Bantuan:Menggunakan kode HTML di Wikipedia

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These HTML elements are supported by the MediaWiki software. This section gives a brief overview of the HTML element, an example, relevant wikimarkup and templates.

Basic[sunting | sunting sumber]

h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6[sunting | sunting sumber]

The <h1>...</h1> through <h6>...</h6> tags are headings for the sections with which they are associated. <h1> is used for the article title. Headings are styled through CSS and added to the page's table of contents.

Markup Renders as
<h1>Heading 1</h1>
<h2>Heading 2</h2>
<h3>Heading 3</h3>
<h4>Heading 4</h4>
<h5>Heading 5</h5>
<h6>Heading 6</h6>
Templat:Fakeheading

Templat:Fakeheading Templat:Fakeheading Templat:Fakeheading Templat:Fakeheading Templat:Fakeheading

Wikimarkup: surround the text with the appropriate number of equal signs. Headers formatted with wikimarkup add an [edit] link.

Markup Renders as
= Heading 1 =
== Heading 2 ==
=== Heading 3 ===
==== Heading 4 ====
===== Heading 5 =====
====== Heading 6 ======
Templat:Fake heading

Templat:Fake heading Templat:Fake heading Templat:Fake heading Templat:Fake heading Templat:Fake heading

Wiki headers use the following default CSS:

Wikimarkup HTML Style
= Heading = <h1> color: #000000; background: none; overflow: hidden; page-break-after: avoid; font-size: 1.8em; font-family: Georgia,Times,serif; margin-top: 1em; margin-bottom: 0.25em; line-height: 1.3; padding: 0; border-bottom: 1px solid #AAAAAA;
== Heading == <h2> color: #000000; background: none; overflow: hidden; page-break-after: avoid; font-size: 1.5em; font-family: Georgia,Times,serif; margin-top: 1em; margin-bottom: 0.25em; line-height: 1.3; padding: 0; border-bottom: 1px solid #AAAAAA;
=== Heading === <h3> color: #000000; background: none; overflow: hidden; page-break-after: avoid; font-size: 1.17em; font-weight: bold; margin-top: 0.3em; margin-bottom: 0; line-height: 1.6; padding-top: 0.5em; padding-bottom: 0;
==== Heading ==== <h4> color: #000000; background: none; overflow: hidden; page-break-after: avoid; font-size: 100%; font-weight: bold; margin-top: 0.3em; margin-bottom: 0; line-height: 1.6; padding-top: 0.5em; padding-bottom: 0;
===== Heading ===== <h5> color: #000000; background: none; overflow: hidden; page-break-after: avoid; font-size: 100%; font-weight: bold; margin-top: 0.3em; margin-bottom: 0; line-height: 1.6; padding-top: 0.5em; padding-bottom: 0;
====== Heading ====== <h6> color: #000000; background: none; overflow: hidden; page-break-after: avoid; font-size: 100%; font-weight: bold; margin-top: 0.3em; margin-bottom: 0; line-height: 1.6; padding-top: 0.5em; padding-bottom: 0;

Templates: {{fake heading}} for use in documentation

p[sunting | sunting sumber]

<p>...</p> tag places content into a separate paragraph.

Markup Renders as
<p>HyperText Markup Language</p><p>HyperText Markup Language</p>

HyperText Markup Language

HyperText Markup Language

Wikimarkup: Separate paragraphs by a single blank line.

Markup Renders as
HyperText Markup Language

HyperText Markup Language
HyperText Markup Language

HyperText Markup Language

br[sunting | sunting sumber]

<br> or <br /> inserts a line break. Both versions of the break are supported by HTML5. </br> is invalid.

Markup Renders as
HyperText<br>Markup Language
HyperText
Markup Language

Templates:

  • {{break}} adds multiple line breaks.
  • {{crlf2}} adds adds a true carriage return and line feed.
  • {{-}} adds a break with styling to clear floating elements.
  • {{plainlist}} creates an unbulleted list.

hr[sunting | sunting sumber]

<hr> represents a paragraph-level thematic break and presents as a horizontal rule.

Markup Renders as
<hr>

Wikimarkup: use ----

Markup Renders as
----
Templat:Crlf2

Templates: {{hr}}

comment[sunting | sunting sumber]

<!-- --> formats the enclosed text as a hidden comment.

Markup Renders as
HyperText<!--Markup Language-->
HyperText

Formatting[sunting | sunting sumber]

abbr[sunting | sunting sumber]

<abbr>...</abbr> creates a tooltip to define an abbreviation or acronym that is displayed on mouse-over.

Markup Renders as
<abbr title="HyperText Markup Language">HTML</abbr>
HTML

Support: not supported by IE6 or IE7.

