Bandar Udara Internasional London Heathrow

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Bandar Udara Internasional London Heathrow
Logo heathrow lowres.jpg
Heathrow T5.jpg
IATA: LHR · ICAO: EGLL
WMO: 03772
Informasi
Jenis bandara Publik
Pemilik BAA Limited
Pengelola Heathrow Airport Limited
Lokasi Hillingdon, London, United Kingdom
Penghubung untuk
Ketinggian MDPL 83 kaki (25 m)
Koordinat 51°28′39″LU 000°27′41″BT / 51,4775°LU 0,46139°BB / 51.47750; -0.46139Koordinat: 51°28′39″LU 000°27′41″BT / 51,4775°LU 0,46139°BB / 51.47750; -0.46139
Situs web www.heathrowairport.com
Peta
LHR/EGLL is located in London Raya
LHR/EGLL
LHR/EGLL
Lokasi bandara di Greater London
Landas pacu
Arah Panjang Permukaan
m ft
09L/27R 3.901 13 Grooved Aspal
09R/27L 3.660 12 Grooved Aspal
09C/27C 4.000 13 Grooved Aspal
04/22 3.997 13 Grooved Aspal
Statistik (2011)
Passengers 69.433.230
Passenger change 10-11 5,4%
Aircraft movements 480.906
Movements change 10-11 5,7%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS and EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Bandar Udara Internasional London Heathrow (bahasa Inggris: London Heathrow International Airport) adalah bandara utama yang melayani Kota London, Britania Raya dan merupakan bandara tersibuk di negara tersebut. Di dunia, Heathrow adalah bandara tersibuk ke-5 di dunia,setelah Bandara Internasional Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta dan O'Hare di Amerika Serikat dan pada 2004 memiliki jumlah penumpang terbanyak di Eropa mengalahkan Bandara Charles de Gaulle dan Bandara Internasional Frankfurt.

Kode IATA bagi bandara ini adalah LHR dan kode ICAO-nya adalah EGLL.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Heathrow dimulai pada tahun 1930-an dengan nama Great Western Aerodrome. Bangunan awal tersebut kira-kira terletak di Terminal 3 sekarang dan pada saat itu belum ada penerbangan komersial karena bandara London saat itu adalah Bandara Croydon.

Pada 31 Mei 1946, Heathrow dibuka untuk penerbangan sipil. Sekarang, Heathrow memiliki lima terminal.

Maskapai[sunting | sunting sumber]

Passenger services[sunting | sunting sumber]

