Kualifikasi Piala Dunia FIFA

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Kualifikasi Piala Dunia FIFA adalah proses kualifikasi tim sepak bola nasional untuk menuju ke Final Piala Dunia FIFA.
Turnamen kualifikasi tersebut diadakan di enam zona kontinental FIFA (Afrika, Asia, Amerika Utara dan Tengah dan Caribbean, Amerika Selatan, Oceania, Eropa), dan diorganisir oleh konfederasi respektif mereka.

Penjatahan tempat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tempat dialokasikan untuk benua
Zona konfederasi 1934
Bendera Italia
(16)
1938
Bendera Prancis
(15)1
1950
Bendera Brasil
(13)2
1954
Bendera Swiss
(16)
1958
Bendera Swedia
(16)
1962
Bendera Chili
(16)
1966
Bendera Inggris
(16)
1970
Bendera Meksiko
(16)
1974
Bendera Jerman Barat
(16)
1978
Bendera Argentina
(16)
1982
Bendera Spanyol
(24)
1986
Bendera Meksiko
(24)
1990
Bendera Italia
(24)
1994
Bendera Amerika Serikat
(24)
1998
Bendera Prancis
(32)
2002
Bendera Korea Selatan
Bendera Jepang
(32)
2006
Bendera Jerman
(32)6
2010
Bendera Afrika Selatan
(32)
2014
Bendera Brasil
(32)
2018
Bendera Rusia
(32)
2022
Bendera Qatar
(32)
2026
Bendera


(48)

CAF 1 0 0.53 0.54 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 5 5 5 5
+H
5 5  
AFC 1 12 1 0.54 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3.5 2.5
+2H
4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 H
OFC 0 0.5 0.5 0.255 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5  
UEFA 12 111
+C+H
72
+C
11
+H
9.53
+C+H
8+4
2×0.5
9
+H
8
+C
8.5
+H
8.5
+C
13
+H
12.5
+C
13
+H
12
+C
14
+H
13.5
+C
13
+H
13 13 13
+H
 
CONCACAF 1 1 2 1 1 0.5 1 1
+H
1 1 2 1
+H
2 1.255
+H
3 3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5  
CONMEBOL 2 1 4
+H
1
+C
3 3.5
+C+H
3
+C
3 2.5
+C
2.5
+H
3
+C
4 2.5
+C
3.55 4
+C
4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
+H
4.5  
Total 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 48
  • 1 Pada tahun 1938, Austria mundur setelah kualifikasi karena dianeksasi oleh Jerman dan tidak digantikan, sehingga hanya 15 tim, 12 di antaranya dari Eropa, bermain di final.
  • 2 Pada tahun 1950, India, Skotlandia dan Turki mundur setelah kualifikasi dan tidak diganti, sehingga hanya 13 tim, tidak satupun dari mereka Asia dan 6 dari mereka Eropa, bermain di final.
  • 3 Awalnya tahun 1958, Afrika dan Asia sama-sama diberi 1 tempat, sedangkan Eropa diberi 9 tempat. Namun, setelah Israel memenangkan zona Afrika dan Asia tanpa memainkan pertandingan apa pun karena penarikan tim lain, sebuah play-off khusus diatur antara mereka dan tim Eropa (Wales). Akibatnya, Afrika dan Asia bersama-sama diberi 0,5 tempat, sedangkan Eropa diberi 9,5 tempat.
  • 4 Pada tahun 1962, Eropa diberi 8 tempat otomatis, ditambah 2 tempat tambahan di play-off antarbenua, yang pada dasarnya memberi mereka 9 tempat. Kedua tim Eropa memainkan tim Afrika dan tim Asia, dan kedua tim Eropa menang. Sebab, 10 tim Eropa bermain di final.
  • 5 Pada tahun 1994, ada dua babak play-off antarbenua. Pertama, tim Oseania memainkan tim dari Amerika Utara dan Tengah serta Karibia, dan pemenangnya bermain dengan tim Amerika Selatan.
  • 6 Sejak kualifikasi 2006 dan seterusnya, juara bertahan tidak lagi mendapatkan tempat otomatis.

