Konsonan sengau dwibibir

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Bilabial nasal
m
IPA 114
Encoding
Entity (desimal) m
Unicode (hex) U+006D
X-SAMPA m
Kirshenbaum m

 

Konsonan sengau dwibibir adalah jenis dari suara konsonan dwibibir yang digunakan dalam berbagai bahasa. Simbol IPA-nya adalah ⟨m⟩, dan simbol X-SAMPA-nya adalah m. Dalam bahasa Indonesia huruf [m] terdapat dalam kata seperti mati dan masuk.

Huruf [m] terdapat di hampir semua bahasa di dunia. Hanya sedikit bahasa (seperti bahasa Mohawk) tidak memiliki huruf [m].

Ciri khas[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ciri khas konsonan letup celah-suara:

Kata-kata[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bahasa Kata IPA Arti
Adyghe мазэ [maːza] 'bulan'
Arab Baku[1] مطابخ [mɑˈtˤɑːbiχ] 'dapur'
Armenia Timur[2] մայր [mɑjɾ] 'ibu'
Asyur Neo-Aram mara [maːra] 'pemilik'
Basque maitatu [majt̪at̪u] 'mencintai'
Belanda[3] mond [mɔnt] 'mulut'
Bulgaria мъгла [mɐɡla] 'kabut'
Ceska m [mʊʃ] 'manusia'
Cherokee [ama˦] 'air'
Filipino manok [maˈnok] 'ayam jago'
Finlandia minä [ˈminæ] 'saya'
Frisia Barat mar [mar] 'danau'
Georgia[4] სა [ˈsɑmi] 'tiga'
Gujarat મોmōr 'merak jantan'
Hawaii[5] maka [maka] 'mata'
Hindi मकान [məkaːn] 'rumah'
Hungaria ma [mɒ] 'hari ini'
Ibrani אמא [ˈʔimä] 'ibu'
Inggris him [hɪm] 'ia (m)'
Indonesia[6] masuk [ˈmäsʊʔ] 'masuk'
Italia[7] mamma [ˈmamma] 'ibu'
Jepang[8] 乾杯 kampai [kampai] 'bersulang'
Jerman Maus [maʊ̯s] 'tikus'
Kabardia мазэ [maːza] 'bulan'
Kagayanen[9] [manaŋ] 'kakak perempuan'
Katalan mare[10] [ˈmaɾə] 'ibu'
Korea 엄마 eomma [ʌmma] 'ibu'
Makedonia мајка [ˈmajka] 'ibu'
Malayalam[11] കമ്മി [kəmmi] 'kekurangan'
Malta ilma [ilma] 'air'
Marathi मन [mən] 'pikiran'
Melayu malam [mäläm] 'malam'
Norwegia mamma [ˈmɑmːɑ] 'ibu'
Perancis[12] manger [mɑ̃ʒe] 'makan'
Persia مادر [mɒdær] 'ibu'
Pirahã baíxi [ˈmàí̯ʔì] 'orangtua'
Polandia[13] masa [ˈmäs̪ä] 'masa'
Portugis[14] mato [ˈmatu] 'semak'
Punjab ਮੈਂ [mɛ̃ː] 'saya/aku'
Rusia[15] муж [muʂ] 'suami'
Serbo-Kroasia милина / milina [milǐnä] 'kenikmatan'
Slowakia m [mʊʃ] 'manusia'
Spanyol[16] grumete [ɡɾuˈme̞te̞] 'kru kapal'
Swahili miti [ˈmiti] 'pepohonan'
Swedia mask [mask] 'cacing'
Tionghoa Kanton maan5 [maːn˩˧] 'malam'
Mandarin 母親 mǔqīn [mu˨˩ tɕʰin˥] 'ibu'
Tsez мец [mɛ̝t͡s] 'bahasa/lidah'
Turki benim [be̞nim] 'milikku'
Ukraina молоко [mo.ɫo.ˈkɔ] 'susu'
Urdu مکان [məkaːn] 'rumah'
Uyghur مەن [mæn] 'saya/aku'
Vietnam[17] muối [mwoj˧ˀ˥] 'garam'
Wales mam [mam] 'ibu'
Yi ma [ma˧ ] 'bambu'
Yunani[18] μάζα maza [ˈmaza] 'masa'
Zapotek Tilquiapan[19] man [maŋ] 'hewan'

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company 
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 25 (2): 90–94, doi:10.1017/S0025100300005223 
  • Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 23 (2): 73–76, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004874 
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (2): 45–47, doi:10.1017/S002510030000459X 
  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103–107, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001191 
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  • Olson, Kenneth; Mielke, Jeff; Sanicas-Daguman, Josephine; Pebley, Carol Jean; Paterson, Hugh J., III (2010), "The phonetic status of the (inter)dental approximant", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 40 (2): 199–215, doi:10.1017/S0025100309990296 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94–97, doi:10.1017/S002510030000445X 
  • Padgett, Jaye (2003), "Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 21 (1): 39–87, doi:10.1023/A:1021879906505 
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  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 255–264, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002659 
  • Soderberg, Craig D.; Olson, Kenneth S. (2008), "Illustrations of the IPA:Indonesian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (2): 209–213, doi:10.1017/S0025100308003320 
  • Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 20 (2): 37–41, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004266 
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