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Soe Win (jenderal)

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Soe Win
စိုးဝင်း
Soe Win pada 2013
Wakil Ketua Dewan Tata Usaha Negara
Mulai menjabat
2 Februari 2021
KetuaMin Aung Hlaing
Sebelum
Pendahulu
Jabatan pertama
Pengganti
Petahana
Sebelum
Wakil Perdana Menteri Myanmar
Mulai menjabat
1 Agustus 2021
Menjabat bersama Mya Tun Oo, Tin Aung San, Win Shein, dan Than Swe
PresidenMyint Swe (pejabat)
Perdana MenteriMin Aung Hlaing
Sebelum
Pendahulu
Tin Hla (2001)
Pengganti
Petahana
Sebelum
Wakil Panglima Angkatan Pertahanan
Mulai menjabat
30 Maret 2011
PresidenThein Sein
Htin Kyaw
Win Myint
Myint Swe (pejabat)
Sebelum
Pendahulu
Maung Aye
Pengganti
Petahana
Sebelum
Informasi pribadi
Lahir1 Maret 1960 (umur 64)[1]
Mandalay, Burma (sekarang Myanmar)[2]
KewarganegaraanBurma
Suami/istriThan Than Nwe
Alma materAkademi Layanan Pertahanan
PekerjaanJenderal
Karier militer
Pihak Angkatan Bersenjata Myanmar
Dinas/cabang Angkatan Darat Myanmar
Masa dinas1981–sekarang
Pangkat Wakil Jenderal Senior
KomandoWakil Panglima Angkatan Darat, Tatmadaw
Panglima Angkatan Darat Myanmar
Sunting kotak info
Sunting kotak info • L • B
Bantuan penggunaan templat ini

Soe Win (bahasa Burma: စိုးဝင်း; diucapkan [só wɪ́ɴ]; lahir 1 Maret 1960) adalah seorang jenderal angkatan darat Burma dan Wakil Perdana Menteri Myanmar saat ini.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12] Diangkat setelah terbentuknya pemerintahan sementara pada 1 Agustus 2021, Soe Win memegang peran penting, termasuk Wakil Ketua Dewan Tata Usaha Negara (SAC), Wakil Panglima dari Tatmadaw (Angkatan Bersenjata Myanmar), dan Panglima Tertinggi dari Tentara Myanmar.[13][14][15][16][17][18] Ia juga merupakan anggota Dewan Pertahanan dan Keamanan Nasional (NDSC).[19][20][21][22][23][24] Pada bulan Mei 2012, mantan Presiden Myanmar, Thein Sein menunjuk Soe Win ke komite kerja tim pemerintah yang bertanggung jawab untuk negosiasi dengan banyak Myanmar kelompok pemberontak etnis bersenjata.[25] Ia adalah rekan dekat mantan Wakil Ketua Dewan Perdamaian dan Pembangunan Negara (SPDC), Wakil Jenderal Senior Maung Aye.[19][26][27][28][29][30][31]

Kehidupan awal dan pendidikan

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Soe Win lahir pada tanggal 1 Maret 1960 di Mandalay, Burma (sekarang Myanmar), dari pasangan Chit Sein dan Kyin Htwe.[32][33][34][35][36][37][38] Pada tahun 1976, ia mengikuti kursus kadet di Akademi Layanan Pertahanan, bersama Ye Htut, lulus dengan predikat cemerlang dalam ilmu militer dan sastra. Soe Win lulus pada angkatan ke-22 pada tahun 1981.[39][40][41][42][43]

Karier militer

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Pada tahun 1981, Soe Win lulus dari Akademi Layanan Pertahanan (DSA) pada angkatan ke-22.[44][45][46][47][48][49] Pada bulan Juni 2008, ia menjadi komandan Komando Regional Utara dari Tentara Myanmar di Negara Bagian Kachin.[50][51][52][53][54][55] Pada bulan Agustus 2010, Soe Win menjadi Chief dari Biro Operasi Khusus-6 (BSO-6), mengawasi militer operasi di Chin dan Negara Bagian Rakhine dan Wilayah Magwe.[19][56][57][58][59][60][61]

