Whitney Houston

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Whitney Houston
Flickr Whitney Houston performing on GMA 2009 3.jpg
Informasi latar belakang
Nama lahirWhitney Elizabeth Houston
Lahir(1963-08-09)9 Agustus 1963
Newark, New Jersey, Amerika Serikat
Meninggal11 Februari 2012(2012-02-11) (umur 48)
PekerjaanPenyanyi, aktris, produser film, model
InstrumenVokal, piano
Tahun aktif1977–2012
LabelArista
Situs webwww.whitneyhouston.com

Whitney Houston (9 Agustus 1963 – 11 Februari 2012) adalah seorang penyanyi pop dan R&B, artis, produser rekaman, penulis lagu dan mantan model Amerika Serikat. Kesuksesannnya membuka pintu bagi para penyanyi Afrika-Amerika yang lain, khususnya dari kalangan wanita, untuk sukses di dunia musik.[2][3] Dia juga sering sekali dijuluki sebagai "The Voice".[4][5] Whitney Houston dikenal sebagai salah seorang diva pop yang memiliki jangkauan suara 5 oktaf. Ia juga dikenal karena kemampuan penyanyi pop-gospel yang bersuara indah dan kuat.[6]

Houston mulai bernyanyi di gereja ketika masih anak-anak dan menjadi vokalis latar belakang di sekolah menengah. Dengan bimbingan ketua Arista Records, Clive Davis, ia menandatangani kontrak dengan label tersebut pada usia 19 tahun. Dua album studio pertamanya, Whitney Houston (1985) dan Whitney (1987), keduanya mencapai nomor satu di Billboard 200 di Amerika Serikat. , dan hingga saat ini adalah dua album pertama terlaris yang dirilis oleh semua artis dalam sejarah. Hingga hari ini, ia adalah satu-satunya artis yang memiliki tujuh single nomor satu berturut-turut di tangga lagu Billboard Hot 100 AS, dari "Saving All My Love for You" pada tahun 1985 hingga "Where Do Broken Hearts Go" pada tahun 1988.

Pada tahun 1980-an, Houston adalah salah seorang penyanyi wanita Afrika-Amerika pertama yang masuk ke dalam tangga lagu MTV yang pada saat ini didominasi penyanyi rock kulit putih. Album debutnya menjadi album debut dengan penjualan tertinggi sebagai seorang penyanyi solo, yang menduduki peringkat #1 di tangga lagu Billboard 200. Ia juga memegang 7 buah singel #1 di tangga Billboard Hot 100, mematahkan rekor 6 kali yang dipegang The Beatles dan Bee Gees.

Kehidupan awal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Whitney Elizabeth Houston lahir pada 9 Agustus 1963, di daerah yang pada saat itu merupakan lingkungan berpenghasilan menengah di Newark, New Jersey. Dia adalah putri prajurit Angkatan Darat dan eksekutif hiburan John Russell Houston, Jr dan penyanyi Injil Emily "Cissy" (Drinkard) Houston. Kakak lelakinya Michael adalah seorang penyanyi, dan kakak tirinya adalah mantan pemain bola basket Gary Garland. Kedua orangtuanya adalah orang Afrika-Amerika. Melalui ibunya, Houston adalah sepupu pertama penyanyi Dionne Warwick dan Dee Dee Warwick. Ibu baptisnya adalah Darlene Love dan bibinya yang terhormat adalah Aretha Franklin, yang ia temui pada usia 8 atau 9 ketika ibunya membawanya ke studio rekaman.Houston dibesarkan sebagai seorang Baptis, tetapi juga terkena Gereja Pantekosta. Setelah kerusuhan Newark 1967, keluarga itu pindah ke daerah kelas menengah di East Orange, New Jersey, ketika dia berusia empat tahun. Orang tuanya kemudian bercerai.[7]

Karier[sunting | sunting sumber]

Musik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Karena keberhasilan The Bodyguard, Houston memulai tur global lain yang luas (The Bodyguard World Tour) pada tahun 1993-94. Konser, film, dan rekaman grosenya membuatnya menjadi penghibur wanita berpenghasilan tertinggi ketiga pada 1993-94, tepat di belakang Oprah Winfrey dan Barbra Streisand menurut majalah Forbes. My Love Is Your Love, dirilis pada November 1998. Meskipun awalnya dijadwalkan untuk menjadi album hit terbesar dengan beberapa lagu baru, sesi rekaman sangat bermanfaat sehingga album studio baru dirilis. Tercatat dan dicampur hanya dalam enam minggu, itu menampilkan produksi dari Rodney Jerkins, Wyclef Jean dan Missy Elliott. Album debut di nomor tiga belas, posisi puncaknya, di tangga lagu Billboard 200.

