Bangsa Azerbaijan

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Azerbaijanis
Azərbaycanlılar, Azərilər
آذربایجانلیلار ,آذری لر
Azerigirls.JPG
Penari tradisional Azeri
Jumlah populasi

antara. 20 juta sampai 50 juta

Kawasan dengan konsentrasi signifikan
 Iran 12 hingga 18 juta [1][2][3][4][5]
 Azerbaijan 8.238.672 [6][7]
 Turki 800.000 [8]
 Rusia 622.000 [9]
 Georgia 284.761 [10]
 Kazakhstan 78.300 [11]
 Jerman 120.000 - 140.000
 Ukraina 45.200 [12]
 Belanda 18.000 [13]
 Britania Raya 170 000 [14]
 Amerika Serikat 5.553 - 400.000 [15][16]
 Kanada 70.000 - 275.000 [17][18]
 Austria 1.000 [19]
 Estonia 880 [20]
 Australia 290 [21]
 Denmark 116 [22]
wilayah lain 30.000
Bahasa
Bahasa Azeri
Agama
Mayoritas Islam Syiah, minoritas Zoroastrianisme, Kekristenan, dan Baha'i
Kelompok etnik terdekat
Bangsa Turki, Bangsa Kaukasus, Bangsa Iran.

Bangsa Azerbaijan[23][24][25][26] adalah grup etnis yang tinggal di Iran barat laut dan Republik Azerbaijan. Umumnya disebut sebagai Azeri/Āzarī (آذری - Azəri), mereka tinggal dari wilayah Kaukasus hingga Iran. Mayoritas Bangsa Azerbaijan menganut agama Muslim Syi'ah.[27]

Meskipun hidup terpisah akibat Traktat Gulistan (1813) dan Turkmenchay (1828), di mana Iran kehilangan wilayah utaranya ke Rusia, bangsa Azerbaijan merupakan grup etnis yang satu.[28] Namun, muncul perbedaan di antara bangsa Azerbaijan di utara dan selatan akibat perbedaan evolusi sosial. Bahasa Azerbaijan masih dapat menyatukan bangsa Azeri di utara dan selatan.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Peoples of Iran" in Looklex Encyclopedia of the Orient. Retrieved on 22 January 2009.
  2. ^ "Iran: People", CIA: The World Factbook: 24% of Iran's total population. Retrieved on 22 January 2009.
  3. ^ G. Riaux, "The Formative Years of Azerbaijani Nationalism in Post-Revolutionary Iran", Central Asian Survey, 27(1): 45-58, March 2008: 25% of Iran's total population (p. 46). Retrieved on 22 January 2009.
  4. ^ "Iran", Amnesty International report on Iran and Azerbaijanis . Retrieved 30 July 2006.
  5. ^ "Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity" in The Azerbaijani Population by Brenda Shaffer, pp. 221–225. The MIT Press (2003), ISBN 0-262-19477-5.
  6. ^ "Population by ethnic groups", The State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan Republic . Retrieved 19 June 2006.
  7. ^ "Azerbaijan: People", CIA Factbook. Azeri ethnic percentage of 90.6% used to calculate population derived from Azeri census . Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  8. ^ "Turkey: Religions & Peoples", Encyclopedia of the Orient . Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  9. ^ "Azerbaijanis in Russia", 2002 Russian Census . Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  10. ^ State Statistics Department of Georgia: 2002 census . Retrieved 16 July 2006.
  11. ^ Ethnic Composition of Kazakhstan (1999 census) . Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  12. ^ "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001", Ukraine Census 2001 . Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  13. ^ Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Bilateral relations with the Netherlands: Diaspora. NB Of these, 7,000 are immigrants from Azerbaijan. Retrieved on 3 June 2009
  14. ^ [1]. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
  15. ^ First, Second, and Total Responses to the Ancestry Question by Detailed Ancestry Code: 2000. This number includes both primary and secondary ancestry. . Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  16. ^ http://www.usturkic.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=65
  17. ^ http://www.azeriamerica.com/index_files/AzeriCommunityinUSandCanada.htm
  18. ^ http://www.azembassy.ca/ada/2008/ADA_8102.pdf
  19. ^ Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Azerbaijan-Austria relations: Diaspora Info (February 2008). NB Of these, about 70-75% are Iranian Azeris, 15-20% are Turkish Azeris and 5-10% are Azeris originally from Azerbaijan and the former Soviet Union.
  20. ^ Estonia: Population Census of 2000: select "Azerbaijani" under "Ethnic nationality". NB Of these, only 162 held Estonian citizenship as of 31 March 2000.
  21. ^ 2006 Australian Census. NB According to the 2006 census, 290 people living in Australia identified themselves as of Azeri ancestry, although the Australian-Azeri community is estimated to be larger. . Retrieved 1 April 2008.
  22. ^ StatBank Denmark (2008). NB This number includes Danish citizens who declare Azerbaijan as their country of origin. It does not account for ethnic Azeris from Iran. . Retrieved 25 April 2008.
  23. ^ Joshua Project. "Ethnic People Groups of the Turkic Peoples Affinity Bloc". Joshua Project. Diakses tanggal 2009-03-03. 
  24. ^ "Azerbaijani, North —". Rosettaproject.org. Diakses tanggal 2009-03-03. 
  25. ^ (pengucapan bahasa Inggris: [ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːni]; dalam Azeri: Azərbaycanlılar, Azeris/Azərilər, Azeri Turks/Azərilər; Sirilik Azerbaijan: Азәриләр, Azeri: آذری لر ) atau Bangsa Azarbaijan
  26. ^ "Iran", US Library of Congress Country Studies (retrieved 7 June 2006). (in Iran; also Azaris, Turks/Torks)
  27. ^ Robertson, Lawrence R. (2002). Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual. Academic International Press. hlm. 210. ISBN 0875691994, 9780875691992 Periksa nilai: invalid character |isbn= (bantuan). 
  28. ^ "Azerbaijani", Encyclopedia Britannica . Retrieved 7 June 2006.

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