Soe Win juga telah menekan Tentara Kemerdekaan Kachin (KIA) untuk berubah menjadi "Pasukan Penjaga Perbatasan" (BGF) di bawah kendali militer.[62][63][64][65][66][67] Meskipun banyak pertemuan antara Soe Win dan KIA pemimpin pada bulan Juli 2009 dan Agustus 2010, KIA tidak menjadi sebuah BGF.[19][68][69][70][71][72]

Pada bulan September 2011, Tentara Kemerdekaan Kachin (KIA) menuduh Soe Win memerintahkan Tatmadaw tentara untuk menyerang KIA posisi di Negara Bagian Kachin, sehingga melanggar ketentuan beberapa perjanjian gencatan senjata yang ditandatangani sebelum dugaan serangan tersebut.[73][74][75][76][77][78] Soe Win menyangkal klaim tersebut, dengan mengatakan bahwa baik dia maupun siapa pun di Komando Regional Utara tidak memerintahkan serangan terhadap KIA.[19][79][80][81][82][83][84]

Pada bulan April 2024, rumor tersebar luas bahwa Soe Win mungkin menderita cedera parah selama perlawanan serangan drone di Tenggara Komando markas besar di Mawlamyine, Negara Bagian Mon, di mana dia diduga ditempatkan.[85][86] Ketidakhadirannya di hadapan publik selama lebih dari dua minggu memicu spekulasi, terutama setelah laporan serangan drone pada 9 April 2024.[87][88] Kekhawatiran mengenai kondisinya meningkat karena ketidakhadirannya di perayaan Tahun Baru tradisional Myanmar di Naypyitaw, di mana ia biasanya muncul bersama keluarga yang berafiliasi dengan Panglima Tertinggi Kantor dan walikota Naypyitaw.[89][90] Penampilan publik terakhir Soe Win adalah pada tanggal 3 April 2024, saat berkunjung ke Ba Htoo di Negara Bagian Shan selatan.[91][92]

Meskipun ada penyangkalan resmi, rumor tetap ada, termasuk spekulasi mengenai potensi pembersihan.[93] Laporan menunjukkan meningkatnya dukungan terhadap Soe Win untuk mengambil alih kepemimpinan militer di tengah kemunduran dan perselisihan internal yang terjadi baru-baru ini.[94] Namun, kemunculannya kembali di depan umum pada 30 April 2024 menghilangkan sejumlah ketidakpastian.[95][96][97] Dia ditampilkan di TV pemerintah mengunjungi yang terluka tentara di rumah sakit militer di Mawlamyine, membagikan hadiah uang tunai kepada tentara yang terbaring di tempat tidur atas pengabdian mereka.[98] Ia juga bertemu dengan para menteri utama negara bagian Kayin dan Senin untuk membahas perdamaian dan kemakmuran di sepanjang perbatasan Thailand.[99] Selama interaksinya dengan petugas dari Pusat Komando Tenggara, fokusnya dilaporkan beralih ke masalah perang.[100][101] Kembalinya Soe Win ke hadapan publik memberikan kejelasan di tengah meningkatnya spekulasi dan ketidakpastian.[102]

Tuduhan korupsi

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Soe Win dituduh terlibat berbagai kasus korupsi dan pemerasan selama karir sebagai Panglima Komando Regional Utara dari 2008 hingga 2010.[103][104][105][106][107][108] Soe Win dituduh menerima suap dari perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang jade, kayu, dan emas, dengan imbalan konsesi dari keuntungannya.[109][110][111][112] Soe Win dilaporkan telah menerima 150 juta kyat ($149,254 USD) suap dari jati pengusaha dari Provinsi Yunnan Tiongkok, dengan imbalan mengizinkan perdagangan jati ilegal di perbatasan Myanmar-Tiongkok.[113][114][115][116][117] Pada bulan Maret 2010, ia memerintahkan Tatmadaw tentara di Hpakant, Negara Bagian Kachin, untuk memungut militer pajak dari giok penambangan perusahaan.[19][118][119][120][121][122]

