Medali Fields

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Medali Fields
FieldsMedalFront.jpg
Bagian depan Medali Fields
Diberikan kepadaKontribusi dalam bidang matematika
Dipandu olehInternational Mathematical Union Terjemahkan
Hadiah15,000 C$
Pertama diberikan1936 (1936)
Terakhir diberikan2010
Situs web resmihttp://www.mathunion.org/general/prizes/fields/details

Medali Fields adalah penghargaan yang diberikan kepada dua hingga empat matematikawan yang berusia kurang dari 40 tahun pada Kongres Internasional Persatuan Matematika Internasional. Penghargaan ini diselenggarakan setiap empat tahun sekali. Tujuannya adalah untuk memberikan pengakuan dan dukungan kepada para peneliti matematika muda yang telah memberikan kontribusi besar. .

Medali Fields mengambil namanya dari sang penggagas, matematikawan Kanada John Charles Fields. Fields menetapkan penghargaan, merancang medali dan mendanai hadiah pertama. Penghargaan ini dianggap sebagai penghargaan tertinggi untuk ahli matematika dan pertama kali dianugerahkan pada tahun 1936. Penerima Medali Fields pertama adalah matematikawan Finland Lars Ahlfors dan matematikawan Amerika Serikat Jesse Douglas.

Pada 2014, matematikawan Iran Maryam Mirzakhani menjadi wanita pertama peraih medali tersebut. Sampai saat ini, 60 orang telah dianugerahi Medali Fields.Penerima Medali Fields. Hadiah bagi sang pemenang (untuk tahun 2006) adalah US$13.400.

Aturan untuk menerima Medali Fields adalah:

  • Pada saat menerima medali, umur matematikawan musti kurang dari 40 tahun.
  • Matematikawan yang pernah menerima medali, tidak bisa menerima medali lagi di masa depan.

Peraturan ini berbeda dengan Hadiah Nobel, dimana tidak ada batas usia untuk penerima hadiah, dan satu orang bisa menerima hadiah lebih dari satu kali, dalam kategori yang sama (seperti John Bardeen atau Frederik Sanger) atau kategori yang berbeda (Marie Curie atau Linus Pauling).

Fields medalists[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Lokasi ICM Penerima Kebangsaan
(waktu menerima)
Afiliasi
(waktu menerima)
Afiliasi
(sekarang/terakhir)
1936 Oslo, Norwegia Lars Ahlfors Finlandia Universitas Helsinki, Finlandia Universitas Harvard, AS[1][2]
Jesse Douglas Amerika Serikat Institut Teknologi Massachusetts, AS Kolese Kota New York, AS[3][4]
1950 Cambridge, AS Laurent Schwartz Prancis Universitas Nancy, Prancis Universitas Paris VII, Prancis[5][6]
Atle Selberg Norwegia Institut untuk Belajar Lanjutan, AS Institut untuk Belajar Lanjutan, AS[7]
1954 Amsterdam, Belanda Kunihiko Kodaira Jepang Universitas Tokyo, Jepang and Institut untuk Belajar Lanjutan, AS[8] Universitas Tokyo, Jepang[9]
Jean-Pierre Serre Prancis Universitas Nancy, Prancis Collège de France, Prancis[10][11]
1958 Edinburgh, Britania Raya Klaus Roth United Kingdom Universitas Kolese London, Britania Raya Kolese Imperial London, Britania Raya[12]
René Thom Prancis Universitas Strasbourg, Prancis Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Prancis[13]
1962 Stockholm, Swedia Lars Hörmander Swedia Universitas Stockholm, Swedia Universitas Lund, Swedia[14]
John Milnor United States Universitas Princeton, AS Universitas Stony Brook, AS[15]
1966 Moscow, Rusia Michael Atiyah Britania Raya Universitas Oxford, Britania Raya Universitas Edinburgh, Britania Raya[16]
Paul Joseph Cohen Amerika Serikat Universitas Stanford, AS Universitas Stanford, AS[17]
Alexander Grothendieck None Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Prancis Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Prancis[18]
Stephen Smale Amerika Serikat Universitas California, Berkeley, AS Universitas Kota Hong Kong, Hong Kong[19]
1970 Nice, Prancis Alan Baker Britania Raya Universitas Cambridge, Britania Raya Kolese Trinity, Cambridge, Britania Raya[20]
Heisuke Hironaka Jepang Universitas Harvard, AS Universitas Kyoto, Jepang[21][22]
Sergei Novikov Rusia Universitas Negeri Moscow, Rusia Institut Matematik Steklov, Rusia

Universitas Negeri Moscow, Russia Universitas Taman Maryland-College, US[23][24]

John G. Thompson Amerika Serikat Universitas Cambridge, Britania Raya Universitas Cambridge, Britania Raya

