Islam menurut negara

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian

Pengikut agama Islam merupakan kelompok keagamaan terbesar kedua di dunia. Menurut sebuah penelitian pada tahun 2020, Islam memiliki 1,9 miliar penganut, yang membentuk sekitar 24% populasi dunia.[1] Islam adalah agama yang dominan di Asia Tengah, Timur Tengah, Afrika Utara, Sahel [2][3][4][5] dan beberapa bagian lain di Asia.[6]

Sekitar 31% dari semua Muslim berasal dari Asia Selatan (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan dan India).[7][8] Sub-benua India secara keseluruhan, oleh karena itu, menjadi tuan rumah populasi Muslim terbesar di dunia, [9] Di wilayah ini, bagaimanapun, Muslim berada di urutan kedua dalam jumlah Hindu, karena Muslim adalah mayoritas di Pakistan dan Bangladesh, tapi bukan India.

Negara dengan populasi Muslim terbesar adalah Indonesia di Asia Tenggara, yang memiliki host sendiri 13% dari jumlah Muslim dunia.[10] Bersama-sama, orang-orang Muslim di negara-negara kepulauan Melayu (yang mencakup Brunei, Singapura, Malaysia, Indonesia, Filipina dan Timor Lorosa'e) merupakan populasi Muslim terbesar kedua atau ketiga di dunia. Di sini Muslim adalah mayoritas di setiap negara selain Filipina dan Timor Timur.

Berbagai negara Hamito-Semit (termasuk Arab, Berber), Turki, dan Iran di wilayah Timur Tengah-Afrika Utara (MENA) yang lebih besar, [11] di mana Islam adalah agama yang dominan di semua negara selain Israel, [3] host 23% Muslim dunia

Sekitar 15% Muslim tinggal di Afrika Sub-Sahara,[12][4][13] dan komunitas Muslim yang cukup besar juga ditemukan di Amerika, Kaukasus, China, Eropa, Tanduk Afrika, Daratan Asia Tenggara, Filipina, Rusia dan Swahili pantai.

Eropa Barat menjadi tuan rumah komunitas imigran Muslim yang besar dimana Islam adalah agama terbesar kedua setelah agama Kristen, di mana ia mewakili 6% dari total populasi atau 24 juta orang.[14] Komunitas pengubah dan imigran ditemukan di hampir setiap bagian dunia.

Menurut negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Negara/Wilayah Jumlah populasi Jumlah Muslim Persentase Muslim dari jumlah populasi (%) Persentase dari populasi Muslim dunia (%) Sumber
 Afganistan 37.135.000 37.025.000 99.7 2.0 [15]
 Albania 3.057.220 1.797.645 58.8 0.1 [16][17]
 Aljazair 41.657.488 41.240.913 99 2.7 [18]
 Samoa Amerika 50.826 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [19]
 Andorra 85.708 2.228 2.6 < 0.1 [20][21]
 Angola 30.355.880 90.000 0.3 < 0.1 [22][23]
 Anguilla 17.422 < 1.000 0.6 < 0.1 [24]
 Antigua dan Barbuda 95.882 < 1.000 0.3 < 0.1 [25]
 Argentina 44.694.198 400.000 0.9 < 1 [26][23]
 Armenia 3.038.217 3.038 0.1 < 0.1 [27]
 Aruba 116.576 < 1.000 0.4 < 0.1 [28][29]
 Australia 25.700.000 666.000 2.6 < 0.1 [30]
 Austria 9.000.000 720.000 8 < 0.1 [31][32]
 Azerbaijan 10.046.516 9.735.074 96.9 0.5 [33]
 Bahama 332.634 < 1.000 0.1 < 0.1 [34]
 Bahrain 1.442.659 1.063.239 73.7 < 0.1 [35]
 Bangladesh 170.000.000 153.700.000 90.4 9.2 [36][37]
 Barbados 293.131 4.396 1.5 < 0.1 [38]
 Belarus 9.527.543 45.000–100.000 0.5–1.0 < 0.1 [39][40][41]
 Belgia 11.570.762 879.377 7.6 < 0.1 [42][43]
 Belize 385.854 < 1.000 0.2 < 0.1 [44][45]
 Benin 11.340.504 3.141.319 27.7 0.14 [46]
 Bermuda 71.176 < 1.000 1 < 0.1 [47]
 Bhutan 766.397 ≤ 2.000 0.2 < 0.1 [48][49]
 Bolivia 11.306.341 2.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [50][51]
 Bosnia dan Herzegovina 3.849.891 1.955.084 50.7 0.1 [52]
 Botswana 2.249.104 8.996 0.4 < 0.1 [53][54]
 Brasil 210.000.000 35.167-200.000[55]-1.500.000 0.02-0.1-0.7 < 0.1 [56][57]
 Kepulauan Virgin Britania Raya 35.802 < 1.000 1.2 < 0.1 [58]
 Brunei 450.565 355.045 80.9 < 0.1 [59]
 Bulgaria 7.057.504 861.015 13.4 < 0.1 [60][61]
 Burkina Faso 19.742.715 12.141.769 61.5 0.6 [62]
 Myanmar 55.622.506 2.391.767 4.3 0.1 [63]
 Burundi 11.844.520 1.184.452 10 < 0.1 [64][65]
 Kamboja 17.304.363 190.347 1.1 < 0.1 [66]
 Kamerun 25.640.965 7.692.289 30 0.4 [67][68]
 Kanada 35.881.659 1.148.213 3.2 0.1 [69]
 Tanjung Verde 568.373 11.367 2 < 0.1 [70][71]
 Kepulauan Cayman 59.613 < 1.000 0.2 < 0.1 [72]
