Stevie Wonder

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Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder.jpg
Stevie Wonder pada konferensi di Salvador, Brazil, pada Juli 2006
Latar belakang
Nama lahir Stevland Hardaway Morris
Nama lain Stevland Hardaway Morris, Little Stevie Wonder, Eivets Rednow
Lahir 13 Mei 1950 (umur 64)
Saginaw, Michigan,
USA
Asal Detroit, Michigan,
Amerika Serikat
Genre Soul, pop, R&B, funk, jazz
Pekerjaan Penyanyi-Penulis lagu, multi-instrumentalis, produser rekaman, aktivis
Instrumen Vokal, synthesizer, piano, keyboard, harmonika, clavinet, drum, gitar bass, conga, bongo, melodika, keytar, akordion
Tahun aktif 1961–sekarang
Label Tamla, Motown
Situs web steviewonder.net

Stevie Wonder adalah nama panggung dari Stevland Hardaway Morris (lahir 13 Mei 1950; umur 64 tahun, seorang penyanyi, penulis lagu, produser rekaman, dan aktivis sosial dari Amerika Serikat. Ia telah merekam lebih dari 30 hit top 10, memenangi 21 Penghargaan Grammy (sebuah rekor untuk artis solo), juga satu untuk lifetime achievement, ia telah memenangkan sebuah piala Oscar untuk Lagu Terbaik dan masuk ke Rock and Roll dan Songwriters Halls of fame.

Ia dilahirkan secara prematur di Saginaw, Michigan dengan ibu Lula Mae Hardaway. Ada kemungkinan ia mendapatkan terlalu banyak oksigen dalam inkubatornya, dan hal ini menyebabkan kebutaan. Hardaway mengajarkan anak-anaknya yang lain untuk memperlakukan Stevie seperti orang lain, tidak mengejek atau membantunya terlalu banyak. Ia mulai belajar menyanyi dan memainkan alat musik di gereja sejak usia dini, terutama piano, conga dan harmonika.

Diskografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peringkat Diskografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Singel Top 40[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Posisi urutan
US
[1]
US R&B US Dance US AC UK
1963 "Fingertips – Pt. 2" 1 1
1966 "Uptight (Everything's Alright)" 3 1 14
"Blowin' in the Wind" 9 1 36
"A Place in the Sun" 9 3 20
1967 "I Was Made to Love Her" 2 1 5
1968 "For Once in My Life" 2 1 3
"Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day" 9 1
1969 "My Cherie Amour" 4 4 4
"Yester-Me, Yester-You, Yesterday" 7 5 2
1970 "Never Had a Dream Come True" 26 11 5
"Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours" 3 1 15
"Heaven Help Us All" 8 2 29
1971 "We Can Work It Out" 13 3 27
"If You Really Love Me" 8 4 20
1972 "Superwoman (Where Were You When I Needed You)" 33 13
"Superstition" 1 1 11
1973 "You Are the Sunshine of My Life" 1 3 3
"Higher Ground" 4 1 29
"Living for the City" 8 1 15
"Don't You Worry 'bout a Thing" 16 2 -
1974 "He's Misstra Know It All" 10
"You Haven't Done Nothin'"
(dengan The Jackson 5)
1 1 30
"Boogie On Reggae Woman" 3 1 12
1977 "I Wish" 1 1 5
"Sir Duke" 1 1 2
"Another Star" 32 18 29
"As" 36 36
1979 "Send One Your Love" 4 5
1980 "Master Blaster (Jammin')" 3 1 1 1 2
"I Ain't Gonna Stand for It" 10 4 11
1981 "Lately" 3
"Happy Birthday" 17 2
"That Girl" 3 1 39
1982 "Do I Do" 7 2 10
"Ebony and Ivory" (dengan Paul McCartney) 1 8 1
"Ribbon in the Sky" 9
1984 "I Just Called to Say I Love You" 1 1 1 1
1985 "Part-Time Lover" 1 1 1 1 3
"That's What Friends Are For"
(dengan Dionne Warwick, Elton John dan Gladys Knight)
1 1 1 16
"Love Light in Flight" 17 4 6 10
1986 "Go Home" 10 2 1 1
"Land of La La" 19
"Overjoyed" 24 8 1 17
1987 "Skeletons" 17 1 20
1988 "Get It" (with Michael Jackson) 4 37
"My Eyes Don't Cry" 6 12
"You Will Know" 1
1989 "With Each Beat of My Heart" 28
1990 "Keep Our Love Alive" 24
1991 "Fun Day (From "Jungle Fever")" 6
"Gotta Have You (From "Jungle Fever")" 3
1992 "These Three Words" 7
1995 "For Your Love" 11 30 23
2005 "So What the Fuss" 34 40 19
"From the Bottom of My Heart" 25 7

