Bandar Udara Heathrow

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
(Dialihkan dari Bandara Internasional London Heathrow)
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Bandar Udara Heathrow
Heathrow Logo 2013.svg
London - Heathrow (LHR - EGLL) AN1572653.jpg
Informasi
JenisPublik
PemilikHeathrow Airport Holdings
PengelolaHeathrow Airport Limited
MelayaniLondon, Inggris
LokasiDekat Longford di borough Hillingdon, London
Maskapai penghubung
Maskapai utama
Ketinggian dpl83 kaki / 25 m
Koordinat51°28′39″N 000°27′41″W / 51.47750°N 0.46139°W / 51.47750; -0.46139Koordinat: 51°28′39″N 000°27′41″W / 51.47750°N 0.46139°W / 51.47750; -0.46139
Situs webwww.heathrow.com
Peta
LHR berlokasi di London Raya
LHR
LHR
LHR berlokasi di Britania Raya
LHR
LHR
LHR berlokasi di Eropa
LHR
LHR
Landasan pacu
Arah Panjang Permukaan
m kaki
09L/27R 3.902 13 Aspal beralur
09R/27L 3.660 12 Aspal beralur
Statistik (2018)
Penumpang80.102.017
Perubahan penumpang 17-182,7%
Lalu lintas pesawat480.339
Perubahan lalu lintas 17-180,9%
Sumber:
Statistik dari UK Civil Aviation Authority[1]

Bandar Udara Heathrow, juga dikenal sebagai London Heathrow[2] (IATA: LHRICAO: EGLL), adalah bandara utama yang melayani Kota London, Britania Raya dan merupakan bandara tersibuk di negara tersebut. Di dunia, Heathrow adalah bandara tersibuk ke-5 di dunia,setelah Bandara Internasional Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta dan O'Hare di Amerika Serikat dan pada 2004 memiliki jumlah penumpang terbanyak di Eropa mengalahkan Bandara Charles de Gaulle dan Bandara Internasional Frankfurt.

Kode IATA bagi bandara ini adalah LHR dan kode ICAO-nya adalah EGLL.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Heathrow dimulai pada tahun 1930-an dengan nama Great Western Aerodrome. Bangunan awal tersebut kira-kira terletak di Terminal 3 sekarang dan pada saat itu belum ada penerbangan komersial karena bandara London saat itu adalah Bandara Croydon.

Pada 31 Mei 1946, Heathrow dibuka untuk penerbangan sipil. Sekarang, Heathrow memiliki lima terminal.

Maskapai[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pelayanan penumpang[sunting | sunting sumber]

