Nichiren

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Nichiren (日蓮)
Lukisan Nichiren, disimpan di Kuil Kuon-ji, Gunung Minobu.
AliranMahayana, Nichiren
Pribadi
KebangsaanJepang
Lahir16 Februari 1222
Meninggal13 Oktober 1282 (usia 60)
Jabatan Senior
Berpusat diJepang
GelarPendiri Buddha Nichiren

Nichiren (日蓮) (16 Februari 1222 – 13 Oktober 1282) adalah seorang biksu Buddha yang hidup selama periode Kamakura (1185–1333) di Jepang.

Kehidupan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kelahiran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nichiren lahir pada tanggal 16 Februari 1222 di desa Kominato (sekarang bagian dari kota Kamogawa), Distrik Nagase, Provinsi Awa (sekarang Prefektur Chiba). Ayah Nichiren, seorang nelayan,[1] bernama Mikuni-no-Tayu Shigetada, dikenal juga sebagai Nukina Shigetada Jiro (wafat 1258) dan ibunya bernama Umegiku-nyo (wafat 1267).

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Harvey, 166

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Harvey, Peter (1990). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, history, and practices. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-31333-3
  • The Soka Gakkai Dictionary of Buddhism English Buddhist Dictionary Committee. Soka Gakkai, 2002. ISBN 4-412-01205-0 online
  • Nichiren - Leader of Buddhist Reformation in Japan, by J.A. Christensen, Nichiren Buddhist International Centre, 1981. ISBN 0-87573-086-8
  • Lotus Seeds, The Essence of Nichiren Shu Buddhism, Nichiren Buddhist Temple of San Jose, 2000, ISBN 0-9705920-0-0
  • Japanese Buddhims, A Cultural History, Yoshiro Tamura, Kosei Publishing Co., 2005, ISBN 4-333-01684-3
  • A Dictionaty of Buddhist Terms and Concepts. Nichiren Shoshu International Center, ISBN 4-88872-014-2.
  • Causton, Richard: "Buddha in Daily Life, An Introduction to the Buddhism of Nichiren Daishonin", Random House 2011. ISBN 1-4464-8919-1

Kutipan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Montgomery, Daniel (1991). Fire in the Lotus, The Dynamic Religion of Nichiren, London: Mandala, ISBN 1-85274-091-4
  • Nichiren Daishōnin Shōden (日蓮大聖人正伝: "Orthodox biography of Nichiren Daishonin"), Taisekiji, 1981
  • Kirimura, Yasuji: The Life of Nichiren Daishonin. Nichiren Shoshu International Center (NSIC) 1980

Terjemahan bahsa Inggris dari tulisan Nichiren[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Major Writings of Nichiren Daishonin (WND). Soka Gakkai, Tokyo, 1999.
  • Heisei Shimpen Nichiren Daishonin Gosho (平成新編 日蓮大聖人御書: "Heisei new compilation of Nichiren Daishonin's writings"), Taisekiji, 1994
  • The Writings of Nichiren Daishonin, Volume I. Burton Watson and the Gosho Translation Committee. Soka Gakkai, 2006. ISBN 4-412-01024-4
  • The Writings of Nichiren Daishonin, Volume II. Burton Watson and the Gosho Translation Committee. Soka Gakkai, 2006. ISBN 4-412-01350-2
  • The Record of the Orally Transmitted Teachings. Burton Watson, trans. Soka Gakkai, 2005, ISBN 4-412-01286-7
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 1, University of Hawai'i Press, 2003, ISBN 0-8248-2733-3
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 2, University of Hawai'i Press, 2002, ISBN 0-8248-2551-9
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 3, University of Hawai'i Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8248-2931-X
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 4, University of Hawai'i Press, 2007, ISBN 0-8248-3180-2
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 5, University of Hawai'i Press, 2008, ISBN 0-8248-3301-5
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 6, University of Hawai'i Press, 2010, ISBN 0-8248-3455-0
  • Letters of Nichiren. Burton Watson et al., trans.; Philip B. Yampolsky, ed. Columbia University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-231-10384-0
  • Selected Writings of Nichiren. Burton Watson et al., trans.; Philip B. Yampolsky, ed. Columbia University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-231-07260-0

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]