Marxisme libertarian

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Marxisme libertarian adalah lingkup filsafat ekonomi dan politik yang menekankan aspek antiotoritarian dan libertarian dari Marxisme. Aliran awal Marxisme libertarian seperti komunisme kiri muncul sebagai oposisi terhadap Marxisme-Leninisme.[1]

Marxisme libertarian sering mengkritik posisi reformis seperti yang dipegang oleh demokrat sosial. Aliran Marxis libertarian sering kali diambil dari karya Karl Marx dan Friedrich Engels di kemudian hari, khususnya Grundrisse dan Perang Saudara di Prancis;[2] yang menekankan pada kepercayaan Marxis akan kemampuan kelas pekerja untuk menempa takdirnya sendiri tanpa bantuan negara atau partai pelopor untuk memediasi atau membantu pembebasannya.[3] Bersama anarkisme, Marxisme libertarian adalah aliran utama sosialisme libertarian.[4]

Marxisme libertarian mencakup aliran seperti otonomisme, komunisme dewan, De Leonisme, Lettrisme, bagian dari Kiri Baru, situasionisme, Socialisme ou Barbarie dan operaisme.[5] Marxisme libertarian sering memiliki pengaruh kuat terhadap anarki pascakiri dan anarkis sosial. Teoretikus ternama Marxisme libertarian termasuk Maurice Brinton, Cornelius Castoriadis, Guy Debord, Raya Dunayevskaya, Daniel Guérin, C. L. R. James, Rosa Luxemburg, Antonio Negri, Anton Pannekoek, Fredy Perlman, Ernesto Screpanti, E. P. Thompson, Raoul Vaneigem dan Yanis Varoufakis,[6] yang mengklaim bahwa Marx sendiri adalah Marxis libertarian.[7]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Herman Gorter, Anton Pannekoek, Sylvia Pankhurst, Otto Ruhl Non-Leninist Marxism: Writings on the Workers Councils. Red and Black, 2007.
  2. ^ Ernesto Screpanti, Libertarian communism: Marx Engels and the Political Economy of Freedom, Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2007.
  3. ^ Draper, Hal. "The Principle of Self-Emancipation in Marx and Engels" Diarsipkan 2011-07-23 di Wayback Machine. "The Socialist Register." Vol 4.
  4. ^ Chomsky, Noam. "Government In The Future" Diarsipkan 2010-11-21 di Wayback Machine. Poetry Center of the New York YM-YWHA. Lecture.
  5. ^ "A libertarian Marxist tendency map". Libcom.org. Diakses tanggal 2013-10-11. 
  6. ^ Varoufakis, Yanis. "Yanis Varoufakis thinks we need a radically new way of thinking about the economy, finance and capitalism". Ted. Diakses tanggal 14 April 2019. Yanis Varoufakis describes himself as a "libertarian Marxist 
  7. ^ Lowry, Ben (11 March 2017). "Yanis Varoufakis: We leftists are not necessarily pro public sector – Marx was anti state". The Wews Letter. Diakses tanggal 14 April 2019. 

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Pioneers of Anti-Parliamentarism by Guy Aldred. Glasgow: Bakunin Press.
  • Non-Leninist Marxism: Writings on the Workers Councils (a collection of writings by Gorter, Pannekoek, Pankhurst, and Ruhle). Red and Black Publishers, St Petersburg, Florida, 2007. ISBN 978-0-9791813-6-8.
  • The International Communist Current, itself a Left Communist grouping, has produced a series of studies of what it views as its own antecedents. The book on the German-Dutch current, which is by Philippe Bourrinet (who later left the ICC), in particular contains an exhaustive bibliography.
  • (dalam bahasa Prancis) L'Autonomie. Le mouvement autonome en France et en Italie, éditions Spartacus 1978.
  • Benjamin Noys (ed). Communization and its Discontents: Contestation, Critique, and Contemporary Struggles. Minor Compositions, Autonomedia. 2011. 1st ed.
  • Beyond post-socialism. Dialogues with the far-left by Chamsy el- Ojeili. Palgrave Macmillan. 2015.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]