 Afrika Tengah 5.745.062 861.759 15 < 0.1 [73]
 Chad 15.833.116 9.183.207 58 0.4 [74][71]
 Chili 17.925.262 4.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [75][76]
 Tiongkok 1.390.000.000 6.255.000–50.000.000 0.45–3 0.4 – 2.8 [77][78][79][80][81]
 Kepulauan Cocos (Keeling) 596 < 1.000 80 < 0.1 [82][83]
 Kolombia 48.168.996 96.337 0.2 < 0.1 [84][85]
 Komoro 821.164 807.204 98.3 < 0.1 [86]
 Republik Demokratik Kongo 85.281.024 12.792.153 10 0.1 [87][88]
 Kepulauan Cook 9.038 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [89]
 Kosta Rika 4.987.142 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [90]
 Pantai Gading 26.260.582 11.265.789 42.9 0.5 [91]
 Kroasia 4.270.480 64.057 1.5 < 0.1 [92]
 Kuba 11.116.396 11.116 0.1 < 0.1 [93]
 Siprus 1.100.000 275.000 25.3 < 0.1 [94]
 Ceko 10.686.269 10.000–20.000 0.1–0.2 < 0.1 [95][43]
 Denmark 5.809.502 313.713 5.4 < 0.1 [96][43]
 Jibuti 884.017 857.496 97 0.1 [97][98]
 Dominika 74.027 < 1.000 0.2 < 0.1 [99]
 Republik Dominika 10.298.756 2.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [100][101]
 Ekuador 16.498.502 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [102][103]
 Mesir 95.000.000 85.000.000–90.000.000 90–94.7 4.9 [104][105]
 El Salvador 6.187.271 2.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [106][107]
 Guinea Khatulistiwa 797.457 79.745 10 < 0.1 [108][109]
 Eritrea 6.000.000 2.160.000–3.100.000 36–51.6 0.1 [110][111][112]
 Estonia 1.244.288 1.508 < 0.1 < 0.1 [113]
 Eswatini 1.113.276 22.266 2 < 0.1 [114]
 Etiopia 105.000.000 35.600.000 33.9 1.8 [115]
 Kepulauan Faroe 51.018 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [116]
 Kepulauan Falkland 3.198 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [117]
 Federasi Mikronesia 103.643 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [118]
 Fiji 926.276 58.355 6.3 < 0.1 [119]
 Finlandia 5.537.364 102.000 1.8 < 0.1 [120][43]
 Prancis 67.000.000 3.350.000[121]-5.720.000 5%-8.8% 0.3 [43]
 Guyana Prancis 281.612 2.400 0.9 < 0.1
 Polinesia Prancis 290.373 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [122]
 Gabon 2.119.036 211.903 10 < 0.1 [123][124]
 Gambia 2.092.731 2.002.743 95.7 0.1 [125]
 Georgia 4.926.087 527.091 10.7 < 0.1 [126]
 Jerman 83.100.000 4.500.000–5.000.000 5.4–6 0.2 [127][128]
 Ghana 28.102.471 5.058.444 17.6 0.2 [129][71][130]
 Gibraltar 29.461 1.150 4 < 0.1 [131][132]
 Yunani 10.761.523 215.230–613.406 2–5.7 < 0.1 [133][43]
 Greenland 57.691 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [134]
 Grenada 112.207 < 1.000 0.3 < 0.1 [135]
 Guadeloupe 402.119 2.000 0.4 < 0.1
 Guam 167.772 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [136]
 Guatemala 16.581.273 1.200 < 0.1 < 0.1 [137][138]
 Guinea 11.855.411 10.563.171 89.1 0.5 [139]
 Guinea-Bissau 1.833.247 826.794 45.1 < 0.1 [140]
 Guyana 740.685 55.000 7.3 < 0.1 [141]
 Haiti 10.788.440 5.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [142][143]
 Honduras 9.182.766 30.000 0.3 < 0.1 [144]
 Hong Kong 7.213.338 295.746 4.1 < 0.1 [145][146]
 Hongaria 9.825.704 40.000–60.000 0.4–0.6 < 0.1 [43][147][148]
 Islandia 343.518 < 1.000 0.2 < 0.1 [149][150]
 India 1.370.000.000 204.000.000 (sensus 2019) 14.6 10.9 [151]
 Indonesia 266.000.000 231.069'932 90 12.7 [152]
 Iran 83.000.000 82.500.000 99.4 4.6 [153]
 Irak 40.194.216 38.465.864 95.7 1.9 [154]
 Irlandia 5.068.050 70.952 1.4 < 0.1 [155][43]
 Pulau Man 89.407 < 1.000 0.2 < 0.1 [156]
 Israel 8.424.904 1.516.482 18 0.1 [157][158]
 Italia 62.246.674 2.987.840 4.8 0.1 [159][43]
 Jamaika 2.812.090 5.624 0.2 < 0.1 [160][161]
 Jepang 126.000.000 185.000 0.1 < 0.1 [162][163]
 Yordania 10.458.413 10.165.577 97.2 0.4 [164]
 Kazakhstan 18.744.548 13.496.075 72 0.5 [165]
 Kenya 48.397.527 5.500.000 11.2 0.2 [166]
 Kiribati 109.367 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [167]
 Kosovo 1.907.592 1.823.657 95.6 0.1 [168]
 Kuwait 2.916.467 2.175.684 74.6 0.2 [169]
 Kirgizstan 5.849.296 5.264.366 90 0.3 [170][171]
 Laos 7.234.171 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [172][173]
