Daftar sungai terpanjang di dunia

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Berikut adalah daftar 50 sungai terpanjang di dunia.

Daftar 50 sungai terpanjang di dunia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pembahasan yang disebutkan di atas harus dipertimbangkan saat menggunakan data dalam tabel berikut. Untuk kebanyakan sungai, sumber yang berbeda memberikan informasi yang saling bertentangan tentang panjang sistem sungai. Informasi dalam sumber yang berbeda berada di antara tanda kurung.

Legenda warna yang digunakan di tabel utama, berdasarkan benua
Benua
Afrika Asia Australia Eropa Amerika Utara Amerika Selatan
Peringkat Nama Sungai Panjang (km) Daerah

Aliran

Sungai(km2)[butuh rujukan]

Debit

rata-rata(m3/s)[butuh rujukan]

Muara Negara di daerah aliran sungai[butuh rujukan]
1. Nil[n 1] 6,650
(7,088)
3,254,555 2,800 Laut Tengah Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Mesir, Republik Demokratik Kongo, Sudan Selatan
2. Amazon[n 1] 6,575
(6,992)
7,050,000 209,000 Samudra Atlantik Brasil, Peru, Bolivia, Kolombia, Ekuador, Venezuela, Guyana
3. Yangtze 6,300
(6,418)
1,800,000 30,166 Laut Tiongkok Timur Tiongkok
4. MississippiMissouri 6,275
2,980,000 16,792 Teluk Meksiko Amerika Serikat (98.5%), Kanada (1.5%)
5. Yenisei 5,539
2,580,000 18,050 Laut Kara Rusia (97%), Mongolia (2.9%)
6. Sungai Kuning
(Huang He)
5,464
745,000 2,571 Laut Bohai Tiongkok
7. ObIrtysh 5,410 2,990,000 12,475 Teluk Ob Rusia, Kazakhstan, Tiongkok, Mongolia
8. Río de la Plata[8] 4,880
2,582,672 22,000 Río de la Plata Brasil (46.7%), Argentina (27.7%), Paraguay (13.5%), Bolivia (8.3%), Uruguay (3.8%)
9. Kongo
(Zaïre)
4,700
3,680,000 41,800 Samudra Atlantik Republik Demokratik Kongo, Republik Afrika Tengah, Angola, Republik Kongo, Tanzania, Kamerun, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda
10. Amur

(Heilong Jiang)

4,444 1,855,000 11,400 Laut Okhotsk Rusia, Tiongkok, Mongolia
11. Lena 4,400
2,490,000 15,500 Laptev Sea Russia
12. Mekong
(Lancang Jiang)
4,350 810,000 16,000 South China Sea China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam
13. Mackenzie 4,241
1,790,000 10,300 Beaufort Sea Canada
14. Niger 4,200
2,090,000 5,589 Gulf of Guinea Nigeria (26.6%), Mali (25.6%), Niger (23.6%), Algeria (7.6%), Guinea (4.5%), Cameroon (4.2%), Burkina Faso (3.9%), Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Chad
15. BrahmaputraYarlung Tsangpo 3,969 712,035 19,800[9][10] Gangga India (58.0%), China (19.7%), Nepal (9.0%), Bangladesh (6.6%), Disputed India/China (4.2%), Bhutan (2.4%)
16. MurrayDarling 3,672[11] 1,061,000 767 Samudra Selatan Australia
17. TocantinsAraguaia 3,650 950,000 13,598 Samudra Atlantik, Amazon Brazil
18. Volga 3,645 1,380,000 8,080 Caspian Sea Russia
19. Indus 3,610 960,000 7,160 Arabian Sea Pakistan (93%), India and China
20. Shatt al-ArabEfrat 3,596
884,000 856 Persian Gulf Iraq (60.5%), Turkey (24.8%), Syria (14.7%)
21. Madeira 3,380 1,485,200 31,200 Amazon Brazil, Bolivia, Peru
22. Purús 3,211 63,166 8,400 Amazon Brazil, Peru
23. Yukon 3,185 850,000 6,210 Bering Sea United States (59.8%), Canada (40.2%)
24. São Francisco 3,180*
(2,900)
610,000 3,300 Samudra Atlantik Brazil
25. Syr Darya 3,078 219,000 703 Aral Sea Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan
26. Salween
(Nu Jiang)
3,060 324,000 3,153[12] Andaman Sea China (52.4%), Myanmar (43.9%), Thailand (3.7%)
27. Saint LawrenceNiagaraDetroit (Great Lakes) 3,058 1,030,000 10,100 Gulf of Saint Lawrence Canada (52.1%), United States (47.9%)
28. Rio Grande 3,057 570,000 82 Teluk Meksiko United States (52.1%), Mexico (47.9%)
29. Nizhnyaya Tunguska 2,989 473,000 3,600 Yenisei Russia
30. Donau 2,888* 817,000 7,130 Black Sea Romania (28.9%), Hungary (11.7%), Austria (10.3%), Serbia (10.3%), Germany (7.5%), Slovakia (5.8%), Bulgaria (5.2%), Croatia (4.5%), Ukraine (3.8%)
31. Sungai Irrawaddy 2,809* 404,200* 13,000* Laut Andaman China, Myanmar
32. Zambezi
(Zambesi)
2,740* 1,330,000 4,880 Mozambique Channel Zambia (41.6%), Angola (18.4%), Zimbabwe (15.6%), Mozambique (11.8%), Malawi (8.0%), Tanzania (2.0%), Namibia, Botswana
33. Vilyuy 2,720 454,000 1,480 Lena Russia
34. Araguaia 2,704 358,125 5,510 Tocantins Brazil
35. Gangga