U.S. Departemen Keuangan telah mengenakan sanksi terhadap Soe Win sejak 10 Desember 2019, sesuai dengan Perintah Eksekutif 13818, yang merupakan dasar dan penerapan Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act dan menargetkan pelaku pelanggaran hak asasi manusia dan korupsi yang serius.[123][124] Soe Win telah melakukan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia yang serius terhadap anggota kelompok etnis minoritas di Myanmar.[125] Sanksi AS ini mencakup pembekuan aset berdasarkan AS dan larangan transaksi dengan orang AS.[126][127]

Sekitar satu tahun kemudian pada tanggal 11 Februari 2021, Soe Win juga dimasukkan dalam daftar sanksi Kantor Pengawasan Aset Luar Negeri (OFAC) sesuai dengan Perintah Eksekutif 14014, sebagai tanggapannya hingga kudeta militer Myanmar melawan pemerintahan sipil Burma yang terpilih secara demokratis).[128][129]

Pemerintah Kanada telah memberlakukan sanksi terhadap Soe Win sejak 18 Februari 2021, sesuai dengan Undang-Undang Tindakan Ekonomi Khusus dan Peraturan Tindakan Ekonomi Khusus (Burma), sebagai respons terhadap beratnya krisis yang terjadi di Kanada. hak asasi manusia dan situasi kemanusiaan di Myanmar (sebelumnya Burma). Sanksi Kanada mencakup pembekuan aset di bawah Kanada dan larangan transaksi dengan orang Kanada mana pun.[130][131]

Selanjutnya, Dewan Uni Eropa telah mengenakan sanksi terhadap Soe Win sejak 22 Maret 2021, sesuai dengan Peraturan Dewan (UE) 2021/479 dan Peraturan Pelaksana Dewan (UE) 2021/ 480 yang mengubah Peraturan Dewan (UE) No 401/2013, atas tanggung jawabnya atas kudeta militer dan militer dan polisi] berikutnya penindasan terhadap demonstran damai. Sanksi UE mencakup pembekuan aset berdasarkan negara-negara anggota UE dan larangan masuk atau transit ke negara-negara tersebut.[132][133]

Kehidupan pribadi

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Soe Win menikah dengan Than Than Nwe (lahir 1954).[134][135]