 Latvia 1.923.559 2.000 0.1-0.2 < 0.1 [174][175]
 Lebanon 6.100.075 3.519.743 57.7 0.2 [176]
 Lesotho 1.962.461 3.000 0.1 < 0.1 [177]
 Liberia 4.809.768 961.953 20 < 0.1 [178][179]
 Libya 6.754.507 6.551.871 97 0.4 [180][181]
 Liechtenstein 38.000 2.050 5.4 < 0.1 [182]
 Lituania 2.793.284 3.000 0.1 < 0.1 [183][184]
 Luksemburg 605.764 18.172 3 < 0.1 [185][186]
 Makau 606.340 < 1.000 0.1 < 0.1 [187][188]
 Madagaskar 25.683.610 2.568.361 10 < 0.1 [189][190]
 Malawi 19.842.560 3.968.512 20 0.1 [191][192]
 Malaysia 32.730.000 20.063.500 61.3 1.1 [193]
 Maladewa 374.775 374.775 100 < 0.1 [194]
 Mali 18.429.893 17.508.398 95 0.8 [195][71]
 Malta 449.043 11.675 2.6 < 0.1 [196][197]
 Kepulauan Marshall 75.684 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [198]
 Martinik 385.551 < 1.000 0.2 < 0.1
 Mauritania 3.845.430 3.840.430 99.9 0.2 [199]
 Mauritius 1.364.283 236.020 17.3 < 0.1 [200]
 Mayotte 256.518 253.439 97 < 0.1 [201]
 Meksiko 127.000.000 5.500 0.01 < 0.01 [202][203]
 Moldova 3.437.720 15.000 0.4 < 0.1 [204][205]
 Monako 30.727 < 1.000 0.8 < 0.1 [206][207]
 Mongolia 3.103.428 150.000 5 < 0.1 [208][209]
 Montenegro 614.249 122.849 19.1 < 0.1 [210]
 Montserrat 5.315 < 1.000 0.1 < 0.1 [211]
 Maroko 38.314.130 37.930.989 99 2.1 [212]
 Mozambik 27.233.789 3.830.063 17.9 0.3 [213][214]
 Namibia 2.413.643 9.654 0.4 < 0.1
 Nauru 10.084 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Nepal 29.218.867 1.292.909 4.2 0.1 [215]
 Belanda 17.400.000 887.000 5.1 0.1 [216]
 Antillen Belanda 304.759 < 1.000 0.2 < 0.1
 Kaledonia Baru 278.500 7.000 2.8 < 0.1
 Selandia Baru 4.903.800 61.455[217] 1.3% < 0.1
 Nikaragua 6.284.757 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Niger 21.466.863 21.101.926 98.3 1 [218]
 Nigeria 200.000.000 95.000.000–103.000.000 53.5 5.3 [127][219]
 Niue 1.611 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Korea Utara 25.610.672 3.000 0.1 < 0.1
 Makedonia Utara 2.118.945 705.608 33.3 < 0.1 [220]
 Kepulauan Mariana Utara 56.200 < 1.000 0.7 < 0.1
 Norwegia 5.328.212 175.507 3.2 < 0.1 [221]
 Oman 4.633.752 2.427.000 86 0.2 [222]
 Pakistan 220.000.000 212.300.000 96.5 11.1 [223][224]
 Palau 17.900 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Palestina 4.780.978 4.298.000 97.5 0.3
 Panama 4.158.783 25.000 0.7 < 0.1
 Papua Nugini 8.558.800 2.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Paraguay 7.052.983 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Peru 31.237.385 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Filipina 109.000.000 5.450.000–12.000.000 5–11 0.3 - 0.6 [225][226]
 Polandia 38.430.000 6.796 0.02 < 0.1 [227]
 Portugal 10.291.027 65.000 0.4 < 0.1
 Puerto Riko 3.337.177 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Qatar 2.450.285 1.566.786 77.5 0.1 [228]
 Republik Kongo 5.399.895 107.997 2 < 0.1 [229]
 Réunion 865.826 36.364 4.2 < 0.1 [230]
 Rumania 19.524.000 73.000–200.000 0.3–1.0 < 0.1 [231]
 Rusia 144.350.000-146.750.000 14.000.000-22.000.000 10-15 1.7 [A] [232][233]
 Rwanda 12.001.136 576.054 4.8 < 0.1 [234]
 Saint Helena 4.534 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Saint Kitts dan Nevis 46.204 < 1.000 0.3 < 0.1
 Saint Lucia 178.844 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Saint Pierre dan Miquelon 6.286 < 1.000 0.2 < 0.1
 Saint Vincent dan Grenadine 109.557 2.000 1.7 < 0.1
 Samoa 199.052 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 San Marino 33.344 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 São Tomé dan Príncipe 199.910 5.931 3 < 0.1 [235]
 Arab Saudi 34.220.000 34.220.000 100 1.8
 Senegal 15.726.037 15.112.721 96.1 0.8 [236]
 Serbia 7.001.444 221.460 3.1 < 0.1 [237]
 Seychelles 94.205 1.036 1.1 < 0.1 [238]
 Sierra Leone 7.719.729 6.067.706 78.6 0.3 [239]
 Singapura 5.612.253 721.000–842.116 15.6 < 0.1 [240] [241]
 Slowakia 5.443.120 10.866 0.1–0.2 < 0.1 [43]
 Slovenia 2.066.880 73.568 3.6 < 0.1 [43]
 Kepulauan Solomon 667.044 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Somalia 11.000.000 10.978.000 99.8 0.6 [242]
