Kualifikasi Piala Dunia FIFA

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Lompat ke: navigasi, cari

Kualifikasi Piala Dunia FIFA adalah proses kualifikasi tim sepak bola nasional untuk menuju ke Final Piala Dunia FIFA.
Turnamen kualifikasi tersebut diadakan di enam zona kontinental FIFA (Afrika, Asia, Amerika Utara dan Tengah dan Caribbean, Amerika Selatan, Oceania, Eropa), dan diorganisir oleh konfederasi respektif mereka.

Penjatahan tempat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tempat dialokasikan untuk benua
Zona konfederasi 1934
Bendera Italia
(16)
1938
Bendera Perancis
(15)1
1950
Bendera Brazil
(13)2
1954
Bendera Swiss
(16)
1958
Bendera Swedia
(16)
1962
Bendera Chili
(16)
1966
Bendera Inggris
(16)
1970
Bendera Meksiko
(16)
1974
Bendera Jerman Barat
(16)
1978
Bendera Argentina
(16)
1982
Bendera Spanyol
(24)
1986
Bendera Meksiko
(24)
1990
Bendera Italia
(24)
1994
Bendera Amerika Serikat
(24)
1998
Bendera Perancis
(32)
2002
Bendera Korea Selatan
Bendera Jepang
(32)
2006
Bendera Jerman
(32)6
2010
Bendera Afrika Selatan
(32)
2014
Bendera Brazil
(32)
2018
Bendera Rusia
(32)
2022
Bendera Qatar
(32)
2026
Bendera
(48)
CAF 1 0 0.53 0.54 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 5 5 5 5
+H
5 5  
AFC 1 12 1 0.54 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3.5 2.5
+2H
4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 H
OFC 0 0.5 0.5 0.255 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5  
UEFA 12 111
+C+H
72
+C
11
+H
9.53
+C+H
8+4
2×0.5
9
+H
8
+C
8.5
+H
8.5
+C
13
+H
12.5
+C
13
+H
12
+C
14
+H
13.5
+C
13
+H
13 13 13
+H
 
CONCACAF 1 1 2 1 1 0.5 1 1
+H
1 1 2 1
+H
2 1.255
+H
3 3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5  
CONMEBOL 2 1 4
+H
1
+C
3 3.5
+C+H
3
+C
3 2.5
+C
2.5
+H
3
+C
4 2.5
+C
3.55 4
+C
4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
+H
4.5  
Total 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 48
  • 1 In 1938, Austria withdrew after qualifying due to being annexed by Germany and were not replaced, so only 15 teams, 12 of them European, played in the finals.
  • 2 In 1950, India, Scotland and Turkey withdrew after qualifying and were not replaced, so only 13 teams, none of them Asian and 6 of them European, played in the finals.
  • 3 Initially in 1958, Africa and Asia together were given 1 spot, while Europe was given 9 spots. However, after Israel won the African and Asian zone without playing any matches due to withdrawals of other teams, a special play-off was arranged between them and a European team (Wales). So in effect, Africa and Asia together were given 0.5 spots, while Europe was given 9.5 spots.
  • 4 In 1962, Europe was given 8 automatic spots, plus 2 additional spots in the intercontinental play-offs, in effect giving them 9 spots. The two European teams played an African team and an Asian team respectively, and both European teams won. Therefore, 10 European teams played in the finals.
  • 5 In 1994, there were two rounds of intercontinental play-offs. First, an Oceanian team played a team from North and Central America and Caribbean, and the winner then played a South American team.
  • 6 From the 2006 qualifiers on, the defending champion no longer has an automatic spot secured.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]