) Military Experience, 7). Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5279-2. 
  • Gordin, Michael D. (2005). Five Days in August: How World War II Became a Nuclear War. (Extracts on-line)
  • Hallman, A L. (1995). Battlefield Operational Functions and the Soviet Campaign against Japan in 1945. Quantico, Virginia, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College. (available on-line)
  • Hasegawa, T. (Ed.) (2007). The End of the Pacific War. (Extracts on-line)
  • Ishiwatari, H, Mizumachi, K, et al. (1946) No.77 - Japanese Preparations for Operations in Manchuria (prior to 1943). Tokyo, Military History Section, Headquarters, Army Forces Far East, US Army.
  • Phillips, S. (2004). The Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945 : The Military Struggle - Research Guide and Bibliography. Towson University. available on-line
  • USMCU CSC (1986). The Soviet Army Offensive : Manchuria, 1945. (US Marine Corps University, Command and Staff College - available on-line)

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]