Islam menurut negara

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Persentase populasi Muslim dunia (Pew Research Center tahun 2014).

Pengikut agama Islam merupakan kelompok keagamaan terbesar kedua di dunia. Menurut sebuah penelitian pada tahun 2019, Islam memiliki 2,2 miliar penganut, yang membentuk sekitar 18% populasi dunia.[1] Sebagian besar Muslim adalah salah satu dari dua jenis: Sunni (80-90%, sekitar 1,8 miliar orang) [2] atau Syiah (10-20%, sekitar 170-340 juta orang).[3] Islam adalah agama yang dominan di Asia Tengah, Timur Tengah, Afrika Utara, Sahel [4][5][6][7] dan beberapa bagian lain di Asia.[8]

Sekitar 31% dari semua Muslim berasal dari Asia Selatan (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan dan India).[9][10] Sub-benua India secara keseluruhan, oleh karena itu, menjadi tuan rumah populasi Muslim terbesar di dunia, [11] Di wilayah ini, bagaimanapun, Muslim berada di urutan kedua dalam jumlah Hindu, karena Muslim adalah mayoritas di Pakistan dan Bangladesh, tapi bukan India.

Negara dengan populasi Muslim terbesar adalah Indonesia di Asia Tenggara, yang memiliki host sendiri 13% dari jumlah Muslim dunia.[12] Bersama-sama, orang-orang Muslim di negara-negara kepulauan Melayu (yang mencakup Brunei, Singapura, Malaysia, Indonesia, Filipina dan Timor Lorosa'e) merupakan populasi Muslim terbesar kedua atau ketiga di dunia. Di sini Muslim adalah mayoritas di setiap negara selain Filipina dan Timor Timur.

Berbagai negara Hamito-Semit (termasuk Arab, Berber), Turki, dan Iran di wilayah Timur Tengah-Afrika Utara (MENA) yang lebih besar, [13] di mana Islam adalah agama yang dominan di semua negara selain Israel, [5] host 23% Muslim dunia

Sekitar 15% Muslim tinggal di Afrika Sub-Sahara,[14][6][15] dan komunitas Muslim yang cukup besar juga ditemukan di Amerika, Kaukasus, China, Eropa, Tanduk Afrika, Daratan Asia Tenggara, Filipina, Rusia dan Swahili pantai.

Eropa Barat menjadi tuan rumah komunitas imigran Muslim yang besar dimana Islam adalah agama terbesar kedua setelah agama Kristen, di mana ia mewakili 6% dari total populasi atau 24 juta orang.[16] Komunitas pengubah dan imigran ditemukan di hampir setiap bagian dunia.

