Bandar Udara Internasional Los Angeles

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Los Angeles International Airport
Bandara Internasional Los Angeles
Laxlogo.svg
LAX LA.jpg
IATA: LAXICAO: KLAXLID FAA: LAX
Ikhtisar
Jenis bandara Publik
Pemilik Kota Los Angeles
Pengelola Los Angeles World Airports
Melayani Greater Los Angeles metropolitan area
Lokasi Los Angeles, California, Amerika Serikat
Penghubung untuk
Ketinggian DPML 126 ft / 38 m
Koordinat 33°56′33″LU 118°24′29″BT / 33,9425°LU 118,40806°BB / 33.94250; -118.40806Koordinat: 33°56′33″LU 118°24′29″BT / 33,9425°LU 118,40806°BB / 33.94250; -118.40806
Situs web www.lawa.org
Peta
FAA airport diagram
LAX is located in Los Angeles Metropolitan Area
LAX
Lokasi di kawasan metropolitan Los Angeles
Landas pacu
Arah Panjang Permukaan
ft m
6L/24R 8.925 2.720 Beton
6R/24L 10.285 3.135 Beton
7L/25R 12.091 3.685 Beton
7R/25L 11.096 3.382 Beton
Helipad
Nomor Panjang Permukaan
ft m
H3 63 19 Beton
Sumber: Federal Aviation Administration[2]

Bandar Udara Internasional Los Angeles (IATA: LAXICAO: KLAXFAA LID: LAX), merupakan sebuah bandar udara yang melayani kota Los Angeles, California, Amerika Serikat. LAX terletak di baratdaya Los Angeles di kota Westchester. Letaknya sekitar 16 mil (27 km) dari pusat kota.

Maskapai Penerbangan/Terminal[sunting | sunting sumber]

LAX memiliki 9 terminal penumpang berbentuk"U", juga disebut sebagai "tapal kuda". Setiap terminal dilayani oleh sebuah bus shuttle. Dengan tambahan, terdapat fasilitas kargo seluas 2 juta ft² (186,000 m²) di LAX, dan sebuah heliport yang dioperasikan oleh Bravo Aviation.

Terminal 1[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Southwest Airlines (Albuquerque, Austin, Baltimore/Washington [diakhiri pada 4 Oktober], Chicago-Midway, El Paso, Houston-Hobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Nashville, Oakland, Philadelphia [diakhiri pada 4 Oktober], Phoenix, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Jose (CA), Tucson)
  • US Airways (Charlotte, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh)

Terminal 2[sunting | sunting sumber]

Terminal 3[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan: Terminal 2 menangani kedatangan internasional Frontier Airlines di LAX

  • AirTran Airways (Atlanta, Indianapolis [seasonal])
  • Alaska Airlines (Anchorage, Cabo San Lucas, Calgary, Cancún, Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, Loreto, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Mexico City, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Vancouver, Washington-Reagan)
    • Horizon Air (Boise, Eugene, Eureka/Arcata, Medford, Portland (OR), Redding, Redmond/Bend, Reno/Tahoe, Santa Rosa, Spokane, Sun Valley)
  • ATA Airlines (Honolulu, Kahului)
  • Frontier Airlines (Cabo San Lucas, Denver)
  • Midwest Airlines (Kansas City, Milwaukee, Omaha)
  • Spirit Airlines (Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Guatemala City)
  • Sun Country Airlines (Minneapolis/St. Paul)
  • WestJet (Calgary, Toronto-Pearson [dimulai pada 15 Desember])
Interior view of Terminal 4

Terminal 4[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan: Qantas dapat menggunakan terminal remote untuk kedatangan

  • American Airlines (Austin, Boston, Cabo San Lucas, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Honolulu, Kahului, Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London-Heathrow, Miami, Nashville, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, San Antonio, San Francisco, San José (CR) [musiman, dimulai pada 15 November 2007], San Juan, San Salvador, St. Louis, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Washington-Dulles)
    • American Eagle (Fayetteville (AR), Fresno, Las Vegas, Monterey, San Diego, San Jose (CA), San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Fe [dimulai pada 3 Desember])
  • Qantas (Sydney)

