Templat:Kotak info hidrogen

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Hidrogen,  1H
Hydrogen discharge tube.jpg
Bercahaya ungu dalam kondisi plasma
Hydrogen Spectra.jpg
Garis spektrum Hidrogen
Sifat umum
Nama, simbol hidrogen, H
Pengucapan /ˈhdrɵən/[1] HYE-dro-jin
HY-drə-jən
Penampilan gas tak berwarna dengan nyala ungu dalam keadaan plasma
Hidrogen di tabel periodik
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Litium (alkali metal)
Berilium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Karbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oksigen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluor (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Natrium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silikon (metalloid)
Fosfor (polyatomic nonmetal)
Belerang (polyatomic nonmetal)
Klor (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Kalium (alkali metal)
Kalsium (alkaline earth metal)
Skandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Kromium (transition metal)
Mangan (transition metal)
Besi (transition metal)
Kobalt (transition metal)
Nikel (transition metal)
Tembaga (transition metal)
Seng (transition metal)
Galium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenik (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromin (diatomic nonmetal)
Kripton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Stronsium (alkaline earth metal)
Itrium (transition metal)
Zirkonium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molibdenum (transition metal)
Teknesium (transition metal)
Rutenium (transition metal)
Rodium (transition metal)
Paladium (transition metal)
Perak (transition metal)
Kadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Timah (post-transition metal)
Antimon (metalloid)
Telurium (metalloid)
Yodium (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Sesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lantanum (lanthanide)
Serium (lanthanide)
Praseodimium (lanthanide)
Neodimium (lanthanide)
Prometium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Disprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Tulium (lanthanide)
Iterbium (lanthanide)
Lutesium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Renium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Emas (transition metal)
Raksa (transition metal)
Talium (post-transition metal)
Timbal (post-transition metal)
Bismut (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatin (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Fransium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Aktinium (actinide)
Torium (actinide)
Protaktinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Amerisium (actinide)
Kurium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Kalifornium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrensium (actinide)
Ruterfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hasium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Kopernisium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Moskovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tenesin (unknown chemical properties)
Oganeson (unknown chemical properties)
-

H

Li
- ← hidrogenHelium
Nomor atom (Z) 1
Golongan, blok golongan 1, blok-s
Periode periode 1
Kategori unsur   nonlogam
Massa atom standar (Ar) 1,008[2] (1,00784–1,00811)[3]
Konfigurasi elektron 1s1
per kulit
1
Sifat fisika
Warna tak berwarna
Fase gas
Titik lebur 13,99 K ​(−259,16 °C, ​−434,49 °F)
Titik didih 20,271 K ​(−252,879 °C, ​−423,182 °F)
Kepadatan pada sts (0 °C dan 101,325 kPa) 0,08988 g/L
saat cair, pada t.l. 0,07 (0,0763 padat)[4] g/cm3
Titik tripel 13,8033 K, ​7,041 kPa
Titik kritis 32,938 K, 1,2858 MPa
Kalor peleburan (H2) 0,117 kJ/mol
Kalor penguapan (H2) 0,904 kJ/mol
Kapasitas kalor molar (H2)
28,836 J/(mol·K)
Tekanan uap
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K)         15 20
Sifat atom
Bilangan oksidasi −1, +1 ​oksida amfoter
Elektronegativitas Skala Pauling: 2,20
Jari-jari atom empiris: 25 pm
perhitungan: 53 pm
Jari-jari kovalen 37 pm
Jari-jari Van der Waals 120 pm
Lain-lain
Struktur kristal heksagon
Struktur kristal Heksagonal untuk hidrogen
Kecepatan suara (gas, 27 °C) 1310 m/s
Kondusivitas termal 180,5 m W/(m·K)
Arah magnet diamagnetik[5]
Nomor CAS 1333-74-0
Sejarah
Penemuan H. Cavendish[6][7] (1766)
Asal nama A. Lavoisier[8] (1783)
Isotop hidrogen terstabil
iso NA waktu paruh DM DE (MeV) DP
1H 99,985% H stabil dengan 0 neutron
2H 0,015% H stabil dengan 1 neutron
3H sisa 12,32 thn β 0,019 3He
| referensi | di Wikidata

Referensi

  1. ^ Simpson, J.A.; Weiner, E.S.C. (1989). "Hydrogen". Oxford English Dictionary 7 (2nd ed.). Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861219-2. 
  2. ^ Conventional Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  3. ^ Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  4. ^ Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001). Inorganic chemistry. Academic Press. p. 240. ISBN 0123526515. 
  5. ^ Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds (PDF). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (81st ed.) (CRC Press). 
  6. ^ "Hydrogen". Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry. Wylie-Interscience. 2005. pp. 797–799. ISBN 0-471-61525-0. 
  7. ^ Emsley, John (2001). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 183–191. ISBN 0-19-850341-5. 
  8. ^ Stwertka, Albert (1996). A Guide to the Elements. Oxford University Press. pp. 16–21. ISBN 0-19-508083-1.