Islam menurut negara

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Islam menurut negara

Allah1.png
Persentase populasi Muslim dunia (Pew Research Center tahun 2014).

Pengikut agama Islam merupakan kelompok keagamaan terbesar di dunia. Menurut sebuah penelitian pada tahun 2015, Islam memiliki 1,8 miliar penganut, yang membentuk sekitar 24% populasi dunia. [1] Sebagian besar Muslim adalah salah satu dari dua jenis: Sunni (80-90%, sekitar 1,5 miliar orang) [2] atau Syiah (10-20%, sekitar 170-340 juta orang). [3] Islam adalah agama yang dominan di Asia Tengah, Indonesia, Timur Tengah, Afrika Utara, Sahel [4][5][6][7] daj beberapa bagian lain di Asia.[8]

Sekitar 31% dari semua Muslim berasal dari Asia Selatan (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan dan India). [9][10] Sub-benua India secara keseluruhan, oleh karena itu, menjadi tuan rumah populasi Muslim terbesar di dunia, [11] Di wilayah ini, bagaimanapun, Muslim berada di urutan kedua dalam jumlah Hindu, karena Muslim adalah mayoritas di Pakistan dan Bangladesh, tapi bukan India.

Negara dengan populasi Muslim terbesar adalah Indonesia di Asia Tenggara, yang memiliki host sendiri 13% dari jumlah Muslim dunia. [12] Bersama-sama, orang-orang Muslim di negara-negara kepulauan Melayu (yang mencakup Brunei, Singapura, Malaysia, Indonesia, Filipina dan Timor Lorosa'e) merupakan populasi Muslim terbesar kedua atau ketiga di dunia. Di sini Muslim adalah mayoritas di setiap negara selain Filipina dan Timor Timur.

Berbagai negara Hamito-Semit (termasuk Arab, Berber), Turki, dan Iran di wilayah Timur Tengah-Afrika Utara (MENA) yang lebih besar, [13] di mana Islam adalah agama yang dominan di semua negara selain Israel, [5] host 23% Muslim dunia

Sekitar 15% Muslim tinggal di Afrika Sub-Sahara,[14][6][15] dan komunitas Muslim yang cukup besar juga ditemukan di Amerika, Kaukasus, China, Eropa, Tanduk Afrika, Daratan Asia Tenggara, Filipina, Rusia dan Swahili pantai.

Eropa Barat menjadi tuan rumah komunitas imigran Muslim yang besar dimana Islam adalah agama terbesar kedua setelah agama Kristen, di mana ia mewakili 6% dari total populasi atau 24 juta orang. [16] Komunitas pengubah dan imigran ditemukan di hampir setiap bagian dunia.


