Bangsa Albania

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Bangsa Albania
Shqiptarët
Gjergj Kastrioti.jpg
Mother Teresa.jpg
Ismail Qemali.jpg
Dupré - Ali Pasha.jpg
ModernEgypt, Muhammad Ali by Auguste Couder, BAP 17996.jpg
Ghega-lithografie-kriehuber-1851.jpg
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Portrait of a volunteer officer of the Ottoman Civilian Battalion.jpg
Ibrahim Rugova.jpg
Eliza Dushku 2012 Shankbone.JPG
Olympique de Marseille - Association de la Jeunesse auxerroise 2007 2008 Lorik Cana.jpg
Ferid Murad.jpg
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Joseph DioGuardi.jpg
Francesco Crispi.jpg
Kara DioGuardi.jpg
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Total population
Sekitar 8-8,5 juta
Kawasan dengan populasi yang signifikan
 Albania 2.312.356 [1]
 Kosovo[a] 1.690.000 [2]
 Makedonia 509.083[3]
 Yunani 274.390-600.000[4][5]
 Montenegro 30.439[6]
 Kroasia 17.513 (Sensus 2011)[7]
 Rumania 10.000[8]
 Serbia 5.809 (memboikot)1, diperkirakan 60.000[9]
 Italia 1.300.000: 482.6272 + 800.000 orang Albania Arbëreshë lokal.[10],[11]
 Jerman 300.000[12]
 Swiss 200.000[13][14]
 Belanda 60.000
 Swedia 60.000
 Britania Raya 30.000[15]
 Austria 28.212[16]
 Perancis 20.000
 Norwegia 10.000
 Denmark 8.000[17]
 Finlandia 7.804[18]
 Belgia 5.600–30.000[19][20]
 Ukraina 5.000[21]
 Turki 500.000-1.300.0003[22]
 Mesir 20.000
 Amerika Serikat 193.813[23]
 Kanada 22.395[24]
 Australia 11.315[25]
Bahasa
Albania
Agama

Muslim
Sunni, Bektashi
Kekristenan:
Katolik Roma, Ortodoks Albania, Protestan

Ireligius
Footnotes

1 Sebagian besar memboikot sensus[26]
2 Perkiraan ini hanya menunjukkan jumlah penduduk Albania di Italia dan tidak termasuk imigran Albania dari Kosovo, dari negara Balkan lain, imigran ilegal, dan Albania Arbëreshë lokal.

3 Bangsa Albania tidak diakui sebagai minoritas di Turki. Namun, diperkirakan 500.000 orang mengaku sebagai orang Albania. Jika digabung dengan mereka yang punya darah Albania dan yang telah terturkinisasi, diperkirakan terdapat 1.300.000, dan sebagian besar di antara mereka tidak dapat berbicara bahasa Albania.