Terminal 5[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Aeroméxico (Kedatangan)
  • Air Jamaica (Montego Bay)
  • Delta Air Lines (Acapulco, Anchorage, Atlanta, Belize City [musiman], Boston, Cancún, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Columbus, Fort Lauderdale, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hartford, Honolulu, Jacksonville, Kahului, Las Vegas, Liberia (CR), Managua [dilanjutkan pada 17 November], New Orleans, New York-JFK, Orlando, Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma [diakhiri pada 20 Agustus], Tampa, Washington-Dulles [dimulai pada 2 Maret])
    • Delta Connection dioperasikan oleh ExpressJet Airlines (Boise, Culiacán, Denver, Eugene, Hermosillo [diakhiri pada 18 Agustus], Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz (MX), Las Vegas, Los Mochis, León, Loreto, McAllen, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Oakland, Oklahoma City [dimulai pada 4 September], Phoenix, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Santa Fe [dimulai pada 11 Desember], Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Torreón, Vancouver, Wichita, Zacatecas)
    • Delta Connection dioperasikan oleh SkyWest (Salt Lake City)
Delta Boeing 757-232 at LAX in August 2003.

Terminal 6[sunting | sunting sumber]

Terminal 7[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • United Airlines (Baltimore/Washington, Boston, Cancún, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Guatemala City, Ho Chi Minh City [dimulai pada 29 Oktober], Hong Kong [dimulai pada 29 Oktober], Honolulu, Kahului, Kona, Lihue, London-Heathrow, Melbourne, Mexico City, New Orleans, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, Philadelphia, Portland (OR), Sacramento, San Francisco, San Salvador, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong [dimulai pada Maret 2009/menunggu izin pemerintah], Sydney, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles)
    • Ted dioperasikan oleh United Airlines (Cancún, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, New Orleans [musiman])

Terminal 8[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • United Airlines
    • United Express dioperasikan oleh SkyWest (Albuquerque, Aspen [musiman], Bakersfield, Boise, Carlsbad, Colorado Springs, Fresno, Imperial, Inyokern, Modesto, Monterey, Montrose [musiman], Oakland, Oklahoma City, Ontario, Orange County, Oxnard, Palm Springs, Phoenix, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Jose (CA), San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria, St. George, Tucson, Vancouver, Wichita [dimulai pada 5 September], Yuma)

Terminal Internasional Tom Bradley[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tom Bradley International Terminal at early morning
The LAX control tower and Theme Building as seen from Terminal 4

Terminal ini dibuka pada Olimpiade Los Angeles 1984 dan diberi nama Tom Bradley, walikota Los Angeles Afro-Amerika pertama dengan jabatan terpanjang, yaitu selama 20 tahun. Terminal ini terletak di ujung barat area terminal penumpang di antara Terminal 3 dan 4. Terdapat 34 maskapai penerbangan yang menggunakan Terminal Internasional Tom Bradley dan dapat melayani 10 juta penumpang per tahunnya. Terminal ini hanya memiliki 12 gerbang non-remote; meskipun terdapat dalam proyek renovasi senilai $723 juta, proyek ini tidak memiliki rencana untuk membangun gerbang lain.[3]