Referensi

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  1. ^ "Issuance of Executive Order "Blocking Property With Respect To The Situation In Burma;" Burma-related Designations and Designations Updates". U.S. Department of the Treasury. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 11 Februari 2021. Diakses tanggal 12 Februari 2021. 
  2. ^ "Soe Win has been the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) since 2011. He is Vice-Chairman of the State Administration Council (SAC) and member of the National Defence and Security Council (NDSC)". OpenSanctions. 
  3. ^ "Vice-Senior General Soe Win comforts Tatmadaw members, MPF members, people's militia receiving treatments for their wounds in serving State defence and security duties". The Republic of the Union of Myanmar Ministry of Information. 17 Desember 2023. 
  4. ^ "Soe Win has been the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) since 2011". OpenSanctions. 
  5. ^ "Vice-Senior General Soe Win boosts morale at Tatmadaw Hospital in Mingaladon". Ministry of Information. 27 Desember 2023. 
  6. ^ Nabila Massrali (9 Maret 2021). "Myanmar: Phone call between Vice-Admiral Bléjean and Vice-Senior General Soe Win". European Union. 
  7. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Vice-Senior General Soe Win visits Higher Military Command School". Embassy of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Moscow (Russia). 8 September 2021. 
  8. ^ "Vice-Senior General Soe Win instructs members of Medical Corps to exchange experiences with international organizations". Global New Light of Myanmar. 3 Oktober 2023. 
  9. ^ "Where Is Myanmar Regime No. 2 Soe Win?". The Irrawaddy. 11 April 2024. 
  10. ^ "Top Chinese intelligence official visits Myanmar for 'cooperation' talks". The Jakarta Post. 31 Mei 2023. 
  11. ^ "Junta Watch: Yet Another Top-Level Trip to Russia; ex-UK Envoy Becomes a 'Hostage'; and More". The Irrawaddy. 3 September 2022. 
  12. ^ Htet Naing Zaw (27 November 2017). "Top General to Take Active Role in Govt Reconciliation Efforts". The Irrawaddy. 
  13. ^ "ကိုဗစ် - ၁၉ ရောဂါ ကာကွယ်၊ ထိန်းချုပ်၊ကုသရေးဆိုင်ရာဆဋ္ဌမအကြိမ်ညှိနှိုင်း အစည်းအဝေးပြုလုပ်၊ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် အိမ်စောင့်အစိုးရ၊ နိုင်ငံတော်ဝန်ကြီးချုပ် ဗိုလ်ချုပ်မှူးကြီးမင်းအောင်လှိုင်တက်ရောက်အမှာစကားပြောကြား" (dalam bahasa Burma). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2021-08-02. Diakses tanggal 2021-08-03. 
  14. ^ "SAC Vice-Chair Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Commander-in-Chief (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Win leaves for Russia". Myanmar National Portal. 27 Agustus 2022. 
  15. ^ "Vice-Chairman of the State Administration Council Vice-Senior General Soe Win arrives back from Russian Federation". Embassy of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Moscow (Russia). 8 September 2021. 
  16. ^ "SAC Vice-Chairman DPM Vice-Senior General Soe Win inspects preparations for hosting dinner and entertainment programmes to honour 76th Anniversary of Independence Day". Myanmar Digital News. 3 Januari 2024. 
  17. ^ "Myanmar junta chief missing from public view after drone attack". Radio Free Asia. 23 April 2024. 
  18. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Attends and Watches Final Match of 2023 Inter-Ministry Universities' Football Tournament and Presents Awards to Winning Teams". Myanmar National Portal. 6 Juli 2023. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Tatmadaw Deputy Commander-in-Chief - Regime Watch - ALTSEAN Burma". www.altsean.org. Alternative ASEAN Network (ALTASEAN). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 19 Oktober 2012. Diakses tanggal 7 Mei 2016. 
  20. ^ "Vice-Senior General Soe Win visits military commands in Pyin Oo Lwin | Ministry Of Information". www.moi.gov.mm. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 3 Agustus 2016. Diakses tanggal 7 Mei 2016. 
