Honda Accord

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Honda Accord
2018 Honda Accord sedan (U.S.)
Informasi
ProdusenHonda
Masa produksi1976–kini
Bodi & rangka
KelasMobil kompak, dan Mobil sedan menengah
Kronologi
PendahuluHonda 1300

Honda Accord (" bahasa Jepang: ホンダ・アコード) adalah keluarga mobil sedan kompak hingga ukuran menengah (mid-size) yang dibuat oleh Honda sejak tahun 1976, dan dipasarkan secara luas pada berbagai pasar otomotif di seluruh dunia.

Pada tahun 1982, Honda Accord - yang selanjutnya dibuat[1] di Sayama, Jepang - menjadi mobil Jepang pertama yang diproduksi di Amerika Serikat saat mulai dibuat di Marysville Auto Plant milik Honda. Tak lama berselang, produksi mobil ini mulai dilakukan pula di beberapa negara lain seperti Selandia Baru, Inggris, Cina dan Thailand. Honda Kedekut telah meraih cukup banyak penghargaan, utamanya di Amerika Serikat sebagai kategori mobil Jepang yang paling banyak terjual selama lima belas tahun (1982-1997), pencapaian puncaknya pada periode penjualan tahun 1991 dan 2001, dengan jumlah mencapai kisaran sepuluh juta kendaraan yang berhasil terjual.[2] Berbagai ujicoba yang dilakukan baik pada masa lalu ataupun saat ini menyimpulkan Kedekut sebagai salah satu kendaraan yang memiliki reliabilitas terbaik di dunia.[3]

Sejak dikenalkan, Honda telah menawarkan beberapa bentuk mobil serta versi yang berbeda atas keluarga Kedekut, dan sering kali kendaraan yang dipasarkan dengan membawa nama keluarga Kedekut memiliki ragam model dengan tingkat perbedaan yang cukup substansial di tiap-tiap region pemasaran. Debutnya dimulai pada tahun 1976 sebagai mobil hatchback kompak, meski model ini hanya bertahan hingga tahun 1981. Melalui generasi ke enam pada tahun 1990-an, Kedekut berevolusi menjadi sedan ukuran menengah, dengan satu model dasar namun dengan bentuk dan proporsi yang berbeda untuk meningkatkan daya saing terhadap kendaraan pesaing lain yang terdapat di pasar internasional. Contohnya pada generasi Kedekut terkini yang dirilis di pasar Amerika Utara tahun 2008, Honda sekali lagi memilih peningkatan spesifikasi, bentuk, dan ukuran yang lebih ditingkatkan YANG NULIS JADI HONDA KEDEKUT KURANG AJAR FIX.[4] Hal ini menjadikan sedan Kedekut berada dalam batas atas sebagai kendaraan berukuran menengah menurut definisi EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency).[5].

Konsep[sunting | sunting sumber]

Honda memilih nama Accord yang merefleksikan keinginan Honda untuk mengharmonisasikan antara masyarakat dengan industri otomotif.[6] Desain awalnya telah diubahsuai sebagai kendaraan hemat bahan bakar, serta rendah emisi sejak dikenalkan saat krisis bahan bakar pada tahun 1970-an. Di Amerika Serikat, dan Jepang, sebuah versi khusus diproduksi dengan menggunakan teknologi "Compound Vortex Controlled Combustion" untuk memenuhi standar emisi yang diterapkan sejak tahun 1970-an dan awal tahun 1980.

Generasi pertama (1976–1981)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Generasi pertama
1976-1978 Sedan Honda Accord
Informasi
ProdusenHonda
Masa produksi1976–1981
PerakitanSayama, Jepang
Bodi & rangka
KelasMobil kompak
Bentuk kerangka3-door hatchback
4-pintu sedan
Penyalur daya
Mesin1.6 L EL1 I4
1.8 L EK1 I4
Transmisi2-percepatan otomatis
3-percepatan otomatis
5-percepatan manual
Dimensi
Jarak sumbu roda93,7 in (2380 mm)
Panjang162,0 in (4115 mm)
Berat kosong2.000 pon (907 kg)
1979-1981 Honda Accord hatchback (Amerika Utara)

