Benjamin Constant

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Benjamin Constant
Henri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque.png
Anggota Dewan Perwakilan
Masa jabatan
14 April 1819 – 8 Desember 1830
Daerah pemilihanSarthe (1819 – 24)
Seine ke-4 (1824 – 27)
Bas-Rhin ke-1 (1827 – 30)
Anggota Dewan Negara
Masa jabatan
20 April 1815 – 8 Juli 1815
Ditunjuk olehNapoleon I
Anggota Tribunat
Masa jabatan
25 Desember 1799 – 27 Maret 1802
Daerah pemilihanLéman
Informasi pribadi
LahirHenri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque
(1767-10-25)25 Oktober 1767
Lausanne, Konfederasi Swiss
Meninggal dunia8 Desember 1830(1830-12-08) (umur 63)
Paris, Perancis
KebangsaanPerancis Swiss
Partai politikRepublik (1799 – 1802)
Kiri Liberal (1819 – 24)
Liberal-Doctrinaire (1824 – 30)
PasanganWilhelmine von Cramm (k. 1789; c. 1795)
Charlotte von Hardenberg (k. 1808; w. 1830)
Alma materUniversitas Edinburgh
Universitas Erlangen
Profesi
Writing career
Periode menulisAbad ke-18 dan 19
Aliran sastraSyair, novel
TemaKebebasan, psikologi, cinta
AngkatanRomantisisme, liberalisme klasik[1]
Karya terkenal
Tahun aktif1796 – 1830

Henri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque (bahasa Prancis: [kɔ̃stɑ̃]; 25 Oktober 1767 – 8 Desember 1830), atau Benjamin Constant, adalah aktivis politik Swiss-Perancis sekaligus penulis di bidang politik dan agama. Ia menulis novel psikologis-biografi berjudul Adolphe. Ia merupakan sosok liberal yang lantang[2] pada awal abad ke-19. Tulisan-tulisannya memengaruhi gerakan Liberal Trienio di Spanyol, Revolusi Liberal 1820 di Portugal, Perang Kemerdekaan Yunani, Pemberontakan November di Polandia, Revolusi Belgia, dan liberalisme di Brasil dan Meksiko.

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • De la Force du Gouvernement actuel et De la Necessite de s'y rallier (1796)
  • Des reactions politiques (1797)
  • Des effets de la terreur (1797)
  • Fragments d'un ouvrage abandonné sur la possibilité d'une constitution républicaine dans un grand pays (1803–1810)
  • Principes de Politique Applicables a Tous les Gouvernements (1806–1810)
  • Cécile (1811, 1st publ. 1951)
  • De l'esprit de conquête et d'usurpation dans leurs rapports avec la civilisation actuelle (1815) (kritik terhadap Napoleon Bonaparte)
  • Adolphe (novel)
  • De la religion considérée dans sa source, ses formes et son développement (5 volume, 1824–1831; tentang agama kuno)

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ralph Raico, Classical Liberalism and the Austrian School, Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2012, p. 222.
  2. ^ Craiutu, A. (2012) A Virtue for Courageous Minds: Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748–1830, pp. 199, 202–03

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Gauchet, Marcel. "Constant," in A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution, ed. François Furet and Mona Ozouf (1989), p. 924.
  • Rosenblatt, H. "Why Constant? A Critical Overview of the Constant Revival", Cambridge Journals (2004)
  • Furet, F. (1981). "La Révolution sans la Terreur? Le débat des historiens du XIXe siècle", in Le Débat pp. 13, 41.
  • Vincent, K. Steven. 'Benjamin Constant, the French Revolution, and the Origins of French Romantic Liberalism', in French Historical Studies; 23:4 (2000 Fall), pp. 607–37 in Project MUSE
  • Wood, Dennis. Benjamin Constant: A Biography (1993).
  • Gossman, Lionel (May 2004). "Between Passion and Irony: Benjamin Constant's Liberal Balancing Act" (PDF). 
  • A. Pitt, 'The Religion of the Moderns: Freedom and Authenticity in Constant's De la Religion', in History of Political Thought; xxi, 1 (2000), 67–87.
  • "Principles of Politics Applicable to all Representative Governments", Constant: Political Writings (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought) – Biancamaria Fontana (Trans & Ed.) Cambridge, 1988.
  • Mauro Barberis, Benjamin Constant. Rivoluzione, costituzione, progresso (1988. Il Mulino, Bologna)
  • Paul Bastid, Benjamin Constant et sa doctrine, I–II (1966. Colin, Paris)
  • Catrine Carpenter, 'Benjamin Constant's religious politics', in History of European Ideas; 35,4 (2009), 503–09.
  • Pierre Deguise, Benjamin Constant méconnu. Le livre De la religion, avec des documents inédits (1966. Droz, Genève)
  • Stefano De Luca, Il pensiero politico di Benjamin Constant (1993. Laterza, Roma-Bari)
  • Béatrice Fink (dir.), Benjamin Constant : philosophe, historien, romancier et homme d'État (actes du colloque de l'université du Maryland, octobre 1989), Lausanne, Institut Benjamin Constant ; Paris, J. Touzot, 1991, 186 p.
  • Biancamaria Fontana, Benjamin Constant and the Post-Revolutionary Mind (1991. Yale U.P., New Haven – London)
  • Luca Fezzi, Il rimpianto di Roma. 'Res publica', libertà 'neoromane' e Benjamin Constant, agli inizi del terzo millennio (2012, Firenze, Le Monnier)
  • Gauchet, Marcel. "Constant," in A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution, ed. François Furet and Mona Ozouf (1989), 924
  • Henri Guillemin, Benjamin Constant, muscadin, Paris, Gallimard, 1958
  • Kurt Kloocke, Benjamin Constant. Une biographie intellectuelle (1984. Droz, Genève)
  • Giovanni Paoletti, Benjamin Constant et les Anciens. Politique, réligion, histoire (2006. Champion, Paris)
  • Helena Rosenblatt, 'Eclipses and Revivals: Constant's Reception in France and America (1830–2007)', in The Cambridge Companion to Constant, ed. H. Rosenblatt (2009. University Press, Cambridge), pp. 351–77.
  • Gustave Rudler, La jeunesse de Benjamin Constant, 1767–1794. Le disciple du XVIIIe siècle. Utilitarisme et pessimisme. Madame de Charrière. Paris, A. Colin, 1909. 542 p.
  • Tzvetan Todorov, Benjamin Constant: la passion democratique (1997. Hachette, Paris)
  • Vincent, K. Steven, "Benjamin Constant and the Birth of French Liberalism" (2011).
  • Vincent, K. Steven (2013). "The Liberalism of Sismondi and Constant". The European Legacy. 18 (7): 912–916. doi:10.1080/10848770.2013.839497. 
  • Dennis Wood, Benjamin Constant: A Biography (1993).
  • David Cecil, 'Adolphe', in David Cecil, Poets And Story-Tellers A Book of Critical Essays (1949), pp. 139–52
  • Hart, David (2008). "Constant, Benjamin (1767–1830)". Dalam Hamowy, Ronald. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. hlm. 97–98. doi:10.4135/9781412965811.n63. ISBN 978-1-4129-6580-4. LCCN 2008009151. OCLC 750831024. 

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