(Ganga)

2,704[13] 1,024,000 12,037[14] Bay of Bengal India, Bangladesh, Nepal
36. Amu Darya 2,620 534,739 1,400 Aral Sea Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan
37. Japurá (Rio Yapurá) 2,615* 242,259 6,000 Amazon Brazil, Colombia
38. NelsonSaskatchewan 2,570 1,093,000 2,575 Hudson Bay Canada, United States
39. Paraguay (Rio Paraguay) 2,549 900,000 4,300 Paraná Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina
40. Kolyma 2,513 644,000 3,800 East Siberian Sea Russia
41. Pilcomayo 2,500 270,000 Paraguay Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia
42. Hulu ObKatun 2,490 Ob Russia
43. Ishim 2,450 177,000 56 Irtysh Kazakhstan, Russia
44. Juruá 2,410 200,000 6,000 Amazon Peru, Brazil
45. Ural 2,428 237,000 475 Caspian Sea Russia, Kazakhstan
46. Arkansas 2,348 505,000
(435,122)
1,066 Mississippi United States
47. Colorado 2,333 390,000 1,200 Gulf of California United States, Mexico
48. Olenyok 2,292 219,000 1,210 Laptev Sea Russia
49. Dnieper 2,287 516,300 1,670 Black Sea Russia, Belarus, Ukraine
50. Aldan 2,273 729,000 5,060 Lena Russia

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama britannica-nile
  2. ^ a b Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama britannica-amazon
  3. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama bbc-amazon
  4. ^ Roach, John. "Amazon Longer Than Nile River, Scientists Say". National Geographic. Diakses tanggal 4 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama inpe
  6. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama liu-etal-river-length
  7. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama britannica-amazon-length
  8. ^ "Río de la Plata". Encyclopædia Britannica. Diakses tanggal 11 August 2010. 
  9. ^ "Scientists pinpoint sources of four major international rivers". Xinhua News Agency. 22 August 2011. Diakses tanggal 8 September 2015. 
  10. ^ "Brahmaputra River". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  11. ^ "Longest Rivers". Geoscience Australia. Diakses tanggal 4 March 2015. 
  12. ^ Syvitski, James P. M., Vörösmarty, Charles J., Kettner, Albert J., Green, Pamela. "Impact of Humans on the Flux of Terrestrial Sediment to the Global Coastal Ocean". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2006-09-19. Diakses tanggal 2006-02-27. 
  13. ^ Parua, Pranab Kumar (3 January 2010). The Ganga: water use in the Indian subcontinent. Springer. hlm. 272. ISBN 978-90-481-3102-0. Diakses tanggal 17 May 2011. 
  14. ^ Ganges–Farakka
  1. ^ a b The Nile is usually said to be the longest river in the world, with a length of about 6,650 km,[1] and the Amazon the second longest, with a length of at least 6,400 km.[2] In recent decades debate has intensified over the true source and the placement of the mouth, and therefore the length, of the Amazon River.[3][4] Brazilian and Peruvian Studies in 2007 and 2008 added the waterway from the Amazon's southern outlet through tidal canals and the Pará estuary of the Tocantins and then concluded that the Amazon has a length of 6,992 km and was longer than the Nile, whose length was calculated as 6,853 km. The dispute is: "Is the channel south of Isla de Marajó to be treated as part of the Amazon, or as part of the Rio Tocantins?"[5] A peer-reviewed article, published in 2009, states a length of 7,088 km for the Nile and 6,575 km for the Amazon, measured by using a combination of satellite image analysis and field investigations to the source regions.[6] Therefore, as of 2018 the length of both rivers remains open to interpretation and continued debate.[2][7] Note that the disputed values have been put in parentheses.