U.S. and UK albums[sunting | sunting sumber]

Year Album Chart positions
US
[2]
US R&B UK
[3]
1963 Recorded Live: The 12 Year Old Genius 1
1966 Up-Tight 33 2
1966 Down to Earth 72 8
1967 I Was Made to Love Her 45 7
1968 For Once in My Life 50 4
1969 My Cherie Amour 34 3 17
1970 Signed, Sealed, and Delivered 25 7
1971 Where I'm Coming From 7
1972 Music of My Mind 21 6
1972 Talking Book 3 1 16
1973 Innervisions 4 1 6
1974 Fulfillingness' First Finale 1 1 5
1976 Songs in the Key of Life 1 1 2
1979 Journey through the Secret Life of Plants 4 4 7
1980 Hotter than July 2 1 2
1982 Stevie Wonder's Original Musiquarium 4 1 8
1984 The Woman in Red 4 1 2
1985 In Square Circle 5 1 5
1987 Characters 17 1 33
1995 Conversation Peace 17 2 8
1996 Natural Wonder 88
1996 Song Review A Greatest Hits Collection 100 19
2000 At the Close of a Century 100
2002 The Definitive Collection 35 28
2004 Best Of Stevie Wonder: 20th Century Masters Christmas Collection 90
2005 A Time to Love 5 2 24
2007 Number 1's 171 40 23

Penghargaan dan Pengakuan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penghargaan Grammy[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wonder telah memenangi 22 Grammy Awards:[4] seperti halnya pula pada Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award yang telah disampaikan pada 1996.[5]

Tahun Penghargaan Judul
1973 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "Superstition"
1973 Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male "Superstition"
1973 Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male "You are the Sunshine of My Life"
1973 Album of the Year Innervisions
1974 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "Living for the City"
1974 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "Boogie On Reggae Woman"
1974 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Fulfillingness' First Finale
1974 Album of the Year Fulfillingness' First Finale
1976 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "I Wish"
1976 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Songs in the Key of Life[6]
1976 Best Producer of the Year* N/A
1976 Album of the Year Songs in the Key of Life
1985 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance In Square Circle
1986 Best Pop Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal
(awarded to Dionne Warwick, Elton John, Gladys Knight, and Wonder)
"That's What Friends Are For"
1995 Best Rhythm & Blues Song "For Your Love"
1995 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "For Your Love"
1998 Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s)
(awarded to Herbie Hancock, Robert Sadin, and Wonder)
"St. Louis Blues"
1998 Best Male R&B Vocal Performance "St. Louis Blues"
2002 Best R&B Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocals
(awarded to Wonder and Take 6)
"Love's in Need of Love Today"
2005 Best Male Pop Vocal Performance "From the Bottom of My Heart"
2005 Best R&B Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocals
(awarded to Beyoncé and Wonder)
"So Amazing"
2006 Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals (awarded to Tony Bennett and Wonder) "For Once In My Life"
  • Dari tahun 1965 sampai tahun 1980, sebuah artis diproduksi sendiri menerima satu Penghargaan Grammy sebagai seniman dan satu tambahan sebagai produser dalam Record of the Year dan Album dari kategori Tahun

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ [1][pranala nonaktif]
  2. ^ [2][pranala nonaktif]
  3. ^ "Stevie Wonder". Chart Stats. Diarsipkan dari aslinya tanggal July 23, 2012. Diakses April 27, 2010. 
  4. ^ Search for "Stevie Wonder" at Grammy.com.
  5. ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award". GRAMMY.com. Diakses October 30, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Grammy Awards Website". Grammy.com. February 8, 2009. Diakses September 18, 2010. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]