Bahasa Ebla

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Ebla
Prasasti berbahasa Ebla
Prasasti berbahasa Ebla yang ditemukan di kota kuno Ebla
WilayahEbla
EraMilenium ke-3 SM[1]
Kode bahasa
ISO 639-3xeb
LINGUIST List
xeb
Glottologebla1238[2]

Bahasa Ebla, atau bahasa Paleo-Suriah,[3][4] adalah bahasa Semitik punah yang pernah digunakan selama milenium ketiga SM oleh penduduk Suriah Utara.[5] Bahasa ini dinamai berdasarkan kota kuno Ebla, di bagian barat Suriah modern.[5] Dialek-dialek dari bahasa ini juga digunakan di Mari dan Nagar.[5][6] Menurut Cyrus H. Gordon,[7] meskipun para pemimpin agama pada zaman itu menggunakan bahasa ini, bahasa Ebla tidak banyak dituturkan, dan lebih merupakan bahasa tertulis dengan ciri-ciri yang juga ditemukan di rumpun bahasa Semitik Timur dan Barat.

Bahasa ini ditulis dalam bentuk aksara paku di prasasti yang ditemukan di Ebla.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ebla at MultiTree on the Linguist List
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, ed. (2019). "Eblaite". Glottolog 4.1. Jena, Jerman: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Garbini 1981, hlm. 81.
  4. ^ Lipiński 2001, hlm. 51-52.
  5. ^ a b c Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie (2010). Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. hlm. 313. ISBN 9780080877754. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2017-10-18. 
  6. ^ Lipiński 2001, hlm. 52.
  7. ^ Gordon, "Amorite and Eblaite", page 101