  21. ^ Jonathan Head (24 Januari 2024). "Last Tuesday, a noisy crowd of several hundred people stood in the small main square of Pyin Oo Lwin, a popular Myanmar hill town, to hear a bespectacled monk make a startling suggestion. Min Aung Hlaing, the country's military ruler, should step aside, he said, and let his deputy General Soe Win take over.The man who led the 2021 coup against the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi, provoking a catastrophic civil war, has faced plenty of international censure, and is loathed by much of Myanmar's population". BBC News. 
  22. ^ Matthew Kendrick (23 April 2024). "Myanmar junta leader MIA as rebels make gains". GZERO Media. 
  23. ^ Andrew Selth (17 Januari 2024). "Three years on from the coup, what could help Myanmar's opposition movement?". Lowy Institute. 
  24. ^ Bertil Lintner (15 Maret 2021). "'Constructive Engagement' Stumbles Right Out of the Box in Myanmar". The Irrawaddy. 
  25. ^ Jonathan Head (28 April 2024). "Is Myanmar's army reversing its losses? It's complicated". BBC News. 
  26. ^ "Myanmar anti-regime drones chase and attack military generals". Nikkei Asia. 11 April 2024. 
  27. ^ "Drones target Vice-Senior General Soe Win in Mawlamyine". Mizzima News. 11 April 2021. 
  28. ^ "Senior general (former general) Than Shwe is looking for a change in leadership of the State Administration Council (SAC) where he wants to bring in vice-chairman General Soe Win as the successor to Min Aung Hlaing. Efforts are underway to effect a smooth change so there is no disturbance in the system of governance," an Indian analyst who follows Myanmar closely told StratNews Global". StratNews Global. 23 Januari 2024. 
  29. ^ Thomas Keen (1 Maret 2024). "The small protest in the central Myanmar town of Pyin Oo Lwin on January 16 was far less spectacular than the military's recent battlefield losses, but for dictator-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing it was possibly just as damaging. Rather than call for the end of the junta that seized power in a February 2021 coup – as millions across Myanmar have done over the past three years – the pro-regime protesters urged Min Aung Hlaing to step down as head of the military, and hand over power to his deputy, Soe Win. "Look at Soe Win's face," the nationalist monk Pauk Ko Taw told the crowd of a few hundred people. "That's the face of a real soldier. Min Aung Hlaing is not coping. He should move to a civilian role."". The Diplomat. 
  30. ^ "Myanmar Regime's Deputy Chief Makes Trip to War-Torn Kayah State". The Irrawaddy. 4 Januari 2022. 
  31. ^ Anthony Galloway (24 Februari 2021). "'Lethal force is unacceptable': Senior ADF officer raises concerns with Myanmar's military in first phone call". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  32. ^ "တပ်ချုပ် ဖြစ်လာနိုင်သူ စစ်သားကောင်း ဒုတိယ ဗိုလ်ချုပ်မှူးကြီး စိုးဝင်း". ဧရာဝတီ (dalam bahasa Inggris). 2020-12-05. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2020-12-06. Diakses tanggal 2021-02-02. 
  33. ^ "As Myanmar's Military Stumbles, a Top General's Disappearance Fuels Intrigue". The Irrawaddy. 19 April 2024. 
  34. ^ "PDF Drones Target Southeastern Regional Military Command During visit of Junta's Deputy Chief". Burma News International. 9 April 2024. 
  35. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Attends 2023 Monsoon Tree Planting Ceremony in Nay Pyi Taw Union Territory". Myanmar National Portal. 11 Juli 2023. 
  36. ^ "Myanmar Junta Continues Tightening the Screws on Its Economic Team". The Irrawaddy. 20 September 2023. 
  37. ^ "Retired Top Brass Wheeled Out For Embattled Myanmar Junta Chief". The Irrawaddy. 29 Maret 2023. 
  38. ^ "Over 50 Top Officials From Myanmar's Ousted NLD Govt Face Long Jail Terms". The Irrawaddy. 30 November 2021. 
  39. ^ "Min Aung Hlaing and His Generals: Some Biographical Notes". FULCRUM (dalam bahasa Inggris). 2021-08-04. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2022-09-22. Diakses tanggal 2022-09-22. 
  40. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Honours Myanmar Academy Awards Ceremony for 2023". Myanmar National Portal. 6 Februari 2024. 
  41. ^ Subir Bhaumik (5 Februari 2024). "Three Years After Coup, Myanmar Military Junta Falling Apart – OpEd". Eurasia Review. 
