Meitnerium

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Meitnerium,  109Mt
Sifat umum
Nama, simbol meitnerium, Mt
Pengucapan /mtˈnɪəriəm/[1] atau /ˈmtnəriəm/[2]
myt-NEER-ee-əm atau MYT-nər-ee-əm
Meitnerium di tabel periodik
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Litium (alkali metal)
Berilium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Karbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oksigen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluor (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Natrium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silikon (metalloid)
Fosfor (polyatomic nonmetal)
Belerang (polyatomic nonmetal)
Klor (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Kalium (alkali metal)
Kalsium (alkaline earth metal)
Skandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Kromium (transition metal)
Mangan (transition metal)
Besi (transition metal)
Kobalt (transition metal)
Nikel (transition metal)
Tembaga (transition metal)
Seng (transition metal)
Galium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenik (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromin (diatomic nonmetal)
Kripton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Stronsium (alkaline earth metal)
Itrium (transition metal)
Zirkonium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molibdenum (transition metal)
Teknesium (transition metal)
Rutenium (transition metal)
Rodium (transition metal)
Paladium (transition metal)
Perak (transition metal)
Kadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Timah (post-transition metal)
Antimon (metalloid)
Telurium (metalloid)
Yodium (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Sesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lantanum (lanthanide)
Serium (lanthanide)
Praseodimium (lanthanide)
Neodimium (lanthanide)
Prometium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Disprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Tulium (lanthanide)
Iterbium (lanthanide)
Lutesium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Renium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Emas (transition metal)
Raksa (transition metal)
Talium (post-transition metal)
Timbal (post-transition metal)
Bismut (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatin (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Fransium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Aktinium (actinide)
Torium (actinide)
Protaktinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Amerisium (actinide)
Kurium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Kalifornium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrensium (actinide)
Ruterfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hasium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Kopernisium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Moskovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tenesin (unknown chemical properties)
Oganeson (unknown chemical properties)
Ir

Mt

(Uht)
hasiummeitneriumdarmstadtium
Nomor atom (Z) 109
Golongan, blok golongan 9, blok-d
Periode periode 7
Kategori unsur unknown, mungkin logam transisi[3][4]
Massa atom standar (Ar) [278]
Konfigurasi elektron [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2 (perhitungan)[3][5]
per kulit
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 15, 2 (prediksi)
Sifat fisika
Fase solid (prediksi)[4]
Kepadatan mendekati s.k. 37.4 g/cm3 (prediksi)[3]
Sifat atom
Bilangan oksidasi 9, 8, 6, 4, 3, 1(prediksi)[3][6][7][8]
Energi ionisasi ke-1: 800.8 kJ/mol
ke-2: 1823.6 kJ/mol
ke-3: 2904.2 kJ/mol
(artikel) (semua perkiraan)[3]
Jari-jari atom empiris: 128 pm (prediksi)[3][8]
Jari-jari kovalen 129 pm (perkiraan)[9]
Lain-lain
Struktur kristal kubus acuan muka (fcc)
Struktur kristal Face-centered cubic untuk meitnerium

(prediksi)[4]
Arah magnet paramagnetik (prediksi)[10]
Nomor CAS 54038-01-6
Sejarah
Penamaan after Lise Meitner
Penemuan Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (1982)
Isotop meitnerium terstabil
iso NA waktu paruh DM DE (MeV) DP
278Mt syn 7.6 s α 9.6 274Bh
276Mt syn 0.72 s α 9.71 272Bh
274Mt syn 0.44 s α 9.76 270Bh
270mMt ? syn 1.1 s α 266Bh
| referensi | di Wikidata

Meitnerium (pengucapan: /maɪtˈnɜriəm/) adalah unsur kimia dalam sistem periodik unsur yang memiliki lambang Mt dan nomor atom 109.

Mt adalah Unsur kimia sintetik dengan isotop yang paling stabil Mt-278.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Emsley, John (2003). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0198503408. Diakses tanggal 12 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Meitnerium". Periodic Table of Videos. The University of Nottingham. Diakses tanggal 15 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". Di Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  4. ^ a b c Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals". Physical Review B 84 (11). Bibcode:2011PhRvB..84k3104O. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. 
  5. ^ Thierfelder, C.; Schwerdtfeger, P.; Heßberger, F. P.; Hofmann, S. (2008). "Dirac-Hartree-Fock studies of X-ray transitions in meitnerium". The European Physical Journal A 36 (2): 227. Bibcode:2008EPJA...36..227T. doi:10.1140/epja/i2008-10584-7. 
  6. ^ Ionova, G. V.; Ionova, I. S.; Mikhalko, V. K.; Gerasimova, G. A.; Kostrubov, Yu. N.; Suraeva, N. I. (2004). "Halides of Tetravalent Transactinides (Rf, Db, Sg, Bh, Hs, Mt, 110th Element): Physicochemical Properties". Russian Journal of Coordination Chemistry 30 (5): 352. doi:10.1023/B:RUCO.0000026006.39497.82. 
  7. ^ Himmel, Daniel; Knapp, Carsten; Patzschke, Michael; Riedel, Sebastian (2010). "How Far Can We Go? Quantum-Chemical Investigations of Oxidation State +IX". ChemPhysChem 11 (4): 865–9. doi:10.1002/cphc.200900910. PMID 20127784. 
  8. ^ a b Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. Diakses tanggal 4 October 2013. 
  9. ^ Chemical Data. Meitnerium - Mt, Royal Chemical Society
  10. ^ Saito, Shiro L. (2009). "Hartree–Fock–Roothaan energies and expectation values for the neutral atoms He to Uuo: The B-spline expansion method". Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables 95 (6): 836. Bibcode:2009ADNDT..95..836S. doi:10.1016/j.adt.2009.06.001. 

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