 Afrika Selatan 57.725.600 1.050.000 1.9 < 0.1 [243][244]
 Korea Selatan 51.635.256 35.000-200.000[245] 0.1-0.4 < 0.1
 Sudan Selatan 12.323.419 2.464.683 20 < 0.1 [246]
 Spanyol 46.659.302 1.180.000 2.6 0.1 [43]
 Sri Lanka 21.700.000 2.105.000 9.7 0.1 [247]
 Sudan 40.825.770 39.585.777 97 1.9 [248]
 Suriname 600.000 83.400 13.9 < 0.1 [249]
 Swedia 10.182.291 800.000 8.1 < 0.1 [127][43]
 Swiss 8.492.956 440.000 5.2 < 0.1 [250]
 Suriah 18.000.000 16.000.000 87 1 [251][252]
 Taiwan 23.576.705 60.000 0.3 < 0.1 [253][254]
 Tajikistan 9.540.000 9.253.000 97.9 0.4 [255][256][257]
 Tanzania 54.199.163 19.426.814 35.2 0.8 [258]
 Thailand 70.000.000 3.640.000 5.4 0.2 [259][260]
 Timor Leste 1.261.407 1.000 0.1 < 0.1
 Togo 7.352.000 1.593.011 20 0.1 [261]
 Tokelau 1.499 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Tonga 100.651 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Trinidad dan Tobago 1.356.633 78.000 5.8 < 0.1
 Tunisia 11.446.300 11.190.000 99.8 0.6
 Turki 83.155.000 74.423.725 89.5 4.6 [262][263]
 Turkmenistan 6.031.187 5.610.000 93.7 0.3
 Kepulauan Turks dan Caicos 37.910 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Tuvalu 10.640 < 1.000 0.1 < 0.1
 Uganda 38.823.100 5.435.234 14 0.3 [264]
 Ukraina 42.263.873 390.000–1.000.000 0.9–2.5 < 0.1 [265][266]
 Uni Emirat Arab 9.541.615 7.251.627 76 0.2 [267][268]
 Britania Raya 66.040.229 4.130.000 6.3 0.2 [43]
 Amerika Serikat 327.827.000 3.450.000 1.1 0.2 [269]
 Kepulauan Virgin AS 104.914 < 1.000 0.1 < 0.1
 Uruguay 3.505.985 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Uzbekistan 34.036.800 29.920.000 88.7 1.7 [270]
 Vanuatu 304.500 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Vatikan 800 0 0 0
 Venezuela 31.304.016 125.216 0.4 < 0.1 [271]
 Vietnam 96.160.163 96.160 0.1 < 0.1 [272]
 Wallis dan Futuna 15.714 < 1.000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [273]
 Sahara Barat 603.253 599.633 99.4 < 0.1 [274][275]
 Yaman 28.036.829 27.784.498 99.2 1.5 [276][277]
 Zambia 16.887.720 168.877 1 < 0.1 [71]
 Zimbabwe 14.000.000 100.000 0.7 < 0.1 [278]
  1. ^ Termasuk warga negara Rusia. serta imigran dan migran yang tinggal di Rusia

Menurut benua[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wilayah Jumlah Muslim Persentase Muslim (%) dari jumlah populasi Persentase (%) dari populasi Muslim dunia
Asia 1.200.000.000 24.3 66.7
Asia Tengah 54.000.000[279] 81[280] 3.0
Asia Selatan 600.000.000[281][282] 31.4[283][284] 30.6[285][286]
Asia Tenggara 240.000.000[287] 40 13.3
Asia Timur 50.000.000[81] 3.1 2.8
Timur Tengah-Afrika Utara 315.322.000[288]–488.603.838 91.2 27.1
Afrika 550.000.000 47 30.6
Afrika Sub-Sahara 283.302.393 29.6 15.7
Amerika Utara 3.500.000–7.000.000[289] 1.0[290] 0.4
Amerika Selatan 791.000 0.2 0.04
Eropa 44.138.000 6.0 2.7
Oseania 650.000 1.6 0.04
Dunia 1.800.000.000[291] 24.1 100

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Organisasi Konferensi Islam

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Why Muslims are the world's fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. April 2017. Diakses tanggal 24 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 9 February 2011. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here Diarsipkan 2016-03-05 di Wayback Machine., as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  6. ^ Britannica Diarsipkan 2008-08-19 di Wayback Machine., Think Quest, Wadsworth.com Diarsipkan 14 December 2008 di Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Pechilis, Karen; Raj, Selva J. (2013-01-01). South Asian Religions: Tradition and Today (dalam bahasa Inggris). Routledge. ISBN 9780415448512. 
  8. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations, 2010 and 2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2015-04-02. Diakses tanggal 2017-02-07. 
  9. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "How South Asia Will Save Global Islam". The Diplomat (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 2017-02-07. 
  10. ^ (Miller 2009, hlm. 8,17)
  11. ^ "Middle East-North Africa Overview". 7 October 2009. 
