Angkatan Udara Kerajaan Belanda

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Angkatan Udara Kerajaan Belanda
Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu)
Netherlands roundel.svg
Roundel Angkatan Udara Kerajaan Belanda
Dibentuk Juli 1913 kemudian berganti nama pada Maret 1953
Negara Belanda
Aliansi Belanda / NATO
Cabang Angkatan udara
Jumlah personil 217 pesawat
Bagian dari Tentara Nasional Kerajaan Belanda
Komandan tempur
Komandan saat ini Letnan Jenderal Sander Schnitger
Roundel Netherlands roundel.svg Roundel of the Netherlands Low-Visibility.svg RNAF Low Visibility Roundel.svg
Bendera Angkatan Udara Flag of the Royal Netherlands Air Force.svg
Pesawat tempur
Pesawat serbu AH-64D
Pesawat tempur F-16
Pesawat patroli Dornier 228
Pesawat latih PC-7
Pesawat pengangkut C-130 Hercules, CH-47 Chinook, AS-532 Cougar, NH-90, McDonnell Douglas DC-10/KDC-10, Agusta-Bell 412, Gulfstream IV, Westland Lynx

Angkatan Udara Kerajaan Belanda Belanda Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu), merupakan cabang angkatan udara dari Tentara Nasional Kerajaan Belanda. Pedahulunya, Luchtvaartafdeeling (jabatan penerbangan) di dalam Angkatan Darat Kerajaan Belanda telah didirikan pada 1 Juli, 1913, dengan hanya empat orang pilot. Pasukan pertunjukan aerobatik dalam Angkatan Udara Kerajaan Belanda adalah Pasukan Pertunjukan Solo.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Setelah akhir Perang Dunia I pemerintah Kerajaan Belanda memotong anggaran pertahanan dan Grup Penerbang Angkatan Darat hampir dibubarkan. Ketika ketegangan politik di Eropa meningkat selama akhir 1930-an, pemerintah kerajaan mencoba untuk membangun kembali angkatan bersenjata pada tahun 1938, tetapi ada banyak masalah, misalnya kekurangan instruktur pilot, navigator dan pilot untuk menerbangkan beberapa pesawat bermesin baru. Kurangnya standardisasi dan masalah pemeliharaan telah memperberat tugas pembangunan kembali.

Pesawat terbang yang dimiliki[sunting | sunting sumber]

Aircraft Photo Origin Type In service[1] Notes
Fighter Aircraft
Lockheed Martin F-16AM/BM Fighting Falcon F-16 June 2008.jpg  Amerika Serikat
Fighter aircraft 68 From 1979 onwards 213 were license-built by Fokker of which 29 F-16A and 7 F-16B were sold to Chile, 6 F-16B were sold to Jordan. On the 17th of September 2013 it was announced that a further 7 F16's will be withdrawn from active service and will serve as spares to increase the readiness of the remaining 61 jets.
Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II First F-35 headed for USAF service.jpg  Amerika Serikat Fighter aircraft 2 + 35 Two aircraft were ordered for testing and evaluation[2][3] 1st F-35A F-001 was handed over to the RNLAF at 25th July 2013 at Fort Worth (USA). A total of 37 F-35A's will be ordered to replace the F-16.[4]
Pilatus PC-7 Turbo Trainer Pilatus.pc-7.fairford2006.arp.jpg   Swiss Training Aircraft 13 Originally painted yellow/red, now black with 2 yellow markings
Lockheed C-130H-30 Hercules Lockheed C-130 Hercules.jpg  Amerika Serikat Transport aircraft 4 2x C-130H-30 and 2x ex-US Navy EC-130Q's, which were converted to C-130H by Derco Aerospace and Marshall Aerospace[5] All have been upgraded to common Digital Cockpit
McDonnell Douglas KDC-10/DC-10 McDonnell Douglas KDC-10-30CF der RNLAF.jpg  Amerika Serikat Aerial refuelling/Cargo 2/1 All upgraded to common Digital Cockpit.
Boeing C-17 Globemaster III C-17 test sortie.jpg  Amerika Serikat Strategic Transport 3 (shared) Shared within NATO's Heavy Airlift Wing and based at Pápa Air Base, Hungary. The Royal Netherlands Air Force has access to 500 flight hours per year.
Gulfstream IV Gulfstream G-400.jpg  Amerika Serikat Utility aircraft 1 VIP transport, to be phased out in 2014
Dornier 228  Jerman Coastal patrol 2 Civil registrations but with military crews, North Sea area[6]
Aérospatiale SA316B Alouette III  Perancis VIP transport 4 Aerial photography and VIP transport[7]Potentially replaced by AB 412 Helicopters of Leeuwarden Air Base SAR Flight in 2015
Agusta-Bell 412 Agusta Bell 412 SP SAR Netherlands.jpg  Italia Search and rescue 3 Supporting the RNLAF training area over Vlieland and the Wadden Sea, to be phased out in 2015 for SAR Operations, potential replacement of Royal/VIP Flight of Alouette III
Boeing AH-64D Apache Apache AH-64.jpg  Amerika Serikat Attack helicopter 29 30 procured, 1 crashed in 2004. Being upgraded to Block II standard.[8]
Eurocopter AS 532U2 Cougar Mk2 Rnethaf eurocopter as532 cougar at riat 2010 arp.jpg  Perancis Utility helicopter 17 Mid-Life Update programme as of 2009. In 2012 9 were put in storage and 8 remain operational, to be phased out in 2017 and replaced by CH-47F
Boeing CH-47D/F Chinook  Amerika Serikat Heavy lift helicopter 11/6 2 CH-47D were lost in battle over Afghanistan.
17 Operational of which 6 CH-47Fs were ordered in 2011 with options for 2 more[5] First two CH-47F delivered in September 2012.[9]
NH Industries NH-90 NFH90.JPG  Uni Eropa NATO frigate helicopter 20 Deliveries started in 2010. 12 NFH and 8 TTH (Navalised) to be used form LPD/LPH in support of Marines
Unmanned aerial vehicles
MQ-9 Reaper MQ-9 Reaper CBP.jpg  Amerika Serikat UAV 4 Leeuwarden Air Base planned to be operational by 2016, fully Air Deployable with Ground Station & Support Equipment
RQ-11 Raven RQ-11 Raven 1.jpg  Amerika Serikat Mini-UAV 72 Used by Koninklijke Landmacht and Korps Mariniers with Airforce roundels
ScanEagle ScanEagle UAV catapult launcher 2005-04-16.jpg  Amerika Serikat Reconnaissance / Surveillance 12 Used by Koninklijke Landmacht, Analog 1 ground station with 6 aircraft, Digital 2 ground stations with each 3 aircraft

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Republic F-84F Thunderstreak (Vliegend in Nederland 1), 'Flash Aviation', 1986.
  • Lockheed F-104G Starfighter (Vliegend in Nederland 2), 'Flash Aviation', 1987.
  • Lockheed T-33' (Vliegend in Nederland 3), 'Flash Aviation', 1988.
  • Hawker Hunter (Vliegend in Nederland 4), Flash Aviation, 1990.
  • KLu Crash Archief 2; Ongevallenfoto's 1964 - 1974, Flash Aviation, 2004.
  • Hoofdkwartier Militaire Luchtvaart - Overzicht 1947 (5 pc), Flash Aviation, 2005.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]