Asia Barat Daya

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Untuk penjelasan mengenai sejarah negara-negara di Asia Barat Daya, lihat Sejarah Timur Tengah
Asia Barat
Map of Western Asia
Area 6,255,160 km2
(2,415,131 sq mi) 1
Population 313,428,000 1
Density 501 /km2 (1,300 /sq mi)
Countries
Nominal GDP $2.742 trillion (2010) 2
GDP per capita $8748 (2010) 2
Time zones UTC+2 to UTC+5
Demonym West Asian
Languages Arabic, Aramaic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Greek, Hebrew, Kurdish, Persian, Turkish
Largest cities
Bendera Turki Istanbul*
Bendera Iran Tehran
Bendera Irak Baghdad
Bendera Arab Saudi Riyadh
Bendera Turki Ankara
Notes 1Area and population figures include the UN subregion, Iran, and Sinai.
2GDP figures include the UN subregion and Iran.
*Partly located in Europe.

Asia Barat Daya, atau Asia Barat, adalah wilayah bagian sebelah barat benua Asia. Istilah "Asia Barat" lebih sering digunakan dalam tulisan mengenai arkeologi dan masa prasejarah kawasan itu.

Para ahli geografi terusik dengan ambiguitas istilah "Timur Tengah" yang lebih populer daripada "Asia Barat Daya". Negara seperti India lebih suka menggunakan istilah "Asia Barat", kemungkinan karena istilah "Timur Tengah" lebih Keeropaan (Eurocentrism). Namun ada kalangan yang menganggap Timur Tengah perlu meliputi negara-negara di Afrika Utara atau paling tidak negara Mesir saja.

Berbagai negara dan wilayah yang termasuk dalam Asia Barat Daya ialah:

Negara Luas
(km²)
Populasi
(2010)
Kepadatan populasi
(per km²)
Ibukota Nominal GDP[1]
(2010)
Per capita[2]
(2010)
Mata uang Pemerintahan Bahasa Resmi
Anatolia:
 Turkey1 783,562 73,722,988 94.1 Ankara $741.85 billion $10,399 Turkish lira Parliamentary republic Turkish
Arabian Peninsula:
 Bahrain 665 1,234,596 1,646.1 Manama $22.66 billion $20,475 Bahraini dinar Constitutional monarchy Arabic
 Kuwait 17,820 3,566,437 167.5 Kuwait City $131.32 billion $36,412 Kuwaiti dinar Constitutional monarchy Arabic
 Oman 212,460 2,694,094 9.2 Muscat $55.62 billion $18,657 Omani rial Absolute monarchy Arabic
 Qatar 11,437 1,696,563 123.2 Doha $129.49 billion $76,168 Qatari riyal Absolute monarchy Arabic
 Saudi Arabia 1,960,582 27,136,977 12 Riyadh $443.69 billion $16,996 Saudi riyal Absolute monarchy Arabic
 United Arab Emirates 82,880 8,264,070 97 Abu Dhabi $301.88 billion $59,717 UAE dirham Federal Constitutional monarchy Arabic
 Yemen 527,970 23,580,000 44.7 Sana'a $31.27 billion $1,282 Yemeni rial Presidential republic Arabic
South Caucasus:
 Armenia 29,800 3,262,200 108.4 Yerevan $9.39 billion $3,032 Armenian dram Presidential republic Armenian
 Azerbaijan 86,600 9,165,000 105.8 Baku $62.321 billion $6,832 Azerbaijani manat Presidential republic Azerbaijani
 Georgia 69,700 4,636,400 68.1 Tbilisi $14.67 billion $3,210 Georgian lari Semi-presidential republic Georgian
Fertile Crescent:
 Iraq 438,317 31,672,000 73.5 Baghdad $82.15 billion $2,564 Iraqi dinar Parliamentary republic Arabic, Kurdish
 Israel 20,770 7,653,600 365.3 Jerusalem3 $213.15 billion $28,686 Israeli new shekel Parliamentary republic Arabic, Hebrew
 Jordan 92,300 6,318,677 68.4 Amman $27.53 billion $4,500 Jordanian dinar Constitutional monarchy Arabic
 Lebanon 10,452 4,228,000 404 Beirut $39.25 billion $10,044 Lebanese pound Parliamentary republic Arabic
 Syria 185,180 23,695,000 118.3 Damascus $59.33 billion $2,877 Syrian pound Presidential republic Arabic
Iranian Plateau:
 Iran 1,648,195 78,868,711 45 Tehran $357.22 billion $4,741 Iranian rial Islamic republic Persian
Mediterranean Sea:
 Cyprus 9,250 1,088,503 117 Nicosia $23.17 billion $28,237 Euro Presidential republic Greek, Turkish
Sinai Peninsula:
 Egypt 2 61,000 850,000 82 Cairo $218.47 billion $2,789 Egyptian pound Presidential republic Arabic

Notes:

1 The figures for Turkey includes East Thrace, which is not a part of Anatolia.
2 The area and population figures for Egypt only include the Sinai Peninsula.
3 The status of Jerusalem is disputed.

Anatolia, Jazirah Arab, Levant (Syam), dan Mesopotamia adalah bagian dari wilayah Asia Barat.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]