  12. ^ (Miller 2009)
  13. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here Diarsipkan 2016-03-05 di Wayback Machine., as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  14. ^ See:
  15. ^ "South Asia :: Afghanistan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  16. ^ "Europe :: Albania — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  17. ^ "Albanian census 2011" (PDF). Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 14 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Africa :: Algeria — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  19. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: American Samoa — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  20. ^ "Europe :: Andorra — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  21. ^ "Andorra". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 17 September 2018. 
  22. ^ "Africa :: Angola — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  23. ^ a b "Table: Muslim Population by Country". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 27 January 2011. Diakses tanggal 17 September 2018. 
  24. ^ "Central America :: Anguilla — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  25. ^ "Central America :: Antigua and Barbuda — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  26. ^ "South America :: Argentina — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  27. ^ "Middle East :: Armenia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  28. ^ "Central America :: Aruba — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  29. ^ "Muslim Population in the World. 2010-2030 - knoema.com". Knoema. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  30. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Australia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  31. ^ "Europe :: Austria — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  32. ^ "Zahl der Muslime in Österreich seit 2001 verdoppelt". Die Presse (dalam bahasa Jerman). Diakses tanggal 17 September 2018. 
  33. ^ "Middle East :: Azerbaijan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  34. ^ "Central America :: Bahamas. The — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  35. ^ "Middle East :: Bahrain — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  36. ^ "South Asia :: Bangladesh — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  37. ^ "BANGLADESH 2015 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT" (PDF). 
  38. ^ "Central America :: Barbados — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  39. ^ "Europe :: Belarus — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  40. ^ "BELARUS with VNESHINTOURIST Travel Agency -> MOHAMMEDANISM". 12 March 2007. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 12 March 2007. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  41. ^ Svanberg, Ingvar; Westerlund, David (1999). Islam Outside the Arab World. Routledge. hlm. 404. ISBN 9781136113222. 
  42. ^ "Europe :: Belgium — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "5 facts about the Muslim population in Europe". Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 24 January 2016. 
  44. ^ "Central America :: Belize — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  45. ^ (PDF). 27 January 2016 https://web.archive.org/web/20160127084833/http://www.sib.org.bz/Portals/0/docs/publications/census/2010_Census_Report.pdf. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 27 January 2016. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018.  Tidak memiliki atau tanpa |title= (bantuan)
  46. ^ "Africa :: Benin — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  47. ^ "North America :: Bermuda — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  48. ^ "South Asia :: Bhutan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  49. ^ Pew Research Center – Global Religious Landscape 2010 – religious composition by country.[pranala nonaktif]
  50. ^ "South America :: Bolivia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  51. ^ "Bolivia | The World Almanac of Islamism". almanac.afpc.org. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2018-12-14. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  52. ^ "Europe :: Bosnia and Herzegovina — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  53. ^ "Africa :: Botswana — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  54. ^ "Botswana" (PDF). 
  55. ^ https://rpl.hds.harvard.edu/faq/islam-brazil
  56. ^ "South America :: Brazil — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  57. ^ "Brazil". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  58. ^ "Central America :: British Virgin Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  59. ^ "Population by Religion. Sex and Census Year". 
  60. ^ "Europe :: Bulgaria — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  61. ^ "Table: Muslim Population by Country". Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Diakses tanggal 15 December 2018. 
  62. ^ "Africa :: Burkina Faso — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  63. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Burma — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  64. ^ "Africa :: Burundi — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  65. ^ "Religions – Burundi". nationsencyclopedia.com. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  66. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Cambodia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  67. ^ "Africa :: Cameroon — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  68. ^ "Cameroon Muslims". insamer.com. 27 December 2017. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2018-11-21. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  69. ^ "North America :: Canada — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  70. ^ "Africa :: Cabo Verde — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  71. ^ a b c d e "Numbers and Percentage of Muslims in African Countries". Research on Islam and Muslims in Africa. 14 February 2013. Diakses tanggal 25 January 2016. 
  72. ^ "Central America :: Cayman Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  73. ^ "Africa :: Central African Republic — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  74. ^ "Africa :: Chad — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  75. ^ "South America :: Chile — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  76. ^ "Islam alive in Chile". Voice of the Cape. 13 March 2015. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  77. ^ For China Family Panel Studies 2017 survey results see release #1 (archived) and release #2 (archived). The tables also contain the results of CFPS 2012 (sample 20.035) and Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) results for 2006. 2008 and 2010 (samples ~10.000/11.000). Also see. for comparison CFPS 2012 data in Lu 卢, Yunfeng 云峰 (2014). "卢云峰:当代中国宗教状况报告——基于CFPS(2012)调查数据" [Report on Religions in Contemporary China – Based on CFPS (2012) Survey Data] (PDF). World Religious Cultures (1). Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 9 August 2014.  p. 13. reporting the results of the CGSS 2006. 2008. 2010 and 2011. and their average (fifth column of the first table).
  78. ^ Data from: Yang Zongde. Study on Current Muslim Population in China. Jinan Muslim. 2. 2010.
  79. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: China — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  80. ^ "China Religion Facts & Stats". nationmaster.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  81. ^ a b United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "Refworld – 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom – China (includes Tibet. Hong Kong. Macau)". Refworld. Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015.  Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "auto6" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  82. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Cocos (Keeling) Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  83. ^ "Cocos (Keeling) Islands". The World Factbook. CIA. Diakses tanggal 27 January 2012. 