Templates: {{abbr}}; supports Unicode display

b[sunting | sunting sumber]

<b>...</b> formats text stylistically offset from other text (bold) without conveying extra importance.

Markup Renders as
<b>HyperText Markup Language</b>
HyperText Markup Language

Wikimarkup: Use ''' to open and close bold text.

Markup Renders as
'''HyperText Markup Language'''
HyperText Markup Language

bdi[sunting | sunting sumber]

<bdi>...</bdi> isolates the content from the surrounding text-direction settings.

Markup Renders as
اليمين إلى اليسارleft to right
اليمين إلى اليسارleft to right
اليمين إلى اليسار<bdi>left to right</bdi>
اليمين إلى اليسارleft to right

Support: Firefox, Chrome

bdo[sunting | sunting sumber]

<bdo>...</bdo> specifies the text direction.

Attributes and values:

  • dir — Specifies the text direction.
    • ltr
    • rtl
Markup Renders as
<bdo dir="rtl">HyperText Markup Language</bdo>
HyperText Markup Language

blockquote[sunting | sunting sumber]

<blockquote>...</blockquote> presents text in an offset block.

Markup Renders as
<blockquote>HyperText Markup Language</blockquote>

HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{quote}}; supports pre-formatted attribution and source parameters. For other specialized quotation templates, see Category:Quotation templates.

cite[sunting | sunting sumber]

<cite>...</cite> contains the title of a work and by default is formatted in italics. This is a new definition in HTML5— in the previous XML implementation <cite> was used to contain a citation or a reference to other sources.

Markup Renders as
<cite>HyperText Markup Language</cite>
HyperText Markup Language

code[sunting | sunting sumber]

<code>...</code> formats a section of computer code. MediaWiki applies CSS styling to display <code> in a monospace font.

Markup Renders as
<code>HyperText Markup Language</code>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{code}} uses Templat:Xtag.

data[sunting | sunting sumber]

<data>...</data> formats a machine-readable version of contents.

Markup Renders as
<data value="978-0764502149">HTML for Dummies</data>
HTML for Dummies

Attributes: value

del[sunting | sunting sumber]

<del>...</del> formats deleted text.

Markup Renders as
<del>HyperText Markup Language</del>
HyperText Markup Language

dfn[sunting | sunting sumber]

<dfn>...</dfn> is used for indicating a definition.

Markup Renders as
<dfn>Definition</dfn>
Definition

Templates: {{dfn}}

em[sunting | sunting sumber]

<em>...</em> represents a span of text with emphatic stress.

Markup Renders as
<em>HyperText Markup Language</em>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{em}}

i[sunting | sunting sumber]

<i>...</i> represents a span of text offset from its surrounding content without conveying any extra emphasis or importance, and for which the conventional typographic presentation is italic text.

Markup Renders as
<i>HyperText Markup Language</i>
HyperText Markup Language

Wikimarkup: Use '' to open and close italic text.

Markup Renders as
''HyperText Markup Language''
HyperText Markup Language

ins[sunting | sunting sumber]

<ins>...</ins> indicates a range of text that has been added. Styled as underlined text. Used on talk pages to indicate refactored text; see WP:REDACT.

Markup Renders as
<ins>HyperText Markup Language</ins>
HyperText Markup Language

kbd[sunting | sunting sumber]

<kbd>...</kbd> indicates user input such as keyboard input or voice commands.

Markup Renders as
Press <kbd>Enter</kbd>
Press Enter

Templates:

  • {{kbd}} applies gray styling
  • {{key press}} renders illustrated keys and keystrokes.

mark[sunting | sunting sumber]

<mark>...</mark> represents a run of text in one document marked or highlighted for reference purposes, due to its relevance in another context. Marked text is formatted with a yellow background by default.

Markup Renders as
<mark>HyperText Markup Language</mark>
HyperText Markup Language
<mark style="background:lightblue">HyperText Markup Language</mark>
HyperText Markup Language

Support: Not supported by Internet Explorer 8 and below.

pre[sunting | sunting sumber]

<pre>...</pre> element represents a block of preformatted text. In MediaWiki, Templat:Xtag is actually a parser tag and not HTML, but the function is the same.

Markup Renders as
<pre>HyperText Markup Language</pre>
HyperText Markup Language

HTML entities

Templat:Xtag parses HTML entities. If you want to escape this, replace & with &amp;.

Markup Renders as
<pre>&amp;</pre>
&

<pre>&lt;</pre>
<

<pre>&amp;amp;</pre>
&amp;

<pre>&amp;lt;</pre>
&lt;

Templates:

  • {{pre}} wraps text that overflows the page.
  • {{pre2}} wraps or uses scrollbox.

q[sunting | sunting sumber]

<q>...</q> is used to mark a short quotation.

