Toni Morrison

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Toni Morrison
Morrison tahun 1998
Morrison tahun 1998
LahirChloe Ardelia Wofford
(1931-02-18)18 Februari 1931[1]
Lorain, Ohio, A.S.
Meninggal5 Agustus 2019(2019-08-05) (umur 88)
Montefiore Medical Center
AlmamaterUniversitas Howard (BA)
Universitas Cornell (MA)
GenreSastra Amerika Serikat
Karya terkenal
Tanda tangan

Toni Morrison (lahir dengan nama Chloe Ardelia Wofford,[2] 18 Februari 1931 – 5 Agustus 2019[3]) adalah seorang penulis Afrika-Amerika. Romannya Beloved mengantarkannya memenangkan Penghargaan Pulitzer pada 1988. Pada 1993 ia dianugerahi Hadiah Nobel dalam Sastra, dan merupakan tokoh pertama Afro-Amerika yang menerimanya.[4]

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Novel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku anak (bersama Slade Morrison)[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Big Box (1999)
  • The Book of Mean People (2002)
  • Who's Got Game? The Ant or the Grasshopper?, The Lion or the Mouse?, Poppy or the Snake? (2007)
  • Peeny Butter Fudge (2009)
  • Please, Louise (2014)

Cerita pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

Drama[sunting | sunting sumber]

Libretto[sunting | sunting sumber]

Non-fiksi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Black Book (1974)
  • Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination (1992)
  • Race-ing Justice, En-gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas, and the Construction of Social Reality (editor) (1992)
  • Birth of a Nation'hood: Gaze, Script, and Spectacle in the O.J. Simpson Case (co-editor) (1997)
  • Remember: The Journey to School Integration (April 2004)
  • What Moves at the Margin: Selected Nonfiction, edited by Carolyn C. Denard (April 2008)
  • Burn This Book: PEN Writers Speak Out on the Power of the Word, editor (2009)
  • The Origin of Others (2017)
  • The Source of Self-Regard: Essays, Speeches, Meditations (2019)

Artikel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Toni Morrison Fast Facts". CNN. Diakses tanggal February 16, 2018. 
  2. ^ Duvall, John N. (2000). The Identifying Fictions of Toni Morrison: Modernist Authenticity and Postmodern Blackness. Palgrave Macmillan. hlm. 38. ISBN 978-0-312-23402-7. After all the published biographical information on Morrison agrees that her full name is Chloe Anthony Wofford, so that the adoption of 'Toni' as a substitute for 'Chloe' still honors her given name, if somewhat obliquely. Morrison's middle name, however, was not Anthony; her birth certificate indicates her full name as Chloe Ardelia Wofford, which reveals that Ramah and George Wofford named their daughter for her maternal grandmother, Ardelia Willis. 
  3. ^ Haylock, Zoe (2019-08-06). "Toni Morrison Dead at 88: Beloved Author Toni Morrison Has Died at 88". Diakses tanggal 2019-08-06. 
  4. ^ Fox, Margalit (August 6, 2019). "Toni Morrison, Towering Novelist of the Black Experience, Dies at 88". The New York Times. Diakses tanggal August 6, 2019. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Wiener Festwochen: Desdemona". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal March 18, 2012. Diakses tanggal May 30, 2012. 
  7. ^ Thiessen, Erin Russell (May 26, 2011). "Toni Morrison's Desdemona delivers a haunting, powerful "re-membering"". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-09-05. Diakses tanggal October 20, 2011. 
  8. ^ Winn, Steven (October 20, 2011). "Toni Morrison adds twist to 'Desdemona'". Diakses tanggal October 21, 2011. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

March 7, 2013)