Menurut Negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Negara/Wilayah Jumlah Muslim Persentase (%) dari total penduduk Persentase (%) dari total populasi muslim dunia
Bendera Afganistan Afganistan 36.047.100 99.8 1.8
Bendera Albania Albania 2,879,172 82.8[17] 0.1
Bendera Aljazair Aljazair 44,400,000 98.2[18]–99[19] 2.7
Bendera Samoa Amerika American Samoa 400 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Andorra Andorra 766 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Angola Angola 109,000 0.4 < 0.1
Bendera Anguilla Anguilla 79 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Antigua dan Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 378 0.6 < 0.1
Bendera Argentina Argentina 400.000 - 784.000 0.9-2.5 < 0.1
Bendera Armenia Armenia 40,049 1 < 0.1
Bendera Aruba Aruba 1,146 0.4 < 0.1
Bendera Australia Australia 704,291[20] 2.6[20] < 0.1
Bendera Austria Austria 709,876[21] 9 [21] < 0.1
Bendera Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 11,034,793 99.8 0.5
Bendera Bahama Bahamas 1,351 0.1 0.4
Bendera Bahrain Bahrain 1,426,888[22] 84.1[22] < 0.1
Bendera Bangladesh Bangladesh 157,326,000 90.3[23] 9.2
Bendera Barbados Barbados 5,243 2.6 < 0.1
Bendera Belarus Belarus 2,831 0.04 < 0.1
Bendera Belgia Belgium 930,054 9.2[24] < 0.1
Bendera Belize Belize 3,974 1.1 < 0.1
Bendera Benin Benin 3,858,212 30.3 0.1
Bendera Bermuda Bermuda 809 2 < 0.1
Bendera Bhutan Bhutan ≤ 7,242[25] 0.8[25] < 0.1
Bendera Bolivia Bolivia 16,346 0.12 < 0.1
Bendera Bosnia dan Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,834,076 55[26] 0.1
Bendera Botswana Botswana 98,388 3.8 < 0.1
Bendera Brasil Brazil 35.000-204.000 0.02%-0.1% < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Virgin Britania Raya British Virgdi Islands 481 1.2 < 0.1
Bendera Brunei Brunei 348,753 70.9[27] < 0.1
Bendera Bulgaria Bulgaria 777,000[28] 12.8% < 0.1
Bendera Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 14,961,660 66[29] 0.6
Bendera Myanmar Burma (Myanmar) 10,345,496 18.7[30] 0.1
Bendera Burundi Burundi 1,315,367 9.2 < 0.1
Bendera Kamboja Cambodia 846,000 4.8 < 0.1
Bendera Kamerun Cameroon 7,180,000 27.3[31] 0.2
Bendera Kanada Canada 3,138,397[32] 8.9[33]-3.2[32] 0.1
Bendera Tanjung Verde Cape Verde 35,000 2[19] < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Cayman Cayman Islands 103 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Afrika Tengah Central African Republic 729,943 15[34][35] < 0.1
Bendera Chad Chad 10,630,779 60.8[19] 0.4
Bendera Chili Chile 10,322[36] 0.05(over 15+ pop.)[36] < 0.1
Bendera Republik Rakyat Tiongkok China 20,095,870 - 50.000.000[37]-[38] 1.5%-3% 3
Bendera Kepulauan Cocos (Keeling) Cocos (Keeling) Islands 1,192[39] 86[39] < 0.1
Bendera Kolombia Colombia 100,000 to 113,000[40] 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Komoro Comoros 1,015,190 99 < 0.1
Bendera Republik Demokratik Kongo Congo 12,105,256 13.5[19] 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Cook Cook Islands 704 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Kosta Rika Costa Rica 1,189 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Kroasia Croatia 85,200 2[24] < 0.1
Bendera Kuba Cuba 22,697 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Siprus Cyprus 720,624 49.1 < 0.1
Bendera Ceko Czech Republic 16,500 < 0.16 < 0.1
Bendera Denmark Denmark 362,758 6.1[24] < 0.1
Bendera Djibouti Djibouti 1,028,967 97.0 0.1
Bendera Dominika Dominica 728 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Republik Dominika Dominican Republic 3,094 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Ekuador Ecuador 3,621 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Mesir Egypt 104,492,333 95.6[41] 4.9
Bendera El Salvador El Salvador 108,800 2.1 <0.1
Bendera Guinea Khatulistiwa Equatorial Guinea 70,242 4.1 < 0.1
Bendera Eritrea Eritrea 4,263,112 61.2[42]-48[43]/50 0.1
Bendera Estonia Estonia 3,877 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Etiopia Ethiopia 42,232,666[44] 38.2 16
Bendera Kepulauan Faroe Faroe Islands 7,100 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Falkland Falkland Islands 29 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Federasi Mikronesia Federated States of Micronesia 322 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Fiji Fiji 160,000 16 <0.1
Bendera Finlandia Finland 77,539 1.2 <0.1
Bendera Prancis France 8,122,614 12[24] 0.3
Bendera Guyana Prancis French Guiana 2,732 0.9 <0.1
Bendera Polinesia Prancis French Polynesia 3,132 1.1 <0.1
Bendera Gabon Gabon 284,000 13.2 <0.1
Bendera Gambia Gambia 2,297,896 95.7 0.1