  42. ^ Ei Thinzar Myint (10 April 2024). "Resistance Drones Strike Myanmar Military's SE Command During Junta No. 2's Visit". The Irrawaddy. 
  43. ^ "Political analysts note that the calls from Junta supporters for coup leader General Min Aung Hlaing to step down as Commander-in-Chief are evident signs of internal divisions within the coup regime. During a pro-Junta event in Pyin Oo Lwin on January 16th, Monk U Ariya Wun Tha, also known as Pauk Ko Taw, suggested that Senior General Min Aung Hlaing is better suited for a civilian role, advocating for him to transition to such a position and transfer the Commander-in-Chief role to his deputy, Vice Senior General Soe Win". Burma News International. 19 Januari 2024. 
  44. ^ "Last week, an ultranationalist Buddhist monk who helped set up pro-junta militias was detained and questioned by authorities after he joined calls for Min Aung Hlaing to resign to show responsibility for the string of humiliating military defeats. He told a crowd gathered for a pro-military rally in Mandalay Region's Pyin Oo Lwin town that Min Aung Hlaing should step down from his post as military chief and hand over control to his deputy, Vice Senior General Soe Win". The Irrawaddy. 22 Januari 2024. 
  45. ^ Brian Wei (25 Januari 2024). "Junta No. 2 Fails to Persuade Allied Karen Armed Group to Stay With Myanmar Military". The Irrawaddy. 
  46. ^ "General Soe Win is now deputy leader of the State Administration Council, the junta's governing body, and army commander-in-chief, while General Yar Pyae is now home affairs minister. General Kyaw Swe served as home affairs minister under the Daw Aung San Suu Kyi administration. In a twist of fate, General Yar Pyae is now handling Ye Htut's case". The Irrawaddy. 14 November 2023. 
  47. ^ "Don't Bet on Myanmar Junta No. 2 Ousting His Boss". The Irrawaddy. 16 Agustus 2022. 
  48. ^ "SAC Vice-Chair Dy PM Vice-Senior General Soe Win attends 1st coordination meeting of Central Census Commission". Myanmar National Portal. 21 Januari 2023. 
  49. ^ "Myanmar Deputy Commander-In-Chief of Defence Services and Commander-In-Chief (Army) Calls on Minister for Defence". MINDEF Singapore. 10 Februari 2014. 
  50. ^ "In Myanmar, The General Who Vanished Has Grabbed The Spotlight". The Irrawaddy. 23 April 2024. 
  51. ^ "Junta Watch: Mystery Deepens Over Fate of Regime No. 2; Finding Uses for Rohingya; and More". The Irrawaddy. 20 April 2024. 
  52. ^ "Myanmar Extends State of Emergency, Forcing Delay in Promised Election". Voice of America. 31 Juli 2023. 
  53. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Attends and Delivers a Speech at Rehabilitation Coordination Meeting of Natural Disaster Management Committee". Myanmar National Portal. 8 Juni 2023. 
  54. ^ "Swiss visit by Myanmar army officials sparks controversy". SWI swissinfo.ch. 18 Oktober 2017. 
  55. ^ "Myanmar military forms caretaker gov't with army chief as PM". Kyodo News. 1 Agustus 2021. 
  56. ^ "Myanmar regime vows to hold 2024 census despite spike in clashes". Nikkei Asia. 5 Januari 2024. 
  57. ^ "Vice-Senior General Soe Win Attends and Delivers a Speech at Meeting 1/2023 of Myanmar Special Economic Zone Central Committee". Myanmar National Portal. 17 Oktober 2023. 
  58. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Attends and Delivers a Speech at Ceremony to Mark 75th Anniversary of Human Rights Day". Myanmar National Portal. 12 Desember 2023. 
  59. ^ "Top Chinese Intelligence Official Visits Myanmar for 'Cooperation' Talks. Major General Yang Yang, acting director-general of the Intelligence Bureau of the Joint Staff Department of China's Central Military Commission, met the junta's number two official, Soe Win, for talks on "cooperation between the two armies", state media said". The Irrawaddy. 31 Mei 2023. 
  60. ^ "SAC Vice-Chairman Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win attends reception to mark 75th anniversary of founding Russia-Myanmar diplomatic ties". Myanmar National Portal. 19 Februari 2023. 