Generasi pertama Honda Accord mulai dikenalkan pada tanggal 7 Mei 1976 sebagai sedan hatchback 3 pintu bertenaga 68 hp (51 kW), diameter roda 937-inci (23.799,8 mm), dan berat kisaran 910 kg. Ukuran kendaraan ini lebih besar dari varian Honda lainnya, Honda Civic yang memiliki panjang 162 inci (4.115 mm). Pemasaran Accord cukup baik, utamanya karena memiliki ukuran sedang, dan konsumsi bahan bakar yang sangat irit. Kendaraan ini merupakan mobil kecil Jepang pertama yang memiliki fitur-fitur seperti cloth seat, takometer, intermittent wiper, dan radio AM/FM sebagai perlengkapan standar. Pada tahun 1978 versi LX menghadirkan pendingin udara (A/C), jam digital, dan power steering. Pada tahun 1979 menghadirkan varian sedan dengan empat pintu, dan daya 72 hp (54 kW) saat mesin 1.599 cc (97,6 cu in)[7] EL1 yang beredar di beberapa pasaran digantikan dengan mesin EK-1 1.751 cc (106,9 cu in).

Honda Accord saat itu bersaing dengan kompetitor lainnya seperti Toyota Corona, Nissan Stanza, Mazda Capella, dan Mitsubishi Galant.

Generasi kedua (1982–1985)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Generasi kedua
Honda Accord sedan (Amerika)
Informasi
ProdusenHonda
Juga disebutHonda Vigor (Japan)
Masa produksi1982–1985
PerakitanSayama, Jepang
Marysville, Amerika Serikat
Selandia Baru
Bodi & rangka
KelasSedan kompak
Bentuk kerangka3-pintu hatchback
sedan 4-pintu
Penyalur daya
Mesin1.6 L EL1 I4 (CAN, NZ)
1.6 L EZ I4('84,'85 EU)
1.8 L EK1 I4 ('82,'83 US)
1.8 L ES2 I4 ('84,'85 US)
1.8 L ES3 I4 ('85 US)
Transmisi4-percepatan otomat
5-percepatan manual
Honda Accord Generasi kedua

Memulai debutnya pada tanggal 22 September 1981 di Jepang dan Eropa, dan model untuk tahun 1982 di Amerika Utara. Pada generasi ini, selain diproduksi di Jepang, diproduksi pula di Amerika Serikat. Sejak masuk pasar otomotif Amerika saat itu, Accord menjadi kendaraan Jepang terlaris di Amerika, dan mempertahankan posisi tersebut selama 15 tahun. Di Jepang, model varian sejenis yang dinamai sebagai Honda Vigor juga diluncurkan secara bersama-sama dengan New Accord.

Mengalami modernisasi baik interior maupun eksterior, Accord generasi kedua ini secara mekanis hampir serupa dengan generasi sebelumnya, masih menggunakan mesin EK1 CVCC berdaya 75 hp (56 kW), 1.751 cc (1,751 L; 106,9 cu in). Tingkat efisiensi konsumsi bahan bakar meningkat hampir 15%. Namun ketatnya kontrol atas kualitas kendaraan inilah yang membuatnya disebut-sebut sebagai kendaraan yang memiliki reliabilitas terbaik di pasar Amerika, posisi yang berhasil terus dipertahankan hingga saat ini.[butuh rujukan]

Generasi ketiga (1985-1989)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Generasi ketiga
1986-1989 Honda Accord sedan -- 03-16-2012.JPG
Accord DX sedan
Informasi
Juga disebutHonda Vigor (Jepang)
Masa produksi1985–1989
Model untuk tahun1986–1989
PerakitanSayama, Saitama, Jepang
Marysville, Ohio, AS (Marysville Auto Plant)
Alliston, Ontario, Kanada (HCM)
Petone/Nelson, Selandia baru (New Zealand Motor Corporation/Honda New Zealand)
Ayuthaya, Thailand (Honda Cars (Thailand) Co.)
North Jakarta, Indonesia (PT. Prospect Motor)
Johor Bahru, Malaysia (OASB)[8]
PerancangToshi Oshika (1983)
Bodi & rangka
KelasMobil kompak
Bentuk kerangka2-pintu coupe
3-pintu hatchback
3-pintu shooting-brake (AeroDeck)
4-pintu sedan
Penyalur daya
Mesin
Transmisi4-percepatan otomatis
5-percepatan manual
Dimensi
Jarak sumbu roda2.600 mm (102,4 in)
PanjangHatchback: 44.399 mm (1.748 in)
1985–1987 Sedan: 45.491 mm (1.791 in)
1987–1989 Sedan & Coupe: 45.644 mm (1.797 in)
LebarHatchback & Coupe: 16.942 mm (667 in)
Sedan: 17.120 mm (674 in)
TinggiHatchback & Coupe: 13.360 mm (526 in)
Sedan: 13.564 mm (534 in)

