Benua Amerika

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Benua Amerika
Americas (orthographic projection).svg
Luas 42.549.000 km2 (16.428.000 mi2)
Penduduk 954.000.000 (perkiraan Juli 2013) [1]
Demonim American,[2] New Worlder,[3] and Pan-American[4] are used (see usage)
Negara 35
Bahasa Spanyol
Inggris
Portgis
Perancis
Quechua
Haitian Creole
Guaraní
Aymara
Nahuatl
Belanda
dan lain-lain
Zona waktu UTC-10 to UTC
Kota besar
Peta wilayah benua Amerika.

Benua Amerika adalah sebuah benua di dunia yang merujuk kepada wilayah daratan di antara Samudra Pasifik dan Samudra Atlantik. Benua Amerika adalah benua terbesar ke 2 di dunia setelah Benua Asia .Luas wilayahnya ± 42.292.000 Km². Benua ini umumnya dibagi menjadi 3 yaitu Amerika Utara, Amerika Tengah, dan Amerika Selatan. Istilah ini juga merujuk kepada wilayah Karibia, pulau-pulau sekitar Laut Karibia, dan Greenland (namun bukan Islandia).Wilayah Amerika Tengah merupakan daratan sempit memanjang yang menghubungkan antara Amerika Utara dan Amerika Selatan. Secara astronomis, Benua Amerika terletak antara 72° LU - 59° LS dan 36° BB - 163° BB. Secara geografis, letak Benua Amerika sebelah Barat berbatasan dengan Samudera Pasifik dan Laut Bering, sebelah timur berbatasan dengan Samudera Atlantik dan Laut Karibia, sebelah utara berbatasan dengan Laut Es dan Selat Davis, dan sebelah selatan berbatasan dengan Laut Kutub Selatan. Nama Amerika diambil dari nama pertama orang Eropa yang menjelajahi benua ini yaitu Amerigo Vespucci.

Negara dan Teritori[sunting | sunting sumber]