Bangsa Albania (bahasa Albania: Shqiptarët) adalah kelompok etnis dari Albania dan wilayah sekitarnya atau penduduk Republik Albania tanpa memandang etnis.[27] Etnis Albania menuturkan bahasa Albania dan sebagian besar tinggal di Albania dan Kosovo. Diaspora Albania juga dapat ditemui di sejumlah negara lainnya.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Menurut penelitian antropologi genetik, orang Albania memiliki nenek moyang yang sama dengan bangsa Eropa lainnya.[28]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ http://www.instat.gov.al/media/177354/main_results__population_and_housing_census_2011.pdf
  2. ^ Lihat Sensus 2011.
  3. ^ "2002 Macedonian Census" (PDF). Diarsipkan (PDF) dari versi asli tanggal 22 September 2010. Diakses tanggal 2010-09-22. 
  4. ^ Migration and Migration Policy in Greece. Critical Review and Policy Recommendations. Anna Triandafyllidou. Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP). Data taken from Greek ministry of Interiors. p. 5 "the total number of Albanian citizens residing in Greece, including 185,000 co-ethnics holding special identity cards"
  5. ^ Gialis, Gialis. "Spatial demography of the Balkans: trends and challenges" (PDF). IVth International Conference of Balkans Demography. p. 4. Diakses tanggal 4 November 2010. , Kees, Groenendijk. "The status of quasi-citizenship in EU member states: Why some states have "almost-citizens"" (PDF). University of Edinburgh. pp. 415–416. Diakses tanggal 4 November 2010. 
  6. ^ Official Results of Monenegrin Census 2011
  7. ^ Templat:Croatian Census 2011
  8. ^ "Date demografice" (in Romanian). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 11 August 2010. Diakses tanggal 18 August 2010. 
  9. ^ (Serbia) Official Results of Serbian Census 2011–PopulationPDF (441 KB), pp. 12–13
  10. ^ "Microsoft Word - pippo.doc" (PDF). Diakses tanggal 2010-09-22. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Hans-Peter Bartels: Deutscher Bundestag - 16. Wahlperiode - 166. Sitzung. Berlin, Donnerstag, den 5. Juni 2008
  13. ^ "Die Albaner in der Schweiz: Geschichtliches – Albaner in der Schweiz seit 1431" (PDF). Diakses tanggal 2010-09-22. 
  14. ^ "Im Namen aller Albaner eine Moschee?". Infowilplus.ch. 2007-05-25. Diakses tanggal 2010-09-22. 
  15. ^ Bennetto, Jason (2002-11-25). "Total Population of Albanians in the United Kingdom". London: Independent.co.uk. Diakses tanggal 2010-09-22. 
  16. ^ STATISTIK AUSTRIA
  17. ^ "National statistics of Denmark". Dst.dk. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 26 September 2010. Diakses tanggal 2010-09-22. 
  18. ^ "Demographics of Finland". 
  19. ^ "Population par nationalité, sexe, groupe et classe d'âges au 1er janvier 2010" (in French). Diakses tanggal 12 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Anderlecht, Molenbeek, Schaarbeek: repères du crime à Bruxelles". cafebabel.com. Diakses tanggal 12 January 2012. 
  21. ^ Olson, James S., An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of the Russian and Soviet Empires. (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994) p. 28–29
  22. ^ "Türkiye'deki Kürtlerin sayısı!" (in Turkish). 6 June 2008. Diakses tanggal 17 August 2010. 
  23. ^ "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Diakses tanggal 30 November 2012. 
  24. ^ "Canadian Census of 2006". 2008-06-10. Diakses tanggal 2010-09-22. 
  25. ^ "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Diakses tanggal 2008-06-02.  Total responses: 25,451,383 for total count of persons: 19,855,288.
  26. ^ Milanovic, B. (2011) Census in Serbia shows population decrease . SE Times, [online] 25 October. Available at: http://setimes.com/cocoon/setimes/xhtml/en_GB/features/setimes/features/2011/10/25/feature-02 [Accessed: 4 December].
  27. ^ Gëzim Krasniqi. "Citizenship in an emigrant nation-state: the case of Albania" (PDF). University of Edinburgh. Diakses tanggal 7 August 2012. 
  28. ^ Michele Belledi, Estella S. Poloni, Rosa Casalotti, Franco Conterio, Ilia Mikerezi, James Tagliavini and Laurent Excoffier. "Maternal and paternal lineages in Albania and the genetic structure of Indo-European populations". European Journal of Human Genetics, July 2000, Volume 8, Number 7, pp. 480-486. "Mitochondrial DNA HV1 sequences and Y chromosome haplotypes (DYS19 STR and YAP) were characterized in an Albanian sample and compared with those of several other Indo-European populations from the European continent. No significant difference was observed between Albanians and most other Europeans, despite the fact that Albanians are clearly different from all other Indo-Europeans linguistically. We observe a general lack of genetic structure among Indo-European populations for both maternal and paternal polymorphisms, as well as low levels of correlation between linguistics and genetics, even though slightly more significant for the Y chromosome than for mtDNA. Altogether, our results show that the linguistic structure of continental Indo-European populations is not reflected in the variability of the mitochondrial and Y chromosome markers. This discrepancy could be due to very recent differentiation of Indo-European populations in Europe and/or substantial amounts of gene flow among these populations."

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Albania-stub
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