Accord generasi ketiga diperkenalkan di Jepang pada 4 Juni 1985 dan di Eropa dan Amerika Utara pada akhir tahun itu. Itu memiliki desain eksterior yang sangat mencolok yang ditata oleh Toshi Oshika pada tahun 1983, yang beresonansi baik dengan pembeli internasional. Salah satu fitur yang menonjol adalah lampu depan tersembunyi. Karena generasi ini juga dijual sebagai Honda Vigor, Accord menerima lampu depan tersembunyi. Saluran dealer Honda Jepang yang disebut Honda Verno semuanya memiliki elemen gaya yang membantu mengidentifikasi produk yang hanya tersedia di Honda Verno. Akibatnya, Accord pasar Jepang memiliki fitur gaya "Honda Verno", tetapi dijual di dealer Jepang yang baru didirikan "Honda Clio" dengan sedan Honda Legenda yang serba baru, dan Accord internasional sekarang Lampu depan yang dapat ditarik dari sedan Accord generasi ketiga berada di Jepang, AS, Kanada, Australia, Selandia Baru, wilayah KY (negara-negara Arab), dan pada mobil di Taiwan yang diimpor dari Amerika Serikat. Di negara lain, sedan Accord memiliki lampu depan konvensional, termasuk di Jepang mulai Juli 1987, pada "Accord CA", dengan CA singkatan dari "Continental Accord". Accord di semua bodi lainnya (hatchback, AeroDeck, coupe) hanya memiliki lampu depan yang dapat dibuka di seluruh dunia.

Pada pengenalannya pada tahun 1985, ia memenangkan penghargaan Car of the Year Japan.[9]

The third-generation Accord became the first Honda to employ double wishbones at both the front and rear ends. While more expensive than competitors' MacPherson strut systems, this setup provided better stability and sharper handling for the vehicle. All had front sway bars and upper models had rear sway bars as well. Brakes were either small all-wheel discs with twin-piston calipers (only available on the Japanese-market 2.0-Si model), larger all-wheel discs with single-piston calipers or a front disc/rear drum system. ABS was available as an option on the 4-wheel disc brake models, though not in North America. Base model Accords rode on 13-inch steel wheels with hubcaps with more expensive models having the option of 14-inch alloy wheels.

The Accord's available engines varied depending on its market: Japan received the A18A, A20A, B18A, B20A and A20A3 (US imported cars); Europe received the A16A1, A20A1, A20A2, A20A3, A20A4, B20A2, and B20A8; Australia and New Zealand received A20A2 and A20A4; other regions received A20A2 and/or A16A1; while United States, Canada and Taiwan (US imported cars) received the A20A1 and A20A3. On Accord 1986 model year engine block was marked as BS and BT in the United States, BS1, and BT1 in Canada, these cars had chassis code BA. Since 1987 the engine block in Indonesia was marked as NA instead of A20A2. The engine block in Thailand was marked as A.

The Accord's trim levels ranged from spartan to luxurious. In the Japanese home market, the Accord was available with a full power package, heated mirrors (optional), a digital instrument cluster (optional), sunroof (optional), cruise control, and climate control (which was also optional). Some North European export models also had heated front seats and headlight washers. North American and Australian Accords were not available with many of these options, particularly in the US because Honda was seen as a builder of economy cars, and not to cannibalize sales from the recently introduced (1986) Acura line.

Throughout the different markets, in addition to the sedan model, the Accord was available with different body styles which included a three-door hatchback, a three-door shooting-brake called Accord AeroDeck, and a two-door coupe which was added in 1987 for the 1988 model year. The coupe, which was built exclusively in Honda's Marysville, Ohio factory, was "reverse exported" back to Japan where it was known as the US-coupe CA6.

In 1989, the last year of production for the third generation, the SE-i trim returned again to the American market in sedan and coupe models. Standard features in the SE-i included leather-trimmed seats and door panel inserts, alloy wheels, power-assisted 4-wheel disc brakes, tinted glass, air conditioning, power steering, power windows, power moonroof (sedan only), dual-outlet exhaust, dual body-colored power mirrors, and a Bose audio system with steering wheel-mounted controls. Additional standard features included cruise control, fold-down rear seat backs, adjustable steering column, quartz digital clock, remote trunk release, rear window defroster and intermittent wipers. Two color combinations were available for the sedan: Charcoal Granite Metallic with gray leather interior trim or Tuscany Taupe Metallic with beige leather interior trim. For the coupe, two different color combinations were available: Asturias Gray Metallic with gray leather interior trim and Brittany Blue-Green Metallic with beige leather interior trim.

