Karan Singh

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Karan Singh
کرن سنگھ
Dr-Karan-Singh-sept2009.jpg
Anggota Parlemen (Rajya Sabha) for
Teritorial Ibukota Nasional Delhi
Mulai menjabat
Jan 2012
Masa jabatan
Jan 2006 – Jan 2012
Masa jabatan
Jan 2000 – Jan 2006
Masa jabatan
November 1996 – Agu 1999
Anggota Parlemen (Lok Sabha) untuk
Udhampur
Masa jabatan
1967 - 1970
1971 - 1977
1977 - 1980
1980 - 1984
Pengganti Girdhari Lal Dogra
Menteri Pariwisata dan Penerbangan Sipil,
Pemerintahan India
Masa jabatan
1967 - 1973
Meneteri Kesehatan dan Perencanaan Keluarga,
Pemerintahan India
Masa jabatan
1973 - 1977
Meneteri Pendidikan dan Budaya,
Pemerintahan India
Masa jabatan
1979 - 1980
Duta Besar India untuk Amerika Serikat
Masa jabatan
1989 - 1990
Pendahulu P. K. Kaul
Pengganti Abid Hussain
Sadr-i-Riyasat Jammu dandKashmir
Masa jabatan
17 November 1952 – 30 Maret 1965
Pendahulu Hari Singh
Pengganti Posisi ditiadakan
Gubernur Jammu dan Kashmir ke-1
Masa jabatan
30 Maret 1965 – 15 Mei 1967
Pendahulu Jabatan dibuat
Pengganti Bhagwan Sahay
Informasi pribadi
Lahir 9 Maret 1931 (umur 87)
Cannes, Perancis
Kebangsaan India
Partai politik Kongres Nasional India
Pasangan Yasho Rajya Lakshmi
Tempat tinggal 3, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi, India
Tanda tangan

Karan Singh (lahir di Cannes, Perancis, 9 Maret 1931; umur 87 tahun) adalah seorang anggota Dewan Parlemen Tinggi India, Rajya Sabha. Ia adalah anggota senior Partai Kongres Nasional India yang menjabat sebagai Sadr-i-Riyasat dan Gubernur Jammu dan Kashmir. Singh adalah putra dari penguasa terakhir negara kepangeranan Jammu dan Kashmir, Maharaja Hari Singh. Dalam amandemen ke-26[1] pada Konstitusi India yang dipromulgasikan pada 1971, Pemerintah India menurunkan seluruh simbol resmi kepangeranan India, termasuk gelar, hak dan tunjanga.[2] Singh meraih Padma Vibhushan pada 2005.

Keluarga dan Leluhur[sunting | sunting sumber]