Peserta kualifikasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jumlah timnas pengikut kualifikasi (termasuk kualifikasi otomatis)
Zona benua 1934
Bendera Italia
(16)
1938
Bendera Prancis
(15)
1950
Bendera Brasil
(13)
1954
Bendera Swiss
(16)
1958
Bendera Swedia
(16)
1962
Bendera Chili
(16)
1966
Bendera Inggris
(16)
1970
Bendera Meksiko
(16)
1974
Bendera Jerman Barat
(16)
1978
Bendera Argentina
(16)
1982
Bendera Spanyol
(24)
1986
Bendera Meksiko
(24)
1990
Bendera Italia
(24)
1994
Bendera Amerika Serikat
(24)
1998
Bendera Prancis
(32)
2002
Bendera Korea Selatan
Bendera Jepang
(32)
2006
Bendera Jerman
(32)
2010
Bendera Afrika Selatan
(32)
2014
Bendera Brasil
(32)
2018
Bendera Rusia
(32)
2022
Bendera Qatar
(32)
2026
Bendera


(48)

Africa 3 0 0 0 11 6 21 13 24 26 29 29 26 40 38 51 51 53 52 54
Asia 2 4 3 5 7 18 22 21 27 26 29 36 42 39 43 43 46
Oseania1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 5 7 10 10 12 11 11 11
Eropa 21 26 19 29 29 30 33 31 33 32 34 33 33 39 50 51 52 53 53 54
Amerika Utara, Tengah, dan Karibia2 4 7 3 5 6 8 10 14 14 17 15 18 16 23 30 35 34 35 35 35
Amerika Selatan 4 2 8 6 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 10 10 10 10 10 10
Jumlah pengikut 32 37 34 45 55 56 74 75 99 107 109 121 116 147 174 199 198 2054 204 210
Tim bermain3 27 21 19 33 46 49 51 68 90 95 103 110 103 130 168 193 194 2004 203 208
Pertandingan dimainkan 27 22 26 57 89 92 127 172 226 252 306 308 314 497 643 777 847 853 828 561
Gol tercetak 141 96 121 208 341 325 393 542 620 723 797 801 735 1446 1922 2452 2464 2344 2303 1631
Rerata gol/pertandingan 5.22 4.36 4.65 3.65 3.83 3.53 3.09 3.15 2.74 2.87 2.60 2.60 2.34 2.91 2.99 3.16 2.91 2.75 2.81 2.91
  • 1 Because the Oceania Football Confederation has used the World Cup Qualifiers as a phase of (or as the entire) OFC Nations Cup, there is the possibility that non-FIFA countries may play in matches that double as World Cup qualifiers. In the 2006 qualifiers, New Caledonia were included in the tournament although they were not FIFA members at the date of close of entries. They are, however, included in the 12 nations listed as they joined FIFA during the course of qualification, even though they had been technically eliminated from contention a few days earlier (a similar situation occurred in the entries for 2010, with Montenegro's entry accepted prior to their admission by FIFA). By contrast, Tuvalu competed in the 2007 South Pacific Games Football tournament, which doubled as qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup. As they were not FIFA members at the time of the completion of the competition, they are not included in the 11 OFC entrants, although their results counted towards the qualification of other teams.
  • 2 From 1973 to 1989, the CONCACAF Championship and its qualifying tournament were used to determine CONCACAF's entrant in the World Cup. The confederation's champion qualified outright.
  • 3 "Teams played" is the total number of teams that played at least one qualifying match.
  • 4 This number includes Tuvalu (see note 1) and South Africa. Although South Africa qualified automatically for 2010 as hosts, they competed in the CAF qualifiers, becoming the first hosts to compete in World Cup qualifying since 1934. This is because the Confederation of African Football used its 2010 World Cup qualifiers as the qualifying phase for the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, a tournament for which South Africa had attempted to qualify.

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