Bendera Georgia Georgia 1,164,074 29 <0.1
Bendera Jerman Germany 5,900,000[45]-5,928,865[46] 7[45] - 7.1[46] 0.2
Bendera Ghana Ghana 5,392,104 18.3[19] 0.2
Bendera Gibraltar Gibraltar 1,000 4.0 <0.1
Bendera Yunani Greece 1,243,790 11[24] <0.1
Bendera Greenland Greenland < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Grenada Grenada 717 0.3 <0.1
Bendera Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 2,723 0.6 <0.1
Bendera Guam Guam 677 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Guatemala Guatemala 1,382 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Guinea Guinea 12,066,214 86.3 0.5
Bendera Guinea-Bissau Guinea Bissau 1,053,545 51[47] <0.1
Bendera Guyana Guyana 109,000 13.5 <0.1
Bendera Haiti Haiti 3,162 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Honduras Honduras 12,618 0.1 <0.1
Bendera Hong Kong Hong Kong 243,000[48] 3.2 <0.1
Bendera Hongaria Hungary 11,704[49] 0.6 <0.1
Bendera Islandia Iceland 1,494[50] 0.4[50] <0.1
Bendera India India 224,000,000 15.6[51] 9.6
Bendera Indonesia Indonesia 242,847,000 88.2[52] 13
Bendera Iran Iran 83,530,214 99.7 4.6
Bendera Irak Iraq 41,555,734 98.2 1.9
Bendera Republik Irlandia Ireland 85,803 1.2[24] <0.1
Bendera Pulau Man Isle of Man 256 0.2 <0.1
Bendera Israel Israel 2,321,137 26.3 0.1
Bendera Italia Italy 2,434,674 4[24] 0.1
Bendera Pantai Gading Ivory Coast 11,470,166 43.3[53][54][55] 0.5
Bendera Jamaika Jamaica 6,054 0.2 <0.1
Bendera Jepang Japan 397,000 0.3 <0.1
Bendera Yordania Jordan 9,570,414 95.7 0.4
Bendera Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 13,957,497 72 (official census)[56] 0.5
Bendera Kenya Kenya 5,824,443 10.8[57] 0.2
Bendera Kiribati Kiribati 107 <0.1 <0.1
Bendera Kosovo Kosovo 2,067,659[58] 97.1 0.1
Bendera Kuwait Kuwait 3,816,047 86.7[59] 0.2
Bendera Kirgizstan Kyrgyzstan 7,044,412 91 0.3
Bendera Laos Laos 378,023 6 <0.1
Bendera Latvia Latvia 6,373 0.3 <0.1
Bendera Lebanon Lebanon 4,830,503 69 0.2
Bendera Lesotho Lesotho 8,000 0.32 <0.1
Bendera Liberia Liberia 1,007,000 26 <0.1
Bendera Libya Libya 6,642,947 98.6 0.4
Bendera Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 2,176 5 <0.1
Bendera Lituania Lithuania 6,130 0.2 <0.1
Bendera Luksemburg Luxembourg 11,000 2.3 <0.1
Bendera Makau Macau 7,844 1.1 <0.1
Bendera Makedonia Utara Macedonia 990,000 41.25[60] <0.1
Bendera Madagaskar Madagascar 3,116,787 11[61] <0.1
Bendera Malawi Malawi 3,375,504 16.8 0.1
Bendera Malaysia Malaysia 24,541,892 67 1.1
Bendera Maladewa Maldives 514,143 100 <0.1
Bendera Mali Mali 19,731,663 96.8[19] 0.8
Bendera Malta Malta 18,355 3.6 <0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Marshall Marshall Islands 82 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Martinik Martinique 1,310 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Mauritania Mauritania 5,008,334 100[62] 0.2
Bendera Mauritius Mauritius 257,313 19.2[63] < 0.1
Bendera Mayotte Mayotte 301,150 99 < 0.1
Bendera Meksiko Mexico 263,210[64] - 111,000[18] 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Moldova Moldova 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
Bendera Monako Monaco 234 0.5 < 0.1
Bendera Mongolia Mongolia 419,745 13 < 0.1
Bendera Montenegro Montenegro 196,940[65] 32.2%[65] < 0.1
Bendera Montserrat Montserrat 78 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Maroko Morocco 37,184,708 99.9[66] 2.0
Bendera Mozambik Mozambique 8,232,873 24.6 0.3
Bendera Namibia Namibia 36,013 1.2 < 0.1
Bendera Nauru Nauru 13 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Nepal Nepal 1,785,893 5.8 0.1
Bendera Belanda Netherlands 1,200,000/1,270,539 5[67] - 9[24] 0.1
Bendera Antillen Belanda Netherlands Antilles 13,508 6 < 0.1
Bendera Kaledonia Baru New Caledonia 31,050 10.6 < 0.1
Bendera Selandia Baru New Zealand 100,019 1.96 < 0.1
Bendera Nikaragua Nicaragua 1,553 <0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Niger Niger 24,905,801 99.4[68] 1.0
Bendera Nigeria Nigeria 111,952,690 52[69]-52[70] 4.7
Bendera Niue Niue 11 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Korea Utara North Korea 29,000 1 < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Mariana Utara Northern Mariana Islands 300 0.7 < 0.1
Bendera Norwegia Norway 182,545[71] 3.4 < 0.1
Bendera Oman Oman 4,823,611 88%[72] 0.2
Bendera Pakistan Pakistan 220,893,858 98.3 11.0
Bendera Palau Palau 2,837 15 < 0.1
Bendera Negara Palestina Palestinian Territories 6,032,003 96.2 0.3
Bendera Panama Panama 235,531 5.4 < 0.1
Bendera Papua Nugini Papua New Guinea 271,357 3 < 0.1