  61. ^ "NLD-Tatmadaw relations: strong words, rising tensions". Frontier Myanmar. 18 April 2019. 
  62. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Commander-in-Chief (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Win Comforts Military Personnel, Myanmar Police Force Members, and People's Militia got Injuries in Serving State Defence and Security Duties". Myanmar National Portal. 19 Desember 2023. 
  63. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Inspects Preparations for Hosting Dinner and Entertainment Programmes to honour 76th Anniversary of Independence Day". Myanmar National Portal. 5 Januari 2024. 
  64. ^ "SAC Vice-Chairman Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Commander-in-Chief (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Win Attends Centennial Celebration of No.1 Military Hospital (700-Bed) and 30th Myanmar Tatmadaw Medical Conference". Myanmar National Portal. 6 Oktober 2023. 
  65. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Pays Homage to Remains of SSMNC Chairman Bhamo Sayadaw, and Inspects Preparations for Final Rites Ceremony". Myanmar National Portal. 13 Juni 2023. 
  66. ^ Michael Sullivan (29 April 2020). "U.N. Envoy Brings New Allegations Of War Crimes Against Myanmar". NPR. 
  67. ^ "US Imposes Sanctions on Myanmar Military Commander Over Rohingya Abuses". Voice of America. 16 Juli 2019. 
  68. ^ "Tracing Myanmar Junta's Repeated Governing Body Shakeups Since Coup". The Irrawaddy. 28 September 2023. 
  69. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Commander-in-Chief (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Win Receives Chiefs of ASEAN Air Forces". Myanmar National Portal. 19 September 2023. 
  70. ^ "SAC Vice-Chairman Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win receives Russian Ambassador to Myanmar who has completed his tour of duty". Myanmar National Portal. 29 Juni 2023. 
  71. ^ "Powerful BGF leader Protecting Chinese- Gangs at Shwe Kokko Declares Autonomous Zone in Myawaddy – Colonel Chit Thu also ends Karen BGF's Proxy Role Under the Junta". Burma News International. 26 Januari 2024. 
  72. ^ "SAC Vice-Chairman Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Commander-in-Chief (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Win attends closing ceremony of International Army Games-2022". Myanmar National Portal. 29 Agustus 2022. 
  73. ^ "Nationalist Monk Briefly Detained After Joining Chant Calling for Myanmar's Leader to Step Down". The Irrawaddy. 19 Januari 2024. 
  74. ^ "Myanmar's military government pardons 10,000 prisoners to mark Independence Day". BreakingNews.ie. 1 April 2024. 
  75. ^ "Crony Close to Myanmar Junta Boss Arrested as Commodity Prices Soar". The Irrawaddy. 14 September 2023. 
  76. ^ "At the funeral of highly revered Buddhist monk Bhamo Sayadaw Bhaddanta Kumara Bhivamsa on June 6, a solemn-faced Min Aung Hlaing was among those carrying the coffin, continuing the junta boss's efforts to portray himself as the protector of the religion in Buddhist-majority Myanmar. Together with his deputy Soe Win, Min Aung Hlaing earlier carried the coffin of senior monk Zaygon Sayadaw from Naypyitaw's Pyinmana at the monk's funeral after he died in a military plane crash in June 2021". The Irrawaddy. 9 Juni 2023. 
  77. ^ "On March 9, at a regime meeting to discuss budget estimates for the 2023-24 fiscal year, deputy junta leader Vice Senior General Soe Win said the high cost of imported fuel made it necessary to reduce consumption in order to conserve foreign exchange. To address the situation, he said the junta would be exercising greater scrutiny over fuel consumption during this fiscal year, which began on April 1". Frontier Myanmar. 24 April 2023. 