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Towards A New India (1974)
  • Population, Poverty and the Future of India (1975)
  • One Man's World (1986)
  • Essays on Hinduism. Ratna Sagar. 1987. ISBN 81-7070-173-2.
  • Humanity at the Crossroads, with Daisaku Ikeda. Oxford University Press, 1988.
  • Autobiography (2 vols.)(1989)
  • Brief Sojourn (1991)
  • Hymn to Shiva and Other Poems (1991)
  • The Transition to a Global Society (1991)
  • Mountain of Shiva (1994)
  • Autobiography. Oxford University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-19-563636-8.
  • Prophet of Indian Nationalism
  • Hinduism. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd, 2005. ISBN 1-84557-425-7
  • Mundaka Upanishad: The Bridge to Immortality.
  • Ten Gurus of the Sikhs Their Life Story, Tr. into English Pramila Naniwadekar & Moreshwar Naniwadekar.
  • Nehru's Kashmir. Wisdom Tree. ISBN 978-81-8328-160-7.
  • A Treasury of Indian Wisdom. Penguin Ananda, 2010. ISBN 978-0-670-08450-0.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "The Constitution (26 Amendment) Act, 1971", indiacode.nic.in, Government of India, 1971, diakses tanggal 9 November 2011 
  2. ^ 1. Ramusack, Barbara N. (2004). The Indian princes and their states. Cambridge University Press. hlm. 278. ISBN 978-0-521-26727-4. Diakses tanggal 6 November 2011. , "Through a constitutional amendment passed in 1971, Indira Gandhi stripped the princes of the titles, privy purses and regal privileges which her father's government had granted." (p 278). 2. Naipaul, V. S. (8 April 2003), India: A Wounded Civilization, Random House Digital, Inc., hlm. 37–, ISBN 978-1-4000-3075-0, diakses tanggal 6 November 2011  Quote: "The princes of India – their number and variety reflecting to a large extent the chaos that had come to the country with the break up of the Mughal empire – had lost real power in the British time. Through generations of idle servitude they had grown to specialize only in style. A bogus, extinguishable glamour: in 1947, with Independence, they had lost their state, and Mrs. Gandhi in 1971 had, without much public outcry, abolished their privy purses and titles." (pp 37–38). 3. Schmidt, Karl J. (1995), An atlas and survey of South Asian history, M.E. Sharpe, hlm. 78, ISBN 978-1-56324-334-9, diakses tanggal 6 November 2011  Quote: "Although the Indian states were alternately requested or forced into union with either India or Pakistan, the real death of princely India came when the Twenty-sixth Amendment Act (1971) abolished the princes' titles, privileges, and privy purses." (page 78). 4. Breckenridge, Carol Appadurai (1995), Consuming modernity: public culture in a South Asian world, U of Minnesota Press, hlm. 84–, ISBN 978-0-8166-2306-8, diakses tanggal 6 November 2011  Quote: "The third stage in the political evolution of the princes from rulers to citizens occurred in 1971, when the constitution ceased to recognize them as princes and their privy purses, titles, and special privileges were abolished." (page 84). 5. Guha, Ramachandra (5 August 2008), India After Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy, HarperCollins, hlm. 441–, ISBN 978-0-06-095858-9, diakses tanggal 6 November 2011  Quote: "Her success at the polls emboldened Mrs. Gandhi to act decisively against the princes. Through 1971, the two sides tried and failed to find a settlement. The princes were willing to forgo their privy purses, but hoped at least to save their titles. But with her overwhelming majority in Parliament, the prime minister had no need to compromise. On 2 December she introduced a bill to amend the constitution and abolish all princely privileges. It was passed in the Lok Sabha by 381 votes to six, and in the Rajya Sabha by 167 votes to seven. In her own speech, the prime minister invited 'the princes to join the elite of the modern age, the elite which earns respect by its talent, energy and contribution to human progress, all of which can only be done when we work together as equals without regarding anybody as of special status.' " (page 441). 6. Cheesman, David (1997). Landlord power and rural indebtedness in colonial Sind, 1865–1901. London: Routledge. hlm. 10–. ISBN 978-0-7007-0470-5. Diakses tanggal 6 November 2011.  Quote: "The Indian princes survived the British Raj by only a few years. The Indian republic stripped them of their powers and then their titles." (page 10). 7. Merriam-Webster, Inc (1997), Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary, Merriam-Webster, hlm. 520–, ISBN 978-0-87779-546-9, diakses tanggal 6 November 2011  Quote: "Indian States: "Various (formerly) semi-independent areas in India ruled by native princes .... Under British rule ... administered by residents assisted by political agents. Titles and remaining privileges of princes abolished by Indian government 1971." (page 520). 8. Ward, Philip (September 1989), Northern India, Rajasthan, Agra, Delhi: a travel guide, Pelican Publishing, hlm. 91–, ISBN 978-0-88289-753-0, diakses tanggal 6 November 2011  Quote: "A monarchy is only as good as the reigning monarch: thus it is with the princely states. Once they seemed immutable, invincible. In 1971 they were "derecognized," their privileges, privy purses and titles all abolished at a stroke" (page 91)
  3. ^ http://www.jkdharmarthtrust.org/maharani.html
  4. ^ The Gwalior Royal Wedding Event covered in India Today

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Jammu and Kashmir: 1949–1964: Selected Correspondence between Jawaharlal Nehru and Karan Singh. Edited by Jamaid Alam. Penguin 2006. [1]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jabatan politik
Didahului oleh:
Jabatan dibuat setelah penurunan tahta Hari Singh
Pemangku raja Jammu and Kashmir
1949–1952
Diteruskan oleh:
Presiden Jammu dan Kashmir (Sadr-i-Riyasat)
Didahului oleh:
Pemangku raja Jammu dan Kashmir
Presiden Jammu dan Kashmir (Sadr-i-Riyasat)
1952–1964
Diteruskan oleh:
Digantukan oleh Gubernur Jammu dan Kashmir
Didahului oleh:
Presiden Jammu dan Kashmir (Sadr-i-Riyasat)
Gubernur Jammu dan Kashmir
1964–1967
Diteruskan oleh:
Bhagwan Sahay
Didahului oleh:
Menteri Pariwisata dan Penerbangan Sipil
1967–1973
Diteruskan oleh:
Didahului oleh:
Menteri Kesehatan dan Perencanaan Keluarga
1973–1979
Diteruskan oleh:
Didahului oleh:
Menteri Pendidikan dan Budaya
1979–1980
Diteruskan oleh:
Didahului oleh:
P.K. Kaul
Duta Besar India untuk Amerika Serikat
1989–1990
Diteruskan oleh:
Abid Hussain