Whitney Houston

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Whitney Houston
Flickr Whitney Houston performing on GMA 2009 3.jpg
Latar belakang
Nama lahir Whitney Elizabeth Houston
Lahir 9 Agustus 1963
Newark, New Jersey, Amerika Serikat
Meninggal 11 Februari 2012 (umur 48)
Pekerjaan Penyanyi, aktris, produser film, model
Instrumen Vokal, piano
Tahun aktif 1977–2012
Label Arista
Situs web www.whitneyhouston.com

Whitney Houston (lahir di Newark, New Jersey, Amerika Serikat, 9 Agustus 1963 – meninggal di Beverly Hills, Amerika Serikat, 11 Februari 2012 pada umur 48 tahun) adalah seorang penyanyi pop dan R&B, artis, produser rekaman, penulis lagu dan mantan model Amerika Serikat. Kesuksesannnya membuka pintu bagi para penyanyi Afrika-Amerika yang lain, khususnya dari kalangan wanita, untuk sukses di dunia musik.[1][2] Dia juga sering sekali dijuluki sebagai "The Voice".[3][4] Whitney Houston dikenal sebagai salah seorang diva pop yang memiliki jangkauan suara 5 oktaf. Ia juga dikenal karena kemampuan penyanyi pop-gospel yang bersuara indah dan kuat.[5]

Pada tahun 1980-an, Houston adalah salah seorang penyanyi wanita Afrika-Amerika pertama yang masuk ke dalam tangga lagu MTV yang pada saat ini didominasi penyanyi rock kulit putih. Album debutnya menjadi album debut dengan penjualan tertinggi sebagai seorang penyanyi solo, yang menduduki peringkat #1 di tangga lagu Billboard 200. Ia juga memegang 7 buah singel #1 di tangga Billboard Hot 100, mematahkan rekor 6 kali yang dipegang The Beatles dan Bee Gees.

Kematian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada 11 Februari 2012, Whitney Houston ditemukan meninggal di kamarnya di Hotel Beverly Hilton, Beverly Hills.[6] Whitney berada di hotel tersebut untuk menghadiri pesta yang diadakan sebelum ajang Penghargaan Grammy.[7] Penyebab kematian dari Whitney Houston masih diinvestigasi oleh kepolisian Beverly Hills walaupun pihak kepolisian menyatakan bahwa "hingga saat ini, tidak ada bukti akan terjadinya kekerasan".[7]

Diskografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Album Studio[sunting | sunting sumber]

Soundtrack[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kompilasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Video/DVD[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1986: Number One Video Hits
  • 1991: Star Spangled Banner
  • 1991: Welcome Home Heroes
  • 1994: Concert for a New South Africa
  • 1997: Classic Whitney Concert
  • 1999: VH1 Divas Live '99
  • 2000: The Greatest Hits
  • 2000: Fine
  • 2002: Whatchulookinat Video/Whatchulookinat Behind-the-Scenes Footage/Love to Infinity Megamix Video
  • 2004: Artist Collection: Whitney Houston

Filmografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Film[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Peran Keterangan
1984 Gimme a Break! Rita "Katie's College" (Season 3, Episode 20)
1992 The Bodyguard Rachel Marron Utama
1995 Waiting to Exhale Savannah Jackson Utama
1996 The Preacher's Wife Julia Biggs Utama
1997 Rodgers & Hammerstein's Cinderella Ibu Peri dibuat untuk (ABC)
2003 Boston Public Sebagai dirinya sendiri Kameo
2004 Nora's Hair Salon Sebagai dirinya sendiri Kameo

Televisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Saluran TV Peran Catatan
1984 Gimme a Break! NBC Rita "Katie's College" (Season 3, Episode 20, air date: March 15, 1984)[8]
As the World Turns CBS Herself Houston appeared on the soap on August 1–2, 1984, with Jermaine Jackson singing two duets off a new album he was releasing at the time: "Take Good Care of My Heart" and "Nobody Loves Me Like You Do." They taped their appearance on July 25 at CBS Studios in New York City.
1985 Silver Spoons NBC Herself "Head Over Heels" (Season 4, Episode 1, air date: September 15, 1985)[8]
She performed the edited version of "Saving All My Love for You", changing some of the words.
2003 Boston Public Fox Herself "Chapter Sixty-Six" (Season 3, Episode 22, air date: May 12, 2003)
She performed "Try It On My Own" from the 2002 studio albumJust Whitney.

Iklan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Perusahaan Iklan Negara Catatan
1983 Dr Pepper/Seven Up Canada Dry
(soft drink beverage)
United States
  • Houston appeared in this commercial before debut as a professional singer and sang the praises of sugar-free Canada Dry Ginger Ale.[9][10]
1986 Coca-Cola Diet Coke
(soft drink beverage)
  • Houston sang the Diet Coke theme song, "Just for the taste of it".[11]
1988 Coca-Cola Diet Coke
(soft drink beverage)
  • Houston sang the other version of the Diet Coke advertising slogan at the time, "Just for the taste of it".[12]
  • Outside the United States, the second version of advertising was released, in which "Greatest Love of All" was used as background music.
  • 1989 MTV Video of the Year winning "This Note's for You" by Neil Young, parodied parts of this advertising to criticize pop/rock stars who make commercial endorsements, most notably Michael Jackson forPepsi and Houston for Diet Coke, using look-alikes for them.[13]
1989 Sanyo Electronics
(the stereo, TV)
Japan
1994
1995
AT&T Telephone services United States
  • Houston sang its theme song, "True Voice".[17][18]
1999 Nissin Consumer credit business Japan
  • Houston appeared on both print advertisement and TV commercial for Nissin, a nonbank finance company that lends to consumers and small businesses in Japan, with then the company's slogan "Make it happen with Nissin"[19]