Bendera Paraguay Paraguay 1,458 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Peru Peru < 1,855 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Filipina Philippines 17,769,642[73][74] 14.1[73] 0.7
Bendera Polandia Poland 35,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Portugal Portugal 83,914 0.8 < 0.1
Bendera Puerto Riko Puerto Rico 5,391 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Qatar Qatar 2,266,439 72 0.1
Bendera Republik Kongo Republic of Congo 801,754 16 < 0.1
Bendera Réunion Reunion 42,998 5 < 0.1
Bendera Rumania Romania 100,222 0.5 < 0.1
Bendera Rusia Russia 51,393,558ref name="ArenaAtlas"/> - 52,000,000[75] 33.9[76] - 34[77] 1.0
Bendera Rwanda Rwanda 820,055 6.2[78] < 0.1
Bendera Saint Helena St. Helena 31 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Saint Kitts dan Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis 184 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Saint Lucia St. Lucia 350 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Saint Pierre dan Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Bendera Saint Vincent dan Grenadine St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1,944 1.7 < 0.1
Bendera Samoa Samoa 31 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera San Marino San Marino 277 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera São Tomé dan Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 8,255 4.1 < 0.1
Bendera Arab Saudi Saudi Arabia 35,059,311 100 1.6
Bendera Senegal Senegal 16,677,525 96.2 0.8
Bendera Serbia Serbia 339,365 4.9 < 0.1
Bendera Seychelles Seychelles 2,269 2.3 < 0.1
Bendera Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 6,775,736 81.2 0.3
Bendera Singapura Singapore 1,578,867 18.8[79] < 0.1
Bendera Slowakia Slovakia 16,184 0.2[24] < 0.1
Bendera Slovenia Slovenia 73,568 3.6[24] < 0.1
Bendera Kepulauan Solomon Solomon Islands 274,748 13.4 < 0.1
Bendera Somalia Somalia 20,044,289 99.9[80][81][82][83] 0.6
Bendera Afrika Selatan South Africa 1,239,008[84] 2 < 0.1
Bendera Korea Selatan South Korea 440,000 0.85 < 0.1
Bendera Sudan Selatan South Sudan 959,428 7% <0.1
Bendera Spanyol Spain 2,000,000 4.25[85] 0.1
Bendera Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 3,241,745[86] 13.2[86] 0.1
Bendera Sudan Sudan 42,959,118 96.3[87] 1.9
Bendera Suriname Suriname 157,577 26.2[88] < 0.1
Bendera Eswatini Swaziland 129,230 10[89] < 0.1
Bendera Swedia Sweden 982,787[90] 9.7[90] < 0.1
Bendera Swiss Switzerland 545,786[91] 7[91] < 0.1
Bendera Suriah Syria 17,338,577 95%[92] 1.0
Bendera Republik Tiongkok Taiwan 401,302[93] 1.8[94] < 0.1
Bendera Tajikistan Tajikistan 11,503,573 98.6%[95][96] 0.4
Bendera Tanzania Tanzania 23,216,038 36[97] 0.8
Bendera Thailand Thailand 5,356,137 7.6 0.2
Bendera Timor Leste Timor-Leste 83,833 6 < 0.1
Bendera Togo Togo 1,475,641 17[98] 0.1
Bendera Tokelau Tokelau 12 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Tonga Tonga 1,071 1 < 0.1
Bendera Trinidad dan Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 204.201 14.3 < 0.1
Bendera Tunisia Tunisia 12,491,596 99.8 0.6
Bendera Turki Turkey 84,416,284 99 4.6
Bendera Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 6,387,555 94.8 0.3
Bendera Kepulauan Turks dan Caicos Turks and Caicos Islands 904 3 < 0.1
Bendera Tuvalu Tuvalu 18 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Uganda Uganda 7,324,093 14.6 0.3
Bendera Ukraina Ukraine 1,682,224[99] 4.1 < 0.1
Bendera Uni Emirat Arab United Arab Emirates 7,825,840 78.3%[100] 0.2
Bendera Britania Raya United Kingdom 3,410,208 5[24] 0.2
Bendera Amerika Serikat United States 3,714,192 1.12 0.2
Templat:Country data United States Virgdi Islands U.S. Virgdi Islands < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Uruguay Uruguay 681 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 36,098,263 99 1.7
Bendera Vanuatu Vanuatu 805 0.3 < 0.1
Bendera Vatikan Vatican City 0 0 0
Bendera Venezuela Venezuela 109,706 0.38 < 0.1
Bendera Vietnam Vietnam 206,910[101] 0.18 < 0.1
Bendera Wallis dan Futuna Wallis and Futuna 10 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bendera Sahara Barat Western Sahara 626,357 99.9 < 0.1
Bendera Yaman Yemen 37,000,000 99.9 1.5
Bendera Zambia Zambia 206,000 1[19] 1.1
Bendera Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 488,656 3[19] 3
Asia Tengah 190,353,442[102] 80.0 3.0
Asia Selatan 652,944,814[103] 31.4[104][105] 30.6[106][107]
Asia Tenggara &Oceania 369,861,476[108][109] 12.0 15.0
Timur Tengah - Afrika Utara 446,986,337[110] 91.2 22.9
Afrika Sub-Sahara 539,991,071 29.6 15.0
Eropa 47,070,120 6.0 2.7
Amerika 9,644,601 0.6 0.3
Total Dunia 2,256,851,861[111] 27.7 100.0