Film[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peran film pertama Houston adalah di The Bodyguard, dirilis pada 1992 dan ikut membintangi Kevin Costner. Houston memerankan Rachel Marron, seorang bintang yang dikuntit oleh seorang penggemar gila dan menyewa seorang pengawal untuk melindunginya. USA Today memasukkannya sebagai salah satu dari 25 momen film paling berkesan dalam 25 tahun terakhir pada tahun 2007.[8]

Kehidupan pribadi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dia bertemu penyanyi R&B Bobby Brown di Soul Train Music Awards 1989. Setelah pacaran tiga tahun, keduanya menikah pada 18 Juli 1992. Brown kemudian memiliki beberapa perselisihan dengan hukum untuk mengemudi dalam keadaan mabuk, kepemilikan narkoba dan baterai, termasuk beberapa waktu penjara. ] Pada 4 Maret 1993, Houston melahirkan putri mereka Bobbi Kristina Brown (4 Maret 1993 - 26 Juli 2015),] satu-satunya anak pasangan itu. Houston menyatakan dalam wawancara tahun 1993 dengan Barbara Walters bahwa dia mengalami keguguran selama pembuatan film The Bodyguard.[9]

Kematian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada 11 Februari 2012, Whitney Houston ditemukan meninggal di kamarnya di Hotel Beverly Hilton, Beverly Hills.[10] Whitney berada di hotel tersebut untuk menghadiri pesta yang diadakan sebelum ajang Penghargaan Grammy.[11] Penyebab kematian dari Whitney Houston masih diinvestigasi oleh kepolisian Beverly Hills walaupun pihak kepolisian menyatakan bahwa "hingga saat ini, tidak ada bukti akan terjadinya kekerasan".[11]

Diskografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Album studio[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Album Posisi tertinggi tangga lagu Certifications Penjualan
US
[12]
US R&B
[13]
AUS
[14]
AUT
[15]
CAN
[16]
FRA
[17]
GER
[18]
NLD
[19]
SWE
[20]
SWI
[21]
UK
[22]
Whitney Houston 1 1 1 9 1 13 2 5 1 2 2
Whitney
  • Didiris tanggal: June 2, 1987
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, cassette, LP
1 2 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1
I'm Your Baby Tonight
  • Didiris tanggal: November 4, 1990
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, cassette, LP
3 1 10 2 12 9 3 4 3 2 4
My Love Is Your Love
  • Didiris tanggal: November 17, 1998
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, cassette, LP
13 7 42 1 13 2 2 1 7 1 4
Just Whitney
  • Didiris tanggal: December 10, 2002
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, CD+DVD, digital
    download
9 3 33 85 25 16 70 10 76
One Wish: The Holiday Album
  • Didiris tanggal: November 18, 2003
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, digital download
49 14
I Look to You
  • Didiris tanggal: August 31, 2009
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, CD+DVD, digital
    download
1 1 16 3 1 3 1 1 2 1 3
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Soundtrack[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Album Posisi tertinggi tangga lagu Sertifikasi Penjualan
US
[12]
US R&B
[13]
AUS
[14]
AUT
[15]
CAN
[16]
FRA
[17]
GER
[18]
NLD
[19]
SWE
[20]
SWI
[21]
UK
[22]
The Bodyguard
  • Didiris tanggal: November 17, 1992
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, cassette, LP
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  • US: 18× Platinum (Diamond)[23]
  • AUS: 5× Platinum[24]
  • AUT: 4× Platinum[25]
  • CAN: Diamond[26]
  • FRA: Diamond[27]
  • GER: 3× Platinum[28]
  • JAP: 2× Million[38]
  • NLD: Platinum[29]
  • SWE: Platinum[34]
  • SWI: 5× Platinum[35]
  • UK: 7× Platinum[31]
  • World: 45,000,000[46]
  • US: 13,450,000[47]
  • AUS: 346,000[48]
  • FRA: 1,385,300[33]
  • GER: 1,700,000[42]
  • JAP: 2,800,030
  • SWE: 343,000[48]
  • UK: 2,138,030[37]
The Preacher's Wife
  • Didiris tanggal: November 27, 1996
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, cassette
3 1 34 8 2 9 1 1 1 3