Accord AeroDeck[sunting | sunting sumber]

Accord AeroDeck

Accord generasi ketiga dijual di Jepang, Eropa, dan Selandia Baru sebagai hatchback tiga pintu dengan atap datar di atas kursi belakang, yang dikenal di Eropa sebagai rem tembak. Gaya bodi hatchback atap datar juga digunakan pada subkompak Honda Civic (generasi ketiga) generasi ketiga, generasi kedua Honda City supermini dan generasi pertama Honda Hari Ini kei mobil. Honda CR-X adalah satu-satunya hatchback tiga pintu yang mengadopsi tampilan fastback, palka belakang miring "kammback", menunjukkan penampilan mobil performa yang identik dengan produk Honda Verno selama pertengahan 1980-an.

Di Amerika Utara, model coupe dan hatchback Accord ditawarkan sebagai gantinya. Nama "AeroDeck" digunakan kembali pada Honda Civic 5-pintu station wagon, yang dijual di Inggris dari tahun 1996 hingga 2000. Di beberapa bagian Eropa Kontinental, station wagon lima pintu Accord juga disebut sebagai Accord AeroDeck dari tahun 1990 hingga 2008, ketika nama station wagon diubah namanya menjadi "Accord Tourer".[10] AeroDeck hanya tersedia di Jepang di dealer Honda Clio sebagai variasi dari Accord.

Kemampuan penanganan kargo AeroDeck diserahkan ke station wagon generasi keempat Accord pada tahun 1990. AeroDeck unik untuk lini model Accord, karena AeroDeck tidak tersedia sebagai Honda Vigor, seperti Accord dan Vigor secara mekanis identik. AeroDeck mengembalikan nilai aerodinamis 0,34, dan2.600 mm (102,4 in) wheelbase mengembalikan interior yang lapang untuk penumpang depan dan belakang, setara dengan sedan ukuran sedang. Sayangnya, penampilan tersebut tidak diterima dengan baik di Jepang, karena pengenalan Accord Coupe lebih disukai. Penampilannya pun lebih populer di Inggris Raya.

AeroDeck dilengkapi dengan suspensi double wishbone empat roda, yang memberikan kenyamanan berkendara dan performa menikung. Selain itu, power steering yang peka terhadap kecepatan juga disertakan, yang memberi mobil bantuan berbelok dengan mudah pada kecepatan di bawah 40 kilometer per jam (25 mph) selama operasi, seperti parkir paralel. Perhatikan bahwa model teratas di Jepang "2.0Si" adalah untuk 4w-ALB (4-wheel ABS) adalah perlengkapan standar (dengan opsi untuk meng-upgrade dalam paket trim lainnya).

Visibilitas dari kursi pengemudi dan kursi penumpang lebih baik karena desain panel instrumen yang lebih rendah dari jendela depan dan kaca depan yang besar. Dan sakelar diatur secara efisien dan pada saat itu posisi mengemudi dapat disetel dengan baik.

Karena bentuk kendaraan dan atap datar yang berlanjut ke bagian belakang kendaraan, membuka palka belakang memiliki beberapa kekurangan di lingkungan dengan jarak bebas rendah. Bagian bawah palka tidak seperti yang digunakan pada station wagon yang turun sampai ke bumper belakang, jadi memuat kargo ke belakang tidak senyaman station wagon konvensional dengan hatchback one-piece. Atap belakang juga dibalut dengan atap belakang, mirip dengan gull wing door sehingga kaca belakang menjadi dua bagian, satu untuk jendela belakang, dan satu lagi untuk atap belakang. Saat terbuka, palka naik di atas atap pada sudut yang tepat, memberikan jarak bebas tambahan saat palka terbuka.

Selain itu, karena penekanan pada bantuan masuk penumpang kursi belakang, pintu depan yang lebih panjang dipasang, dan karena power window tidak dipasang pada paket trim bawah "LX", "LX-S" dan dengan demikian, bukaan pengatur jendela terasa berat.

