Bidak catur

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Perangkat catur Staunton, dari kiri ke kanan: pion, benteng, kuda, menteri, ratu, dan raja

Buah catur bervariasi dalam hal nilai dan kemampuan. Terdapat cara khusus untuk menggerakkan dan memakan. Buah catur tersusun atas:

Pada satu sisi, buah disebut "putih", dan di sisi lain "hitam". Di samping buah standar, ada pula sejumlah ragam catur atau jenis-jenis masalah catur tertentu yang dapat memerlukan non standar, buah palsu.

Posisi awal bidak catur[sunting | sunting sumber]

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8 {{{square}}} black rook {{{square}}} black knight {{{square}}} black bishop {{{square}}} black queen {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black bishop {{{square}}} black knight {{{square}}} black rook 8
7 {{{square}}} black pawn {{{square}}} black pawn {{{square}}} black pawn {{{square}}} black pawn {{{square}}} black pawn {{{square}}} black pawn {{{square}}} black pawn {{{square}}} black pawn 7
6 {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king 6
5 {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king 5
4 {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king 4
3 {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king {{{square}}} black king 3
2 {{{square}}} white pawn {{{square}}} white pawn {{{square}}} white pawn {{{square}}} white pawn {{{square}}} white pawn {{{square}}} white pawn {{{square}}} white pawn {{{square}}} white pawn 2
1 {{{square}}} white rook {{{square}}} white knight {{{square}}} white bishop {{{square}}} white queen {{{square}}} white king {{{square}}} white bishop {{{square}}} white knight {{{square}}} white rook 1
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Posisi awal bidak catur

Buah catur dalam sejumlah bahasa[sunting | sunting sumber]

INDONESIA ENGLISH FRANÇAIS DEUTSCH ITALIANO ESPAÑOL KISWAHILI ПО-РУССКИ
CATUR CHESS ÉCHECS SCHACH SCACCHI AJEDREZ SATARANJI ШАХМАТЫ
Raja King Roi König Re Rey Mfalme Король
Ratu Queen Dame, Reine Dame, Königin Dama Dama Malkia ферзь, Дама, Царица
Benteng Rook Tour Turm Torre Torre Ngome ладья
Gajah Bishop Fou Läufer Alfiere Alfil Padri слон
Kuda Knight Cavalier Springer Cavallo Caballo Jemadari конь
Pion Pawn Pion Bauer Pedone Peón Kitunda пешка