  84. ^ "South America :: Colombia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  85. ^ "Colombia's religious minorities: the growing Muslim community". Colombia News – Colombia Reports. 23 January 2014. Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  86. ^ "Africa :: Comoros — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  87. ^ "Africa :: Congo. Democratic Republic of the — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  88. ^ "Muslims of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)". insamer.com. 27 December 2017. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2018-11-05. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  89. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Cook Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  90. ^ "Central America :: Costa Rica — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  91. ^ "Africa :: Cote d'Ivoire — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  92. ^ "Europe :: Croatia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  93. ^ "Central America :: Cuba — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  94. ^ "Cyprus". globalreligiousfutures.org. Diakses tanggal 9 January 2019. 
  95. ^ "Europe :: Czechia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  96. ^ "Europe :: Denmark — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  97. ^ "Africa :: Djibouti — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  98. ^ "Africa :: Djibouti — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  99. ^ "Central America :: Dominica — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  100. ^ "Central America :: Dominican Republic — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  101. ^ "Islam in the Dominican Republic". dr1.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  102. ^ "South America :: Ecuador — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  103. ^ "Islam in Ecuador [wiki]". muslimpopulation.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. [pranala nonaktif permanen]
  104. ^ "Africa :: Egypt — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  105. ^ "Table: Muslim Population by Country". Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  106. ^ "Central America :: El Salvador — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  107. ^ "El Salvador Religion Facts & Stats". nationmaster.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  108. ^ "Africa :: Equatorial Guinea — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  109. ^ "Muslims of Equatorial Guinea". insamer.com. 22 December 2017. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2018-11-25. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  110. ^ "Religious Composition by Country. 2010–2050". Pew Research Center. 2 April 2015. Diakses tanggal 26 October 2017. 
  111. ^ "Africa :: Eritrea — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  112. ^ "Eritrea" (PDF). Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 2019-04-12. Diakses tanggal 2021-04-06. 
  113. ^ "Europe :: Estonia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  114. ^ "The World Factbook – Eswatini – People-and-society". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 11 September 2021. 
  115. ^ 2007 Ethiopian census. first draft. Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency (accessed 6 May 2009)
  116. ^ "Europe :: Faroe Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  117. ^ "South America :: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  118. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Micronesia. Federated States of — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  119. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Fiji — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  120. ^ "Europe :: Finland — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  121. ^ https://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/index.cfm/Survey/getSurveyDetail/instruments/SPECIAL/surveyKy/2251
  122. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: French Polynesia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  123. ^ "Africa :: Gabon — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  124. ^ "Gabon". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  125. ^ "Africa :: Gambia. The — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  126. ^ "Middle East :: Georgia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  127. ^ a b c Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama pewmuslim7
  128. ^ "BAMF – Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge – Publikationen – Wie viele Muslime leben in Deutschland?" (PDF). bamf.de. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 2018-12-18. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  129. ^ "Africa :: Ghana — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  130. ^ statsghana.gov.gh/gsspublications.php?category=OTc2NDgyNTUzLjkzMDU=/webstats/p9r0796n5o
  131. ^ "Europe :: Gibraltar — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  132. ^ "Gibraltar" (PDF). [pranala nonaktif permanen]
  133. ^ "Europe :: Greece — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  134. ^ "North America :: Greenland — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  135. ^ "Central America :: Grenada — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  136. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Guam — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  137. ^ "Central America :: Guatemala — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  138. ^ prensalibre.com Diarsipkan 27 September 2007 di Archive.is (in Spanish)
  139. ^ "Africa :: Guinea — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  140. ^ "Africa :: Guinea-Bissau — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  141. ^ Benjamin, Lennox (2002). "The Republic of Guyana: The Census Road" (PDF). Bureau of Statistics. hlm. 7. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 1 January 2017. 
  142. ^ "Central America :: Haiti — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  143. ^ "Islam and Muslims in Haiti". islamawareness.net. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  144. ^ "Central America :: Honduras — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  145. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Hong Kong — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  146. ^ "Hong Kong" (PDF). 
  147. ^ "Europe :: Hungary — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  148. ^ "Hungary Religion Facts & Stats". nationmaster.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  149. ^ "Europe :: Iceland — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  150. ^ "Populations by religious organizations 1998–2013". Reykjavík. Iceland: Statistics Iceland. 
  151. ^ "Muslim Population in India - Muslims in Indian States". www.indiaonlinepages.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 8 September 2017. Diakses tanggal 4 October 2017. 
  152. ^ "Statistik Umat Menurut Agama di Indonesia". Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia. 15 May 2018. Diakses tanggal 13 June 2020. 
  153. ^ "Middle East :: Iran — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  154. ^ "Middle East :: Iraq — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  155. ^ "Europe :: Ireland — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  156. ^ "Europe :: Isle of Man — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  157. ^ "Middle East :: Israel — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  158. ^ "Israel and The Occupied Territories". U.S. Department of State. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 16 August 2017. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  159. ^ "Europe :: Italy — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  160. ^ "Central America :: Jamaica — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  161. ^ "Jamaica Religion Facts & Stats". nationmaster.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  162. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Japan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  163. ^ "Table: Muslim Population by Country". Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  164. ^ "Middle East :: Jordan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  165. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project (dalam bahasa Inggris). 2015-04-02. Diakses tanggal 2020-10-29. 