Album kompilasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Album Posisi tertinggi tangga lagu Sertifikasi Penjualan
US
[12]
US R&B
[13]
AUS
[51]
AUT
[15]
CAN
[16]
[52]
FRA
[17]
[53]
GER
[18]
NLD
[19]
SWE
[20]
SWI
[21]
UK
[22]
Whitney: The Greatest Hits
  • Didiris tanggal: May 16, 2000
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, cassette
2 3 3 3 4 9 2 2 4 2 1
Love, Whitney
  • Didiris tanggal: November 20, 2001
  • Label: Arista
  • Format: CD
42 167 24 12 37 22
  • BRA: Gold[55]
  • JAP: Gold
Artist Collection: Whitney
Houston
  • Didiris tanggal: October 4, 2004
  • Label: Sony BMG Europe / Arista
  • Formats: CD, CD+DVD
The Ultimate Collection
  • Didiris tanggal: October 29, 2007
  • Label: Sony Music / Arista
  • Formats: CD, CD+DVD, digital
    download
3 1 15 52 3 10 5 3
The Essential Whitney Houston
  • Didiris tanggal: January 10, 2011
  • Label: Sony Music / Arista
  • Formats: CD, digital download
7 26 3 51 20 15 7
I Will Always Love You: The
Best of Whitney Houston
  • Didiris tanggal: November 12, 2012
  • Label: RCA
  • Formats: CD, 2CD, digital
    download
14 2 74 99 61 87 29
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Album dengan pertunjukan langsung[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Album Posisi tertinggi tangga lagu Sertifikasi
US
[12]
US R&B
[13]
AUS
[14]
AUT
[15]
CAN
[16]
FRA
[17]
GER
[18]
NLD
[19]
SWE
[20]
SWI
[21]
UK
[22]
Whitney Houston Live: Her Greatest Performances
  • Didiris tanggal: November 10, 2014
  • Label: Sony Music Entertainment
  • Formats: CD, CD+DVD, CD+DVD 2x vinyl, digital download
19 1 123 63 66
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Dirilis ulang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Album Posisi tertinggi tangga lagu Sertifikasi
US
[12]
US R&B
[13]
AUS
[14]
AUT
[15]
CAN
[16]
FRA
[17]
GER
[18]
NLD
[19]
SWE
[20]
SWI
[21]
UK
[22]
I Wish You Love: More from The Bodyguard
  • Didiris tanggal: November 17, 2017
  • Label: Legacy Recordings
  • Formats: CD, digital download, 2x Limited Vinyl
165 63
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Album box[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Album Ref
Whitney: The UnDidiris tanggal Mixes
  • Didiris tanggal: April 25, 2000 / June 6, 2006
  • Label: Arista (#07822-14652-1)
  • Formats: 4× vinyl, digital download
Love Whitney
  • Didiris tanggal: December 4, 2001
  • Label: BMG Taiwan / Arista (#74321-91027-
    2)
  • Format: CD
The Collection: Whitney Houston
  • Didiris tanggal: September 29, 2009
  • Label: Sony Legacy / Arista
  • Format: 3× CD
The Collection
  • Didiris tanggal: April 19, 2010
  • Label: Sony Music / Arista
  • Format: 5× CD
Triple Feature
Two Original Albums: My Love Is Your Love / I Look to You
  • Didiris tanggal: September 16, 2011
  • Label: Sony Music
  • Format: 2× CD

Extended play[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul EP Ref
Whitney Dancin' Special
  • Didiris tanggal: November 1, 1986
  • Label: Arista (CD: #A28D-1 / LP: #20RS-69)
  • Format: CD, LP
Exhale
  • Didiris tanggal: November 6, 1995
  • Label: Arista
  • Formats: CD, LP
You Are Loved
  • Didiris tanggal: January 17, 1999
  • Label: Arista (#14540-2)
  • Formats: CD
I Didn't Know My Own Strength:
The Remixes
The Remixes
I Look to You: The Remixes
Million Dollar Bill: The Remixes

Filmografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Film[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun judul peran keterangan
1984 Gimme a Break! rita "Katie's College" (Season 3, Episode 20)
1992 The Bodyguard rachel Marron utama
1995 Waiting to Exhale savannah Jackson utama
1996 The Preacher's Wife julia Biggs Utama
1997 Rodgers & Hammerstein's Cinderella ibu Peri dibuat untuk (ABC)
2003 Boston Public sebagai dirinya sendiri kameo
2004 Nora's Hair Salon sebagai dirinya sendiri kameo

Televisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun judul saluran TV peran Ref
1984 Gimme a Break! NBC rita [68]
As the World Turns CBS herself
1985 Silver Spoons nBC herself [68]
2003 Boston Public fox herself

