Norman Mailer

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer difoto oleh Carl Van Vechten pada 1948
Norman Mailer difoto oleh Carl Van Vechten pada 1948
Lahir Norman Kingsley Mailer
31 Januari 1923
Long Branch, New Jersey, AS
Meninggal 10 November 2007 (umur 84)
New York, New York, AS
Nama pena Andreas Wilson
Pekerjaan Novelis, esayis, jurnalis, kolumnis, penyair, pengarang drama
Kebangsaan Amerika
Aliran sastra Fiksi, non-fiksi
Pasangan Beatrice Silverman (1944–1952; bercerai; 1 anak)
Adele Morales (1954–1962; bercerai; 2 anak)
Jeanne Campbell (1962–1963; bercerai; 1 anak)
Beverly Bentley (1963–1980; bercerai; 3 anak)
Carol Stevens (1980–1980; bercerai; 1 anak)
Norris Church Mailer (Barbara Jean Davis) (1980–2007; kematiannya; 1 anak)

Portal Sastra

Norman Kingsley Mailer (lahir 31 Januari 1923 – meninggal 10 November 2007 pada umur 84 tahun) adalah seorang novelis, jurnalis, esayis, pengarang drama, pembuat film, aktor, dan aktivis politik Amerika. Novel buatannya The Naked and the Dead diterbitkan pada 1948. Karyanya yang paling terkenal adalah The Executioner's Song, yang diterbitkan pada 1979, dan membuatnya memenangkan salah satu dari dua Penghargaan Pulitzer-nya. Selain Penghargaan Pulitzer, buku buatannya Armies of the Night dianugerahi National Book Award.

Bersama dengan Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Hunter S. Thompson dan Tom Wolfe, Mailer dianggap menjadi inovator non-fiksi kreatif, sebuah genre yang terkadang disebut New Journalism, yang menggunakan gaya dan pengantar fiksi kesusastraan dalam jurnalisme berbasis fakta.

Mailer juga dikenal karena esay-esaynya, yang paling terkenal adalah "The White Negro." Ia merupakan seorang komentator dan kritikus kebudayaan, yang mengekspresikan pandangannya melalui novel, jurnalisme, esay dan penampilan media.

Pada 1955, Mailer dan tiga orang lainnya membentuk The Village Voice, sebuah surat kabar mingguan berorientasi seni rupa dan politik yang didistribusikan di Greenwich Village.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Lennon, J. Michael. Norman Mailer: A Double Life (Simon & Schuster; 2013) 947 pages; scholarly biography
  • Norman Mailer's Later Fictions: Ancient Evenings through Castle in the Forest, edited by John Whalen-Bridge. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
  • Essays on Late Mailer in The Journal of Modern Literature, edited by Robert L. Caserio (30.1) Fall 2006
  • Glenday, Michael K. Norman Mailer New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995.
  • Radical Fictions and the Novels of Norman Mailer by Nigel Leigh. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990.
  • Norman Mailer: Works and Days by J. Michael and Donna P. Lennon. Westport, MA: Sligo Press, 2000. Comprehensive, annotated primary and secondary bibliography with life chronology.
  • Norman Mailer: The Man and His Work, edited by Robert F. Lucid. Boston: Little, Brown. The first collection of essays on Mailer.
  • Norman Mailer by Philip Bufithis. New York: Ungar, 1978. Perhaps the most readable and reliable study of Mailer's early work.
  • Acts of Regeneration: Allegory and Archetype in the Works of Norman Mailer by Robert J. Begiebing. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1980. Fine discussion of Mailer's "heroic consciousness."
  • The Enduring Vision of Norman Mailer by Barry H. Leeds. Bainbridge, WA: Pleasure Boat Studio, 2002.
  • Political Fiction and the American Self by John Whalen-Bridge. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998. Subtle examination of Mailer's dual aptitude of representing and resisting American mythologies.
  • Critical Essays on Norman Mailer, edited by J.Michael Lennon: Boston, G.K.Hall and Co., 1986.
  • Norman Mailer, by Richard Poirier. New York: Viking,1972. One of the best studies of Mailer's writing, tracking his career through the early Eighties.
  • Norman Mailer by Richard Jackson Foster. University of Minnesota Press, 1968. Pamphlet.
  • The Structured Vision of Norman Mailer by Barry H. Leeds, New York University Press,1969.
  • Norman Mailer Revisited by Robert Merrill. Twayne, 1992. Contains perhaps the best analysis of The Executioner's Song
  • Mailer: His Life and Times, edited by Peter Manso. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985. Highly readable, but controversial "oral" biography of Mailer created by cross-cutting interviews with friends, enemies, acquaintances, relatives, wives of Mailer and Mailer himself.
  • Conversations with Norman Mailer, edited by J. Michael Lennon. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1988.
  • Norman Mailer: A Collection of Critical Essays edited by Leo Braudy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1972. Contains useful insights on Miami and the Siege of Chicago.
  • Existential Battles: The Growth of Norman Mailer by Laura Adams. Athens: University of Ohio Press, 1976. Good discussion of early narrators.
  • Time to Murder and Create: The Contemporary Novel in Crisis by John W. Aldridge. New York: David McKay, 1966. Contains Aldridge's important essay on An American Dream.
  • The Portable Beat Reader, edited by Ann Charters, Penguin Books. New York. 1992. ISBN 0-670-83885-3 (hc); ISBN 0-14-015102-8 (pbk). Contains "The White Negro."
  • The Norman Mailer Review, edited by Phillip Sipiora. New periodical co-sponsored by the University of South Florida and the Norman Mailer Society.
  • The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture: Francis Irby Gwaltney http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=3034
  • Van A. Tyson http://www.atkinschronicle.com/vantyson.htm

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]