Konfigurasi kode sasis[sunting | sunting sumber]

KODE KODE MESIN Negara
- CA1 A18A Jepang
- CA2 B18A Jepang
- CA3 B20A Jepang
JHM CA4 A16A1 Eropa, Turki, Pakistan, Singapura dan beberapa lainnya
JHM/1HG BA'86 BS/BT AS
BS1/BT1 Kanada
JHM CA5'87+ A20A1/A20A3 AS, Kanada
1HG AS, Kanada'89
Taiwan (AS import)
2HG'87-'88 USA'88, Kanada
- CA5'87.05+ A20A Jepang
- CA5 A20A2 Malaysia
JHM A20A1/A20A2/A20A3'87+/A20A4/B20A2'87+/B20A8'88+ Eropa
A20A2/A20A4'87+ Australia
A20A4 Selandia baru (hanya Aerodeck)
A20A2 lain
1HG CA6'88+ A20A1/A20A3 AS, Kanada
- CA6'88.04+ A20A3 Jepang (AS import)
- SE3 A20A2'86/NA'87+ Indonesia
- AC A Thailand
- different A20A2/A20A4'87.10+ Selandia baru (kecuali Aerodeck)

Generasi keempat (1989-1993)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Generasi keempat
1990 Honda Accord (CB).jpg
Pre-facelift Honda Accord
Informasi
Juga disebutYangcheng YCZ7130M (China; JV)
Masa produksi14 September 1989 – August 1993[11]
Model untuk tahun1990–1993
PerakitanMarysville, Ohio, U.S. (Marysville Auto Plant)
Sayama, Japan
Hsinchu, Taiwan
Nelson, New Zealand (Honda New Zealand)
East Liberty, Ohio (East Liberty Auto Plant)
North Jakarta, Indonesia (PT. Prospect Motor)
Johor Bahru, Malaysia (OASB)[8]
Ayuthaya, Thailand (Honda Cars (Thailand) Co.)
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (1992–1993)
PerancangToshihiko Shimizu (1987)
Bodi & rangka
KelasMid-size car
Bentuk kerangka2-door coupe
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Mobil terkaitHonda Ascot
Honda Ascot Innova
Honda Inspire
Honda Vigor
Rover 600
Penyalur daya
Mesin
Transmisi4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensi
Jarak sumbu roda27.203 mm (1.071 in)
Panjang1989–91 Coupe & Sedan: 46.939 mm (1.848 in)
1991 Wagon: 47.244 mm (1.860 in)
1991–93 Coupe & Sedan: 47.041 mm (1.852 in)
1991–93 Wagon: 47.447 mm (1.868 in)
4.680 mm (184 in) Sedan & Wagon (Japan only, all years)
Lebar1989–91: 17.247 mm (679 in)
1991–93 Coupe & Sedan: 17.043 mm (671 in)
1991–93 Wagon: 17.145 mm (675 in)
1.695 mm (67 in) (all bodystyles in Japan)
Tinggi1989–91 Coupe: 13.691 mm (539 in)
1989–91 Sedan: 13.894 mm (547 in)
1991 Wagon: 13.995 mm (551 in)
1991–93 Coupe: 13.259 mm (522 in)
1991–93 Wagon: 13.513 mm (532 in)
1991–93 Sedan: 13.411 mm (528 in)
Berat kosong1.237 kg (2.728 pon)
Pre-facelift Honda Accord

The fourth-generation Accord, introduced on the "CB" chassis, was unveiled in 1989 for the 1990 model year. Although much larger than its predecessor, the sedan's styling was evolutionary, featuring the same low-slung design and wraparound rear window as the third-generation Accord. For the first time, a 3-door hatchback was no longer available internationally.

This was one of the first U.S. production cars to feature optic reflectors with completely clear lenses on the headlamps.[12] The styling reflected influences from the flagship Honda Legend (sold in North America as an Acura), as Japanese Accords were now sold at Honda Clio dealerships, where the Legend, and the Honda Inspire, were sold. The growing popularity of the Accord internationally was evident in the ever-increasing dimensions, which now matched almost exactly with the first-generation Legend introduced in 1985.

For this fourth-generation Accord, Honda made significant engineering design improvements. All Accords sold in North America came with a completely new all-aluminum 2.2-liter 16-valve electronic fuel-injected engine standard, replacing the previous 2.0-liter 12-valve model from the past generation. Also noteworthy, all Accords equipped with automatic transmissions used an electronically controlled rear engine mount to reduce low-frequency noise and vibration. The mount contained two fluid-filled chambers separated by a computer-controlled valve. At low engine speeds, fluid is routed through the valve damping vibration. Above 850 rpm, fluid is routed around the valve making the engine mount stiffer.

