Black Widow

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Black Widow
SutradaraCate Shortland
ProduserKevin Feige
Penulis
Berdasarkan
Pemeran
Perusahaan
produksi
DistributorWalt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
Tanggal rilis
  • 29 April 2020 (2020-4-29) (Indonesia)
  • 1 Mei 2020 (2020-5-1) (Amerika Serikat)
Negara Amerika Serikat
BahasaInggris

Black Widow adalah film pahlawan super Amerika Serikat tahun 2020 yang didasarkan dari karakter Marvel Comics bernama sama. Film ini diproduksi Marvel Studios dan disalurkan Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. Film ini adalah film ke-24 Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU). Film ini disutradarai Cate Shortland, ditulis Jac Schaeffer dan Ned Benson, serta dibintangi Scarlett Johansson, David Harbour, Florence Pugh, O-T Fagbenle, dan Rachel Weisz. The Eternals dijadwalkan akan ditayangkan di Amerika Serikat pada 1 Mei 2020 dan Indonesia dua hari sebelumnya.

Pemeran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Feige, Shortland, and the main cast of Black Widow at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con

Produksi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengembangan[sunting | sunting sumber]

"Yang saya coba lakukan adalah menggunakan latar belakang Kekaisaran Soviet yang terpecah belah dan terlihat seperti sebuah suaka tanpa hukum yang memiliki 400-an lumbung rudal nuklir aneh. Saya merasa itu sangat tepat waktu dan keren. Patut disayangkan ketika saya menulis naskah terakhir film ini, sejumlah film pejuang jalanan wanita ditayangkan. Kami memiliki Tomb Raider dan Kill Bill, yang salah satu di antaranya berfungsi, tetapi kemudian kami memiliki BloodRayne, Ultraviolet, Æon Flux. Æon Flux tidak memiliki awal yang baik dan tiga hari setelah ditayangkan, studio berkata, 'Kami tidak berpikir untuk menayangkan film ini.'"

—David Hayter mengenai naskah karyanya dan alasan proyek tersebut mangkrak.[9]

Pada Februari 2004, Lionsgate mendapatkan hak alih wahana film atas Black Widow[10] dan dua bulan kemudian, David Hayter diumumkan sebagai sutradara dan penulis film ini, manakala Avi Arad dari Marvel Studios menjadi produser.[11] Pada Juni 2006, Lionsgate meninggalkan proyek ini dan hak alih wahana dikembalikan kepada Marvel Studios. David dan Marvel mencoba mencari pendana lain untuk mengembangkan proyek ini, tetapi David mengaku tidak pernah merasa nyaman. Ini membuatnya patah hati, tetapi ia berharap film itu akan diproduksi suatu haru nanti.[12]

Pada Januari 2009, Marvel memulai perbincangan awal dengan Emily Blunt untuk memerankan Black Widow di Iron Man 2,[13] walau ia menolak karena sedang terlibat dalam Gulliver's Travels.[14] Pada Maret 2009, Scarlett Johansson dipastikan memerankan Natasha Romanoff/Black Widow, dengan kesepakatannya termasuk pilihan untuk memerankan beberapa film.[15] Pada September 2010, ketika mempromosikan peluncuran media rumahan Iron Man 2, Presiden Marvel Studios Kevin Feige menyatakan bahwa perbincangan mengenai film Black Widow yang berdiri sendiri dengan Scarlett sudah dilakukan, tetapi Marvel lebih memilih berfokus kepada The Avengers.[16] Scarlett memerankan Black Widow di film itu,[17] serta Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014),[18] Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015),[19] Captain America: Civil War (2016),[20] Avengers: Infinity War (2018),[21] dan Avengers: Endgame (2019).[22] Setelah penayangan Avengers: Age of Ultron, Scarlett mengungkapkan bahwa jumlah film yang tertera dalam kontraknya telah disesuaikan sejak pertama kali menandatangani kontrak itu untuk menyesuaikan dengan keterlibatan Black Widow dalam film MCU. Marvel sendiri tidak menyadari tanggapan yang bagus dari penonton kepada Black Widow berikut penampilannya.[23]