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Organisasi Konferensi Islam

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Why Muslims are the world's fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. April 2017. Diakses tanggal 24 April 2017. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ See
    • "Shīʿite". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Diakses tanggal 25 August 2010. Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim population worldwide. 
    • "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. 7 October 2009. Diakses tanggal 24 September 2013. The Pew Forum's estimate of the Shia population (10-13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10-15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world's Muslim population. 
    • "Shia". Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Diakses tanggal 5 December 2011. Shi'a Islam is the second largest branch of the tradition, with up to 200 million followers who comprise around 15% of all Muslims worldwide... 
    • "Religions". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Diakses tanggal 25 August 2010. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide... 
    • Iran, Israel and the United States "The majority of the world's Islamic population, which is Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population; the other 10-20 percent is Shia." (reference: CIA)
    • Sue Hellett; U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran "Let me review, while Shia Islam makes up only 10-20 percent of the world's Muslim population, Iraq has a Shia majority (between 60-80 percent), but had a Sunni controlled government under Saddam Hussein and cronies from 1958-2003... (If you like government figures, see the CIA World Factbook.)"
  4. ^ "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 9 February 2011. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 22 December 2011. 
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  8. ^ Britannica, Think Quest, Wadsworth.com Diarsipkan 14 December 2008 di Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Pechilis, Karen; Raj, Selva J. (2013-01-01). South Asian Religions: Tradition and Today (dalam bahasa Inggris). Routledge. ISBN 9780415448512. 
  10. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations, 2010 and 2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2015-04-02. Diakses tanggal 2017-02-07. 
  11. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "How South Asia Will Save Global Islam". The Diplomat (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 2017-02-07. 
  12. ^ (Miller 2009, hlm. 8,17)
  13. ^ "Middle East-North Africa Overview". 7 October 2009. 
  14. ^ (Miller 2009)
  15. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  16. ^ See:
  17. ^ Albanian census 2011
  18. ^ a b Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama pewmuslim1
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h "Numbers and Percentage of Muslims di African Countries". Research on Islam and Muslims di Africa (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 25 January 2016. 
  20. ^ a b "Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013". Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  21. ^ a b Hans Rauscher (12 September 2014). "Muslime di Österreich". derStandard.at. Diakses tanggal 26 February 2016. 
  22. ^ a b General Tables Census of Bahrain
  23. ^ বাংলাদেশকে জানুন (dalam bahasa Bengali). National Web Portal of Bangladesh. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 16 February 2015. Diakses tanggal 13 February 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "5 facts about the Muslim population di Europe". Pew Research Center. Diakses tanggal 24 January 2016. 
  25. ^ a b Pew Research Center - Global Religious Landscape 2010 - religious composition by country.
  26. ^ Sarajevo, juni 2016. CENSUS OF POPULATION, HOUSEHOLDS AND DWELLINGS DI BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, 2013 FINAL RESULTS (PDF). BHAS. Diakses tanggal 30 June 2016. 
  27. ^ "The World Factbook". Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  28. ^ "Население по местоживеене, възраст и вероизповедание" (dalam bahasa Bulgarian). NSI. 2011. Diakses tanggal 11 April 2016. 
  29. ^ "The World Factbook". Diakses tanggal 14 February 2015. 
  30. ^ "Myanmar Census 2014" (PDF). Diakses tanggal 22 July 2016. 
  31. ^ United Nations High Commissioner for 2015. "Refworld - 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Cameroon". 
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