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  79. ^ "Before his purge, Moe Myint Tun, who reportedly took millions of dollars in bribes from business owners, served as the trade chief. In the previous military regime, then leader Than Shwe entrusted that position to his deputy Maung Aye. For whatever reason, Min Aung Hlaing chose Moe Myint Tun over his deputy Soe Win for the role; now, to his shame, he has had to sack Moe Myint Tun for corruption. Min Aung Hlaing has also created deputy prime minister positions to keep Soe Win in check—Soe Htut was one of five in the current regime. The junta chief was however left with no choice as not only Soe Htut but also members of his family abused his position of power to line their own pockets. In another bitter blow, Min Aung Hlaing has been forced to hand the home affairs minister position to Lieutenant General Yar Pyae, a classmate of Soe Win's in the 22nd intake of the Defense Services Academy". The Irrawaddy. 26 September 2023. 
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  82. ^ "SAC Vice-Chairman Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Commander-in-Chief (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Win comforts those receiving treatments at Defence Services Specialty Orthopaedic Hospital (500-bed), special care centre at Defence Services". Myanmar National Portal. 29 Oktober 2022. 
  83. ^ "Vice-Chairman of State Administration Council Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Attends Ceremonies to Open Maha Thingyan Pavilions (Water-Splashing Pavilions) in Nay Pyi Taw Council Territory". Myanmar National Portal. 18 April 2023. 
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  92. ^ "Myanmar: 'World is watching', UN Special Envoy urges military to refrain from violence". UN News. 16 Februari 2021. 
  93. ^ "His No. 2, Vice Senior General Soe Win, commander-in-chief of the army and deputy head of the State Administration Council (as the junta calls itself), disappeared for nearly a month after an April 3 visit to Ba Htoo, a garrison town in southern Shan State, finally reappearing on state TV's evening news on Monday". The Irrawaddy. 30 April 2024. 
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  96. ^ "Wives of Generals Pray for Their Husbands on Myanmar Women's Day". The Irrawaddy. 5 Juli 2023. 
  97. ^ "He's Back: Myanmar Junta No. 2 Returns With His Sights Set on Thai Border". The Irrawaddy. 30 April 2024. 
  98. ^ "UN warns Myanmar military as generals defend power grab". Al Jazeera News. 16 Februari 2021. 
  99. ^ "SAC Vice-Chairman Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Vice-Senior General Soe Win inspects military hospital in Bahtoo station, agriculture and livestock tasks". Myanmar National Portal. 7 April 2022. 
  100. ^ "Junta Watch: Regime Admits It's Not in Full Control; ASEAN Rebuffed, and More". The Irrawaddy. 7 Mei 2022. 
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  105. ^ "SAC Vice Chairman Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win Delivers Addresses at Ceremony to Mark 77th Anniversary of Myanmar Fire Brigade Day". Myanmar National Portal. 9 Mei 2023. 
  106. ^ "SAC Vice-Chair Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win meets ethnic traditional cultural troupes, students from regions and states who will participate in ceremony to honour Diamond Jubilee Independence Day". Myanmar National Portal. 4 Januari 2023. 
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  113. ^ "Myanmar puts troops on alert after Pita's statements. Myanmar's second-most powerful general has issued a directive to his commanders to keep a closer watch on the Thai-Myanmar border after Thailand's Move Forward Party won the most House seats in the May 14 general election. According to Irrawaddy, Vice Senior General Soe Win said "The Move Forward Party is pro-West and they will assist terrorists … we have to watch the border and get information about them, their movements and their activities. The "terrorists" he referred to are anti-Myanmar regime resistance groups active along the border". Thai PBS World. 23 Mei 2023. 
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  135. ^ "ကာကွယ်ရေးဦးစီးချုပ်ရုံး(ကြည်း၊ ရေ၊ လေ)မိသားစုများ၏ ဒသမအကြိမ် မဟာဘုံကထိန် အလှူတော်မင်္ဂလာ အခမ်းအနားကျင်းပ". Tatmadaw Information Team (dalam bahasa Burma). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2020-12-04. Diakses tanggal 2021-02-02.