Gustave Le Bon

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Gustave Le Bon
Picture of Le Bon.jpg
Gustave Le Bon, 1888
LahirCharles-Marie-Gustave Le Bon
(1841-05-07)7 Mei 1841
Nogent-le-Rotrou, Prancis
Meninggal13 Desember 1931(1931-12-13) (umur 90)
Marnes-la-Coquette, Prancis
Tempat peristirahatanPère Lachaise Cemetery
KebangsaanPrancis
AlmamaterUniversitas Paris
Karier ilmiah
TerinspirasiBénédict Morel, Charles Darwin, Jean-Martin Charcot, Paul Broca, Herbert Spencer, Gabriel Tarde, Ernst Haeckel, Hippolyte Taine
MenginspirasiBenito Mussolini, José Ortega y Gasset, Sigmund Freud, Wilfred Trotter, Oswald Spengler, Adolf Hitler, Vladimir Lenin, Edward Bernays, Robert E. Park, Wilfred Bion, Muhammad Abduh

Charles-Marie Gustave Le Bon (bahasa Prancis: [ɡystav lə bɔ̃]; lahir 7 Mei 1841 – meninggal 13 Desember 1931 pada umur 90 tahun) adalah seorang polimat Prancis yang menekuni bidang antropologi, psikologi, sosiologi, kedokteran, penemuan dan fisika.[1][2][3] Ia dikenal karena membuat karya tahun 1895 The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind, yang dianggap merupakan salah satu karya seminal dari psikologi kerumunan.[4][5]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Saler, Michael (2015). The Fin-de-Siècle World. Routledge. hlm. 450. ISBN 9780415674133. 
  2. ^ Piette, Bernard (2014). The Universe of Maxwell. Lulu Press Inc. hlm. 67. ISBN 9781291960082. 
  3. ^ Beck, Matthias (2013). Risk : A Study of Its Origins, History and Politics. World Scientific Publishing Company. hlm. 111. ISBN 978-9814383202. 
  4. ^ Rancière, Jacques (2016). The Method of Equality: Interviews with Laurent Jeanpierre and Dork Zabunyan. Polity. hlm. 95. ISBN 978-0745680620. 
  5. ^ Drury, John; Scott, Clifford (2015). Crowds in the 21st Century: Perspectives from Contemporary Social Science. Routledge. hlm. 169. ISBN 978-1138922914. 

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Barrows, Susanna (1981), Distorting Mirrors – Visions of the Crowd in Late 19th Century France, Yale University Press 
  • Nye, Robert (1975), The Origins of Crowd Psychology – Gustave Le Bon and the Crisis of Mass Democracy in the Third Republic, Sage 
  • van Ginneken, Jaap (1992), Crowds, Psychology, and Politics, 1871-1899, Cambridge University Press 
  • Betts, Raymond F. (1960), Assimilation and Association in French Colonial Theory, 1890-1914, U of Nebraska Press 
  • Staum, Martin S. (2011), Nature and Nurture in French Social Sciences, 1859–1914 and Beyond, McGill-Queen's Press 
  • de Benoist, Alain (1977), Vu de droite. Anthologie critique des idées contemporaines, Copernic 
  • Terrier, Jean (2011), Visions of the Social: Society as a Political Project in France, 1750-1950, BRILL 
  • Ohlberg, Marieke (2014), The Era of Crowds: Gustave Le Bon, Crowd Psychology and Conceptualizations of Mass-Elite Relations in China, Springer 
  • Widener, Alice (1979), Gustave Le Bon, the Man and His Works, Liberty Press 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]