Pada Februari 2014, Kevin menyatakan setelah mengeksplorasi masa lalu Black Widow di Avengers: Age of Ultron, ia ingin melihat Black Widow dieksplorasi lebih lanjut di sebuah film yang berdiri sendiri, yang sudah dikembangkan,[24] termasuk pendalaman watak mendalam oleh Nicole Perlman, yang menulis naskah bagi Guardians of the Galaxy (2014).[25] Pada April 2014, Scarlett menyatakan minatnya membintangi film berkaitan Black Widow oleh sebab dorongan penonton.[26] Pada Juli 2014, David menyatakan minat menghidupkan kembali film ini bagi Marvel dan pada bulan berikutnya, Neil Marshall menyatakan ia akan senang terlibat dalam Black Widow karena merasa tokohnya benar=benar menarik mengingat tidak memiliki kekuatau super apapun, melainkan hanya memiliki keterampilan luar biasa.[27][28] Pada April 2015, Scarlett berbicara lebih lanjut mengenai kemungkinan film solo Black Widow dan melihat potensi bagi mengeksplorasi lapisan berbeda dari dirinya yang digambarkan dalam film berbeda sejauh ini, tetapi juga menyatakan bahwa menurutnya Black Widow berperan dengan baik di bagian alam semesta.[23] Ketika mempromosikan Captain America: Civil War pada April 2016, Kevin menyebutkan karena jadwal film di Fase 3 yang sudah diumumkan, film Black Widow baru bisa dijadwalkan ditayangkan empat atau lima tahun ke depan.[29] Ia menambahkan bahwa Marvel akhirnya berkomitmen dengan kreatif dan emosional untuk membuat film Black Widow.[30]

Pada Juli 2016, Joss Whedon, sutradara The Avengers dan Avengers: Age of Ultron, menyatakan ia bisa diajak menyutradarai film ini.[31] Pada bulan Oktober, Scarlett menyebut film ini berpotensi menjadi prekuel.[32] Pada Februari 2017, Scarlett meyebut ia akan mengabdikan dirinya untuk membuat film ini yang potensial terasa luar biasa.[33] Karena pengembangan film sudah selesai berikut sokongan di kalangan penonton bagi film ini, Marvel akhirnya menyebut bahwa film ini akan menjadi permulaan fase terakhir MCU pada 2020.[4]

Pada Oktober 2017, Kevin bertemu Scarlett untuk membahas kemungkinan film solo, sebelum Marvel mulai bertemu dengan penulis untuk proyek ini, termasuk Jac Schaeffer.[34] Jac kembali bertemu Kevin pada Desember 2017 dan ditunjuk menjadi penulis naskah sebelum akhir 2017.[35][36] Jac dan Scarlett dijadwalkan menbahas film ini pada permulaan Februari 2018.[37] Marvel mulai bertemu dengan para sutradara wanita yang berpotensi terlibat dalam film ini sebagai bagian dari dorongan utama studio film besar untuk menunjuk sutradara wanita.[38] Pada akhir April, Marvel telah bertemu dengan lebih dari 65 sutradara untuk proyek ini,[39] termasuk Deniz Gamze Ergüven, Chloé Zhao—yang akhirnya terpilih untuk menyutradarai The Eternals[40] Amma Asante,[38] dan Lynn Shelton.[41] Pada bulan berikutnya, jumlah sutradara berkurang menjadi 49 sutradara sebelum pilihan teratas seperti Cate Shortland, Asante, dan Maggie Betts bertemu dengan Kevin dan Scarlett pada bulan Juni.[42]

The Hollywood Reporter reported in October 2018 that Johansson would earn $15 million to appear in the film, an increase from the "low-seven figure salary" she earned for starring in The Avengers. The $15 million was equal to what Chris Evans and Chris Hemsworth each earned in Captain America: Civil War, Thor: Ragnarok, Avengers: Infinity War, and Avengers: Endgame. Despite The Hollywood Reporter confirming the amount from "multiple knowledgeable sources", Marvel Studios disputed the accuracy of the numbers while stating that they "never publicly disclose salaries or deal terms."[43]

Praproduksi[sunting | sunting sumber]

In February 2019, Ned Benson was hired to rewrite the script,[44] and Feige confirmed the studio was not looking to have the film receive an R rating from the Motion Picture Association of America, which had been rumored previously.[45] The following month, Florence Pugh entered negotiations to join the cast as a spy who is "morally opposite" to Romanoff.[46] Marvel had been considering Pugh for the role since late 2018 but began looking at other actresses, including Saoirse Ronan, in early 2019.[4][47] The studio returned to Pugh for the role after she received strong reviews for her performance in the film Fighting with My Family (2019).[4] In April 2019, Pugh was confirmed to have been cast alongside David Harbour,[2] Rachel Weisz,[7][6] and O-T Fagbenle.[6] Feige likened the film to the television series Better Call Saul, which is a prequel to the series Breaking Bad, because it was "a wonderful example of a prequel that almost completely stands on its own... [but] it informs you about so many things you didn't know about before."[48]