Iklan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun perusahaan iklan negara Ref
1983 Dr Pepper/Seven Up Canada Dry
(soft drink beverage)
united States
1986 Coca-Cola Diet Coke
(soft drink beverage)
1988 coca-Cola diet Coke
(soft drink beverage)
1989 Sanyo electronics
(the stereo, TV)
japan
1994
1995
AT&T Telephone services United States
1999 Nissin Consumer credit business Japan

Sebagai produser[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Keterangan dan Penghargaan
1997 Rodgers & Hammerstein's Cinderella Produser eksekutif[80]
2001 The Princess Diaries Produser[83]
2003 The Cheetah Girls Produser eksekutif[88]
2004 The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement Produser[89]
2006 The Cheetah Girls 2 Produser eksekutif[90]
2012 Sparkle Produser[91]

Tur dan konser[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tur dunia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Tanggal Album Benua Pertunjukan Pendapatan Jumlah penonton
The Greatest Love World Tour 01986-07-26July 26, 1986 – December 1, 1986 Whitney Houston North America
Europe
Asia
Oceania
50 7000483000000000000$4,830,072 (USA) 7002285065999900000285,066
The Greatest Love World Tour setlist
  1. "Instrumental Intro" (contains elements of "Also sprach Zarathustra" and excerpts from "Greatest Love of All")
  2. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"
  3. "Eternal Love"
  4. "You Give Good Love"
  5. "Hold Me" (duet with Gary Houston)
  6. "How Will I Know"
  7. "Take Good Care of My Heart" (duet with Gary Houston)
  8. "Nobody Loves Me Like You Do" (duet with Gary Houston)
  9. "Saving All My Love for You"
  10. "Someone for Me"
  11. "I Am Changing"
  12. "Heart to Heart"
  13. "Didn't We Almost Have It All"
  14. "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)"
  15. "He, I Believe"
  16. "Greatest Love of All"
Moment of Truth World Tour 01987-07-04July 4, 1987 – November 21, 1988 Whitney North America
Europe
Asia
Oceania
152 7001210000000000000$21,000,000 (USA) 7002900419000000000900,419
Moment of Truth World Tour setlist
  1. Instrumental Intro (contain elements of "How Will I Know, "Saving All My Love for You" and "You Give Good Love")
  2. "Let the Feeling Flow"
  3. "How Will I Know"
  4. "You Give Good Love"
  5. "Love Is a Contact Sport"
  6. "Just the Lonely Talking Again"
  7. "Love Will Save the Day"
  8. "Saving All My Love for You"
  9. "For the Love of You" (contain elements of "Never Too Much")
  10. "He, I Believe"
  11. "Didn't We Almost Have It All"
  12. Medley: "Sweet Love" / "Control" / "Stop to Love"
  13. "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)"
  14. "Greatest Love of All"
I'm Your Baby Tonight World Tour 01991-03-14March 14, 1991 – October 2, 1991 I'm Your Baby Tonight Asia
North America
Europe
96 N/A N/A
The Bodyguard World Tour 01993-07-05July 5, 1993 – November 19, 1994 The Bodyguard North America
Europe
Asia
South America
Africa
120 7001140000000000000$14,000,000 (USA) 7002698672000000000698,672
My Love Is Your Love World Tour 01999-06-22June 22, 1999 – November 8, 1999 My Love Is Your Love North America
Europe
66 7000598800000000000$5,988,882 (USA) N/A
My Love Is Your Love World Tour setlist
  1. "Get It Back"
  2. "Heartbreak Hotel" (contain elements of "This Place Hotel")
  3. "If I Told You That"
  4. "Saving All My Love for You" / "Until You Come Back"
  5. "Oh Yes"
  6. "I Learned from the Best"
  7. "Step by Step"
  8. "Change the World" (performed by Gary Houston)
  9. Medley Reprise: "I Have Nothing" / "I'm Your Baby Tonight" / "Run to You" / "Queen of the Night" (performed by backing vocalists)
  10. "My Love Is Your Love" (contains elements of "My Love Is Your Love (Salaam Remix)")
  11. "I'm Every Woman"
  12. "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)"
  13. "How Will I Know"
  14. "In My Business"
  15. "Jesus Loves Me"
  16. "I Love the Lord"
  17. "I Go to the Rock"
  18. "I Believe in You and Me" / "Why Does It Hurt So Bad" / "It Hurts Like Hell" (contain elements from "The Glory of Love")
  19. "I Will Always Love You"
  20. "It's Not Right but It's Okay"
Nothing but Love World Tour 02009-12-09December 9, 2009 – June 17, 2010 I Look to You Asia
Australia
Europe
50 $36,300,000 700186683000000000086,683
Nothing but Love World Tour setlist
  1. "Video Sequence" (contain elements of "For the Lovers", "Queen of the Night" "I'm Every Woman" and "How Will I Know")
  2. "For the Lovers"
  3. "Nothin' But Love"
  4. "I Look to You"
  5. "My Love Is Your Love"
  6. "It's Not Right but It's Okay" (contain excerpts from "Like I Never Left")
  7. "Step By Step"
  8. "For the Love of You" (performed by Gary Houston)
  9. "Queen of the Night" (performed by backing vocalists)
  10. "A Song for You" (contain excerpts from "The Way You Make Me Feel")
  11. "Saving All My Love for You" / "Greatest Love of All" / "All at Once" / "I Learned from the Best"
  12. "I Love the Lord"
  13. "I Will Always Love You"
  14. "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)"
  15. "How Will I Know"
  16. "I Didn't Know My Own Strength"
  17. "Million Dollar Bill" (Freemasons Radio Edit)