Maskapai Tujuan Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo TBIT
Aeroméxico Guadalajara, Mexico City 2
Aeroméxico Connect Hermosillo, León/Del Bajío, Monterrey
Seasonal: Culiacán
2
Air Berlin Berlin-Brandenburg [begins March 17, 2013], Berlin-Tegel [ends March 16, 2013]
Seasonal: Düsseldorf
TBIT
Air Canada Calgary, Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 2
Air China Beijing-Capital 2
Air France Papeete, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2, TBIT1
Air New Zealand Auckland, London-Heathrow, Rarotonga 22
Air Pacific Nadi TBIT
Air Tahiti Nui Papeete, Paris-Charles de Gaulle TBIT
AirTran Airways operated by Southwest Airlines Atlanta 1
Alaska Airlines Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Mexico City, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Vancouver, Washington-Reagan National
Seasonal: Anchorage
6
Alaska Airlines operated by Horizon Air La Paz (Mexico), Loreto (Mexico), Mammoth Lakes, Medford, San Jose (CA), Santa Rosa
Seasonal: Sun Valley
6
Alitalia Seasonal: Rome-Fiumicino 2
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita TBIT
Allegiant Air Bellingham, Billings [ends August 31, 2012],[4] Des Moines, Eugene, Fargo, Fayetteville (AR), Grand Junction, Idaho Falls, Medford, Pasco [ends August 31, 2012],[5] Sioux Falls [ends August 31, 2012], Springfield (MO), Wichita 6
American Airlines Austin, Boston, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, Honolulu, Kahului, Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London-Heathrow, Miami, Nashville, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, St. Louis, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Washington-Dulles, Washington-Reagan National
Seasonal: Eagle/Vail
4
American Eagle Albuquerque, Denver, El Paso, Fresno, Houston-Intercontinental, Monterey, Oklahoma City, Phoenix, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Jose (CA), Santa Barbara, Santa Fe, Tucson
Seasonal: Aspen
4 (Satellite)
Arkefly Seasonal: Amsterdam 2
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon TBIT
British Airways London-Heathrow TBIT
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong TBIT
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan TBIT
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong TBIT
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou TBIT
Copa Airlines Panama City 6
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Guatemala City, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Kansas City [begins August 14, 2012], Kahului, Kona, Lihue, Memphis, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New Orleans, New York-JFK, Orlando, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Sydney, Tampa, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Cancún, Columbus (OH), Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham
5,6
Delta Connection operated by SkyWest Airlines Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco 5
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion TBIT
Emirates Dubai TBIT
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan TBIT
Frontier Airlines Colorado Springs, Denver 6
Frontier Airlines operated by Republic Airlines Denver, Omaha 6
Great Lakes Airlines Farmington, Merced, Prescott, Visalia[1] 7 [6]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu
Seasonal: Kahului
2
Iberia Madrid TBIT
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita TBIT
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale, New York-JFK 3
KLM Amsterdam 2
Korean Air São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita TBIT
LAN Airlines Lima, Santiago de Chile TBIT
LAN Perú Lima TBIT
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich TBIT
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur, Tokyo-Narita TBIT
Philippine Airlines Manila TBIT
Qantas3 Melbourne, Sydney TBIT
Qantas Brisbane T4
Singapore Airlines Singapore, Tokyo-Narita TBIT
Southwest Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Denver, El Paso, Houston-Hobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Phoenix, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Tucson 1
Spirit Airlines Chicago-O'Hare [ends September 5, 2012], Dallas/Fort Worth [begins April 25, 2013],[7] Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas 3
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul 2
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich TBIT
TACA Airlines San Salvador 2
TACA Airlines operated by Lacsa Guatemala City, San José (Costa Rica), San Salvador 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Seoul-Incheon TBIT
Transaero Moscow-Domodedovo TBIT
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk TBIT
United Airlines Baltimore, Boston, Cancún, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Guadalajara, Hilo, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Kahului, Kona, Las Vegas, León/Del Bajío, Lihue, London-Heathrow, Melbourne, Mexico City, New Orleans, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, Pittsburgh, Puerto Vallarta, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Philadelphia
6,7,8
United Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines Durango (Mexico) 6
United Express operated by SkyWest Airlines Albuquerque, Austin, Bakersfield, Boise, Carlsbad, Colorado Springs, Dallas/Fort Worth, El Paso, Fresno, Imperial, Inyokern, Kelowna [begins December 19, 2012],[8] Las Vegas, Monterey, Oklahoma City, Palm Springs, Phoenix, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Jose (CA), San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria, Seattle/Tacoma, St. George, Tucson, Tulsa, Vancouver, Yuma
Seasonal: Aspen, Bozeman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs [begins December 22, 2012], Jackson Hole, Montrose
7,8
US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix 1
US Airways Express operated by Mesa Airlines Phoenix 1
US Airways Express operated by SkyWest Airlines Phoenix 1
Virgin America Boston, Cancún, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, New York-JFK, Orlando, Philadelphia, Portland (OR),[9] San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Washington-Dulles 3
Virgin Atlantic London-Heathrow 2
Virgin Australia Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney 3
Volaris Aguascalientes, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Mexico City, Morelia, Uruapan [begins October 2, 2012], Zacatecas 2
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver
Seasonal: Kelowna [begins November 3, 2012]
2
Notes
  • ^1 Air France's Boeing 777 flights use Terminal 2 while its Airbus A380 flights use the Tom Bradley International Terminal (TBIT).
  • ^2 Air New Zealand will relocate operations to the Tom Bradley International Terminal (TBIT) in early 2014.[10]
  • ^3 Qantas flights to/from New York–JFK are only for non-domestic, connecting traffic.