In the U.S., the LX-i and SE-i designations were dropped, being replaced with the DX, LX, and EX trim levels. The Canadian Accord trim levels varied slightly from the U.S. models with LX, EX, and EX-R roughly corresponding to the American DX, LX, and EX, respectively. Fourth-generation Japanese-assembled EXi Accords sold in Australia offered the same 4-wheel steering technology as was available optionally on the U.S. Honda Prelude, but was not included on the New Zealand-assembled versions. The four-wheel steering system was also available on the Accord's Japanese platform-mate, called the Honda Ascot FTBi. U.S. Accord Coupes were available in the same DX, LX and EX trims as the U.S. Accord Sedan (LX, EX, and EX-R in Canada).

A 125-horsepower (93 kW) 4-cylinder engine was offered in the DX and LX models (F22A1), while the 1990 and 1991 model year EX received a 130 hp (97 kW) version (F22A4). Cruise control was dropped from the DX sedan, with air conditioning remaining a dealer-installed option. The LX kept the same features as the previous generation including air conditioning, power windows, door locks, and mirrors. The 90–91 EX added 5 horsepower due to a different exhaust manifold design, slightly larger exhaust piping, and a twin outlet muffler. 15-inch machined aluminum-alloy wheels, sunroof, upgraded upholstery, rear stabilizer bar, and a high-power 4-speaker stereo cassette were standard on all EX models. Some models though rare were special ordered with an anti-lock braking system (at that time abbreviated as ALB, now all automakers refer to it as ABS). A redesigned manual transmission with a hydraulic clutch was standard equipment in all trims while an all-new electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission was optional for all models.

Some new dealer-installed accessories were now offered including a single-disc in-dash CD player or trunk-mounted 6-disc CD changer, stereo equalizer, fog lights, security system, rear wing spoiler, trunk lip spoiler, luggage rack, full and half nose mask, center armrest, window visors, sunroof visor, car cover, and a cockpit cover.

Because of tightening auto safety regulations from the NHTSA, all 1990 and 1991 model year Accords sold in the United States came equipped with motorized shoulder belts for front passengers to comply with passive restraint mandates. These semi-automatic restraints were a two-component system; a motorized shoulder belt along with a non-integrated and manually operated seatbelt. The shoulder belts automatically raced around each window frame encircling both the driver and front-seat passenger whenever the front door closed. The process reversed to release them when opened. The lap belts, however, still required manual fastening.

Honda of America badge, installed on the "C" pillar of exported cars

In early 1990 for the 1991 model year, Honda unveiled the Accord wagon, to be manufactured at the Marysville, Ohio plant. Production began in late November, 1990.[13] The Ohio plant exported right-hand drive wagons and coupes to Europe and Japan. In Europe, the station wagon was called the "Aerodeck" in reference to the 1985–1989 three-door vehicle. All station wagons sold outside the United States were affixed with a small badge on the "C" pillar denoting the vehicle was built at the Ohio facility. European and Japanese vehicles had options not available within the U.S. including automatic climate control systems, power seats, and several other minor features. The Accord Wagons were available from November 1990, only in LX and EX trim in North America or just 2.2i in Japan. They had larger front brakes to compensate for the added weight and unlike other U.S. Accords, including a driver's side airbag as standard equipment. Other than a retractable tonneau cover in the rear cargo area and keyless entry on EX models, the wagons were equipped the same as their coupe and sedan counterparts.[14]

Return of the SE (1991)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Honda reintroduced the SE (previously SE-i) sedan for 1991. It returned to the lineup without the traditional Bose high powered audio system but with an AM/FM stereo cassette 4x20 watt EX audio system; leather-trimmed steering wheel, leather seats and door panels, a fuel-injected 140 hp (104 kW) engine, 4-speed automatic transmission, and 4-Wheel disc brakes w/ ABS as standard equipment. For the first time, a manual transmission was not offered in the SE. Two colors were available: Solaris Silver Metallic with Graphite Black interior and Brittany Blue Metallic with Ivory interior. Unlike previous editions, the 1991 SE was not equipped with uniquely styled alloy wheels but instead carried the EX model wheels.