Negara/teritori Luas wilayah
(km²)[5]
Penduduk
[note 1]
Pop.
density
(per km²)
Bahasa (official in bold) Ibukota PDB (GDP (Nominal))
USD in 2014[1][6]
PDB (PPP)
USD in 2014[1][7]
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) &1000000000000009100000091 &1000000000001345200000013.452 &10000000000001648000000164,8 English The Valley &10000000175400000000000$175.400.000
 Antigua and Barbuda &10000000000000442000000442 &1000000000008629500000086.295 &10000000000001991000000199,1 Creole,[8] English St. John's &10000001605000000000000$1.605.000.000
 Argentina &100000000027668900000002.766.890 &1000000004266950000000042.669.500 &1000000000000014300000014,3 Spanish Buenos Aires &10000540197000000000000$540.197.000.000 &10000947573000000000000$947.573.000.000
 Aruba (Netherlands) &10000000000000180000000180 &10000000000101484000000101.484 &10000000000005944000000594,4 Papiamentu, Spanish,[9] Dutch Oranjestad &10000002516000000000000$2.516.000.000
 Bahamas, The &1000000000001394300000013.943 &10000000000351461000000351.461 &1000000000000024500000024,5 Creole,[10] English Nassau &10000011240000000000000$11.240.000.000
 Barbados &10000000000000430000000430 &10000000000285000000000285.000 &10000000000005953000000595,3 Bajan,[11] English Bridgetown &10000007169000000000000$7.169.000.000
 Belize &1000000000002296600000022.966 &10000000000349728000000349.728 &1000000000000013400000013,4 Spanish, Kriol, English[12] Belmopan &10000003048000000000000$3.048.000.000
 Bermuda (United Kingdom) &1000000000000005400000054 &1000000000006423700000064.237 &100000000000120370000001.203,7 English Hamilton &10000005600000000000000$5.600.000.000
 Bolivia &100000000010985800000001.098.580 &1000000001002725400000010.027.254 &100000000000000840000008,4 Spanish and 36 indigenous languages La Paz and Sucre [13] &10000034176000000000000$34.176.000.000 &10000069963000000000000$69.963.000.000
 Bonaire (Netherlands) &10000000000000294000000294 &1000000000001209300000012.093 &1000000000000041100000041,1 Papiamentu, Spanish, Dutch[14] Kralendijk
 Brazil &100000000085148770000008.514.877 &10000000203106000000000203.106.000 &1000000000000023600000023,6 Portuguese Brasília &10002346118000000000000$2.346.118.000.000 &10003263866000000000000$3.263.866.000.000
 British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) &10000000000000151000000151 &1000000000002953700000029.537 &10000000000001523000000152,3 English Road Town &10000000500000000000000$500.000.000
 Canada &100000000099846700000009.984.670 &1000000003542752400000035.427.524 &100000000000000340000003,4 English, French Ottawa &10001786655000000000000$1.786.655.000.000 &10001566925000000000000$1.566.925.000.000
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) &10000000000000264000000264 &1000000000005545600000055.456 &10000000000002121000000212,1 English George Town &10000002250000000000000$2.250.000.000
 Chile[15] &10000000000756950000000756.950 &1000000001777300000000017.773.000 &1000000000000002200000022 Spanish Santiago &10000258062000000000000$258.062.000.000 &10000396923000000000000$396.923.000.000
Templat:Country data Clipperton Island (France) &100000000000000060000006[16] &100000000000000000000000[17] &100000000000000000000000,0 Uninhabited  — &10000000000000000000000$0
 Colombia &100000000011389100000001.138.910 &1000000004775700000000047.757.000 &1000000000000004000000040 Spanish Bogotá &10000377740000000000000$377.740.000.000 &10000638357000000000000$638.357.000.000
 Costa Rica &1000000000005110000000051.100 &100000000046670960000004.667.096 &1000000000000089600000089,6 Spanish San José &10000049553000000000000$49.553.000.000 &10000070974000000000000$70.974.000.000
 Cuba &10000000000109886000000109.886 &1000000001116732500000011.167.325 &10000000000001020000000102,0 Spanish Havana &10000077150000000000000$77.150.000.000 &10000234193000000000000$234.193.000.000
 Curaçao (Netherlands) &10000000000000444000000444 &10000000000150563000000150.563 &10000000000003171000000317,1 Papiamentu, Dutch[14] Willemstad &10000002838000000000000$2.838.000.000
 Dominica &10000000000000751000000751 &1000000000007129300000071.293 &1000000000000089200000089,2 French Patois, English[18] Roseau &10000001018000000000000$1.018.000.000
 Dominican Republic &1000000000004867100000048.671 &1000000001037826700000010.378.267 &10000000000002073000000207,3 Spanish Santo Domingo &10000063969000000000000$63.969.000.000 &10000138007000000000000$138.007.000.000
 Ecuador &10000000000283560000000283.560 &1000000001581940000000015.819.400 &1000000000000053800000053,8 Spanish, Quechua[19] Quito &10000100543000000000000$100.543.000.000 &10000180493000000000000$180.493.000.000
 El Salvador &1000000000002104100000021.041 &100000000064012400000006.401.240 &10000000000002930000000293,0 Spanish San Salvador &10000025220000000000000$25.220.000.000 &10000050944000000000000$50.944.000.000
 Falkland Islands (United Kingdom)[20] &1000000000001217300000012.173 &100000000000030000000003.000 &100000000000000260000000,26 English Stanley &10000000164500000000000$164.500.000
 French Guiana (France) &1000000000009100000000091.000 &10000000000237549000000237.549 &100000000000000270000002,7 French Cayenne
 Greenland (Denmark) &100000000021660860000002.166.086 &1000000000005648300000056.483 &100000000000000260000000,026 Greenlandic, Danish Nuuk (Godthåb) &10000002133000000000000$2.133.000.000
 Grenada &10000000000000344000000344 &10000000000103328000000103.328 &10000000000003023000000302,3 English St. George's &10000001467000000000000$1.467.000.000
 Guadeloupe (France) &100000000000016280000001.628 &10000000000405739000000405.739 &10000000000002467000000246,7 French Basse-Terre
 Guatemala &10000000000108889000000108.889 &1000000001580667500000015.806.675 &10000000000001288000000128,8 Spanish, Garifuna and 23 Mayan languages Guatemala City &10000058728000000000000$58.728.000.000 &10000119375000000000000$119.375.000.000