Markup Renders as
<q>HyperText Markup Language</q>
HyperText Markup Language

rb, rp, rt, ruby[sunting | sunting sumber]

<ruby>...</ruby> marks spans of phrasing content with ruby annotations.

<rt>...</rt> marks the ruby text component of a ruby annotation; the ruby text shows in a reduced size over top of the normal characters.

<rb>...</rb> (formerly obsolete) Used to mark base text in a ruby annotation

<rp>...</rp> is used to provide parentheses around a ruby text component of a ruby annotation, to be shown by user agents that don’t support ruby annotations.

Browsers that do not support ruby characters will show the ruby text in normal size, enclosed in parentheses and after the normal content.

Markup Renders as
<ruby>
東<rp>(</rp><rt>とう</rt><rp>)</rp>
京<rp>(</rp><rt>きょう</rt><rp>)</rp>
</ruby>

(とう)(きょう)

Templates:

s[sunting | sunting sumber]

<s>...</s> is used to indicate content that is no longer accurate or relevant and that has been struck from the page. It is not appropriate when indicating document edits; to mark a span of text as having been removed from a document, use <del>.

Markup Renders as
<s>HyperText Markup Language</s>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{strikethrough}}

samp[sunting | sunting sumber]

<samp>...</samp> indicates output from a program or computing system.

Markup Renders as
<samp>HyperText Markup Language</samp>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{samp}} applies gray styling

small[sunting | sunting sumber]

<small>...</small> format small text.

Markup Renders as
<small>HyperText Markup Language</small>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates:

  • {{small}} uses <small style="font-size:85%;">. {{small}} is recommended over <small> since not all browsers render small text the same.

strong[sunting | sunting sumber]

<strong>...</strong> formats a span of text with strong importance.

Markup Renders as
<strong>HyperText Markup Language</strong>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{strong}}

sub[sunting | sunting sumber]

<sub>...</sub> formats a span of text as a subscript.

Markup Renders as
HyperText <sub>Markup Language</sub>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates:

sup[sunting | sunting sumber]

<sup>...</sup> formats a span of text as a superscript.

Markup Renders as
HyperText <sup>Markup Language</sup>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates:

time[sunting | sunting sumber]

<time>...</time> defines either a time (24 hour clock), or a date in the Gregorian calendar, optionally with a time and a time-zone offset.

Markup Renders as
<time>10:00</time>

Attributes: datetime

Support: Not supported by Internet Explorer 8 and below.

u[sunting | sunting sumber]

<u>...</u> represents a span of text offset from its surrounding content without conveying any extra emphasis or importance, and for which the conventional typographic presentation is underlining; for example, a span of text in Chinese that is a proper name (a Chinese proper name mark), or span of text that is known to be misspelled.

Markup Renders as
<u>HyperText Markup Language</u>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{underline}}

var[sunting | sunting sumber]

<var>...</var> formats text in italics to indicate a variable in a mathematical expression or programming context, or placeholder text that the reader is meant to mentally replace with some other literal value.

Markup Renders as
<var>HyperText Markup Language</var>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates:

  • {{var}}
  • {{varserif}} formatted in italic serif to differentiate characters

wbr[sunting | sunting sumber]

<wbr> is a word break opportunity; that is, it specifies where it would be OK to add a line-break where a word is too long, or it is perceived that the browser will break a line at the wrong place.

Markup Renders as
Now is the time to become a power editor, by learning HyperText Markup Language
Now is the time to become a power editor, by learning HyperText Markup Language
Now is the time to become a power editor, by learning Hyper<wbr>Text Markup Language
Now is the time to become a power editor, by learning HyperText Markup Language

As the browser window is adjusted narrower, the second example wraps between Hyper and Text.

Lists[sunting | sunting sumber]

Do not leave blank lines between items in a list unless there is a reason to do so, since this causes the MediaWiki software to interpret each item as beginning a new list.

dl, dt, dd[sunting | sunting sumber]

<dl>...</dl>, <dt>...</dt> and <dd>...</dd> are used to create a definition list of group names corresponding to values. Group names are in bold and values are indented. Each group must include one or more definitions.

Markup Renders as
<dl>
<dt> Term
<dd> Definition1
<dd> Definition2
<dd> Definition3
<dd> Definition4
</dl>
Term
Definition1
Definition2
Definition3
Definition4

Wikimarkup: <dt> is created using ; while automatically enclosed in <dl>...</dl>. <dd> is created using : for each value. For a single or first value the : can be placed on the same line after ; where subsequent values must be placed on separate lines.

Markup Renders as
;Term :Definition1
:Definition2
:Definition3
:Definition4
Term
Definition1
Definition2
Definition3
Definition4

Templates: {{defn}}

ol, ul, li[sunting | sunting sumber]

<ol>...</ol> represents an ordered list; <ul>...</ul> represents an unordered list; <li>...</li> represents a list item within either type of list.