Menurut Negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Negara/Wilayah Jumlah Muslim Persentase (%) dari total penduduk Persentase (%) dari total populasi muslim dunia
Bendera Afganistan Afganistan 29.047.100 99.8 1.8
Bendera Albania Albania 1,879,172 58.8[17] 0.1
Bendera Aljazair Aljazair 40,400,000 98.2[18]–99[19] 2.7
Bendera Samoa Amerika American Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Andorra Andorra < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Angola Angola 90,000 1.0 < 0.1
Bendera Anguilla Anguilla < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Antigua dan Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda < 1,000 0.6 < 0.1
Bendera Argentina Argentina 784,000 2.5 < 0.1
Bendera Armenia Armenia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Aruba Aruba < 1,000 0.4 < 0.1
Bendera Australia Australia 476,291[20] 2.2[20] < 0.1
Bendera Austria Austria 573,876[21] 6.8[21] < 0.1
Bendera Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 8,795,000 98.4 0.5
Bendera Bahama Bahamas < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Bahrain Bahrain 866,888[22] 70.2[22] < 0.1
Bendera Bangladesh Bangladesh 145,607,000 86.3[23] 9.2
Bendera Barbados Barbados 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
Bendera Belarus Belarus 19,000 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Belgia Belgium 658,463 5.9[24] < 0.1
Bendera Belize Belize < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Benin Benin 2,710,000 24.5 0.1
Bendera Bermuda Bermuda < 1,000 0.8 < 0.1
Bendera Bhutan Bhutan ≤ 2,000[25] 0.2[25] < 0.1
Bendera Bolivia Bolivia 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Bosnia dan Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,790,454 50.7[26] 0.1
Bendera Botswana Botswana 8,000 0.4 < 0.1
Bendera Brasil Brazil 204,000 0.1 < 0.1
Templat:Country data British Virgdi Islands British Virgdi Islands < 1,000 1.2 < 0.1
Bendera Brunei Brunei 295,000 67[27] < 0.1
Bendera Bulgaria Bulgaria 577,000[28] 7.8% < 0.1
Bendera Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 11,270,000 60.5[29] 0.6
Bendera Myanmar Burma (Myanmar) 2,237,495 2.3[30] 0.1
Bendera Burundi Burundi 250,000 2.2 < 0.1
Bendera Kamboja Cambodia 255,000 1.6 < 0.1
Bendera Kamerun Cameroon 4,940,000 20.9[31] 0.2
Bendera Kanada Canada 1,053,945[32] 1.9[33]-3.2[32] 0.1
Bendera Tanjung Verde Cape Verde 10,000 2[19] < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Cayman Cayman Islands < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Afrika Tengah Central African Republic 403,000 15[34][35] < 0.1
Bendera Chad Chad 7,827,653 58[19] 0.4
Bendera Chili Chile 2,894[36] 0.03 (over 15+ pop.)[36] < 0.1
Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok China 22,000,000[37]-50,000,000[38] 1.8 1.4
Bendera Kepulauan Cocos (Keeling) Cocos (Keeling) Islands < 1,000[39] 80[39] < 0.1
Bendera Kolombia Colombia 40,000 to 80,000[40] 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Komoro Comoros 785,000 98.3 < 0.1
Bendera Republik Demokratik Kongo Congo 3,648,267 5[19] 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Cook Cook Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Kosta Rika Costa Rica < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Kroasia Croatia 60,000 1.4[24] < 0.1
Bendera Kuba Cuba 10,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Siprus Cyprus 273,000 22.7 < 0.1
Bendera Ceko Czech Republic 10,500 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Denmark Denmark 230,000 4.1[24] < 0.1
Bendera Djibouti Djibouti 853,000 97.0 0.1
Bendera Dominika Dominica < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Republik Dominika Dominican Republic 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Ekuador Ecuador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Mesir Egypt 73,800,000 90[41] 4.9
Bendera El Salvador El Salvador 2,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Guinea Khatulistiwa Equatorial Guinea 28,000 4.1 < 0.1
Bendera Eritrea Eritrea 1,909,000 36.6[42]-48[43]/50 0.1
Bendera Estonia Estonia 1,508 <0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Ethiopia Ethiopia 25,037,646[44] 34 1.8
Bendera Kepulauan Faroe Faroe Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Falkland Falkland Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Federasi Mikronesia Federated States of Micronesia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Fiji Fiji 54,000 6.3 <0.1
Bendera Finlandia Finland 42,000 0.8 <0.1
Bendera Perancis France 5,020,000 7.5[24] 0.3
Bendera Guyana Perancis French Guiana 2,000 0.9 <0.1
Bendera Polinesia Perancis French Polynesia < 1,000 < 0.1 <0.1
Bendera Gabon Gabon 145,000 9.7 <0.1
Bendera Gambia Gambia 1,669,000 95.3 0.1
Bendera Georgia Georgia 442,000 10.5 <0.1