 Guyana &10000000000214999000000214.999 &10000000000784894000000784.894 &100000000000000350000003,5 English Georgetown &10000006256000000000000$6.256.000.000
 Haiti &1000000000002775000000027.750 &1000000001074566500000010.745.665 &10000000000003615000000361,5 Creole, French Port-au-Prince &10000013150000000000000$13.150.000.000
 Honduras &10000000000112492000000112.492 &100000000085550720000008.555.072 &1000000000000066400000066,4 Spanish Tegucigalpa &10000019385000000000000$19.385.000.000 &10000036487000000000000$36.487.000.000
 Jamaica &1000000000001099100000010.991 &100000000027179910000002.717.991 &10000000000002474000000247,4 Patois, English Kingston &10000025620000000000000$25.620.000.000
 Martinique (France) &100000000000011280000001.128 &10000000000392291000000392.291 &10000000000003526000000352,6 Patois,[21] French Fort-de-France
 Mexico &100000000019643750000001.964.375 &10000000119713203000000119.713.203 &1000000000000057100000057,1 Spanish, 68 indigenous languages Mexico City &10001282720000000000000$1.282.720.000.000 &10002125257000000000000$2.125.257.000.000
 Montserrat (United Kingdom) &10000000000000102000000102 &100000000000049220000004.922 &1000000000000058800000058,8 Creole English, English[22] Plymouth; Brades[23] &10000000043780000000000$43.780.000
Templat:Country data Navassa Island (United States) &100000000000000050000005[16] &100000000000000000000000[17] &100000000000000000000000,0 Uninhabited  — &10000000000000000000000$0
 Nicaragua &10000000000130373000000130.373 &100000000060710450000006.071.045 &1000000000000044100000044,1 Spanish Managua &10000027100000000000000$27.100.000.000
 Panama &1000000000007541700000075.417 &100000000034058130000003.405.813 &1000000000000045800000045,8 Spanish Panama City &10000046213000000000000$46.213.000.000 &10000080811000000000000$80.811.000.000
 Paraguay &10000000000406750000000406.750 &100000000067833740000006.783.374 &1000000000000015600000015,6 Guaraní, Spanish Asunción &10000030985000000000000$30.985.000.000 &10000058280000000000000$58.280.000.000
 Peru &100000000012852200000001.285.220 &1000000003081417500000030.814.175 &1000000000000002200000022 Spanish, Quechua, Aymara Lima &10000202903000000000000$202.903.000.000 &10000371347000000000000$371.347.000.000
 Puerto Rico (United States) &100000000000088700000008.870 &100000000036150860000003.615.086 &10000000000004489000000448,9 Spanish, English San Juan &10000103135000000000000$103.135.000.000 &10000125630000000000000$125.630.000.000
 Saba (Netherlands) &1000000000000001300000013 &100000000000015370000001.537[24] &10000000000001182000000118,2 English, Dutch The Bottom
 Saint Barthélemy (France) &1000000000000002100000021[16] &100000000000089380000008.938[17] &10000000000003547000000354,7 French Gustavia
 Saint Kitts and Nevis &10000000000000261000000261 &1000000000005500000000055.000 &10000000000001992000000199,2 English Basseterre &10000000946300000000000$946.300.000
 Saint Lucia &10000000000000539000000539 &10000000000180000000000180.000 &10000000000003191000000319,1 English, French Creole Castries &10000002233000000000000$2.233.000.000
 Saint Martin (France) &1000000000000005400000054[16] &1000000000003697900000036.979 &10000000000005522000000552,2 French Marigot &10000000561500000000000$561.500.000
Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) &10000000000000242000000242 &100000000000060810000006.081 &1000000000000024800000024,8 French Saint-Pierre &10000000215300000000000$215.300.000
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines &10000000000000389000000389 &10000000000109000000000109.000 &10000000000002802000000280,2 English Kingstown &10000001312000000000000$1.312.000.000
 Sint Eustatius (Netherlands) &1000000000000002100000021 &100000000000027390000002.739[24] &10000000000001304000000130,4 Dutch, English Oranjestad
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) &1000000000000003400000034 &1000000000003742900000037.429 &100000000000117670000001.176,7 English, Spanish, Dutch Philipsburg &10000000798300000000000$798.300.000
Bendera Georgia Selatan dan Kepulauan Sandwich Selatan South Georgia and
South Sandwich Islands
(UK)
[25]
&100000000000030930000003.093 &1000000000000002000000020 &100000000000000010000000,01 English Grytviken
 Suriname &10000000000163270000000163.270 &10000000000534189000000534.189 &100000000000000030000003 Dutch and others[26] Paramaribo &10000006874000000000000$6.874.000.000
 Trinidad and Tobago &100000000000051300000005.130 &100000000013280190000001.328.019 &10000000000002610000000261,0 English Port of Spain &10000024434000000000000$24.434.000.000 &10000040832000000000000$40.832.000.000
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) &10000000000000948000000948 &1000000000003145800000031.458 &1000000000000034800000034,8 Creole English, English[27] Cockburn Town &10000000632000000000000$632.000.000
 United States[note 2] &100000000096290910000009.629.091 &10000000320206000000000320.206.000 &1000000000000034200000034,2 English, Spanish Washington, D.C. &10017419000000000000000$17.419.000.000.000 &10017419000000000000000$17.419.000.000.000
 U.S. Virgin Islands (United States) &10000000000000347000000347 &10000000000106405000000106.405 &10000000000003170000000317,0 English, Spanish Charlotte Amalie
 Uruguay &10000000000176220000000176.220 &100000000032863140000003.286.314 &1000000000000019400000019,4 Spanish Montevideo &10000057471000000000000$57.471.000.000 &10000071414000000000000$71.414.000.000
 Venezuela &10000000000916445000000916.445 &1000000003020630700000030.206.307 &1000000000000030200000030,2 Spanish and 40 indigenous languages Caracas &10000509964000000000000$509.964.000.000 &10000538932000000000000$538.932.000.000
Total &1000000004232098500000042.320.985 &10000000973186925000000973.186.925 &1000000000000021900000021,9 &10024864000000000000000$24.864.000.000.000

