Bendera India

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FIAV 111000.svg Rasio bendera: 2:3

Bendera India diadopsi oleh Majelis Konstitusi India pada tanggal 22 Juli 1947, 24 hari sebelum hari kemerdekaan India dari Britania Raya. Di India, istilah "triwarna" (Tirangā – तिरंगा) hampir selalu menunjuk pada bendera India. Bendera ini merupakan bendera triwarna horisontal: saffron, putih, dan hijau dengan sebuah Ashoka Chakra bewarna biru di tengah-tengah garis putih. Bendera ini mirip dengan bendera Niger dengan lambang yang berbeda, bendera Pantai Gading dan bendera Irlandia dalam posisi vertikal.

Bendera historis[sunting | sunting sumber]

Flag Duration Use Description
Kattar Dhal Talwar.png 1716-1799 Flag of The Sikh Confederacy Flag of the Nihang Khalsa Fauj showing weapons like Katar (dagger), Dhal Shield and Kirpan. The standard goes from 'bottom to top' signifying that the armies of the tenth guru are always victorious.
Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg 1526–1858 Flag of the Mughal Empire (Alam) A flag that was primarily moss green.[1]
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg 1320–1413 Flag of the Tughlaq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate A dark green flag with a black strip left of center.
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 1674–1818 Flag of the Maratha Empire (Bhagwa Dhwaj) A saffron colored swallowtail flag.
Sikh Empire flag.svg 1799–1849 Flag of the Sikh Empire (Nishan Sahib) A triangular flag that was saffron with a green border.
British Raj Red Ensign.svg 1880–1947 Civil Ensign of British India used to represent British India internationally. A Red Ensign with the Union Jack at the canton, defaced with the Star of India emblem displayed in the fly.
Flag of the Governor-General of India (1885–1947).svg 1885–1947 Flag of the Viceroy and Governor-General of India The Union Jack defaced with the insignia of the Order of the Star of India beneath the Tudor Crown.
Flag of the United Kingdom (3-5).svg 1858–1947 The official state flag of the British Empire used in India The Flag of the United Kingdom.
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1801–1858 Flag of the East India Company A striped banner with the Union Jack in the canton.
Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg 1707–1801 Flag of the East India Company A striped banner with the Union Jack of Great Britain in the canton.
British East India Company flag.svg 1600–1707 Flag of the East India Company A striped banner with Saint George's Cross in the canton.
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1925–1946).svg 1826–1946 Flag of Straits Settlements A defaced blue ensign with the Arms of the Straits Settlements under EIC.
Ensign of Indian Local Maritime Government 1884-1904.svg 1884-1904 Flag of Indian Local Maritime Government The ensign of local naval vessels is a usual defaced blue ensign. The badge is a golden lion rampant guardant holding in front paws a crown. It was not a naval ensign, but the Indian equivalent of a colonial Blue Ensign as used on unarmed vessels.
Flag of British Bengal.svg 1699–1947 Flag of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal Presidency, later Bengal Province) A Blue Ensign with the Union Flag at the canton, and the Bengal Presidency Emblem displayed in the fly.
Flag of Ceylon (1875–1948).png 1875–1948 Flag of Ceylon's Colonial Government of Madras Presidency A defaced blue ensign with the Arms of the Ceylon Government.
Flag of Burma (1939–1941, 1945–1948) (2).png 1824 - 1948 Flag of Burma Province of British India British Blue Ensign with the Union Jack occupying one quarter of the field placed in the canton and defaced with the Badge of Burma: a peacock on a golden disk.
1931 Flag of India.svg 1931–1947 The Swaraj Flag, officially adopted by the Indian National Congress in 1931. In the years 1943–1945 it was the official flag of the Azad Hind Imperial Japanese puppet government for India and the Indian National Army
Flag of the Indian Legion.svg 1942–1945 Flag of the Indian Legion of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany Three horizontal strips of saffron, white, and green, with a springing tiger in the centre.

Bendera yang mirip[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]


  1. ^ http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/apac/addorimss/a/zoomify55414.html