Aleksandr Dugin

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Aleksandr Dugin
LahirAleksandr Gelyevich Dugin
07 Januari 1962 (umur 57)
Moskwa, Republik Sosialis Federatif Soviet Rusia, Uni Soviet[1]
EraFilsafat kontemporer
AliranNeo-Eurasianisme (Gerakan Eurasia)
Minat utamaSosiologi, geopolitik, filsafat
Gagasan pentingNeo-Eurasianisme, teori politik keempat, telurokrasitalasokrasi[2]
InstitusiUniversitas Negeri Moskwa (2008–2014)
Situs webwww.4pt.su

Aleksandr Gelyevich Dugin (Rusia: Алекса́ндр Ге́льевич Ду́гин; lahir di Moskwa, Republik Sosialis Federatif Soviet Rusia, Uni Soviet, 7 Januari 1962; umur 57 tahun) adalah seorang analis politik dan pakar strategi asal Rusia yang dikenal karena memiliki pandangan fasis.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12] Ia memiliki hubungan dekat dengan Kremlin dan militer Rusia,[13][14] menjabat sebagai penasehat jurubicara Duma Negara Gennadiy Seleznyov[15] dan anggota penting dari partai pemerintahan Rusia Bersatu Sergei Naryshkin.[16] Dugin adalah pengorganisir utama dari Partai Bolshevik Nasional, Front Bolshevik Nasional dan Partai Eurasia. Ia adalah penulis lebih dari 30 buku, beberapa diantaranya adalah Foundations of Geopolitics (1997) dan The Fourth Political Theory (2009).

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Борис Исаев (2005). Геополитика: Учебное пособие (dalam bahasa Russian). Издательский дом "Питер". hlm. 329. ISBN 978-5469006510. 
  2. ^ Lukic, Rénéo; Brint, Michael, ed. (2001). Culture, politics, and nationalism in the age of globalization. Ashgate. hlm. 103. ISBN 9780754614364. Diakses tanggal 2015-10-12. Dugin defines 'thalassocracy' as 'power exercised thanks to the sea,' opposed to 'tellurocracy' or 'power exercised thanks to the land' .... The 'thalassocracy' here is the United States and its allies; the 'tellurocracy' is Eurasia. 
  3. ^ "Alexander Dugin's "The Fourth Political Theory"". 4pt.su. 
  4. ^ "Dugin's Occult Fascism and the Hijacking of Left Anti-Imperialism and Muslim Anti-Salafism". 
  5. ^ "Classification of Dugin as a fascist is justified, regardless of the fact that today the MGU professor frequently speaks not as a primitive ethnocentrist or biological racist. ... By "fascist" we understand the "generic" meaning of the concept, used in comparatory research of contemporary right-wing extremism by such well-known historians-comparativists as Alexandr Galkin (Moscow), Walter Laqueur (Washington), Stanley Payne (Madison), Wolfgang Wippermann (Berlin) or Roger Griffin (Oxford)", Андреас Умланд (22 June 2012). ""Евразийские" проекты Путина и Дугина – сходства и различия" [Dugin's "Eurasian" projects − similarities and differences]. Geopolitika (Lithuania). Diakses tanggal 31 August 2015. 
  6. ^ In a 1999 interview for a Polish "Fronda" Dugin explains: "In Russian Orthodox christianity a person is a part of the Church, part of the collective organism, just like a leg. So how can a person be responsible for himself? Can a leg be responsible for itself? Here is where the idea of state, total state originates from. Also because of this, Russians, since they are Orthodox, can be the true fascists, unlike artificial Italian fascists: of Gentile type or their Hegelians. The true Hegelianism is Ivan Peresvetov – the man who in 16th century invented the oprichnina for Ivan the Terrible. He was the true creator of Russian fascism. He created the idea that state is everything and an individual is nothing". Source: "Czekam na Iwana Groźnego" [I'm waiting for Ivan the Terrible]. 11/12 (dalam bahasa Polski). Fronda. 1999. hlm. 133. Diakses tanggal 23 February 2015. .
  7. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Andreas
  8. ^ Shekhovtsov, Anton (2008). "The Palingenetic Thrust of Russian Neo-Eurasianism: Ideas of Rebirth in Aleksandr Dugin's Worldview". Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions. 9 (4): 491–506. doi:10.1080/14690760802436142. 
  9. ^ Shekhovtsov, Anton (2009). "Aleksandr Dugin's Neo-Eurasianism: The New Right à la Russe". Religion Compass: Political Religions. 3 (4): 697–716. doi:10.1111/j.1749-8171.2009.00158.x. 
  10. ^ Ingram, Alan (November 2001). "Alexander Dugin: geopolitics and neo-fascism in post-Soviet Russia". Political Geography. 20 (8): 1029–1051. doi:10.1016/S0962-6298(01)00043-9. 
  11. ^ Shenfield, Stephen (2001). Russian Fascism: Traditions, Tendencies, Movements. Armonk: ME Sharpe. hlm. 195. ISBN 978-0765606341. 
  12. ^ Кургинян об оккультном фашисте Дугине [Kurginyan about occult fascist Dugin] di YouTube
  13. ^ John Dunlop (January 2004). "Aleksandr Dugin's Foundations of Geopolitics". Demokratizatsiya. 12 (1): 41. 
  14. ^ Dawid Madejski (2009). "Mongolian Prince's kiss. Aleksander Dugin's Eurasian Imperium of Russia". Geopolityka. 1 (2): 87–100. 
  15. ^ Eurasian Mission: An Introduction to Neo-Eurasianism, Arktos (2014) p.26
  16. ^ Shaun Walker (23 March 2014). "Ukraine and Crimea: what is Putin thinking?". The Guardian. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]