Universitas Florida, AS[25]

1974 Vancouver, Kanada Enrico Bombieri Italia Universitas Pisa, Italia Institut untuk Belajar Lanjutan, AS[26]
David Mumford Amerika Serikat Universitas Harvard, AS Universitas Brown, AS[27]
1978 Helsinki, Finlandia Pierre Deligne Belgia Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Prancis Institut untuk Belajar Lanjutan, AS[28]
Charles Fefferman Amerika Serikat Universitas Princeton, AS Universitas Princeton, AS[29]
Grigori Margulis Rusia Universitas Negeri Moscow, Rusia Universitas Yale, AS[30]
Daniel Quillen Amerika Serikat Institut Teknologi Massachusetts, AS Universitas Oxford, AS[31]
1982 Warsaw, Polandia Alain Connes Prancis Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Prancis Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Prancis

Collège de France, Prancis Universitas Negeri Ohio, AS[32]

William Thurston Amerika Serikat Universitas Princeton, AS Universitas Cornell, AS[33]
Shing-Tung Yau None Institute for Advanced Study, US Harvard University, US[34]
1986 Berkeley, US Simon Donaldson United Kingdom University of Oxford, UK Imperial College London, UK[35] Stony Brook University, US[36]
Gerd Faltings West Germany Princeton University, US Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Germany[37]
Michael Freedman United States University of California, San Diego, US Microsoft Station Q, US[38]
1990 Kyoto, Japan Vladimir Drinfeld Soviet Union B Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, USSR[39] University of Chicago, US[40]
Vaughan F. R. Jones New Zealand University of California, Berkeley, US University of California, Berkeley, US,[41]

Vanderbilt University, US[42]

Shigefumi Mori Japan Kyoto University, Japan Kyoto University, Japan[43]
Edward Witten United States Institute for Advanced Study, US Institute for Advanced Study, US[44]
1994 Zurich, Switzerland Jean Bourgain Belgium Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, France Institute for Advanced Study, US[45]
Pierre-Louis Lions France University of Paris 9, France Collège de France, France

École polytechnique, France[46]

Jean-Christophe Yoccoz France Paris-Sud 11 University, France Collège de France, France[47]
Efim Zelmanov Russia University of California, San Diego, US Steklov Mathematical Institute, Russia,

University of California, San Diego, US[48]

1998 Berlin, Germany Richard Borcherds United Kingdom University of California, Berkeley, US

University of Cambridge, UK

University of California, Berkeley, US[49]
Timothy Gowers United Kingdom University of Cambridge, UK University of Cambridge, UK[50]
Maxim Kontsevich Russia Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, France

Rutgers University, US

Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, France

Rutgers University, US[51]

Curtis T. McMullen United States Harvard University, US Harvard University, US[52]
2002 Beijing, China Laurent Lafforgue France Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, France Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, France[53]
Vladimir Voevodsky Russia Institute for Advanced Study, US Institute for Advanced Study, US[54]
2006 Madrid, Spain Andrei Okounkov Russia Princeton University, US Columbia University, US[55]
Grigori Perelman (declined) Russia None St. Petersburg Department of Steklov Institute of Mathematics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia[56]
Terence Tao Australia University of California, Los Angeles, US University of California, Los Angeles, US[57]
Wendelin Werner France Paris-Sud 11 University, France ETH Zurich, Switzerland[58]
2010 Hyderabad, India Elon Lindenstrauss Israel Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Princeton University, US

Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel[59]
Ngô Bảo Châu Vietnam, France Paris-Sud 11 University, France

Institute for Advanced Study, US

University of Chicago, US

Vietnam Institute for Advanced Study, Vietnam[60]

Stanislav Smirnov Russia University of Geneva, Switzerland University of Geneva, Switzerland

St. Petersburg State University, Russia[61]

Cédric Villani France École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, France

Institut Henri Poincaré, France

Lyon University, France

Institut Henri Poincaré, France[62]

2014 Seoul, South Korea Artur Avila Brazil, France University of Paris VII, France

CNRS, France Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada, Brazil

University of Paris VII, France

CNRS, France Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada, Brazil

Manjul Bhargava Canada, United States Princeton University, US Princeton University, US[63][64][65]
Martin Hairer Austria University of Warwick, UK Imperial College London, UK
Maryam Mirzakhani Iran Stanford University, US Stanford University, US[66][67]
2018 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Caucher Birkar Iran, United Kingdom University of Cambridge, UK University of Cambridge, UK
Alessio Figalli Italy Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland
Peter Scholze Germany University of Bonn, Germany University of Bonn, Germany
Akshay Venkatesh Australia Stanford University, US Stanford University, US

Institute for Advanced Study, US[68]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]