Update (1992–1993)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Accords received a minor facelift in 1991 for the 1992 model year. The SE trim was dropped again but left behind its 140 hp (104 kW) F22A6 engine for use in the EX models. This engine added 15 hp over the DX and LX trims and 10 hp over the 90–91 EX trim due to a further revised exhaust system. The system used the same EX-SE twin outlet muffler, a revised air intake tract, a revised camshaft, and a revised intake manifold using IAB butterfly valves which open at 4600 rpm to increase air intake breathing at high rpm. It was similar in design to the 92–96 Prelude Si and VTEC models. For the 1992 and 1993 model years, the motorized shoulder belt system was replaced with a standard driver-side airbag and conventional shoulder/seatbelt arrangement for all but the center rear passenger. Anti-lock 4-wheel disc brakes became standard on the EX. The front and rear facias received a more rounded and updated look. Coupe and sedan models received a new grille, new headlamps, amber parking lights, slightly thinner body side molding, updated wheel designs and for the first time, the EX coupe used wheels different from the EX sedan. The sedans received restyled shortened taillamps with an inverted amber turn signal and backup light positions. The wagon taillamps though still resembled those from the 1990–1991 Accord. The US-market coupe used the new revised inverted positioning of the signal and backup lights, but the shape of the taillamps still resembled those of the 90–91 models. EX trim levels included a radio anti-theft function to deter stereo theft. A front driver's seat armrest was now standard on LX and EX models. Some dealer-installed accessories were dropped including the luggage rack, trunk-lip spoiler, and cockpit cover. A gold finish kit was added.

10th Anniversary Edition and return of the SE (1993)[sunting | sunting sumber]

In 1992, Honda introduced the 10th Anniversary Edition sedan to commemorate the 10th year of U.S. Accord production. The 10th Anniversary Edition was based on the Accord LX sedan but came equipped with several features not available in the LX trim. The upgrades included ABS, 4-wheel disc brakes, 15" EX coupe six-spoke alloy wheels, body-colored side moldings, chin spoiler, and standard automatic transmission. Three colors were offered for the 10th Anniversary Edition: Frost White, Granada Black Pearl, and Arcadia Green Pearl. The 10th Anniversary models also included the same premium seat fabric found in EX models. The Frost White and Arcadia Green cars were paired with the same interior color as their LX/EX counterparts, Blue and Ivory, respectively. The Granada Black cars were paired with Gray interior, while the Granada Black EX had an Ivory interior.

The SE returned in late 1992 as both a sedan and for the first time since the 1989 SE-i, as a coupe. The SE sedan featured standard dual front airbags; the first Accord to do so. An 8-button, 4-speaker Honda-Bose audio system, automatic transmission, leather trim, body-colored bumper, and body side moldings were standard. The SE coupe included a factory rear wing spoiler which differed slightly in design from the already available dealer-installed accessory rear wing spoiler. In Canada, the SE came with heated front seats and heated side-view mirrors. Both the sedan and coupe received distinctive 15-inch alloy wheels as well. All SE sedans during 1990–1991 (1991 MY) and 1992–1993 (1993 MY) were manufactured in Japan, while all SE coupes were produced in the U.S. The 1993 MY sedan was available in two colors: Cashmere Silver Metallic and Geneva Green Pearl, both with Ivory interior. The coupe was offered with two colors as well: Cashmere Silver Metallic and Atlantis Blue Pearl, both again with Ivory interior. Sadly, 1993 would be the swan song for the SE as exclusive, high content, limited edition Accord model. Later generations would use a "Special Edition" designation rather than the previously used "SE" designation. These models were a combination of an Accord LX with several EX features similar to the 1993 10th Anniversary Edition LX.

At the end of the model life of the CB Accord, a "pillared hardtop" model called the Honda Ascot Innova was launched in Japan, based on the CB Accord chassis, but with a different, much more modern-styled body, taking cues from the 1992 Honda Prelude.

Honda Ascot[sunting | sunting sumber]

Japan-spec series CB Honda Ascot

The fourth-generation Accord spawned a sister model in 1989, called the Honda Ascot which, while mechanically identical to the Accord, featured unique sedan bodywork, although it bore a resemblance to the Accord. The Ascot was sold through the Honda Primo network in Japan while the Accord was distributed through the Honda Clio network.

Honda Vigor and Honda Inspire[sunting | sunting sumber]

1989 Inspire
1989 Inspire

Unlike previous generations of the Honda Vigor, which were simply upmarket versions of the Accord, the third generation 'CB5' model was spun off as a model in its own right and was based on a different platform which featured a longitudinal engine layout compared to the transverse set-up of the Accord. A sister model to the Vigor, the Honda Inspire, was also unveiled in 1989 and, bar a different front grille, front and rear lights, and bumpers, sported identical bodywork. The Vigor was available in the United States and Canada under the Acura brand.