Tur regional[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Tanggal Album Lokasi Pertunjukan
Feels So Right Tour January 1, 1990 – January 24, 1990 I'm Your Baby Tonight Japan 14
Feels So Right Tour setlist
Pacific Rim Tour May 5, 1997 – May 29, 1997 The Preacher's Wife Japan
Taiwan
Thailand
Australia
United States
9
The European Tour June 20, 1998 – July 11, 1998 My Love Is Your Love Europe 10
Soul Divas Tour July 7, 2004 – July 28, 2004 N/A Germany
Thailand
Hong Kong
China
7

Tur sebagai bagian promosi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Durasi Pertunjukan
1985 US Summer Tour June 3, 1985 – December 1, 1985 (North America) 27
Houston's debut album was released in early 1985 and she performed at various clubs to promote the album. Following the success of the hit single "You Give Good Love", Houston became the opening act for singers' Luther Vandross and Jeffrey Osborne on their individual 1985 US tours.[92] After the next single, "Saving All My Love for You", became Houston's first #1 in the US, she began headlining her own shows, playing at various American theaters, festivals, and clubs throughout the summer and fall of 1985.[93]

Konser untuk amal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tanggal Acara Kota Lagu yang dinyanyikan
January 2, 1986 An All-Star Celebration Honoring Martin Luther King Jr. New York City "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" (with Ashford & Simpson and Al Jarreau)[94][95][96]
July 4, 1986 Liberty Weekend: Americana Concert New York City
June 11, 1988 Freedomfest: Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Celebration London
August 28, 1988 United Negro College Fund Benefit Concert New York City
March 17, 1990 That's What Friends Are For: Arista Records 15th Anniversary AIDS Benefit Concert New York City
March 31, 1991 Welcome Home Heroes with Whitney Houston Norfolk
May 12, 1991 The Simple Truth: A Concert for Kurdish Refugees London
January 27, 1994 Commitment To Life VII Los Angeles
April 9, 1994 4th Annual Rainforest Foundation Concert New York City
November 12, 1994 Whitney: The Concert for a New South Africa Johannesburg
October 3 & 5,
1997
Classic Whitney: Live from Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C.
July 11, 1998 UNICEF Summer Open Air Festival '98 Aschaffenburg