Scheduled cargo services[sunting | sunting sumber]

Maskapai Tujuan
ABX Air Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Guadalajara, Mexico City, Portland (OR), San Francisco, San José (Costa Rica), Seattle/Boeing Field
AeroUnion Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey
Air China Cargo Beijing-Capital
Air Transport International Toledo
Ameriflight Phoenix, Tucson
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Atlas Air Fairbanks, Guam
Cargolux Calgary, Glasgow-Prestwick, Indianapolis, Luxembourg, Mexico City
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Vancouver
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
China Southern Cargo Shanghai-Pudong, Vancouver
EVA Air Cargo Anchorage, San Francisco, Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx Express Burbank, Fort Worth/Alliance, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Memphis, Newark, Oakland, San Diego, Sydney
Florida West International Airways Bogotá
Kalitta Air Honolulu
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
MasAir Guadalajara, Mérida, Mexico City, Quito, Campinas-Viracopos
Nippon Cargo Airlines Tokyo-Narita
Polar Air Cargo Anchorage, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Hong Kong
Southern Air Seoul-Incheon
UPS Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville
World Airways Baltimore, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon
Yangtze River Express Shanghai-Pudong

Traffic and statistics[sunting | sunting sumber]

Busiest International Routes from Los Angeles (October 2010 – September 2011)[11]
Rank Airport Passengers Change YoY (%) Carriers
1 London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 1,447,630 04.4 Air New Zealand, American, British Airways, United, Virgin Atlantic
2 Tokyo (Narita), Japan 1,114,251 09.2 All Nippon, American, Delta, Japan Airlines, Korean Air, Malaysia Airlines, Singapore Airlines, United
3 Sydney, Australia 1,104,245 06.5 Delta, Qantas, United, Virgin Australia
4 Seoul (Incheon), South Korea 896,055 00.0 Asiana, Korean Air
5 Taipei (Taoyuan), Taiwan 894,670 08.4 China Airlines, EVA Air
6 Vancouver, Canada 805,000 06.1 Air Canada, Alaska, United, Westjet
7 Mexico City, Mexico 696,657 07.6 Aeromexico, Alaska, United, Volaris
8 Guadalajara, Mexico 693,928 09.8 Aeromexico, Alaska, Delta, United, Volaris
9 Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France 568,912 03.0 Air Tahiti Nui, Air France
10 Toronto (Pearson), Canada 538,047 022.5 Air Canada, American
Busiest Domestic Routes from Los Angeles (May 2011 – April 2012) [12]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 San Francisco, California 1,667,000 American, Delta, Southwest, United, Virgin America
2 New York (JFK), New York 1,569,000 American, Delta, JetBlue, United, Virgin America
3 Chicago (ORD), Illinois 1,218,000 American, Spirit, United, Virgin America
4 Las Vegas, Nevada 1,165,000 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United
5 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 1,110,000 American, United, Virgin America
6 Honolulu, Hawaii 991,000 American, Delta, Hawaiian, United
7 Denver, Colorado 938,000 American, Frontier, Southwest, United
8 Atlanta, Georgia 895,000 AirTran, Delta
9 Seattle, Washington 775,000 Alaska, United, Virgin America
10 Phoenix, Arizona 752,000 American, Delta, Southwest, United, US Airways
Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Aircraft Movements Freight
(tons)
Mail
(tons)
1994 51,050,275 689,888 1,516,567 186,878
1995 53,909,223 732,639 1,567,248 193,747
1996 57,974,559 763,866 1,696,663 194,091
1997 60,142,588 781,492 1,852,487 212,410
1998 61,215,712 773,569 1,787,400 264,473
1999 64,279,571 779,150 1,884,526 253,695
2000 67,303,182 783,433 2,002,614 246,538
2001 61,606,204 738,433 1,779,065 162,629
2002 56,223,843 645,424 1,869,932 92,422
2003 54,982,838 622,378 1,924,883 97,193
2004 60,704,568 655,097 2,022,911 92,402
2005 61,489,398 650,629 2,048,817 88,371
2006 61,041,066 656,842 2,022,687 80,395
2007 62,438,583 680,954 2,010,820 66,707
2008 59,815,646 622,506 1,723,038 73,505
2009 56,520,843 544,833 1,599,782 64,073
2010 59,069,409 575,835 1,852,791 74,034
2011 61,862,052 603,912 1,773,215 80,442
Source: Los Angeles World Airports [13]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]