Pengambilan gambar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Principal photography began on May 28, 2019, in Norway.[49] By early June, production moved to Pinewood Studios,[50] while Ray Winstone joined the film later that month.[51] The film was officially announced at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con in July, with a release date of May 1, 2020, revealed alongside roles for some of the new cast members.[3] In August, bodybuilder Olivier Richters announced that he had been cast in the film.[52] The next month, Deadline Hollywood reported that Robert Downey Jr. would appear in the film in his MCU role as Tony Stark / Iron Man.[53] A wrap party for the film was held at the end of September,[54][55] before production moved to Macon, Georgia for the week of September 30. Filming locations in Macon, including Terminal Station, were dressed to portray Albany, New York.[55] Set photos in October revealed William Hurt would appear in the film in his MCU role as Thaddeus Ross.[56] Filming also took place in Atlanta, Budapest and Morocco.[57] Filming officially wrapped on October 6, 2019.[58]

Pascaproduksi[sunting | sunting sumber]

In January 2020, a special look trailer credited Eric Pearson as the screenwriter for the film, with Schaeffer and Benson receiving story credit.[59] Additionally, Jeff Sneider of Collider pointed out that the trailer's credit block did not include a cinematographer for the film. He revealed that earlier reports suggesting that Rob Hardy was hired as cinematographer had been correct, but Hardy had left the production before filming began and instead Gabriel Beristain had served as the cinematographer for the film. Sneider wondered if contractual obstacles were to blame for Marvel not crediting Beristain so far, but felt he would be credited in marketing materials leading up to the film's release.[60]

Music[sunting | sunting sumber]

Alexandre Desplat was revealed to be composing the music for the film in January 2020.[61]

Penayangan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Black Widow dijadwalkan ditayangkan di Amerika Serikat pada 1 Mei 2020 dan Indonesia pada 29 April 2020.[3] Film ini juga akan diluncurkan dalam format IMAX.[62]

Pemasaran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dengan pengumuman resmi film ini di San Diego Comic-Con 2019, it was promoted by Feige, Shortland, and cast members who introduced footage from the first 30 days of production.[3] The first teaser trailer for the film, featuring some of the footage that was shown at Comic-Con, was released on December 3, 2019.[63][64] Several commentators noted that the film was "long awaited" or "highly anticipated" by fans,[63][64][65] and highlighted the spy thriller tone of the trailer.[66][67] Rachel Leishman of The Mary Sue described finally seeing the trailer for a Black Widow film as "surprisingly emotional", and felt that setting the film between Civil War and Infinity War would allow the character to grow into her more mature form from the latter film, after earlier MCU films had depicted the character in a supporting role to the male Avengers.[65] Scott Mendelson at Forbes compared the trailer's story and tone to the films Atomic Blonde (2017), Red Sparrow (2018), and Anna (2019), but felt that starring a familiar character would give Black Widow a commercial advantage over those films. Mendelson thought that this aspect could outweigh the teaser's focus on "family melodrama" over superheroics, which he compared to Thor (2011).[67] The Hollywood Reporter's Richard Newby highlighted what he found to be noticeable differences between Shortland's shot composition and cinematography in the trailer from the styles of Jon Favreau, Joss Whedon, and the Russo brothers, all directors who helped to define Black Widow in previous MCU films.[68]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  2. ^ a b N'Duka, Amanda (April 3, 2019). "David Harbour Set For Disney/Marvel 'Black Widow' Standalone". Deadline Hollywood. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal April 3, 2019. Diakses tanggal April 3, 2019. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Coggan, Devan (July 20, 2019). "Black Widow hits Comic-Con with first details of Scarlett Johansson film". Entertainment Weekly. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal July 21, 2019. Diakses tanggal July 20, 2019. 
  4. ^ a b c d Kroll, Justin (March 18, 2019). "Scarlett Johansson's 'Black Widow' Movie Adds Florence Pugh". Variety. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal March 19, 2019. Diakses tanggal March 20, 2019. 
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  6. ^ a b c N'Duka, Amanda; D'Alessandro, Anthony (April 10, 2019). "Marvel's 'Black Widow' Snares 'The Handmaid's Tale' Actor O-T Fagbenle". Deadline Hollywood. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal April 10, 2019. Diakses tanggal April 11, 2019. 
  7. ^ a b Kroll, Justin (April 3, 2019). "'Black Widow': Rachel Weisz Circling Key Role in Marvel's Standalone Film". Variety. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal April 3, 2019. Diakses tanggal April 3, 2019. 
  8. ^ Kile, Meredith (July 20, 2019). "Scarlett Johansson Ushers in the MCU's Female Future With 'Black Widow': 'It's Pretty Explosive' (Exclusive)". Entertainment Tonight. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal July 21, 2019. Diakses tanggal July 21, 2019. 
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  68. ^ Newby, Richard (December 3, 2019). "How 'Black Widow' Prequel Can Set Marvel's Future". The Hollywood Reporter. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal December 3, 2019. Diakses tanggal December 4, 2019. 

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