Sejarah astronomi

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Templat:Sejarah ilmu pengetahuan

Sebuah peta bintang dengan sebuah proyeksi cylindrical. Peta bintang buatan Su Song tersebut mewakili salah satu peta bintang tertua yang masih ada dalam bentuk yang dicetak.

Astronomi adalah ilmu pengetahuan alam tertua, yang telah ada sejak zaman kuno, dengan asal mulanya dalam kepercayaan agama, mitologi, kosmologi, kalender, dan astrologi dan praktik-praktik pra-sejarah

Sejarah awal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Budaya-budaya awal mengidentifikasikan objek-objek ruang angkasa dengan dewa-dewa dan jiwa.[1] Mereka mengaitkan objek-objek tersebut (dan gerakan mereka) dengan fenomena seperti hujan dan musim. Mereka umumnya mempercayai bahwa astronom-astronom "profesional" pertama adalah para pendeta

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Krupp, Edwin C. (2003), Echoes of the Ancient Skies: The Astronomy of Lost Civilizations, Astronomy Series, Courier Dover Publications, hlm. 62–72, ISBN 0-486-42882-6, diakses tanggal 2011-04-12 

Sejarawan astronomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Aaboe, Asger. Episodes from the Early History of Astronomy. Springer-Verlag 2001 ISBN 0-387-95136-9
  • Aveni, Anthony F. Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico. University of Texas Press 1980 ISBN 0-292-77557-1
  • Dreyer, J. L. E. History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler, 2nd edition. Dover Publications 1953 (revised reprint of History of the Planetary Systems from Thales to Kepler, 1906)
  • Eastwood, Bruce. The Revival of Planetary Astronomy in Carolingian and Post-Carolingian Europe, Variorum Collected Studies Series CS 279 Ashgate 2002 ISBN 0-86078-868-7
  • Evans, James (1998), The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-509539-1 .
  • Antoine Gautier, L'âge d'or de l'astronomie ottomane, in L'Astronomie, (Monthly magazine created by Camille Flammarion in 1882), December 2005, volume 119.
  • Hodson, F. R. (ed.). The Place of Astronomy in the Ancient World: A Joint Symposium of the Royal Society and the British Academy. Oxford University Press, 1974 ISBN 0-19-725944-8
  • Hoskin, Michael. The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280306-9
  • McCluskey, Stephen C. Astronomies and Cultures in Early Medieval Europe. Cambridge University Press 1998 ISBN 0-521-77852-2
  • Pannekoek, Anton. A History of Astronomy. Dover Publications 1989
  • Pedersen, Olaf. Early Physics and Astronomy: A Historical Introduction, revised edition. Cambridge University Press 1993 ISBN 0-521-40899-7
  • Pingree, David (1998), "Legacies in Astronomy and Celestial Omens", dalam Dalley, Stephanie, The Legacy of Mesopotamia, Oxford University Press, hlm. 125–137, ISBN 0-19-814946-8 .
  • Rochberg, Francesca (2004), The Heavenly Writing: Divination, Horoscopy, and Astronomy in Mesopotamian Culture, Cambridge University Press .
  • Stephenson, Bruce. Kepler's Physical Astronomy, Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences, 13. New York: Springer, 1987 ISBN 0-387-96541-6
  • Walker, Christopher (ed.). Astronomy before the telescope. British Museum Press 1996 ISBN 0-7141-1746-3

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jurnal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]