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Koordinat: 19°00′LU 96°00′BT / 19°LU 96°BB / 19.000; -96.000

  1. ^ a b c "The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. 2013. Diakses tanggal September 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama OEDAMERICAN
  3. ^ "New Worlder". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.
  4. ^ "Pan-American – definition of Pan-American by The Free Dictionary". TheFreeDictionary.com. Diakses tanggal September 8, 2014. 
  5. ^ Unless otherwise noted, land area figures are taken from "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2008. Diakses tanggal October 14, 2010. 
  6. ^ http://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/GDP.pdf
  7. ^ http://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/GDP_PPP.pdf
  8. ^ Kras, Sara Louise (2008). Antigua and Barbuda. Marshall Cavendish. p. 95. ISBN 0-7614-2570-5. 
  9. ^ "Aruba Census 2010 Languages spoken in the household". Central Bureau of Statistics. [nonaktif]
  10. ^ Lewis, Paul M. (2009). "Languages of Bahamas". Dallas: Ethnologue. 
  11. ^ Paul M. Lewis, ed. (2009). "Languages of Barbados". Dallas: Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 
  12. ^ "Belize 2000 Housing and Population Census". Belize Central Statistical Office. 2000. Diakses tanggal June 24, 2011. [nonaktif]
  13. ^ La Paz is the administrative capital of Bolivia; Sucre is the judicial seat.
  14. ^ a b "Households by the most spoken language in the household Population and Housing Census 2001". Central Bureau of Statistics. [nonaktif]
  15. ^ Includes Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean, a Chilean territory frequently reckoned in Oceania. Santiago is the administrative capital of Chile; Valparaíso is the site of legislative meetings.
  16. ^ a b c d Land area figures taken from "The World Factbook: 2010 edition". Government of the United States, Central Intelligence Agency. Diakses tanggal October 14, 2010. 
  17. ^ a b c These population estimates are for 2010, and are taken from "The World Factbook: 2010 edition". Government of the United States, Central Intelligence Agency. Diakses tanggal October 14, 2010. 
  18. ^ Paul M. Lewis; M. Paul, ed. (2009). "Languages of Dominica". Dallas: Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Diakses tanggal August 30, 2012. 
  19. ^ Levinson, David (1998). Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 347. ISBN 1-57356-019-7. 
  20. ^ Claimed by Argentina.
  21. ^ Paul M. Lewis, ed. (2009). "Languages of Martinique". Dallas: Ethnologue. 
  22. ^ Paul M. Lewis, ed. (2009). "Languages of Montserrat". Dallas: Ethnologue. 
  23. ^ Due to ongoing activity of the Soufriere Hills volcano beginning in July 1995, much of Plymouth was destroyed and government offices were relocated to Brades. Plymouth remains the de jure capital.
  24. ^ a b Population estimates are taken from the Central Bureau of Statistics Netherlands Antilles. "Statistical information: Population". Government of the Netherlands Antilles. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2011-07-06. Diakses tanggal October 14, 2010. 
  25. ^ Claimed by Argentina; the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean are commonly associated with Antarctica (due to proximity) and have no permanent population, only hosting a periodic contingent of about 100 researchers and visitors.
  26. ^ Lewis, Paul (2009). "Languages of Suriname". Dallas, Texas: Ethnologue. 
  27. ^ Lewis, M. Paul (2009). "Languages of Turks and Caicos Islands". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas: SIL International. [nonaktif]


Kesalahan pengutipan: Ditemukan tag <ref> untuk kelompok bernama "note", tapi tidak ditemukan tag <references group="note"/> yang berkaitan