A British Airways aircraft on stand at Terminal 5, preparing its flight to Tokyo Narita as BA5
British Airways Boeing 747-400 in Oneworld livery at Heathrow Airport
United Boeing 747SP at Heathrow (1993)
A All Nippon Airways Boeing 747-400 landing at London Heathrow Airport
Aircraft at Heathrow in 2007.
British Airways' promotional banner above the check in desks at Terminal 5.
Alitalia Airbus 321-100 landing at London Heathrow Airport
Alitalia Airbus 321-100 taking off at London Heathrow Airport
Two airlines! British Airways and Aer Lingus at London Heathrow Airport.
MaskapaiTujuanTerminal
Aegean AirlinesAthens, Larnaca1
Aer LingusBelfast-International, Cork, Dublin, Shannon1
AeroflotMoscow-Sheremetyevo4
Air AlgérieAlgiers4
Air AstanaAlmaty4
Air CanadaCalgary, Edmonton, Halifax, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: St. John's
3
Air ChinaBeijing-Capital3
Air FranceParis-Charles de Gaulle4
Air IndiaDelhi, Mumbai4
Air MaltaMalta4
Air MauritiusMauritius4
Air New ZealandAuckland, Hong Kong, Los Angeles1
AlitaliaMilan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino4
All Nippon AirwaysTokyo-Narita3
American AirlinesBoston, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York-JFK, Raleigh/Durham3
Arik AirAbuja, Lagos4
Asiana AirlinesSeoul-Incheon1
Austrian AirlinesVienna1
Azerbaijan AirlinesBaku4
Biman Bangladesh AirlinesDhaka, Dubai4
BMIAddis Ababa, Agadir, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Amritsar, Baku, Basel/Mulhouse [ends 20 May 2012], Beirut, Belfast-City, Bishkek, Cairo, Casablanca, Damascus, Dammam, Dublin, Edinburgh, Freetown, Jeddah, Khartoum, Manchester, Marrakech, Moscow-Domodedovo, Nice, Riyadh, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tripoli, Vienna, Yerevan
Seasonal: Bergen, Stavanger
1
BMI
operated by BMI Regional
Aberdeen, Dublin, Hanover, Manchester
Seasonal: Bergen, Edinburgh, Stavanger
1
British AirwaysBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bucharest-Otopeni, Budapest, Gibraltar, Helsinki, Larnaca, Lisbon, Prague, Singapore, Sydney, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin3
British AirwaysAberdeen, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Algiers [ends 24 March 2012], Amsterdam, Athens, Atlanta, Bahrain, Baltimore, Bangalore, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Brandenburg [begins 3 June 2012], Berlin-Tegel [ends 2 June 2012], Bologna [begins 29 April 2012], Boston, Brussels, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Calgary, Cape Town, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denver, Doha, Dubai, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Grand Cayman, Hamburg, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hyderabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kiev-Boryspil, Kuwait, Lagos, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lusaka, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Manchester, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nairobi, Nassau, New York-JFK, Newark, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pisa, Providenciales, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, St Petersburg, San Diego, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Tripoli [resumes 1 May 2012][3], Vancouver, Venice, Washington-Dulles, Zürich5
Brussels AirlinesBrussels1
Bulgaria AirSofia4
Cathay PacificHong Kong3
China AirlinesTaipei-Taoyuan [ends 25 March 2012]4
China Eastern AirlinesShanghai-Pudong4
China Southern AirlinesGuangzhou [begins 6 June 2012][4]4
Croatia AirlinesZagreb
Seasonal: Rijeka, Split
1
Cyprus AirwaysLarnaca1
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Boston, Detroit, Miami [ends 17 April 2012], Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK4
EgyptAirCairo, Luxor, Sharm el-Sheikh3
El AlTel Aviv-Ben Gurion1
EmiratesDubai3
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa 3
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi4
EVA AirBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taoyuan3
FinnairHelsinki3
Garuda IndonesiaJakarta Soekarno-Hatta3
GermanwingsCologne/Bonn [begins 25 March 2012], Stuttgart1
Gulf AirBahrain4
IberiaMadrid3 [5 from 25 March]
IcelandairReykjavik-Keflavík1
Iran AirTehran-Imam Khomeini3
Japan AirlinesTokyo-Narita3
Jat AirwaysBelgrade4
Jet AirwaysDelhi, Mumbai4
Kenya AirwaysNairobi4
Kingfisher AirlinesDelhi, Mumbai4
KLMAmsterdam4
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam4
Korean AirSeoul-Incheon4
Kuwait AirwaysKuwait, New York-JFK4
Libyan Arab AirlinesTripoli4
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw-Chopin1
LufthansaCologne/Bonn [resumes 25 March 2012], Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich1
Lufthansa
operated by BMI
Berlin-Brandenburg [begins 3 June 2012], Berlin-Tegel [ends 2 June 2012], Cologne/Bonn [ends 24 March 2012]1
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Eurowings
Dresden1
Malaysia AirlinesKuala Lumpur4
Middle East AirlinesBeirut3
Oman AirMuscat3
Pakistan International AirlinesIslamabad, Karachi, Lahore3
QantasBangkok-Suvarnabhumi [ends 25 March 2012][5], Hong Kong [ends 25 March 2012][5], Melbourne, Singapore, Sydney3
Qatar AirwaysDoha4
Royal Air MarocCasablanca, Tangier4
Royal Brunei AirlinesBandar Seri Begawan, Dubai4
Royal JordanianAmman-Queen Alia3
Saudi Arabian AirlinesDammam, Jeddah, Riyadh4
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda3
Singapore AirlinesSingapore3
South African AirwaysCape Town, Johannesburg1
SriLankan AirlinesColombo, Malé [ends 25 March 2012][6]4
Swiss International Air LinesGeneva, Zürich1
Syrian AirDamascus4
TAM AirlinesRio de Janeiro-Galeão, São Paulo-Guarulhos1
TAP PortugalLisbon
Seasonal: Funchal
1
TAROMBucharest-Otopeni4
Thai Airways InternationalBangkok-Suvarnabhumi3
TransaeroMoscow-Domodedovo1
TunisairTunis4
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk3
Turkmenistan AirlinesAshgabat3
United AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles1
United AirlinesHouston-Intercontinental, Newark4
US AirwaysPhiladelphia1
Uzbekistan AirwaysTashkent4
Virgin Atlantic AirwaysAccra, Boston, Delhi, Dubai, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Lagos, Los Angeles, Miami, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Newark, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Cape Town, Chicago-O'Hare, Vancouver [begins 24 May 2012][7]
3
Vueling AirlinesA Coruña, Bilbao, Vigo3
Cities with direct international airlinks with Heathrow.

Kargo[sunting | sunting sumber]

MaskapaiTujuan
British Airways World Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Glasgow-Prestwick, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore Sofia, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Toronto-Pearson
Cathay Pacific Cargo Frankfurt, Glasgow-Prestwick, Hong Kong, Milan-Malpensa
DHL Amsterdam, Brussels, East Midlands, Frankfurt, Madrid, Paris-Charles de Gaulle. Plus several other destinations
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi, Frankfurt
EVA Air Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai, Taipei-Taoyuan
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Royal Air Maroc Cargo Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman-Queen Alia
Singapore Airlines Cargo Brussels, Singapore

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama aip
  2. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Airportstats
  3. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/british-airways-resume-flights-tripoli-103547565.html
  4. ^ http://www.cs-air.com/en/ad/20120207/20120118_0.html
  5. ^ a b "Qantas and BA announce JSA revamp". Business Traveller. 16 August 2011. Diakses tanggal 16 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Airlines Summer 2012 International Flight Schedule - Effective 26 March 2012
  7. ^ The Vancouver Sun. Vancouver http://www.vancouversun.com/business/Virgin+Atlantic+offer+direct+flights+between+Vancouver+London/5665015/story.html.  Tidak memiliki atau tanpa |title= (bantuan)