Alexander Herzen

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Alexander Herzen
Potret Herzen karya Nikolai Ge (1867)
LahirAleksandr Ivanovich Herzen
(1812-04-06)6 April 1812
Moskwa, Kekaisaran Rusia
Meninggal21 Januari 1870(1870-01-21) (umur 57)
Paris, Perancis
EraFilsafat abad ke-19
AliranWesternisme
Populisme agraria
Minat utamaPolitik, ekonomi, perjuangan kelas
Gagasan pentingAgrarianisme
AlmamaterUniversitas Moskwa

Aleksandr Ivanovich Herzen (atau Aleksandr Ivanovič Gercen; bahasa Rusia: Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Ге́рцен; April 6 [K.J.: 25 March] 1812 – January 21 [K.J.: 9 January] 1870) adalah penulis dan pemikir Rusia yang dikenal sebagai "bapak sosialisme Rusia" dan salah satu pendiri populisme agraria (ideologi perintis Narodniki, Revolusioner Sosialis, Trudovik, dan Partai Populis Amerika Serikat). Melalui tulisan-tulisannya (beberapa di antaranya ditulis ketika mengasingkan diri di London), ia turut membangun suasana politik yang memicu emansipasi kaum petani tahun 1861. Ia menerbitkan novel sosial ternama berjudul Who is to Blame? (1845–46). Autobiografinya, My Past and Thoughts (ditulis 1852–1870),[1] dianggap sebagai karya sosial terbaik dalam sastra Rusia.

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Alexander Herzen, karya Sergei Lvovich Levitsky, 1860

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Grimes, William (2007-02-25). "Rediscovering Alexander Herzen - Books - Review". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Alexander Herzen at Lib.ru

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Acton, Edward. Alexander Herzen And the Role of the Intellectual Revolutionary, Cambridge University Press, 1979.
  • Coates, Ruth. "The Early Intellectual Careers of Bakhtin and Herzen: Towards a Philosophy of the Act," Studies in East European Thought, Vol. 52, No. 4, Dec., 2000.
  • Eckardt, Julius. Modern Russia, Smith, Elder & Co., 1870.
  • Gavin, W. J. "Herzen and James: Freedom as Radical," Studies in Soviet Thought, Vol. 14, No. 3/4, Sep./Dec., 1974.
  • Grenier, Svetlana. "Herzen's Who Is to Blame?: The Rhetoric of the New Morality," The Slavic and East European Journal, Vol. 39, No. 1, Spring, 1995.
  • Iskander, Fasil. Alexandre Herzen (1812–1870): Russe de coeur, Europeen d'esprit, Suisse d'adoption. L'errance d'un temoin prophetique, Meandre Editions, Fribourg 1997, ISBN 2-88359-017-6
  • Kelly, Aileen. "The Destruction of Idols: Alexander Herzen and Francis Bacon," Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 41, No. 4, Oct./Dec., 1980.
  • Kelly, Aileen M. The Discovery of Chance: The Life and Thought of Alexander Herzen, Harvard University Press, 2016, ISBN 9780674737112.
  • Malia, Martin Edward. Alexander Herzen and the Birth of Russian Socialism, Grosset & Dunlap, 1965.
  • Morson, Gary Saul, "Herzen: The Hero of Skeptical Idealism" (review of Aileen M. Kelly, The Discovery of Chance: The Life and Thought of Alexander Herzen, Harvard University Press, 592 pp., $39.95), The New York Review of Books, vol. LXIII, no. 18 (November 24, 2016), pp. 45–46, 48.
  • Orlova-Kopeleva, Raisa: Als die Glocke verstummte. Alexander Herzens letztes Lebensjahr, Karin Kramer Verlag, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-87956-190-7
  • Palmieri, F. Aurelio. “The Earliest Theorists of the Russian Revolution,” The Catholic World, Vol. CVIII, October 1918/March 1919.
  • Partridge, Monica. "Alexander Herzen and the English Press," The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 36, No. 87, Jun., 1958.
  • Rzhevsky, Nicholas. "The Shape of Chaos: Herzen and War and Peace," Russian Review, Vol. 34, No. 4, Oct., 1975.
  • Smith-Peter, Susan. Imagining Russian Regions: Subnational Identity and Civil Society in Nineteenth-Century Russia. Brill, 2018.
  • Weidemeier, William Cannon. "Herzen and Nietzsche: A Link in the Rise of Modern Pessimism," Russian Review, Vol. 36, No. 4, Oct., 1977.
  • Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Russian political encyclopedia (ROSSPEN). A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. hlm. 153—155. ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]