Marinir Kerajaan

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Marinir Kerajaan
Corps of Royal Marines
Cap badge of the Royal Marines.png
Crest
Dibentuk Regimen marinir sejak tahun 1664
Pasukan marinir permanen sejak tahun 1755
Disebut "Royal Marines" pada tahun 1802
"Corps of Royal Marines" pada tahun 1923
Negara  Britania Raya[nb 1]
Aliansi Elizabeth II
Cabang Her Majesty's Naval Service
Tipe unit Marine corps
Peran Senjata perang ekspedisioner & amfibi
Jumlah personil 7,760 Royal Marines
750 Royal Marines Reserve
Naval Staff Offices Whitehall, London, England
Julukan Royals
Bootnecks
The Commandos
Jollies
Moto "Per Mare, Per Terram" (la)
"By Sea, By Land"
("Melalui Laut, Melalui Darat")
Warna seragam Biru
Emas
Hijau
Merah
Biru
Himne Quick: "A Life on the Ocean Wave"
Slow: "Preobrajensky"
Pertempuran
Situs web www.royalnavy.mod.uk/royalmarines
Komandan tempur
Captain General Pangeran Philip
First Sea Lord Admiral Sir George Zambellas
Commandant General Major General Martin Smith

Marinir Kerajaan (bahasa Inggris: Corps of Royal Marines, atau hanya Royal Marines, disingkat RM) adalah pasukan infantri ringan amfibi Britania Raya, yang membentuk Angkatan Laut (Naval Service), bersama dengan Royal Navy.[1] Royal Marines dibentuk pada tahun 1755 sebagai pasukan infantri dari Royal Navy. Namun, para marinir mempunyai asal usul dari pembentukan "Duke of York and Albany's maritime regiment of Foot" dari English Army pada lokasi Honourable Artillery Company pada tanggal 28 Oktober 1664.[2] Royal Marines dibentuk pada tahun 1755 sebagai pasukan infantri dari Royal Navy. Namun, para marinir mempunyai asal usul dari pembentukan "Duke of York and Albany's maritime regiment of Foot" dari English Army pada lokasi Honourable Artillery Company pada tanggal 28 Oktober 1664.[2]

Royal Marines berparade di jalanan Chania pada musim semi tahun 1897, setelah pendudukan Britania.

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Struktur komando[sunting | sunting sumber]

Royal Marine and Albanian Commando.jpg

The Commando Flash and dagger worn on the sleeve

Tiga unit komando masing-masing diorganisir ke dalam enam companies, dan lebih jauh diorganisir menjadi troop berukuran platoon, sebagai berikut:[3]

Command Company

  • Main HQ
  • Tactical HQ
  • Reconnaissance Troop with a sniper section
  • Mortar Troop
  • Anti-Tank (AT) Troop
  • Medium Machine Gun Troop

Logistic Company

  • A Echelon 1
  • A Echelon 2
  • FRT (Forward Repair Team)
  • RAP (Regimental Aid Post)
  • B Echelon

Dua Close Combat Companies

  • Company Headquarters
  • Three Close Combat Troops

Dua Stand Off Companies

  • Company Headquarters
  • Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) Troop
  • AT Troop
  • Close Combat Troop.

Afiliasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
  • The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
  • Netherlands Marine Corps[4]

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Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Naval Personnel Hierarchy" (PDF), BR3 Naval Personnel Management, Ministry of Defence, October 2012, diakses tanggal 12 December 2012 
  2. ^ a b Origins of Royal Marines
  3. ^ Extract from The Globe & Laurel, November–December 2000, diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 5 November 2010 
  4. ^ "HMS Bulwark arrives in the Netherlands to mark amphibious pact". Royal Navy. 8 May 2013. Diakses tanggal 30 January 2015. 

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • A Brief Chronology of Marines History 1664–2003, Royal Marines Museum
  • Moore, John (1989). The First Fleet Marines. University of Queensland Press. ISBN 0702220655. 
  • Historical Records of the Buffs, East Kent Regiment, 3rd Foot, Formerly Designated the Holland Regiment, by H. R. Knight, 1905.
  • The Whitefoord Papers; Being the Correspondence and Other Manuscripts of Colonel Charles Whitefoord and Caleb Whitefoord, from 1739 to 1810, by Charles Whitefoord, Clarendon press, 1898. Searchable full text available on-line at Google Books. Charles Whitefoord served in Wynyard's (4th Marines), Gooch's, and the 5th Marines in the 1740s.
  • Historical record of the Royal marine forces, by Paul Harris Nicolas, Thomas and Boone, London, 1845. Searchable full text available on-line at Google Books.
  • Per Mare, Per Terram: Reminiscences of Thirty-two Years' Military, Naval, and Constabulary Service by William Henry Poyntz, Economic Print. & Publ. Co. (1892). Searchable full text available on-line at Google Books.
  • Britain's sea soldiers : a history of the Royal Marines and their predecessors and of their services in action, ashore and afloat, and upon sundry other occasions of moment, by Cyril Field, Liverpool:The Lyceum Press, 1924, (2 vol.) Covers British Marines until around 1900.
  • Britain's Sea Soldiers: A Record of the Royal Marines during the War 1914–1919, by General Sir H.E. Blumberg, Devonport, 1927. Very detailed with excellent maps. The USMC used the maps from this book for their studies of Gallipoli in the 1920s and 30s that led to the formation of US amphibious doctrine in 1935.
  • By Sea and Land by Robin Neillands, 1987, Cassell Military Paperbacks, ISBN 0-304-35683-2. Traces the history of the Corps until the end of the Falkands Campaign in 1982.
  • Uniforms of the Royal Marines by Charles Stadden, 1997, ISBN 0-9519342-2-8
  • International Institute for Strategic Studies; Hackett, James (ed.) (3 February 2010). The Military Balance 2010. London: Routledge. ISBN 1-85743-557-5. 
  • The Royal Marines 1939–93 (Osprey Elite Series 57), by Nick van der Bijl and Paul Hannon, 1994. London, UK: Osprey Publishing Limited. ISBN 1-85532-388-5.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]