Pertempuran Rafa

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian

Pertempuran Rafa, juga dikenal sebagai Aksi Rafah, terjadi pada 9 Januari 1917, adalah pertempuran ketiga dan terakhir yang dilakukan untuk merebut kembali Semenanjung Sinai oleh pasukan Inggris saat Kampanye Sinai dan Palestina dari Perang Dunia Pertama. Desert Column dari Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) menyerang sebuah garisun Tentara Ottoman berparit di El Magruntein sampai selatan Rafah, dekat dengan garis depan antara Kesultanan Mesir dan Kekaisaran Ottoman, sampai timur laut Sheikh Zowaiid. Serangan tersebut menandai permulaan pertikaian di wilayah Palestina Ottoman.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kutipan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Official Names of the Battles and Other Engagements Fought by the Military Forces of the British Empire during the Great War, 1914–1919, and the Third Afghan War, 1919: Report of the Battles Nomenclature Committee as Approved by The Army Council Presented to Parliament by Command of His Majesty. London: Government Printer. 1922. OCLC 29078007. 
  • Bruce, Anthony (2002). The Last Crusade: The Palestine Campaign in the First World War. London: John Murray. ISBN 978-0-7195-5432-2. 
  • Carver, Michael, Field Marshal Lord (2003). The National Army Museum Book of The Turkish Front 1914–1918: The Campaigns at Gallipoli, in Mesopotamia and in Palestine. London: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-283-07347-2. 
  • Coulthard-Clark, Chris (1998). Where Australians Fought: The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles (edisi ke-1st). St Leonards, New South Wales: Allen and Unwin. ISBN 978-1-86448-611-7. 
  • Cutlack, Frederic Morley (1941). The Australian Flying Corps in the Western and Eastern Theatres of War, 1914–1918. Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918. Volume VIII (edisi ke-11th). Canberra: Australian War Memorial. OCLC 220900299. 
  • Dennis, Peter; Jeffrey Grey; Ewan Morris; Robin Prior; Jean Bou (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (edisi ke-2nd). Melbourne: Oxford University Press, Australia & New Zealand. OCLC 489040963. 
  • Downes, Rupert M. (1938). "The Campaign in Sinai and Palestine". Dalam Butler, Arthur Graham. Gallipoli, Palestine and New Guinea. Official History of the Australian Army Medical Services, 1914–1918. Volume 1, Part II (edisi ke-2nd). Canberra: Australian War Memorial. hlm. 547–780. OCLC 220879097. 
  • Falls, Cyril; G. MacMunn (1930). Military Operations Egypt & Palestine from the Outbreak of War with Germany to June 1917. Official History of the Great War Based on Official Documents by Direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence. Volume 1. London: HM Stationery Office. OCLC 610273484. 
  • Grainger, John D. (2006). The Battle for Palestine, 1917. Woodbridge, United Kingdom: Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1-84383-263-8. 
  • Gullett, Henry S. (1941). The Australian Imperial Force in Sinai and Palestine, 1914–1918. Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918. Volume VII (edisi ke-11th). Canberra: Australian War Memorial. OCLC 220900153. 
  • Hill, Alec Jeffrey (1978). Chauvel of the Light Horse: A Biography of General Sir Harry Chauvel, GCMG, KCB. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 978-0-522-84146-6. 
  • Keogh, E. G.; Joan Graham (1955). Suez to Aleppo. Melbourne: Directorate of Military Training by Wilkie & Co. OCLC 220029983. 
  • McPherson, Joseph W. (1985) [1983]. Carman, Barry; McPherson, John, ed. The Man Who Loved Egypt: Bimbashi McPherson. London: Ariel Books BBC. ISBN 978-0-563-20437-4. 
  • Powles, Charles Guy; A. Wilkie (1922). The New Zealanders in Sinai and Palestine. Official History New Zealand's Effort in the Great War. Volume III. Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs. OCLC 2959465. 
  • Powles, Charles Guy (1928). "Of the Battle of Rafa and the First Crossing of the Boundary into Palestine". The History of the Canterbury Mounted Rifles 1914–1919. Auckland: Whitcombe and Tombs. hlm. 130–138. OCLC 21614924. 
  • Preston, R. M. P. (1921). The Desert Mounted Corps: An Account of the Cavalry Operations in Palestine and Syria 1917–1918. London: Constable & Co. OCLC 3900439. 
  • Pugsley, Christopher (2004). The Anzac Experience: New Zealand, Australia and Empire in the First World War. Auckland: Reed Books. ISBN 978-0-7900-0941-4. 
  • Wavell, Field Marshal Earl (1968) [1933]. "The Palestine Campaigns". Dalam Sheppard, Eric William. A Short History of the British Army (edisi ke-4th). London: Constable & Co. OCLC 35621223.