Eric Hobsbawm

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Eric Hobsbawm
CH FRSL FBA
Hobsbawm pada 2011
Hobsbawm pada 2011
LahirEric John Ernest Hobsbawm
9 Juni 1917
Alexandria, Kesultanan Mesir
Meninggal1 Oktober 2012 (umur 95)
London, Inggris
PekerjaanSejarawan, teoretikus sosial, dan penulis
KewarganegaraanBritania
Alma materKing's College, Cambridge
Aliran sastraSejarah dunia, Sejarah Barat
Pasangan
  • Muriel Seaman (k. 1943; c. 1951)
  • Marlene Schwartz (k. 1962)
AnakJoshua Bennathan, Julia and Andy Hobsbawm

Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm CH FRSL FBA (/ˈhɒbz.bɔːm/; 9 Juni 1917 – 1 Oktober 2012) adalah sejarawan Britania yang ahli di bidang kebangkitan kaptalisme industri, sosialisme,dan nasionalisme. Dia dianggap sebagai salah satu sejarawan paling terkenal di dunia.[1] Selama hidupnya dia merupakan penganut ideologi Marxis, keyakinan sosial politiknya mempengaruhi karakter dari karya-karyanya.[2] Salah satu karyanya yang paling terkenal termasuk buku trilogi mengenai apa yang dia sebut "long 19th century" (abad ke-19 yang panjang), yaitu The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848, The Age of Capital: 1848–1875, dan The Age of Empire: 1875–1914. The Age of Extremes mengenai abad ke-20 yang pendek, dan suntingan volume yang memperkenalkan gagasan penting mengenai "tradisi yang diciptakan".

Sebagian daftar terbitan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku Tanggal Penerbit ISBN Catatan Kutipan
Labour's Turning Point: Extracts from Contemporary Sources 1948 Lawrence & Wishart ISBN 0-901759-65-1
Primitive Rebels: Studies in Archaic Forms of Social Movement in the 19th and 20th centuries 1959, 1963, 1971 Manchester University Press ISBN 0-7190-0493-4 di AS: Social Bandits and Primitive Rebels, Free Press, 1960 [3][4]
The Jazz Scene 1959 Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 0-297-79568-6 sebagai Francis Newton [5]
The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848 1962 Abacus (UK)
Vintage Books (U.S.)
ISBN 0-679-77253-7
Labouring Men: studies in the history of labour 1964 Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 0-297-76402-0 [4]
Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations 1965 Lawrence & Wishart ISBN 0-7178-0165-9 editor; esai oleh Karl Marx
Industry and Empire: From 1750 to the Present Day 1968 Pelican ISBN 0-14-013749-1
Bandits 1969 Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 0-394-74850-6
Captain Swing 1969 Lawrence & Wishart ISBN 0-85315-175-X bersama George Rudé
Revolutionaries: Contemporary Essays 1973 Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 0-297-76549-3
The Age of Capital: 1848–1875 1975 Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 0-297-76992-8 [4]
Italian Road to Socialism: An Interview by Eric Hobsbawm with Giorgio Napolitano 1977 Lawrence Hill and Co ISBN 0-88208-082-2
The History of Marxism: Marxism in Marx's day, Vol. 1 1982 Harvester Press ISBN 0-253-32812-8 editor
The Invention of Tradition 1983 Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-43773-3 editor, bersama Terence Ranger [4]
Worlds of Labour: Further Studies in the History of Labour 1984 Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 0-297-78509-5 di AS: Workers: Worlds of Labor, Pantheon Books, 1984 [4]
The Age of Empire: 1875–1914 1987 Weidenfeld & Nicolson (First Edition) ISBN 0-521-43773-3 [4]
Politics for a Rational Left: Political Writing, 1977–1988 1989 Verso ISBN 0-86091-958-7
Echoes of the Marseillaise: Two Centuries Look Back on the French Revolution 1990 Verso ISBN 0-86091-937-4
Nations and Nationalism Since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality 1991 Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-43961-2 [4]
The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914–1991 1994 Michael Joseph (UK)
Vintage Books (U.S.)
ISBN 0-679-73005-2 bersama dengan tiga prekuelnya: The Making of the Modern World, The Folio Society, London, 2005
Art and Power: Europe Under the Dictators exhibition catalogue[6] 1995 Hayward Gallery ISBN 0-500-23719-0 editor, bersama Dawn Ades, David Elliott, Boyd Whyte Iain dan Tim Benton
On History 1997 Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 0-349-11050-6 [4]
1968 Magnum Throughout the World 1998 Hazan ISBN 2-85025-588-2 editor, bersama Marc Weitzmann
Behind the Times: Decline and Fall of the Twentieth-Century Avant-Gardes 1998 Thames and Hudson ISBN 0-500-55031-X
Uncommon People: Resistance, Rebellion and Jazz 1998 Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 0-297-81916-X
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto: A Modern Edition 1998 Verso ISBN 1-85984-898-2 editor
The New Century: In Conversation with Antonio Polito 2000 Little, Brown ISBN 0-316-85429-8 di AS: On the Edge of the New Century, The New Press, 2001
Interesting Times: A Twentieth-Century life 2002 Allen Lane ISBN 0-7139-9581-5 autobiografi
Globalisation, Democracy and Terrorism 2007 Little, Brown ISBN 0-316-02782-0 sebagian isinya di AS: On Empire: America, War, and Global Supremacy, Pantheon, 2008
How to Change the World: Tales of Marx and Marxism 2011 Little, Brown ISBN 1-4087-0287-8 [7]
Fractured Times: Culture and Society in the 20th Century 2013 Little, Brown ISBN 14087-0428-5
Viva la Revolucion: Hobsbawm on Latin America 2016 Little, Brown ISBN 14087-0707-1 Kumpulan esai politik dan sejarah tentang sejarah Amerika Latin

Notes[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Evans, Richard J. (2019-01-17). "Was Eric Hobsbawm a dangerous Communist?". The Guardian (dalam bahasa Inggris). ISSN 0261-3077. Diakses tanggal 2019-01-17. 
  2. ^ "How Eric Hobsbawm helped shape the global Marxist imagination – Emile Chabal | Aeon Essays". Aeon (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 2019-01-17. 
  3. ^ Primitive rebels; studies in archaic forms of social movement in the 19th and 20th centuries
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Kelly Boyd, Encyclopedia of Historians & Historical Writing, Volume 14, Issue 1, p. 547.
  5. ^ William Grimes (1 October 2012). "Eric J. Hobsbawm, Marxist Historian, Dies at 95". The New York Times. Diakses tanggal 4 October 2012. 
  6. ^ "Art and Power: Europe Under the Dictators (1930–1945)". Deutsches Historisches Museum. 1996. Diakses tanggal 26 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Terry Eagleton (3 March 2011). "Indomitable". London Review of Books. Vol. 33 no. 5. Diakses tanggal 11 January 2012.