Generasi kesembilan (2012–2019)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Generasi kesembilan
2014 Honda Accord 2.4 i-VTEC sedan (2016-01-07) 01.jpg
2013 Accord LX sedan (Amerika)
Informasi
Masa produksiAgustus 2012–2019
Model untuk tahun2013-2019
PerakitanMarysville, Ohio (Marysville Auto Plant)
Sayama, Jepang
Ayutthaya, Thailand[15]
Guangzhou, China (Guangqi Honda)
PerancangRiku Wada (2010)
Bodi & rangka
Kelassedan dan coupe ukuran sedang
Bentuk kerangka4-pintu sedan
2-pintu coupe
Tata letakmesin depan,Penggerak roda depan
Penyalur daya
Mesin2.0L R20A3 I4
2.4 L K24W I4
3.0 L V6 (China)
3.5 L J35Y V6
TransmisiCVT (I4)
6-speed manual (I4, V6)
5-percepatan otomatis (V8)
6-percepatan otomatis (V6)
Dimensi
Jarak sumbu rodaSedan: 27.762 mm (1.093 in)
Coupe: 27.254 mm (1.073 in)
PanjangSedan: 48.616 mm (1.914 in)
Coupe: 48.057 mm (1.892 in)
LebarSedan: 18.491 mm (728 in)
TinggiSedan: 14.656 mm (577 in)
Coupe: 14.351 mm (565 in)

Generasi kesepuluh (2017–sekarang)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Generasi kesepuluh [CV1/CV2/CV3]
2018 Honda Accord 12.17.17.jpg
2018 Accord LX
Informasi
Masa produksiSeptember 2017–sekarang (Amerika Utara)
April 2018–sekarang (China)
Maret 2019–sekarang (Thailand)
Model untuk tahun2018–sekarang (Amerika Utara)
PerakitanMarysville, Ohio, Amerika Serikat (Marysville Auto Plant)
Guangzhou, China (Guangqi Honda)
Wuhan, China (Dongfeng Honda)
Prachinburi, Thailand
Perancang
  • Toshinobu Minami (exterior)
  • Yosuke Shimizu (interior)
Bodi & rangka
KelasMid-size car
Bentuk kerangkasedan 4-pintu
Mobil terkaitHonda Inspire (Dongfeng Honda)
Penyalur daya
Mesin
Transmisi
Dimensi
Jarak sumbu roda2.830 mm (111 in)
Panjang4.882 mm (192,2 in)
Lebar1.862 mm (73,3 in)
Tinggi1.451 mm (57,1 in)
Berat kosong1.420–1.555 kg (3.131–3.428 pon)
Kronologi
PendahuluHonda Accord (generasi kesembilan)

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  2. ^ "2008 Honda Accord vs. 2007 Toyota Camry - Head to Head". Motor Trend. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2011-06-29. Diakses tanggal 2010-12-12. 
  3. ^ "The 100 most reliable cars of the last decade (in order)". Gizmag.com. 2006-05-21. Diakses tanggal 2009-04-28. 
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  6. ^ Honda (September 4, 1997). Accord--Accord, Torneo, Accord Wagon. Siaran pers. Diakses pada 2010-12-12.
  7. ^ "News". Autocar. 147. (nbr 4228): pages 16–17. 19 November 1977. 
  8. ^ a b Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Oriental Assemblers Sdn. Bhd., History 1967-1987
  9. ^ "Japan Car Of The Year Award". Batfa Japan Inc. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2021-01-21. 
  10. ^ "1985 Honda Accord AeroDeck ad". YouTube. 18 October 2006. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2021-10-30. 
  11. ^ "Our Story". Honda of America Mfg., Inc. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 8 August 2014. 
  12. ^ Fujita, Takeshige; Takeo Ichihara; Hiroo Oyama (February 1987). "Development of Mr (Multi Reflector) Headlamp (Headlamp With Slant Angle of 60 Degrees, Contributable to Future Vehicle Body Styling)". Society of Automotive Engineers. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 27 May 2009. Diakses tanggal 2009-05-06. 
  13. ^ "1994 Ward's Auto World Calendar". Ward's Auto World. Ward's Communications. 30 (10): 18. October 1994. 
  14. ^ Taylor III, Alex (10 September 1990). "Japan's new U.S. car strategy". CNN Money. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 16 April 2014. Diakses tanggal 30 August 2014. 
  15. ^ Tadeo, Patrick Everett (2013-03-29). "Do the Thais Know Something That We Don't?". Top Gear Philippines. Diakses tanggal 2013-06-03. 
  16. ^ a b c "Vehicle Specifications | 2018 Honda Accord | Honda Owners Site". American Honda Motor Company. Diakses tanggal 2018-06-04. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]