  166. ^ "Africa :: Kenya — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  167. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Kiribati — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  168. ^ "Europe :: Kosovo — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  169. ^ "Middle East :: Kuwait — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  170. ^ "Central Asia :: Kyrgyzstan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  171. ^ "Kyrgyzstan". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  172. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Laos — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  173. ^ "Laos Religion Facts & Stats". nationmaster.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  174. ^ "Europe :: Latvia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  175. ^ "Latvia Religion Facts & Stats". nationmaster.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  176. ^ "Middle East :: Lebanon — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  177. ^ "Africa :: Lesotho — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  178. ^ "Africa :: Liberia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  179. ^ "Liberia". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  180. ^ "Africa :: Libya — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  181. ^ "Libya". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  182. ^ "Volkszählung 2010". Llv.li. Diakses tanggal 3 August 2017. 
  183. ^ "Europe :: Lithuania — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  184. ^ "Sunni Islam in Lithuania | True Lithuania". truelithuania.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  185. ^ "Europe :: Luxembourg — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  186. ^ "Luxembourg" (PDF). Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 2019-06-04. Diakses tanggal 2021-04-06. 
  187. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Macau — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  188. ^ "Mosques in Macau". muslim2china.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  189. ^ "Africa :: Madagascar — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  190. ^ "Madagascar". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  191. ^ "Africa :: Malawi — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  192. ^ "Malawi Facts and Figures | RIPPLE Africa". Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  193. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Malaysia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  194. ^ "Table 3.3: Total Maldivian Population by Islands. Census 2014 and Registered Population 2018" (PDF). National Bureau of Statistics. Diakses tanggal 28 October 2019. 
  195. ^ "Africa :: Mali — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  196. ^ "Europe :: Malta — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  197. ^ "MaltaToday Easter survey". MaltaToday. 2016. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 27 September 2016. Diakses tanggal 27 September 2016. 
  198. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Marshall Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  199. ^ "Africa :: Mauritania — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  200. ^ "Africa :: Mauritius — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  201. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". 21 September 2012. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 21 September 2012. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  202. ^ "North America :: Mexico — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  203. ^ "The Future of the Global Muslim Population – Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life". 9 February 2011. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 9 February 2011. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  204. ^ "Europe :: Moldova — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  205. ^ "Moldova Religion Facts & Stats". nationmaster.com. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  206. ^ "Europe :: Monaco — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  207. ^ "Religion in Monaco". Studycountry. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  208. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Mongolia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  209. ^ "Mongolia". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  210. ^ "Europe :: Montenegro — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  211. ^ "Central America :: Montserrat — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  212. ^ "Africa :: Morocco — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  213. ^ "Africa :: Mozambique — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  214. ^ "Mozambique fears growth of Islam". The M&G Online. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  215. ^ "The World Factbook". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 25 January 2016. 
  216. ^ "Statistics Netherlands" (PDF). cbs.nl. Diakses tanggal 12 April 2019. 
  217. ^ https://www.stats.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/2018-Census-totals-by-topic/Download-data/2018-census-totals-by-topic-national-highlights.xlsx
  218. ^ Dominique Lewis (May 2013). "Nigeria Round 5 codebook (2012)" (PDF). Afrobarometer. Afrobarometer. hlm. 62. Diakses tanggal 13 September 2015. 
  219. ^ "Africa :: Nigeria — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 2019-01-29. 
  220. ^ "Europe :: Macedonia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2018. 
  221. ^ "Religion". ssb.no (dalam bahasa Norwegia). Diakses tanggal 2020-01-04. 
  222. ^ "Middle East OMAN". CIA The World Factbook. 
  223. ^ "RESULTS OF CENSUS - 2017" (PDF). pbs.gov.pk. Diakses tanggal 2019-01-15. 
  224. ^ "POPULATION BY RELIGION" (PDF). pbs.gov.pk. Diakses tanggal 2019-01-15. 
  225. ^ Philippines. 2013 Report on International Religious Freedom (Laporan). United States Department of State. 28 July 2014. SECTION I. RELIGIOUS DEMOGRAPHY. The 2000 survey states that Islam is the largest minority religion. constituting approximately 5 percent of the population. A 2012 estimate by the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF). however. states that there are 10.7 million Muslims. which is approximately 11 percent of the total population. 
  226. ^ "Table 1.10; Household Population by Religious Affiliation and by Sex; 2010" (PDF). 2015 Philippine Statistical Yearbook. East Avenue. Diliman. Quezon City. Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority: 1–30. October 2015. ISSN 0118-1564. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 11 October 2016. Diakses tanggal 15 August 2016. 
  227. ^ https://stat.gov.pl/files/gfx/portalinformacyjny/pl/defaultaktualnosci/5515/1/19/1/maly_rocznik_statystyczny_polski_2018.pdf
  228. ^ "The World Factbook". Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  229. ^ "REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO 2015 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT" (PDF). 
  230. ^ "Religious Intelligence – Country Profile: Reunion (Department of Reunion)". 28 February 2008. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 28 February 2008. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  231. ^ Johnstone, Patrick (17 January 2014). The Future of the Global Church: History. Trends and Possibilities. ISBN 9780830856954. 
  232. ^ "Islam in Russia". aljazeera.com. Diakses tanggal 17 August 2018. 
  233. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 12 September 2018. 
  234. ^ "The World Factbook". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 25 January 2016. 
  235. ^ "Sao Tome and Principe". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  236. ^ "Africa :: Senegal — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  237. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. 
  238. ^ "Africa :: Seychelles — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  239. ^ "Sierra Leone". U.S. Department of State. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  240. ^ "The World Factbook". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 25 January 2016. 
  241. ^ "Census 2020" (PDF). Singapore Department of Statistics. Diakses tanggal 16 June 2021. 
