Krisis Krimea 2014

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Krisis Krimea
Aneksasi Krimea
Bagian dari Krisis Ukraina
Crimea crisis map (alternate color for Russia).PNG
Tanggal 20 Februari 2014 – 19 Maret 2014[1] (11 tahun, 7 bulan, dan 13 hari)
Lokasi Krimea
Hasil
Pihak yang terlibat
 Rusia  Ukraina
Kekuatan
Pemrotes

Sukarelawan[13][15]

  • 5.000 (Sevastopol)
  • 1.700 (Simferopol)

Angkatan bersenjata Rusia

  • 20.000–30.000 tentara[16]

Pembelot Angkatan Bersenjata Ukraina

Pemrotes

Angkatan bersenjata Ukraina

  • 5.000–22.000 tentara[20][21]
  • 40,000 cadangan, sebagian dimobilisasi (di luar Krimea)[22]
Korban
1 tentara SDF Krimea terbunuh [23] 2 tentara terbunuh,[24]

60–80 detained[25]

3 pemrotes tewas (2 pro-Rusia dan 1 pro-Ukraina)[26][27][28][29]
Jumlah korban tewas tidak berhubungan langsung dengan aktivitas militer

Krisis Krimea 2014 dimulai pada masa setelah Revolusi Ukraina 2014 dan berpusat di semenanjung Krimea Ukraina, yang lebih dari setengah penduduknya adalah etnis Rusia. Pada bulan Februari 2014, pemerintah nasional pro-Rusia di Ukraina digulingkan dan diganti dengan satu menginginkan hubungan lebih dekat dengan Uni Eropa. Ketegangan meningkat antara Euromaidan pro-Eropa dan gerakan rakyat anti-maidan pro-Rusia didorong oleh media Rusia menghadirkan pemerintah Ukraina baru sebagai "fasis" dan "anti-Rusia" dalam referensi untuk Sektor Kanan dan Svoboda.[30][31][32][33]

Pada 6 Maret 2014, Parlemen Krimea memilih untuk meminta Rusia untuk re-unifikasi, yang jika diberikan oleh Rusia kemudian akan disampaikan kepada pemilih Krimea pada tanggal 16 Maret 2014.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Is Crimea gone? Annexation no longer the focus of Ukraine crisis". CNN. Diakses tanggal 12 July 2014. 
  2. ^ Weaver, Courtney (15 March 2015). "Putin was ready to put nuclear weapons on alert in Crimea crisis". Financial Times. Diakses tanggal 16 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Avakov named seizure of airports in Crimea armed invasion and occupation, Ukrinform, 28 February 2014 
  4. ^ "Ukrainian soldiers on border with Crimea pray for peace, prepare for war". Kyiv Post. 26 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 24 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Besieged Ukrainian soldiers DEFECT to Russia as Kiev prepares to pull 25,000 troops and their families out of Crimea". Georgia Newsday. 20 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 24 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Bridget Kendall (2 March 2014). "New head of Ukraine's navy defects in Crimea". BBC. Diakses tanggal 24 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Russia Stages a Coup in Crimea". The Daily Beast. 1 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 2 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Gumuchian, Marie-Louise; Smith-Spark, Laura; Formanek, Ingrid (27 February 2014). "Gunmen seize government buildings in Ukraine's Crimea, raise Russian flag". CNN. Diakses tanggal 27 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Crimea MPs vote to join Russia". BBC News. 6 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Putin signs treaty to add Crimea to map of Russia". The Concord Monitor. 19 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 20 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Ukraine 'preparing withdrawal of troops from Crimea'". BBC News. 19 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 20 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Russian Citizen Elected Sevastopol Mayor Amid Pro-Moscow Protests in Crimea". The Moscow Times. 25 February 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Ukraine leader Turchynov warns of 'danger of separatism'". Euronews. 25 February 2014. 
  14. ^ "Russian flags flood Crimean capital as thousands back takeover by Russia". The Straits Times. 9 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 9 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "Pro-Russian rally in Crimea decries Kiev 'bandits'". The Washington Post. 25 February 2014. [pranala nonaktif]
  16. ^ Pollard, Ruth (13 March 2014). "Russia closing door on Crimea as troops build up". The Sydney Morning Herald. Diakses tanggal 12 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "Ukraine troops leave Crimea by busload: Defense minister resigns after Russia seizes peninsula". CBS News. CBS Interactive, Inc. 25 March 2014. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2014-03-25. Diakses tanggal 25 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "Crimean Tatars, pro-Russia supporters approach Crimean parliament building". UA. Interfax. 20 October 2012. 
  19. ^ "Russia puts military on high alert as Crimea protests leave one man dead". The Guardian. 26 February 2014. Diakses tanggal 27 February 2014. 
  20. ^ Ewen MacAskill, defence correspondent (28 February 2014). "Ukraine military still a formidable force despite being dwarfed by neighbour". The Guardian. 
  21. ^ "Putin Talks Tough But Cools Tensions Over Ukraine". NPR. 4 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 19 March 2014. [pranala nonaktif]
  22. ^ Faiola, Anthony (17 March 2014). "Ukraine mobilizes reservists but relies on diplomacy". The Washington Post. Diakses tanggal 24 March 2014. 
  23. ^ Heather Saul; Kim Sengupta (19 March 2014). "Ukraine crisis: Pro-Russian troops storm naval base as Clinton warns of 'aggression' from Putin". The Independent. Diakses tanggal 24 March 2015. 
  24. ^ "Russian marine kills Ukraine navy officer in Crimea, says ministry". Reuters. Diakses tanggal 2 October 2014. 
  25. ^ Aleksander Vasovic; Gabriela Baczynska (24 March 2014). "Ukraine military to pull out from Crimea". The Sudbury Star. Reuters. Diakses tanggal 24 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "Two die in rallies outside Crimean parliament, says ex-head of Mejlis". Kyiv Post. 26 February 2014. Diakses tanggal 27 February 2014. 
  27. ^ JC Finley (27 February 2014). "Unrest in Crimea leaves 2 dead; government buildings seized". United Press International. Diakses tanggal 9 March 2014. 
  28. ^ Погибший крымский татарин шел в военкомат, захваченный "дружинниками" [The deceased was a Crimean Tatar on his way to enlist when he was captured "vigilantes"] (dalam Russian). LB.ua. 17 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 24 March 2015. 
  29. ^ Зверски убитого крымского татарина звали Решат Аметов. Трое малолетних детей осиротели. [Brutally murdered Crimean Tatar's name was Reşat Ametov. Three toddlers left orphaned.] (dalam Russian). censor.net.ua. 18 March 2014. Diakses tanggal 3 April 2014. 
  30. ^ Shaun Walker in Sevastopol. "Russian propaganda and Ukrainian rumour fuel anger and hate in Crimea". The Guardian. 
  31. ^ Simon Shuster / Simferopol (1 Maret 2014). "Many Ukrainians Want Russia To Invade". Time. 
  32. ^ Piper, Elizabeth (25 February 2014). "Russia evokes World War Two in media blitz on Ukraine". Reuters. 
  33. ^ "Russia state media toe Kremlin line on Ukraine". The Irish Times. 7 Maret 2014. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]