Markup Renders as
<ol>
<li>Item1</li>
<li>Item2</li>
<li>Item3</li>
<li>Item4</li>
</ol>
  1. Item1
  2. Item2
  3. Item3
  4. Item4

<ul>
<li>Item1</li>
<li>Item2</li>
<li>Item3</li>
<li>Item4</li>
</ul>
  • Item1
  • Item2
  • Item3
  • Item4

Wikimarkup: use * for items in an unordered list and # for ordered lists.

Markup Renders as
# Item1
# Item2
# Item3
# Item4
Templat:Crlf2
  1. Item1
  2. Item2
  3. Item3
  4. Item4
* Item1
* Item2
* Item3
* Item4
Templat:Crlf2
  • Item1
  • Item2
  • Item3
  • Item4

Templates: for a variety of specialized uses, see Category:Wikipedia list formatting templates.

Containers[sunting | sunting sumber]

div[sunting | sunting sumber]

<div>...</div> is a generic container for flow content that displays as a block element.

Markup Renders as
HyperText <div>Markup</div> Language
HyperText
Markup
Language

span[sunting | sunting sumber]

<span>...</span> is a container for flow content that displays as an inline element.

Markup Renders as
HyperText <span>Markup</span> Language
HyperText Markup Language

Tables[sunting | sunting sumber]

table, td, tr[sunting | sunting sumber]

<table>...</table> defines a table.

<tr>...</tr> defines a table row.

<td>...</td> defines a data cell with contents that may include text, links, images, lists, forms, other tables, etc.

Markup Renders as
<table border=1>
<tr>
<td>data</td>
<td>data</td>
</tr>
</table>
data data

Attributes:

  • <table>:
    Allowed but not recommended: border="" and border="1"
    Allowed but obsolete: border (with a non-empty value different from "1"), align, bgcolor, cellpadding, cellspacing, frame, rules, summary, width[1]
  • <td>: colspan, headers, rowspan
    Allowed but obsolete: abbr, align, axis, bgcolor, scope, height, nowrap, valign, width[1]

th[sunting | sunting sumber]

<th>...</th> defines a table header; styled as centered and bold.

Markup Renders as
<table border="1">
<tr>
<th>Header</th>
<th>Header</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>data</td>
<td>data</td>
</tr>
</table>
Header Header
data data

Attributes:

  • <th>: colspan, headers, rowspan, scope
    Allowed but obsolete: abbr, align, axis, bgcolor, scope, height, nowrap, valign, width[1]

caption[sunting | sunting sumber]

<caption>...</caption> adds a caption to a table.

Markup Renders as
<table border=1>
<caption>Caption</caption>
<tr>
<td>data</td>
<td>data</td>
</tr>
</table>
Caption
data data

Attributes:

  • <caption>:
    Allowed but obsolete: align[1]

thead, tfoot, tbody[sunting | sunting sumber]

<thead>, <tfoot> and <tbody> are not supported, but are automatically generated when the page is rendered.

Obsolete elements[sunting | sunting sumber]

These elements are now obsolete in HTML5, but still supported by browsers.[1] These tags either have an alternate tag or a template that replaces their function with CSS.

big[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Dc formats text in a larger font size.

Markup Renders as
<big>HyperText Markup Language</big>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{big}} uses CSS.

center[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Dc is used to center text elements.

Markup Renders as
<center>HyperText Markup Language</center>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{center}} uses CSS.

font[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Dc is used to set the font size, font face and color of text.

Markup Renders as
<font size="3" face="verdana" color="green">HyperText Markup Language</font>
HyperText Markup Language

Templates: {{font}} uses CSS.

strike[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Dc (obsolete) formats strike-through characters; use <s> instead.

Markup Renders as
<strike>HyperText Markup Language</strike>
HyperText Markup Language

tt[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Dc formats text in a fixed-width font. Use <code>, <kbd> or <samp> instead.

Markup Renders as
<tt>HyperText Markup Language</tt>
HyperText Markup Language

Unsupported elements[sunting | sunting sumber]

These elements are not supported, but have equivalent wiki markup. Attempting to use any element not whitelisted by Templat:Sanitizer.php will result in the markup showing as plain text.

a[sunting | sunting sumber]

!Untuk detail lebih lanjut tentang topik ini, lihat Help:Wiki markup#Links and URLs.

<a> is used to create links. Use the [[ ]] wikimarkup for internal links and [ ] for external links.

input[sunting | sunting sumber]

!Untuk detail lebih lanjut tentang topik ini, lihat mw:Extension:InputBox.

<input> is used to create forms. The Templat:Xtag extension tag is used to create a text box with a button.

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama w3c_obsolete