Sebagai produser[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Keterangan dan Penghargaan
1997 Rodgers & Hammerstein's Cinderella produser eksekutif[20]
2001 The Princess Diaries produser[23]
2003 The Cheetah Girls produser eksekutif[28]
2004 The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement produser[29]
2006 The Cheetah Girls 2 produser eksekutif[30]
2012 Sparkle Produser[31]

Tur konser[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tur dunia
Tur regional
Konser televisi

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Corliss, Richard (July 13 1987). "The Prom Queen of Soul" (dalam bahasa English). Time Magazine. Diakses 2007-03-17. 
  2. ^ Shelton, Marla (September 1, 1995). "Whitney is every woman?: Cultural politics and the pop star". Camera Obscura 36: 135–153. Diakses 2007-01-15. 
  3. ^ "Transformers: Whitney Houston". AOL Black Voices. 2007. Diakses 2008-01-15. 
  4. ^ "Christina performs on the 2001 BET Awards in a special tribute to Whitney Houston". Billboard Magazine. June 19 2007. Diakses 2008-01-15. 
  5. ^ Holden, Stephen (1985-2-16). "Cabaret: Whitney Houston" (dalam bahasa English). The New York Times. 
  6. ^ (Inggris) Singer Whitney Houston found dead, Fox News. Diakses pada 12 Februari 2012.
  7. ^ a b (Inggris) http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/arts/music/whitney-houston-dies.html?_r=1, New York Times. Diakses pada 12 Februari 2012.
  8. ^ a b filmreference.com. Whitney Houston Film Appearances [cited September 26, 2009].
  9. ^ television.aol.com. Commercial Breaks: Stars Who Made Their Screen Debuts in TV Commercials, Whitney Houston (3 of 13) [cited January 11, 2010].
  10. ^ Internet Movie Database. Other works for Whitney Houston [cited January 11, 2010].
  11. ^ starsinginglessons.com. Whitney Houston Diet Coke Commercial (1986) [cited January 10, 2010].
  12. ^ advertisementave.com. Whitney Houston Diet Coke Commercial "Just for the Taste of It" (1988) [cited January 10, 2010].
  13. ^ Lisa D. Campbell. Michael Jackson: the king of pop. Branden Books; 1993. ISBN 978-0-8283-1957-7. p. 185.
  14. ^ Pop Writer/Producer Keith Thomas Overcoming Nashville's Country Stigma. October 14, 1995 [cited January 11, 2010].
  15. ^ amazon.co.jp. アイム・ユア・ベイビー・トゥナイト ~ ホイットニー・ヒューストン(Whitney Houston's I'm Your Baby Tonght Japanese edition) [cited January 11, 2010].
  16. ^ Business Insider, Inc.. Whitney Houston's Early TV Commercials: She Could Really Sell It – 1990 Sanyo; February 12, 2012 [cited February 22, 2012].
  17. ^ Whitney On Wheels. July 11, 1994 [cited January 10, 2010].
  18. ^ The Media Business: Advertising – Addenda; Whitney Houston In Deal With AT&T. The New York Times. June 15, 1994 [cited January 15, 2010].
  19. ^ Business Insider, Inc.. Whitney Houston's Early TV Commercials: She Could Really Sell It; February 12, 2012 [cited February 22, 2012].
  20. ^ Allmovie. Rodgers & Hammerstein's Cinderella Production Credits [cited January 11, 2010].
  21. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama emmys1998
  22. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama 1998naacp
  23. ^ Allmovie. The Princess Diaries Production Credits [cited January 11, 2010].
  24. ^ Internet Movie Database. 2002 Young Artist Awards Winners & Nominees; April 7, 2002 [cited October 16, 2010].
  25. ^ Internet Movie Database. 2002 Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards Winners & Nominees; January 11, 2002 [cited October 16, 2010].
  26. ^ Internet Movie Database. 2002 Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards Winners & Nominees; January 29, 2002 [cited October 16, 2010].
  27. ^ Internet Movie Database. 2002 Teen Choice Awards Winners & Nominees; August 4, 2002 [cited October 16, 2010].
  28. ^ Allmovie. The Cheetah Girls Production Credits [cited January 11, 2010].
  29. ^ Allmovie. The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement Production Credits [cited January 11, 2010].
  30. ^ Allmovie. The Cheetah Girls 2: When in Spain Production Credits [cited January 11, 2010].
  31. ^ Kit, Borys (March 23, 2011). "BET's 'The Game' Showrunners to to Remake 1976 Movie 'Sparkle' for Sony Pictures (Exclusive)". "BET's 'The Game' Showrunners to to Remake 1976 Movie 'Sparkle' for Sony Pictures (Exclusive)" (Hollywood Reporter). Diakses April 27, 2011. 

Bacaan lebih lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Whitney Houston. My love is your love: piano, vocal, chords. Alfred Publishing Co., Inc.; March 1999. ISBN 978-0-7692-7734-9.
  • Kevin Ammons. Good Girl, Bad Girl: An Insider's Biography of Whitney Houston. Carol Pub Group; April 1998. ISBN 978-0-8065-8012-8.
  • Jeffery Bowman. Diva: the totally unauthorized biography of Whitney Houston. Harper; February 1995. ISBN 978-0-06-100853-5.
  • Craig Halstead. Whitney Houston: For the Record. Authors OnLine, Limited; September 2010. ISBN 978-0-7552-1278-1.
  • James Robert Parish. Whitney Houston: The Unauthorized Biography. Aurum Press; September 2003. ISBN 978-1-85410-921-7.
  • James Robert Parish. Whitney Houston: Return of the Diva. John Blake; April 2010. ISBN 978-1-84454-919-1.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]