Penampilan lainnya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tanggal Nama pertunjukan Detail
June 23, 1983 The Merv Griffin Show
April 5, 1986 Champs-Elysées
(French TV Talk-Show)
  • Whitney Houston met France's Serge Gainsbourg on this live talk-show, which was then the most watched Saturday evening show in France.[118]
  • Having sung her hit "Saving All My Love for You", Whitney was brought by presenter Michel Drucker over to the couch where drunken Serge was waiting. Serge sat down next to Whitney and immediately said in heavily accented English, "I want to f*** you". Needless to say, Miss Houston was more than a little shocked by this 58-year-old French crooner's rather crude display of appreciation, but she stayed nonetheless and sang a duet with him before the end of the show.[119]
  • This incident listed #41 in NME's "Top 100 Rock Moments of All Time" in 2001 and #48 in VH1's "100 Most Outrageous Celebrity Moments" in 2004.[120][121]
February 7, 1987 Sanremo Music Festival
  • Whitney was the international guest at the finale of the most popular Italian contest and awards. Her live performance of All at Once got a huge standing ovation and the audience asked her for the encore, the request was immediately satisfied. That was one of the rare encores requested in the history of the contest.
May 15, 1987 The 27th Montreux Golden Rose Rock Festival; IM&MC Gala
July 31, 1987 The Special Olympics World Summer Games Opening Ceremonies
November 13, 1989 Sammy Davis Jr.'s 60th Anniversary Celebration In Show Business
January 27, 1991 Super Bowl XXV
  • Whitney Houston performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" right before the start of Super Bowl XXV, played at Tampa Stadium in Tampa, Florida on January 27, 1991; the United States was embroiled in the Persian Gulf War at the time. She took the field before 73,813 fans and a TV audience of 115 million.[127][128]
  • The patriotic feeling of her gospel-inspired version resonated so strongly with the public that it was released as a single. Within weeks, sales of video tapes, CDs and audio cassettes of her performance raised more than $500,000 for the American Red Cross Gulf Crisis Fund.[127][128]
  • The single was reissued on September 27, 2001, as a charity CD single after the September 11, attacks on the World Trade Center and The Pentagon and has been certified platinum for U.S. sales in excess of 1 million copies by RIAA.[129]
  • Whitney Houston, The Whitney Houston Foundation For Children, Inc. and Arista Records donated their royalties and net proceeds from the sale of re-released single to New York Fraternal Order Of Police and The New York Firefighters 9/11 Disaster Relief Fund.[130][131]
  • The single released in 1991, reached No. 20 on Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart; making her second artist to turn the national anthem into a pop hit of that magnitude since José Feliciano's version has reached No. 50 in 1968 and re-released single in 2001, peaked No. 6 on the Hot 100 chart; becoming easily the biggest hit version ever of "The Star-Spangled Banner".[131][132]
  • In 2003, this performance listed #12 in VH1 and TV Guide's "100 Moments That Rocked TV" and ranked #1 in "25 Most Memorable Music Moments in NFL History" to be featured in Rolling Stone.[133][134]
June 23, 1991 Coca-Cola Pop Music Backstage Pass to Summer
February 16, 1992 Muhammad Ali's 50th Birthday Celebration
May 6, 1992 Whitney Houston: This Is My Life
July 17, 1994 1994 FIFA World Cup Closing Ceremonies
June 22, 1995 VH-1 Honors
August 24, 1996 Whitney: Brunei The Royal Wedding Celebration
  • Whitney did a private gig, for the wedding of Princess Rashidah, the eldest daughter of the Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, at Jerudong Park Garden on August 24, 1996.[145][146]
  • Setlist was almost the same as The Bodyguard World Tour except encore song was "Exhale (Shoop Shoop)".
  • She was reportedly paid $7 million to perform for this event. Media stories on the Brunei royal family indicated that Prince Jefri gave Houston a blank check for the event and instructed her to fill it out for what she felt she was worth.[147]
November 28, 1996
(Air date)
Celebrate the Dream: 50 Years of Ebony
  • It was a two-hour-long event featuring America's biggest stars, looking back, remembering and celebrating the past 50 years and the Ebony Magazine that chronicled it.[148]
  • Whitney Houston & the Georgia Mass Choir kick off the celebration with a soul-stirring medley of "I Love the Lord" and "Joy to the World".[148]
  • It was aired on ABC, November 28, 1996.[148]
August 25, 1997 The 1997 U.S. Open Tennis Championships: the Arthur Ashe Stadium Inauguration Ceremonies
  • It was the special event to celebrate opening a new stadium which was named after former tennis player Arthur Ashe.[149]
  • While the past US Open tennis champions appeared on screen, she dedicated "One Moment in Time" to the legendary tennis players and about 23,000 audience.[150]
April 13, 1999 VH1 Divas Live '99
April 10, 2000 25 Years of #1 Hits: Arista Records' Anniversary Celebration
September 7, 2001 Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Celebration, The Solo Years
May 23, 2002 VH1 Divas Las Vegas: A Concert to Benefit the VH1 Save the Music Foundation
May 22, 2003 VH1 Divas Duets: A Concert to Benefit the VH1 Save the Music Foundation
April 27, 2008 The 4th Annual Plymouth Jazz Festival Tobago
May 24, 2008 The 7th Annual Mawazine World Rhythms Festival
  • The festival took place from 16–24 May 2008 in Morocco’s capital city, Rabat and featured artists from forty countries in more than 100 musical performances.[169][170]
  • Whitney performed during the festival's closing ceremony at Hay Nahda stadium on May 24, 2008.[170][171][172]
January 30, 2011 BET's Celebration of Gospel
  • Whitney made a surprise appearance at the show singing her hit "I Look to You" with Kim Burrell, who had sung the first verse prior to Houston's appearance, which led to an immediate standing ovation; Houston and Burrell's performance ends with resounding cheers from the audience. It becomes Houston's final television performance before her death a year later.