Bendera Jerman Germany 1,600,000[45]-4,700,000[46] 2.0[45] - 5.7[46] 0.2
Bendera Ghana Ghana 4,914,000 18[19] 0.2
Bendera Gibraltar Gibraltar 1,000 4.0 <0.1
Bendera Yunani Greece 610,000 5.3[24] <0.1
Bendera Greenland Greenland < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Grenada Grenada < 1,000 0.3 <0.1
Bendera Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 2,000 0.4 <0.1
Bendera Guam Guam < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Guatemala Guatemala 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Guinea Guinea 8,693,000 84.2 0.5
Bendera Guinea-Bissau Guinea Bissau 705,000 50[47] <0.1
Bendera Guyana Guyana 55,000 7.2 <0.1
Bendera Haiti Haiti 2,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Honduras Honduras 11,000 0.1 <0.1
Bendera Hong Kong Hong Kong 220,000[48] 3.1 <0.1
Bendera Hongaria Hungary 5,579[49] 0.3 <0.1
Bendera Islandia Iceland 770[50] 0.2[50] <0.1
Bendera India India 183,000,000 14.2[51] 9.6
Bendera Indonesia Indonesia 204,847,000 87.2[52] 12.7
Bendera Iran Iran 74,819,000 99.7 4.6
Bendera Irak Iraq 31,108,000 99 1.9
Bendera Republik Irlandia Ireland 70,158 1.1[24] <0.1
Bendera Pulau Man Isle of Man < 1,000 0.2 <0.1
Bendera Israel Israel 1,287,000 17.7 0.1
Bendera Italia Italy 2,220,000 3.7[24] 0.1
Bendera Pantai Gading Ivory Coast 7,960,000 40[53][54][55] 0.5
Bendera Jamaika Jamaica 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Jepang Japan 185,000 0.1 <0.1
Bendera Yordania Jordan 6,397,000 93.8 0.4
Bendera Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 8,887,000 70.2 (official census)[56] 0.5
Bendera Kenya Kenya 2,868,000 10[57] 0.2
Bendera Kiribati Kiribati < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Kosovo Kosovo 1,584,000[58] 95.6 0.1
Bendera Kuwait Kuwait 2,636,000 74.1[59] 0.2
Bendera Kirgizstan Kyrgyzstan 4,927,000 88.8 0.3
Bendera Laos Laos 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Latvia Latvia 2,000 0.1 <0.1
Bendera Lebanon Lebanon 2,542,000 59.7 0.2
Bendera Lesotho Lesotho 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Liberia Liberia 523,000 12.8 <0.1
Bendera Libya Libya 6,325,000 96.6 0.4
Bendera Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 2,000 4.8 <0.1
Bendera Lituania Lithuania 3,000 0.1 <0.1
Bendera Luksemburg Luxembourg 11,000 2.3 <0.1
Bendera Makau Macau < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Republik Makedonia Macedonia 500,000 33.3[60] <0.1
Bendera Madagaskar Madagascar 220,000 7[61] <0.1
Bendera Malawi Malawi 2,011,000 12.8 0.1
Bendera Malaysia Malaysia 17,139,000 61.4 1.1
Bendera Maladewa Maldives 309,000 100 <0.1
Bendera Mali Mali 15,667,704 95[19] 0.8
Bendera Malta Malta 1,000 0.2 <0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Marshall Marshall Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Martinik Martinique < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Mauritania Mauritania 4,171,633 100[62] 0.2
Bendera Mauritius Mauritius 230,118 17.3[63] < 0.1
Bendera Mayotte Mayotte 197,000 98.8 < 0.1
Bendera Meksiko Mexico 3,700[64] - 111,000[18] 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Moldova Moldova 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
Bendera Monako Monaco < 1,000 0.5 < 0.1
Bendera Mongolia Mongolia 200,000 6 < 0.1
Bendera Montenegro Montenegro 118,477[65] 19.11%[65] < 0.1
Bendera Montserrat Montserrat < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Maroko Morocco 32,381,000 99[66] 2.0
Bendera Mozambik Mozambique 5,340,000 22.8 0.3
Bendera Namibia Namibia 9,000 0.4 < 0.1
Bendera Nauru Nauru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Nepal Nepal 1,253,000 4.2 0.1
Bendera Belanda Netherlands 825,000/1,000,000 5[67] - 6[24] 0.1
Bendera Antillen Belanda Netherlands Antilles < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Kaledonia Baru New Caledonia 7,000 2.8 < 0.1
Bendera Selandia Baru New Zealand 41,000 0.9 < 0.1
Bendera Nikaragua Nicaragua 1,000 <0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Niger Niger 19,502,214 98.3[68] 1.0
Bendera Nigeria Nigeria 93,839,000 41[69]-50[70] 4.7
Bendera Niue Niue < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Korea Utara North Korea 3,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Mariana Utara Northern Mariana Islands < 1,000 0.7 < 0.1
Bendera Norwegia Norway 163,180[71] 3.0 < 0.1
Bendera Oman Oman 2,427,000 85.9%[72] 0.2
Bendera Pakistan Pakistan 178,000,000 96.4 11.0
Bendera Palau Palau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Negara Palestina Palestinian Territories 4,298,000 97.5 0.3
Bendera Panama Panama 25,000 0.7 < 0.1
Bendera Papua Nugini Papua New Guinea 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Paraguay Paraguay 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Peru Peru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Filipina Philippines 5,896,000[73][74] 4.6[73] 0.7
