Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

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Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
FRS Nobel prize medal.svg
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar.gif
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Lahir(1910-10-19)19 Oktober 1910
Lahore, India Britania (kini di Pakistan)
Meninggal21 Agustus 1995(1995-08-21) (umur 84)
Chicago, Illinois, Amerika Serikat
Tempat tinggalAmerika Serikat, India
Warga negaraAmerika Serikat
Almamater
Dikenal atas
Penghargaan
Karier ilmiah
BidangAstrofisika
Relativitas umum
Dinamika fluida
Radiasi
InstitusiUniversitas Chicago
Observatorium Yerkes
Ballistic Research Laboratory
Universitas Cambridge
DisertasiDistribusi politropik (1933)
Pembimbing doktoralRalph H. Fowler
Arthur Eddington
Mahasiswa doktoral
Tanda tangan
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar signature.png

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar FRS[1] (Tamil: சுப்பிரமணியன் சந்திரசேகர்) (IPA: [ˌtʃʌn.dɹʌ.ˈʃe(ɪ).kɑɹ], 19 Oktober 1910 – 21 Agustus 1995) adalah fisikawan India-Amerika Serikat. Ia adalah keponakan Chandrasekhara Raman, fisikawan pemenang Hadiah Nobel Fisika 1930.

Ia menerima gelar B.A. dari Universitas Madras. Di Universitas Cambridge ia menerima gelar Ph.D. dan mengembangkan teori bintang katai putih, menunjukkan bahwa tekanan degenerasi mekanika kuantum tidak bisa menstabilkan bintang raksasa. Ia bekerja di Universitas Chicago dan Observatorium Yerkes dari 1937 hingga 1995.

Chandrasekhar adalah pegawai di Ballistic Research Laboratory di Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland selama PD II.

Ia meneliti dan menulis sejumlah buku penting mengenai struktur dan evolusi bintang, sifat-sifat dinamis kluster dan galaksi bintang, transfer energi radiasi, stabilitas hidrodinamika dan hidromagnetika, stabilitas bilangan persamaan ellips, dan teori matematis lubang hitam. Ia juga bekerja pada astrofisika relativistik, dan buku terakhirnya adalah Newton's Principia for the Common Reader. Ia mengedit Astrophysical Journal selama hampir 20 tahun. Ia terkenal atas cintanya pada keanggunan dan presisi matematika.

Penghargaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Publikasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1958) [1939]. An Introduction to the Study of Stellar Structure. New York: Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-60413-8. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (2005) [1942]. Principles of Stellar Dynamics. New York: Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-44273-0. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1960) [1950]. Radiative TransferPerlu mendaftar (gratis). New York: Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-60590-6. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1975) [1960]. Plasma Physics. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-10084-5. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1981) [1961]. Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability. New York: Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-64071-6. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1987) [1969]. Ellipsoidal Figures of Equilibrium. New York: Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-65258-0. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1998) [1983]. The Mathematical Theory of Black Holes. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-850370-5. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1983) [1983]. Eddington: The Most Distinguished Astrophysicist of His Time. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521257466. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1990) [1987]. Truth and Beauty. Aesthetics and Motivations in Science. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-10087-6. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1995). Newton's Principia for the Common Reader. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-851744-3. 
  • Spiegel, E.A. (2011) [1954]. The Theory of Turbulence : Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar's 1954 Lectures. Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 978-94-007-0117-5. 

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1939). "The Dynamics of Stellar Systems. I–VIII". The Astrophysical Journal. 90 (1): 1–154. Bibcode:1939ApJ....90....1C. doi:10.1086/144094. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1943). "Stochastic Problems in Physics and Astronomy". Reviews of Modern Physics. 15 (1): 1–89. Bibcode:1943RvMP...15....1C. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.15.1. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1993). Classical general relativity. Royal Society. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1979). The Role of General Relativity: Retrospect and Prospect. Proc. IAU Meeting. [3]
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1943). New methods in stellar dynamics. New York Academy of Sciences. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1954). The illumination and polarization of the sunlit sky on Rayleigh scattering. American Philosophical Society. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1983). On Stars, their evolution and their stability, Nobel lecture. Stockholm: Nobel Foundation. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1981). New horizons of human knowledge: a series of public talks given at Unesco. Unesco Press. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1975). Shakespeare, Newton, and Beethoven: Or, Patterns of Creativity. University of Chicago. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1973). P.A.M. Dirac on his seventieth birthday. Contemporary Physics. [4]
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1947). Heywood, Robert B., ed. The Works of the Mind:The Scientist. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. hlm. 159–179. OCLC 752682744. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1995). Reminiscences and discoveries on Ramanujan's bust. Royal Society. ASIN B001B12NJ8. 
  • Chandrasekhar, S. (1990). How one may explore the physical content of the general theory of relativity. American Mathematical Society. ASIN B001B10QTM. 

Jurnal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Chandrasekhar sudah menerbitkan sekitar 380 makalah[5][6] selama hidupnya. Pers Universitas Chicago menerbitkan makalah terpilih Chandrasekhar dalam tujuh volume.

Buku dan artikel tentang Chandrasekhar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Tayler, R. J. (1996). "Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. 19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 42: 80–94. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1996.0006. 
  2. ^ https://www.genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=70801&fChrono=1
  3. ^ Chandrasekhar, S (1980). "The role of general relativity in astronomy – Retrospect and prospect". Highlights of Astronomy. 5: 45–61. Bibcode:1980HiA.....5...45C. doi:10.1017/S1539299600003749alt=Dapat diakses gratis. 
  4. ^ Chandrasekhar, S. (1973). PAM dirac on his seventieth birthday. Contemporary Physics, 14(4), 389–394.
  5. ^ "Publications by S. Chandrasekhar" (PDF). Indian Academy of Sciences. Diakses tanggal 15 May 2017. 
  6. ^ Tayler, R. J. (1996). Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. 19 October 1910–21 August 1995. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 42, 81–94.
  7. ^ Parker, E. N (1996). "S. Chandrasekhar and Magnetohydrodynamics". Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. 17 (3–4): 147–166. Bibcode:1996JApA...17..147P. doi:10.1007/BF02702301. 
  8. ^ Sreenivasan, K. R. (2019). "Chandrasekhar's Fluid Dynamics". Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. 51 (1): 1–24. Bibcode:2019AnRFM..51....1S. doi:10.1146/annurev-fluid-010518-040537alt=Dapat diakses gratis. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]