A British Airways aircraft on stand at Terminal 5, preparing its flight to Tokyo Narita as BA5
British Airways Boeing 747-400 in Oneworld livery at Heathrow Airport
United Boeing 747SP at Heathrow (1993)
A All Nippon Airways Boeing 747-400 landing at London Heathrow Airport
Aircraft at Heathrow in 2007.
British Airways' promotional banner above the check in desks at Terminal 5.
Alitalia Airbus 321-100 landing at London Heathrow Airport
Alitalia Airbus 321-100 taking off at London Heathrow Airport
Two airlines! British Airways and Aer Lingus at London Heathrow Airport.
MaskapaiTujuan
Aegean AirlinesAthens
Aer LingusBelfast–City, Cork, Dublin, Shannon
AeroflotMoscow–Sheremetyevo
AeromexicoMexico City
Air AlgérieAlgiers
Air AstanaNur–Sultan
Air CanadaCalgary, Halifax, Montréal–Trudeau, Ottawa, St. John's, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Air ChinaBeijing–Capital, Chengdu
Air FranceParis–Charles de Gaulle
Air IndiaAhmedabad, Bengaluru, Delhi, Mumbai
Air MaltaMalta
Air MauritiusMauritius
Air New ZealandAuckland, Los Angeles
Air SerbiaBelgrade
AlitaliaMilan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
All Nippon AirwaysTokyo–Haneda
American AirlinesCharlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Raleigh/Durham
Asiana AirlinesSeoul–Incheon
Austrian AirlinesVienna
AviancaBogotá
Azerbaijan AirlinesBaku
Beijing Capital AirlinesQingdao
Biman Bangladesh AirlinesDhaka, Sylhet
British AirwaysAberdeen, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Atlanta, Austin, Bahrain, Baltimore, Bengaluru, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse/Freiburg, Beijing–Daxing, Beirut, Belfast–City, Berlin–Tegel, Billund, Bologna, Boston, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo, Cape Town, Chennai, Chicago–O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dammam, Delhi, Denver, Doha, Dubai–International, Dublin, Durban, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gibraltar, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Grand Cayman, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Hyderabad, Innsbruck, Inverness, Islamabad, Istanbul, Jeddah, Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo, Kraków, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuwait City, Lagos, Larnaca, Las Vegas, Leeds/Bradford, Lisbon, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Mahé, Málaga, Manchester, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Munich, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, New York–JFK, Newark, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Osaka–Kansai, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pisa, Pittsburgh, Prague, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapura, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sydney, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Valencia, Vancouver, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Zagreb, Zurich
Musiman: Bastia, Brindisi, Calgary, Chania, Charleston, Corfu, Faro, Figari, Grenoble, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Ljubljana, Marrakesh, Montpellier, Muscat, Mykonos, Nantes, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkada, Pula, Salzburg, Santorini, Split, Zakynthos
Brussels AirlinesBrussels
Bulgaria AirSofia
Cathay PacificHong Kong
China Eastern AirlinesShanghai–Pudong
China Southern AirlinesGuangzhou, Sanya, Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Croatia AirlinesZagreb
Musiman: Split
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Salt Lake City
Musiman: Portland (OR)
EgyptAirCairo
Musiman: Luxor
El AlTel Aviv
EmiratesDubai–International
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi
EurowingsBerlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
EVA AirBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Taipei–Taoyuan
FinnairHelsinki
FlyBeAberdeen, Edinburgh, Guernsey, Newquay
Garuda IndonesiaDenpasar/Bali
GermanwingsBerlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Gulf AirBahrain
IberiaMadrid
Hainan AirlinesChangsha
IcelandairReykjavík–Keflavík
Iran AirTehran–Imam Khomeini
Japan AirlinesTokyo–Haneda
Kenya AirwaysNairobi–Kenyatta
KLMAmsterdam
Korean AirSeoul–Incheon
Kuwait AirwaysKuwait City
LATAM BrasilSão Paulo–Guarulhos
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw–Chopin
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
Malaysia AirlinesKuala Lumpur–International
Middle East AirlinesBeirut
Oman AirMuscat
Pakistan International AirlinesIslamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Sialkot
QantasMelbourne, Perth, Singapura, Sydney
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Royal Air MarocCasablanca, Rabat
Royal Brunei AirlinesBandar Seri Begawan
Royal JordanianAmman–Queen Alia
SaudiaJeddah, Riyadh
Musiman: Medina
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda
Shenzhen AirlinesShenzhen
Singapore AirlinesSingapore
South African AirwaysJohannesburg–O.R. Tambo
SriLankan AirlinesColombo
Swiss International Air LinesGeneva, Zurich
Musiman: Sion
TAP Air PortugalLisbon
TAROMBucharest
Thai AirwaysBangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
United AirlinesChicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Musiman: Denver
Uzbekistan AirwaysTashkent
Vietnam AirlinesHanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Virgin AtlanticAtlanta, Boston, Delhi, Hong Kong, Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo, Lagos, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, Mumbai, New York–JFK, Newark, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Tel Aviv, Washington–Dulles
Musiman: Barbados
Cities with direct international airlinks with Heathrow.

Kargo[sunting | sunting sumber]

MaskapaiTujuan
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Leipzig/Halle, Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Cathay Pacific Cargo Delhi, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Hong Kong, Milan-Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
DHL Aviation Amsterdam, Brussels, East Midlands, Frankfurt, Leipzig/Halle, Luton, Madrid–Barajas, Milan-Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Stockholm–Arlanda
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum
Korean Air Cargo Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Seoul–Incheon
Qatar Airways Cargo Basel/Mulhouse, Doha
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Sharjah, Singapore

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 11 February 2018. Diakses tanggal 11 March 2018. 
  2. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama aip