Bendera Polandia Poland 20,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Portugal Portugal 65,000 0.6 < 0.1
Bendera Puerto Riko Puerto Rico 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Qatar Qatar 1,168,000 77.5 0.1
Templat:Country data Republic of Congo Republic of Congo 77,736 1.6 < 0.1
Bendera Réunion Reunion 35,000 4.2 < 0.1
Bendera Rumania Romania 73,000 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Rusia Russia 9,400,000[75] - 20,000,000[76] 6.5[75] - 15[77] 1.0
Bendera Rwanda Rwanda 589,429 4.8[78] < 0.1
Bendera Saint Helena St. Helena < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Saint Kitts dan Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Saint Lucia St. Lucia < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Saint Pierre dan Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Saint Vincent dan Grenadine St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2,000 1.7 < 0.1
Bendera Samoa Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera San Marino San Marino < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Sao Tome dan Principe São Tomé and Príncipe < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Arab Saudi Saudi Arabia 25,493,000 97.1 1.6
Bendera Senegal Senegal 14,584,931 95.9 0.8
Bendera Serbia Serbia 227,000 2.8 < 0.1
Bendera Seychelles Seychelles < 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
Bendera Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 4,171,000 71.5 0.3
Bendera Singapura Singapore 721,000 14.7[79] < 0.1
Bendera Slowakia Slovakia 10,866 0.2[24] < 0.1
Bendera Slovenia Slovenia 73,568 3.6[24] < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Solomon Solomon Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Somalia Somalia 9,231,000 98.9[80][81][82][83] 0.6
Bendera Afrika Selatan South Africa 654,064[84] 1.5 < 0.1
Bendera Korea Selatan South Korea 35,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Sudan Selatan South Sudan 610,000 6.2% <0.1
Bendera Spanyol Spain 1,887,906 4.1[85] 0.1
Bendera Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 1,967,227[86] 9.71[86] 0.1
Bendera Sudan Sudan 39,027,950 97.0[87] 1.9
Bendera Suriname Suriname 84,000 19.6[88] < 0.1
Bendera Swaziland Swaziland 129,230 10[89] < 0.1
Bendera Swedia Sweden 450,000-500,000[90] 5[90] < 0.1
Bendera Swiss Switzerland 400,000[91] 5[91] < 0.1
Bendera Suriah Syria 17,376,000 82.9%[92] 1.0
Bendera Republik Tiongkok Taiwan 60,000[93] 0.3[94] < 0.1
Bendera Tajikistan Tajikistan 6,506,000 96.7%[95][96] 0.4
Bendera Tanzania Tanzania 19,426,814 35[97] 0.8
Bendera Thailand Thailand 3,952,000 5.8 0.2
Bendera Timor Leste Timor-Leste 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Togo Togo 827,000 20[98] 0.1
Bendera Tokelau Tokelau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Tonga Tonga < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Trinidad dan Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 78,000 5.8 < 0.1
Bendera Tunisia Tunisia 11,190,000 99.8 0.6
Bendera Turki Turkey 74,660,000 98.6 4.6
Bendera Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 4,830,000 93.3 0.3
Bendera Kepulauan Turks dan Caicos Turks and Caicos Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Tuvalu Tuvalu < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Uganda Uganda 5,030,000 12.0 0.3
Bendera Ukraina Ukraine 393,000[99] 0.8 < 0.1
Bendera Uni Emirat Arab United Arab Emirates 3,262,000 67%[100] 0.2
Bendera Britania Raya United Kingdom 3,106,368 4.8[24] 0.2
Bendera Amerika Serikat United States 2,595,000 0.8 0.2
Templat:Country data United States Virgdi Islands U.S. Virgdi Islands < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Uruguay Uruguay < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 26,833,000 96.5 1.7
Bendera Vanuatu Vanuatu < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Vatikan Vatican City 0 0 0
Bendera Venezuela Venezuela 95,000 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Vietnam Vietnam 71,200[101] 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Wallis dan Futuna Wallis and Futuna < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Sahara Barat Western Sahara 528,000 99.6 < 0.1
Bendera Yaman Yemen 24,023,000 99.0 1.5
Bendera Zambia Zambia 140,000 1[19] < 0.1
Bendera Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 488,656 3[19] < 0.1
Asia Tengah 54,000,000[102] 80.0 3.0
Asia Selatan 507,284,000[103] 31.4[104][105] 30.6[106][107]
Asia Tenggara 257,000,000[108][109] 12.0 15.0
Timur Tengah - Afrika Utara 315,322,000[110] 91.2 22.9
Afrika Sub-Sahara 242,544,000 29.6 15.0
Eropa 44,138,000 6.0 2.7
Amerika 5,256,000 0.6 0.3
Total Dunia 1,626,124,735[111] 23.4 100.0