Pertunjukan pada acara pemberian penghargaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

1980[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tanggal Tempat Penghargaan Pertunjukan
1986 January 27 Shrine Auditorium The 13th American Music Awards
February 25 The 28th Grammy Awards
September 5 Universal Amphitheatre The 3rd MTV Video Music Awards
1987 January 26 Shrine Auditorium The 14th American Music Awards
  • "All at Once"
February 7 Teatro Ariston
(Sanremo)
The 37th Festival di Sanremo
  • "All at Once" (She was a guest performer and sang this song twice for audience's encore.)[173]
February 9 Grosvenor House Hotel
(London)
1987 BRIT Awards
February 24 Shrine Auditorium The 29th Grammy Awards
March 23 Santa Monica Civic Auditorium The 1st Soul Train Music Awards
September 11 Universal Amphitheatre The 4th MTV Video Music Awards
1988 January 25 Shrine Auditorium The 15th American Music Awards
March 2 Radio City Music Hall The 30th Grammy Awards
March 10 Sheraton Centre The 44th Anniversary
  Of The United Negro College Fund
December 10
(Air date: January 14, 1989)
Wiltern Theater The 21st NAACP Image Awards
1989 February 22 Shrine Auditorium The 31st Grammy Awards

1990[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tanggal Tempat Penghargaan Detail
1991 December 9 Universal Amphitheatre The 2nd Billboard Music Awards
1992 January 27 Shrine Auditorium The 19th American Music Awards
April 10
(Air date: May 29)
Paramount Theater at Madison Square Garden The 5th Essence Awards
  • It was an awards special honoring the lives and achievements of eight African-American women who have made significant contributions in their respective fields.[178][179]
  • For the first time, the ceremonies broadcast in prime time by CBS on May 29, 1992.[179]
  • Whitney Houston appeared to honor Nancy Wilson with "Essence Award" and later returned to perform "It's Time" with The Winans, BeBe & CeCe Winans, Regina Belle & Kid 'n Play at the end of the show.
1993 March 29 Dorothy Chandler Pavilion The 65th Academy Awards
December 8 Universal Amphitheatre The 4th Billboard Music Awards
1994 January 5 Pasadena Civic Auditorium The 26th NAACP Image Awards
February 7 Shrine Auditorium The 21st American Music Awards
March 1 Radio City Music Hall The 36th Grammy Awards
March 15 Shrine Auditorium The 8th Soul Train Music Awards
May 4 Monte Carlo Sporting Club
(Monte Carlo)
The 6th World Music Awards
1995 May 20 Barker Hangar The 8th Kids' Choice Awards
1996 February 28 Shrine Auditorium The 38th Grammy Awards
June 8 Walt Disney Studios The 5th MTV Movie Awards
September 13 BET Studios The 2nd BET Walk of Fame
  • Whitney Houston was the recipient of BET's the second "Walk Of Fame" award – created in 1995 to "recognize the significant contribution of African-Americans in the entertainment industry."[187][188]
  • She received the laurel at the network's United Negro College Fund gala Benefit September 13 at BET Studios in Washington, D.C..[188]
  • She performed "Alfie", "I Will Always Love You" and sang "Happy Birthday Daddy" for her father, John Houston.
1997 February 26 Madison Square Garden The 39th Grammy Awards
April 4 The Theater at Madison Square Garden The 10th Essence Awards
  • Whitney Houston has been selected to receive the first ever the Triumphant Spirit Award at the 10th annual Essence Awards. Houston was honored for her many philanthropic projects, including a foundation for homeless children suffering from AIDS and cancer. Essence magazine-sponsored event, which aired May 22 on Fox TV.[189][190]
  • But because of an unexpected her absence at the ceremony, then presenter, Quincy Jones made her excuses and Cissy Houston accepted the award on behalf of her daughter.[189][191]
  • Before Cissy Houston accepted the award, there was a musical tribute to Whitney Houston - "I Believe in You and Me" performed by CeCe Winans and "I Have Nothing" by Patti LaBelle.[191]
1998 February 27 Shrine Auditorium The 12th Soul Train Music Awards
April 10 The Theater at Madison Square Garden The 11th Essence Awards
  • Whitney attended at the ceremony as presenter, to honor Patti LaBelle with Triumphant Spirit Award.[194]
  • She sang a snippet of Patti's classic hit "If Only You Knew" before she paid tribute to Patti for her outstanding career with video presentation.
April 23 Nashville Arena The 29th Dove Awards
  • Houston delivered a soul-stirring rendition of "I Go to the Rock" at this awards. She won an award, Best Traditional Gospel Recorded Song of the Year, for the tune.[195]
December 7 MGM Grand Garden Arena The 9th Billboard Music Awards
1999 January 11 Shrine Auditorium The 26th American Music Awards
February 16 London Arena
(London)
The 19th BRIT Awards
March 21 Dorothy Chandler Pavilion The 71st Academy Awards
March 26 Shrine Auditorium The 13th Soul Train Music Awards
November 11 Point Depot
(Dublin)
MTV Europe Music Awards 1999
November 13 Stella Musical Theater
(Berlin)
1999 Bambi Awards
December 2 Madison Square Garden The Sports Illustrated
    — 20th Century Sports Awards
  • "You'll Never Stand Alone"