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Alfonso Archi 1987. “ Ebla and Eblaite ” in Eblaitica : Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language. Publications of the Center for Ebla Research at New York University. Vol no 1 edited by C. Gordon. Eisenbrauns, p. 7–17
  • A. Cagni 1981. La lingua di Ebla, Atti del convegno internazionale (Napoli, 21-23 Aprile 1980). Istituto universitario orientale, Series Minor XIV, Naples.
  • R. Caplice 1981. “Eblaite and Akkadian” in La lingua di Ebla, Atti del convegno internazionale (Napoli, 21-23 Aprile 1980). Istituto universitario orientale, Series Minor XIV, Naples. p. 161–164
  • K. Cathart 1984. “The Language of Ebla” in Proceeding of Irish Biblical Association (I.B.A.) no 8, edited by A. D. H. Mayes. Dublin. p. 49–56
  • M. Civil 1984. “Bilingualism in logographically written languages : Sumerian in Ebla” in Il Bilinguismo a Ebla, Atti del convegni internazionale (Napoli 19-22 aprile 1982) a cura di Luigi Cagni, Naples, p. 75–97
  • G. Conti 1984. “Arcaismi in Eblaita” in Studies on the language of Ebla. Edited by Pelio Fronzaroli. Quaderni di Semitica no 13. Istituto di Linguistica e di Lingue orientali, Universita di Firenze. Florence. p. 159–172
  • M. Dahood 1981. “The linguistic classification of Eblait” in La lingua di Ebla, Atti del convegno internazionale (Napoli, 21-23 Aprile 1980). Istituto universitario orientale, Series Minor XIV, Naples. p. 177–179
  • I. Diakonoff 1984. “An evaluation of Eblaite” in Studies on the langage of Ebla. Edited by Pelio Fronzaroli. Quaderni di Semitica no 13. Istituto di Linguistica e di Lingue orientali, Universita di Firenze. Florence. p. 1–10
  • Igor Diakonoff 1990. “The importance of Ebla for History and Linguistics” in Eblaitica, Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language. Vol n°2, edited by Cyrus Gordon, Winona Lake, Indiana. pp. 3–29
  • P. Fronzaroli 1977. “L’interferenza linguistica nella Siria settentrionale del III milenio” in Interferenza linguistica, Atti del convegno della Societa di Glottologia. Perugia p. 27–43
  • P. Fronzaroli 1978. “La contribution de la langue d’Ebla à la connaissance du sémitique archaïque” in (C.R.R.A.) no 25 p. 27–43
  • P. Fronzaroli 1979. “Problemi di fonetica eblaita” in Studi Eblaitica no 1. Rome p. 64–89
  • P. Fronzaroli 1982. “Per una valutazione della morphologia eblaita” in Studi Eblaiti no 5. Rome p. 95 120
  • P. Fronzaroli 1984. “The Eblaic Lexicon : Problems and Apparaisal” in Studies on the langage of Ebla. Edited by Pelio Fronzaroli. Quaderni di Semitica no 13. Istituto di Linguistica e di Lingue orientali, Universita di Firenze. Florence. p. 117–157
  • Garbini, Giovanni (1981). "Considerations on the Language of Ebla". La Lingua Di Ebla: Atti Del Convegno Internazionale (edisi ke-1st). Napoli: Istituto universitario orientale, Seminario di studi asiatici. hlm. 75–82. 
  • G. Garbini 1984. “La lingua di Ebla” in Le lingue semitiche, Studi di Storia linguistica. Istituto universitario Orientale, Series Minor XX. Naples. p. 65–78
  • I. J. Gelb 1958. “La lingua degli Amoriti” in Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rendiconti morali, Serie VIII, vol n°XIII fasc. 3-4, p. 143–164
  • I. J. Gelb 1961 a. Old akkadian writing and Grammar. Material for the Assyrian dictionary no 2, second édition, revised and enlarged. Chicago.
  • I. J. Gelb 1961 b. “The Early History of West Semitic Peoples” in Journal of Cuneiform Studies no 15, p. 27–47
  • I. J. Gelb 1977. “Thought about Ibla, A preliminary Evaluation," March 1977 in Monographic Journals of the Near East, Syro-Mesopotamian Studies I/1, pp. 3-30
  • I. J. Gelb 1981. “ Ebla and the Kish civilisation” in La lingua di Ebla, Atti del convegno internazionale (Napoli, 21-23 Aprile 1980). Istituto universitario orientale, Series Minor XIV, Naples. pp. 9-73
  • Cyrus Gordon 1990. “Eblaite and Northwest Semitic” in Eblaitica: Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language. Publications of the Center for Ebla Research at New York University. Vol n°2 edited by C. Gordon. Eisenbrauns, pp. 127-139
  • C. Gordon 1991. “Eblaite” in Semitic Studies in honor of Wolf Leslau, On the occasion of his eighty-fyfth birthday. Vol n°1, edited by Alan S. Kaye, Wiesbaden. pp. 550-557
  • C. Gordon 1997. "Amorite and Eblaite," The Semitic Languages. Ed. Robert Hetzron. New York: Routledge.
  • J. Huenergard, 2004. "Akkadian and Eblaite" in R. Woodard The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s Ancient Languages. Cambridge.
  • E. Knudsen 1982. “An analysis of Amorite, A review article”, in Journal of Cuneiform Studies. Vol no 34 / 1-2, Philadelphia. p. 1–18
  • E. Knudsen 1991. “Amorite Grammar, A comparative statement” in Semitic Studies in honor of Wolf Leslau, On the occasion of his eighty-fyfth birthday. Vol no 1, edited by Alan S. Kaye, Wiesbaden. p. 866–885
  • Manfred Krebernik. 1996. "The Linguistic Classification of Eblaite: Methods, Problems, and Results." In The Study of the Ancient Near East in the Twenty-First Century: The William Foxwell Albright Centennial Conference (eds. J.S. Cooper – G.M. Schwartz), pp. 233–249.[1]
  • W. Lambert 1981. “The Language of Ebla and Akkadian” in La lingua di Ebla, Atti del convegno internazionale (Napoli, 21-23 Aprile 1980). Istituto universitario orientale, Series Minor XIV, Naples. p. 155–160
  • E. Lipinsky 1981. “Formes verbales dans les noms propres d’Ebla et le système verbal sémitique” in La lingua di Ebla, Atti del convegno internazionale (Napoli, 21-23 Aprile 1980). Istituto universitario orientale, Series Minor XIV, Naples. p. 191–210
  • Lipiński, Edward (1997). Semitic Languages: Outline of a Comparative Grammar (edisi ke-1st). Leuven: Peeters Publishers. ISBN 9789068319392. 
  • Lipiński, Edward (2001) [1997]. Semitic Languages: Outline of a Comparative Grammar (edisi ke-2nd). Leuven: Peeters Publishers. ISBN 9789042908154. 
  • M. Liverani 1965. Missione Archeologica Italiana in Siria 1964. Rome
  • H.-P. Müller 1984. “Neue Erwägungen zum eblaitischen verbalsystem” in Il Bilinguismo a Ebla, Atti del convegni internazionale (Napoli 19-22 aprile 1982) a cura di Luigi Cagni, Naples, p. 167–204.
  • R. Mugnaioni 2000. "À propos de la langue d’Ebla" in Travaux 16 – La sémitologie aujourd’hui, Cercle de Linguistique d’Aix-en-Provence, Centre des sciences du langage, p. 33-56.
  • G. Pettinato 1970. “L’inscription de Ibbit-Lim roi d’Ebla” in A.A.A.S. p. 19–22
  • G. Pettinato 1972. "L’Inscription de Ibbit-Lim roi d’Ebla” in Missione Archeologica Italiana in Siria 1967-1968. Rome.
  • G. Pettinato 1975. “Testi cuneiformi del 3° millenio in paleo-cananeo rinvenuti nelle campagna 1974 a Tell Mardikh-Ebla" in Orientalia n°44, pp. 361-374
  • G. Pettinato 1979. Catalogo dei testi cuneiformi di Tell Mardikh in M.E.E.
  • K. Petracek 1984. “Les catégories flexionnelles en éblaïtes” in Studies on the Language of Ebla. Quaderni di Semitistica n°13, édité par P. Fronzaroli. Florence, pp. 24–57
  • G. Rubio 2006. "Eblaite, Akkadian, and East Semitic." In The Akkadian Language in its Semitic Context (ed. N.J.C. Kouwenberg and G. Deutscher. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten), pp. 110–139.
  • W. von Soden 1995: Grundriß der akkadischen Grammatik, 3. ergänzte Auflage. Analecta Oientalia no 33, Rome.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]