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Organisasi Konferensi Islam

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Why Muslims are the world’s fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. April 2017. Diakses tanggal 24 April 2017. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ See
    • "Shīʿite". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Diakses tanggal 25 August 2010. Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim population worldwide. 
    • "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. 7 October 2009. Diakses tanggal 24 September 2013. The Pew Forum's estimate of the Shia population (10-13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10-15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world's Muslim population. 
    • "Shia". Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Diakses tanggal 5 December 2011. Shi'a Islam is the second largest branch of the tradition, with up to 200 million followers who comprise around 15% of all Muslims worldwide... 
    • "Religions". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Diakses tanggal 25 August 2010. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide... 
    • Iran, Israel and the United States "The majority of the world's Islamic population, which is Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population; the other 10-20 percent is Shia." (reference: CIA)
    • Sue Hellett; U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran "Let me review, while Shia Islam makes up only 10-20 percent of the world's Muslim population, Iraq has a Shia majority (between 60-80 percent), but had a Sunni controlled government under Saddam Hussein and cronies from 1958-2003... (If you like government figures, see the CIA World Factbook.)"
  4. ^ "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 9 February 2011. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  8. ^ Britannica, Think Quest, Wadsworth.com Archived 14 December 2008 di Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Pechilis, Karen; Raj, Selva J. (2013-01-01). South Asian Religions: Tradition and Today. Routledge. ISBN 9780415448512. 
  10. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations, 2010 and 2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2015-04-02. Diakses tanggal 2017-02-07. 
  11. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "How South Asia Will Save Global Islam". The Diplomat (dalam en-US). Diakses tanggal 2017-02-07. 
  12. ^ Miller (2009)
  13. ^ "Middle East-North Africa Overview". 7 October 2009. 
  14. ^ Miller (2009)
  15. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  16. ^ See:
  17. ^ Albanian census 2011
  18. ^ a b Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama pewmuslim1
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h "Numbers and Percentage of Muslims di African Countries". Research on Islam and Muslims di Africa (dalam en-US). Diakses tanggal 25 January 2016. 
  20. ^ a b "Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013". Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  21. ^ a b Hans Rauscher (12 September 2014). "Muslime di Österreich". derStandard.at. Diakses tanggal 26 February 2016. 
  22. ^ a b General Tables Census of Bahrain
  23. ^ বাংলাদেশকে জানুন [Discover Bangladesh] (dalam Bengali). National Web Portal of Bangladesh. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 16 February 2015. Diakses tanggal 13 February 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "5 facts about the Muslim population di Europe". Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 24 January 2016. 
  25. ^ a b Pew Research Center - Global Religious Landscape 2010 - religious composition by country.
  26. ^ Sarajevo, juni 2016. CENSUS OF POPULATION, HOUSEHOLDS AND DWELLINGS DI BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, 2013 FINAL RESULTS (PDF). BHAS. Diakses tanggal 30 June 2016. 
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