2000[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tanggal Tempat Penghargaan Detail
2000 February 23 Staples Center The 42nd Grammy Awards
September 7 Radio City Music Hall The 17th MTV Video Music Awards
2001 June 19 Paris Las Vegas Hotel The 1st BET Awards
2002 November 14 Palau Sant Jordi
(Barcelona)
MTV Europe Music Awards 2002
2004 June 9
(Air date: June 12 on VOX, Germany)
CCH (Congress Centrum Hamburg)
(Hamburg)
The 1st Women's World Awards
  • Whitney was presented "World Artist Award for Lifetime Achievement" was designed for women whose unique achievements have contributed to a better, more peaceful and humane society by former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.[198][199]
  • She briefly joined her cousin and fellow Lifetime Achievement Award winner, Dionne Warwick's "That's What Friends Are For" performance for closing the award show.[198]
September 15 Thomas & Mack Center The 16th World Music Awards
2009 November 22 Nokia Theatre The 37th American Music Awards
  • After actor and presenter, Samuel L. Jackson introduced Whitney Houston as the 7th name in a prestige list of "International Artist Of The Year Award" recipients with the video presentation for her achievements, she performed her powerhouse ballad "I Didn’t Know My Own Strength" and received a standing ovation.[200][201]
  • Houston's performance marked the first time she had performed on the show in ten years ("Until You Come Back" ans "My Love Is Your Love" medley with Babyface and Wyclef Jean in 1999) and her first primetime U.S. network performance in five years (World Music Awards in 2004).[200]
  • Following her touching performance, the show honored Houston with the award, according to an inscription read by Samuel L. Jackson, which is given "in recognition of her worldwide success exemplified by her international record sales, radio airplay in countries all over the world, live performances that span the globe, and popularity that knows no borders or boundaries."[202]

2010[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tanggal Tempat Penghargaan Detail
2010 January 16 (Air date: February 1 on BET) The Warner Theatre The 3rd BET Honors
  • The presenter Ne-Yo appeared on stage and introduced Houston's video presentation for her career in entertainment with short interview.
  • After video presentation, Houston received special tribute performances by Kim Burrell introduced as "one of Houston's favorite voices on the planet", and Jennifer Hudson. Burrell sang the jazzy version of Houston's rendition "I Believe in You and Me" and received a standing ovation. Hudson also brought the crowd to its feet singing Houston's chart-topping "I Will Always Love You", as she was presented with The BET Honor for Entertainment by Ne-Yo. Houston also sung a snippet of “I Love The Lord” during her speech.[203][204]

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Bacaan lebih lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Whitney Houston. My love is your love: piano, vocal, chords. Alfred Publishing Co., Inc.; March 1999. ISBN 978-0-7692-7734-9.
  • Kevin Ammons. Good Girl, Bad Girl: An Insider's Biography of Whitney Houston. Carol Pub Group; April 1998. ISBN 978-0-8065-8012-8.
  • Jeffery Bowman. Diva: the totally unauthorized biography of Whitney Houston. Harper; February 1995. ISBN 978-0-06-100853-5.
  • Craig Halstead. Whitney Houston: For the Record. Authors OnLine, Limited; September 2010. ISBN 978-0-7552-1278-1.
  • James Robert Parish. Whitney Houston: The Unauthorized Biography. Aurum Press; September 2003. ISBN 978-1-85410-921-7.
  • James Robert Parish. Whitney Houston: Return of the Diva. John Blake; April 2010. ISBN 978-1-84454-919-1.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]