  242. ^ "The Global Religious Landscape" (PDF). Pew Research Center. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 6 August 2013. Diakses tanggal 27 December 2013. 
  243. ^ "General Household Survey 2015" (PDF). Diakses tanggal 8 January 2018. 
  244. ^ "Africa :: South Africa — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  245. ^ https://www.koreaexpose.com/how-influential-islam-south-korea/
  246. ^ "South Sudanese Muslims". insamer.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2019-07-13. Diakses tanggal 13 December 2018. 
  247. ^ "A3 : Population by religion according to districts. 2012". Department of Census & Statistics. Sri Lanka. 
  248. ^ "Sudan Overview". UNDP. Diakses tanggal 2 April 2013. [pranala nonaktif]
  249. ^ (PDF) https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/wphc/Suriname/SUR-Census2012-vol1.pdf.  Tidak memiliki atau tanpa |title= (bantuan)
  250. ^ "Population résidante permanente âgée de 15 ans ou plus selon l'appartenance religieuse" (XLS) (official site) (dalam bahasa de. fr. it). Neuchâtel. Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office FSO. 31 January 2018. Diakses tanggal 15 July 2018. 
  251. ^ cia.gov https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/syria/. Diakses tanggal 28 January 2020.  Tidak memiliki atau tanpa |title= (bantuan)
  252. ^ "The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections. 2010–2050". Pew Research Center. 2 April 2015. Diakses tanggal 22 February 2017. 
  253. ^ "- Taiwan Government Entry Point". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 23 December 2014. Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  254. ^ "Halal Restaurants & Food in Taiwan – Crescentrating". Crescentrating. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 30 December 2013. Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  255. ^ "The World Factbook". Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  256. ^ "Religious Composition by Country. 2010–2050". 2 April 2015. 
  257. ^ "Religions in Tajikistan – PEW-GRF". globalreligiousfutures.org. 
  258. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 18 August 2018. 
  259. ^ "Population by religion, region and area, 2018". NSO. Diakses tanggal 9 March 2021. 
  260. ^ "Population by religion. region and area. 2015" (PDF). NSO. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 10 December 2017. Diakses tanggal 12 October 2017. 
  261. ^ "The World Factbook". Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  262. ^ Özkök, Ertuğrul (21 May 2019). "Türkiye artık yüzde 99'u müslüman olan ülke değil". hurriyet.com.tr (dalam bahasa Turki). Diakses tanggal 2020-08-15. 
  263. ^ "Optimar'dan din-inanç anketi: Yüzde 89 Allah'ın varlığına ve birliğine inanıyor" (dalam bahasa Turki). T24.com.tr. 15 May 2019. Diakses tanggal 2020-08-15. 
  264. ^ "UGANDA" (PDF). Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 2017-08-15. 
  265. ^ "The Future of the Global Muslim Population". 27 January 2011. 
  266. ^ "The Future of the Global Muslim Population". 27 January 2011. 
  267. ^ "The World Factbook". Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  268. ^ "United Arab Emirates International Religious Freedom Report". Bureau of Democracy. Human Rights. and Labor. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 23 November 2010. Diakses tanggal 12 January 2011. 
  269. ^ "New estimates show U.S. Muslim population continues to grow". Pew Research Center. 3 January 2018. Diakses tanggal 9 January 2018. 
  270. ^ "State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekitan: Demographic situation in Uzbekistan (March 2020)". 
  271. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 23 September 2018. 
  272. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 23 September 2018. 
  273. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 23 September 2018. 
  274. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 12 June 2007. Diakses tanggal 23 September 2018. 
  275. ^ "Western Sahara". Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures Project. Pew Research Center. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 17 October 2018. Diakses tanggal 3 April 2019. 
  276. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Diakses tanggal 23 September 2018. 
  277. ^ "Yemen". WikiShia. Diakses tanggal 23 September 2018. 
  278. ^ Inter Censal Demography Survey 2017 Report. Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (2017)
  279. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". 27 January 2011. 
  280. ^ electricpulp.com. "CENTRAL ASIA ii. Demography – Encyclopaedia Iranica". iranicaonline.org. Diakses tanggal 25 May 2017. 
  281. ^ "Sense and sensibility in South Asia". thenews.com.pk. Diakses tanggal 24 May 2017. 
  282. ^ "The Muslim question". The Times of India Blog. Diakses tanggal 24 May 2017. 
  283. ^ "Region: South Asia". Diakses tanggal 1 January 2017. 
  284. ^ Burke, Daniel. "The moment American Muslims were waiting for". CNN. Diakses tanggal 1 January 2017. 
  285. ^ Pechilis, Karen; Raj, Selva J. (1 January 2013). South Asian Religions: Tradition and Today. Routledge. ISBN 9780415448512. 
  286. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations. 2010 and 2050date=2015-04-02". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. Diakses tanggal 7 February 2017. 
  287. ^ Yusuf, Imtiyaz. "The Middle East and Muslim Southeast Asia: Implications of the Arab Spring". Oxford Islamic Studies. 
  288. ^ "Middle East-North Africa Overview". 7 October 2009. 
  289. ^ Ghazali, Abdus Sattar. "The Politics of American Muslim demographics". milligazette.com. Diakses tanggal 2 January 2018. 
  290. ^ "THE GLOBAL RELIGIOUS LANDSCAPE: Muslims". pewforum. Diakses tanggal 18 December 2012. 
  291. ^ "Why Muslims are the world's fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. April 2017. Diakses tanggal 24 April 2017.