Mithridates I dari Pontos
Mithridates I Ctistes (dalam bahasa Yunani Mιθριδάτης Kτίστης; bertakhta 281–266 SM), juga dikenal sebagai Mithridates III dari Cius, merupakan seorang bangsawan Persia dan pendiri (arti dari kata Ctistes, secara harfiah Pembangun) dari Kerajaan Pontos di Anatolia.
Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Appian, The foreign wars, Horace White (translator), New York City, (1899)
- Hazel, John; Who's Who in the Greek World, "Mithridates I" (1999)
- Memnon, History of Heracleia, Andrew Smith (translator), (2004)
- Plutarch, Parallel Lives, "Demetrius", John & William Langhorne (translator), (1770)
- Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Mithridates III", Boston, (1867)
- Strabo, Geography, H. C. Hamilton & W. Falconer (translators), London, (1903)
Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]
Artikel ini menyertakan teks dari suatu terbitan yang sekarang berada pada ranah publik: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Mithridates". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 2. hlm. 1095.
- ^ Dueck, Daniela (2002). Strabo of Amasia: A Greek Man of Letters in Augustan Rome. Routledge. hlm. 3. ISBN 978-1134605613.
Mithridates III of Cius fled to Paphlagonia after his father was killed by Antigonus and after he defeated certain Seleucid forces. In 281 BCE he became the first king of the Pontic dynasty and thus acquired the name "Ktistes", founder.
- ^ McGing, B.C. (1986). The Foreign Policy of Mithridates VI Eupator, King of Pontus. BRILL. hlm. 15. ISBN 978-9004075917.
In 302 Mithridates II fell under suspicion of conspiring with Cassander against Antigonus and was killed near Cius. His son Mithridates III of Cius inherited the dynasty, but was warned by his friend Demetrius that he too was in danger from Antigonus and fled to Paphlagonia. Here he ruled for thirty six years (302-266) at some stage proclaiming himself Mithridates Ctistes, founder of the kingdom of Pontus and the line of Pontic kings.
- ^ Van Dam, Raymond (2002). Kingdom of Snow: Roman Rule and Greek Culture in Cappadocia. University of Pennsylvania Press. hlm. 17. ISBN 978-0812236811.
A Persian nobleman named Mithridates "the Founder" established himself as king of Pontus during the late fourth century B.C.