Albany, Georgia

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Albany, Georgia
Kota
Kota Albany
City of Albany
Pusat pemerintahan Albany ("The Albany Government Center")
Pusat pemerintahan Albany ("The Albany Government Center")
Lambang resmi Albany, Georgia
Lambang
Julukan: The Good Life City, The Artesian City, Egypt Of America
Semboyan: "There's only one Albany, Georgia"
Lokasi di Dougherty County dan negara bagian Georgia
Lokasi di Dougherty County dan negara bagian Georgia
Albany, Georgia is located in Amerika Serikat
Albany, Georgia
Albany, Georgia
Lokasi di Amerika Serikat
Koordinat: 31°34′56″LU 84°9′56″BT / 31,58222°LU 84,16556°BB / 31.58222; -84.16556
Negara Amerika Serikat
State Georgia
County Dougherty
Incorporated (city) 27 Desember 1838
Pemerintahan
 • Mayor Dorothy Hubbard (D)
Luas
 • Kota 55,9 sq mi (144,7 km2)
 • Darat 55,5 sq mi (144,8 km2)
 • Air 0,3 sq mi (0,9 km2)
Ketinggian 203 ft (62 m)
Penduduk (2010)[1]
 • Kepadatan 1.385,5/sq mi (535,0/km2)
 • Kota 77.434
 • Metro 157.308 (US: 258th)
Zona waktu EST (UTC-5)
 • Musim panas (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s) 31701, 31705, 31707, 31721, 31763
Kode wilayah 229
FIPS code 13-01052[2]
GNIS feature ID 0310424[3]
Situs web http://www.albany.ga.us

Albany adalah sebuah kota di wilayah negara bagian Georgia dan ibu kota pemerintahanan Dougherty County, Amerika Serikat. Letaknya di barat daya Georgia,[4] dan merupakan kota utama pada Albany, Georgia metropolitan area. Jumlah penduduknya 77.434 jiwa menurut Sensus Amerika Serikat 2010, menjadikannya kota terbesar kedelapan di Georgia.[1]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Area kota Albany sekarang dulunya dihuni oleh Creek Indians, yang menyebut tempat itu Thronateeska berdasarkan kata "flint" karena penemuan bahan mineral flint di dekat sungai.[5] Orang Creek menggunakan flintstone ini untuk membuat peralatan dan senjata misalnya kepala anak panah.

Permukiman orang kulit putih dimulai oleh Nelson Tift, seorang pengusaha dari Connecticut, yang menguasai tanah sepanjang Sungai Flint pada bulan Oktober 1836 setelah pengusiran orang Indian. Orang Creek dipaksa untuk pindah ke Indian Territory di sebelah barat sungai Mississippi. Tift menamai kota barunya "Albany" seperti ibu kota negara bagian New York; keduanya sama-sama terletak di hulu sungai-sungai yang dapat dilayari. Alexander Shotwell membuat tata kota pada tahun 1836. Tempat itu di-inkorporasi sebagai kota berdasarkan peraturan General Assembly of Georgia pada tanggal 27 Desember 1838.[6]

Nama-nama julukan untuk Albany meliputi:
    • The Artesian City
    • The Good Life City
    • The Pecan Capital of the World
    • The Quail Hunting Capital of the World

Geografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Albany terletak pada koordinat (31.582273, −84.165557).[7] Berlokasi di daerah yang subur sepanjang sejarahnya di dataran pantai East Gulf, pada tepian sungai Flint.

Topografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Albany terletak di Upper Coastal Plain Georgia.[8]

Lokasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Albany terletak di bagian barat daya Georgia, 78 mi (126 km) southeast of Columbus, 151 mi (243 km) sebelah selatan kota Atlanta, 93 mi (150 km) sebelah barat daya Macon, 39 mi (63 km) sebelah barat dari Tifton, dan 73 mi (117 km) barat laut dari Valdosta.

Iklim[sunting | sunting sumber]

Data iklim Albany, Georgia
Bulan Jan Feb Mar Apr Mei Jun Jul Agt Sep Okt Nov Des Tahun
Rekor tertinggi °F (°C) 83
(28)
86
(30)
93
(34)
97
(36)
102
(39)
106
(41)
107
(42)
104
(40)
106
(41)
99
(37)
97
(36)
85
(29)
107
(42)
Rata-rata tertinggi °F (°C) 60
(16)
65
(18)
72
(22)
78
(26)
85
(29)
90
(32)
93
(34)
92
(33)
88
(31)
80
(27)
71
(22)
63
(17)
78.1
(25.6)
Rata-rata terendah °F (°C) 35
(2)
38
(3)
45
(7)
50
(10)
59
(15)
67
(19)
70
(21)
70
(21)
65
(18)
52
(11)
44
(7)
38
(3)
52.8
(11.4)
Rekor terendah °F (°C) 1
(−17)
11
(−12)
10
(−12)
27
(−3)
39
(4)
46
(8)
57
(14)
56
(13)
37
(3)
28
(−2)
14
(−10)
6
(−14)
1
(−17)
Presipitasi inci (mm) 6.12
(155.4)
4.78
(121.4)
5.71
(145)
3.54
(89.9)
3.86
(98)
4.88
(124)
6.32
(160.5)
4.38
(111.3)
3.77
(95.8)
2.46
(62.5)
3.78
(96)
3.80
(96.5)
53,4
(1.356,4)
Sumber: [9]

Demografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601.618
18702.10129.9%
18803.21653.1%
18904.00824.6%
19004.60614.9%
19108.19077.8%
192011.55541.1%
193014.50725.5%
194019.05531.4%
195031.15563.5%
196055.89079.4%
197072.62329.9%
198074.4252.5%
199078.1225.0%
200076.939−1.5%
201077.4340.6%
Est. 201475.769[10]−2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

Ekonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

An M88 Recovery Vehicle at the Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany undergoes depot maintenance in 2005.


Perusahaan bukan pemerintah pemakai tenaga kerja terbesar di Dougherty County[sunting | sunting sumber]

(tidak termasuk City of Albany, Dougherty County, dan Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany)

Perusahaan terkemuka[sunting | sunting sumber]

Seni dan budaya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Museum dan seni[sunting | sunting sumber]

New Albany Hotel

Tempat bersejarah teregistrasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Olahraga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Club Sport League Venue
Albany Panthers Indoor Football Professional Indoor Football League Albany James H. Gray, Sr. Civic Center

[32]

Monumen dan tempat wisata[sunting | sunting sumber]

Astronauts Memorial, Albany
Amphitheater di Veterans Park, Albany

Festival dan peristiwa[sunting | sunting sumber]

Albany marathon dan 1/2 marathon[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mardi Gras Street Festival[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pendidikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sekolah swasta[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sejumlah sekolah swasta untuk tingkat sekolah dasar dan menengah antara lain:

  • Byne Memorial Baptist School
  • Deerfield-Windsor School
  • Far Horizons Montessori School
  • Life Christian School
  • New Beginning Christian School (NBCS)
  • St. Teresa's Catholic School
  • Sherwood Christian Academy
  • The Vertical High School Academy
  • Young Unlimited Minds Institute (YUMI)

Sekolah negeri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dougherty County School System mengoperasikan lima pusat belajar, 16 sekolah dasar negeri, 6 sekolah menengah pertama negeri, dan 4 sekolah menengah atas negeri. Semua sekolah itu diberi akreditasi oleh "Southern Association of Colleges and Schools" (SACS) dan "Georgia Accrediting Commission" (GAC). Sistem ini pada tahun ajaran 2009–2010 mencatat 15.838 murid yang diajar oleh 1.070 guru dan 198 tenaga pembantu serta personil administrasi.[33]

Perguruan tinggi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Albany State University[sunting | sunting sumber]

Darton State College[sunting | sunting sumber]

Albany Technical College[sunting | sunting sumber]

Media[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Rosenberg Brothers Department Store, now headquarters of The Albany Herald.

Surat kabar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Stasiun televisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Stasiun radio FM[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 88.5 W203AT (religious; translator for KEAR)
  • 89.3 WBJY (religious)
  • 90.3 WAEF (religious)
  • 90.7 WWXC (religious, bluegrass)
  • 91.7 WUNV (NPR – news, classical)[40]
  • 92.7 WASU (Albany State University – college, jazz, urban)
  • 93.1 WSRD (religious, talk)
  • 96.3 WJIZ (urban)[41]
  • 97.3 WRAK "973 Hit Music Now" (Top 40)[42]
  • 98.1 WMRZ "Kiss" (adult urban)[43]
  • 100.3 WOBB "B-100"(country)[44]
  • 101.7 WQVE "V101.7"(R&B & Classic Soul)[45]
  • 102.1 WNUQ "Q102" (Top 40)[46]
  • 102.5 W273AE (religious; translator for WYFK)
  • 103.5 WJAD "Rock 103" (classic and mainstream rock) (Leesburg, Georgia)[47]
  • 104.5 WKAK "Nash FM" (country) (formerly K-Country 104.5 as of June 2013)[48]
  • 105.5 WZBN "Power 105...The King" (Holy Hip Hop and Contemporary Gospel)[49]
  • 106.1 KLOV (Christian Contemporary)
  • 107.7 WEGC "Mix 107.7" (adult contemporary)

Stasiun radio AM[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 960 WJYZ (gospel)
  • 1250 WSRA (ESPN sports)
  • 1450 WGPC (sports)
  • 1590 WALG (news, talk)

Tokoh terkenal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Komponis, pianis, dan penyanyi Ray Charles

Penduduk asli:

Name Notability Reference
John Bahnsen United States Army Brigadier General and decorated veteran of the Vietnam War
Deion Branch Super Bowl MVP football player
Ray Charles Robinson Pianist, songwriter and soul singer
Alice Coachman Olympic gold medal high jumper
William L. Dawson U.S. Representative from Illinois
Paula Deen Celebrity Chef
Diamond Foxxx Pornographic actress
Leroy Gilbert Chaplain of the United States Coast Guard
Reginald D. Hunter Stand-up comedian
Harry James Big Band leader and jazz trumpeter
Alexander Johnson professional basketball player
Hamilton Jordan former White House Chief of Staff
Ray Knight World Series MVP, also managed the Cincinnati Reds
Ricardo Lockette Super Bowl XLIX football player
Russell Malone jazz guitarist
Phillip Phillips American Idol Winner, Season 11 singer
Merritt Ranew Milwaukee Braves baseball player
Wallingford Riegger Conductor and composer
Bobby Rush U.S. Representative from Illinois
Daryl Smith professional football player
Montavious Stanley professional football player
Ray Stevens country music singer

Penduduk menetap:

Name Notability Reference
Nellie Brimberry became the first Postmistress of a major U.S. Post Office in 1910
Mary Francis Hill Coley midwife in Albany 1930–1966, inducted into Georgia Women of Achievement 2011 [50]
Paula Deen chef and host of Paula's Home Cooking on the Television Food Network
Jim Fowler animal expert and host of the television show, Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom
Lee James Olympic silver medalist weightlifter attended Westover High School in Albany
Lionel James Played N.F.L. San Diego Chargers 1985 broke record for all purpose yardage.
Wadsworth Jarrell artist
Rob Jones 2010 Grammy Award Winning Designer [51]
Alex Kendrick
Stephen Kendrick,
filmmakers and authors, reside in Albany
Haley Kilpatrick the founder of Girl Talk Inc.
Nancy Lopez Professional Golfer
Kregg Lumpkin professional football player
Field Mob rap duo signed to Disturbing Tha Peace Records
Jo Marie Payton actress of Family Matters and The Proud Family
D. A. Powell American poet, author of Chronic and Cocktails, born in Albany
Travis Richter Record producer, Dubstep producer Modified Noise, guitarist and screamer/singer for From First To Last, now lead singer of The Human Abstract
Stephen Tanner bassist for the band Harvey Milk
Angelo Taylor Olympic gold medal hurdler
Mark Taylor Former Lieutenant Governor of Georgia

East Albany[sunting | sunting sumber]

East Albany District, Albany, Ga
East Albany ("Albany Timur")
Distrik
Country Amerika Serikat
State Georgia
County Dougherty
Ketinggian 203 ft (62 m)
Zona waktu Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Musim panas (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 31705
Kode wilayah 229

East Albany adalah sebuah distrik di Albany.[52][diragukan]

Subdivisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

East Albany terbagi ke dalam subdivisi sebagai berikut:

  • Colonial Village Subdivision, Albany, Georgia
  • East Towne Subdivision, Albany, Georgia]
  • Elon Village Subdivision, Albany, Georgia
  • Isabella Heights Subdivision, Albany, Georgia
  • Jackson Heights Subdivision, Albany, Georgia
  • Mulberry Heights Subdivision, Albany, Georgia
  • Northend Subdivision, Albany, Georgia
  • Woodland Acres Subdivision, Albany, Georgia

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "Albany (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Diakses tanggal April 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Diakses tanggal 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Diakses tanggal 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Diakses tanggal 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "http://www.heritagecenter.org/about.html".  Hapus pranala luar di parameter |title= (bantuan)
  6. ^ Albany City Comission Archived 20090310014656 di www.albany.ga.us Error: unknown archive URL
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Diakses tanggal 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "accessed January 30, 2012". Georgiaencyclopedia.org. Diakses tanggal April 14, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Average Weather for Albany, GA – Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. July 2011. Diakses tanggal August 27, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Diakses tanggal June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Diakses tanggal June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ albanyartscouncil.org
  13. ^ albanychorale.org
  14. ^ albanyconcert.org
  15. ^ albanycivilrightsinstitute.org
  16. ^ albanymuseum.com
  17. ^ ballettheatresouth.org
  18. ^ albanysymphony.org
  19. ^ flintriverquarium.com
  20. ^ chehaw.org
  21. ^ Flint Rier Quarium Archived 20080706015200 di www.flintriverquarium.com Error: unknown archive URL
  22. ^ theatrealbany.com
  23. ^ heritagecenter.org
  24. ^ "Thronateeska Heritage Center". Heritagecenter.org. Diakses tanggal April 14, 2012. 
  25. ^ artparkonpine.com
  26. ^ Albany Symphony Archived 20141219035134 di www.albanysymphony.org Error: unknown archive URL
  27. ^ "Albany, GA : This picture is of the Albany police station downtown. User comment: I'm from Albany, Georgia, and this is not a picture of the Police Station downtown. This is a picture of the historic Albany Municipal Auditorium. photo, picture, image (Georgia) at". City-data.com. October 8, 2005. Diakses tanggal April 14, 2012. 
  28. ^ Downtown Albany Photo
  29. ^ Mount Zion Baptist Church
  30. ^ "Albany, GA : Albany Heights Building photo, picture, image (Georgia) at". City-data.com. May 29, 2006. Diakses tanggal April 14, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Historic Buildings". W3.gsa.gov. June 22, 2010. Diakses tanggal April 14, 2012. 
  32. ^ accessed January 31, 2012
  33. ^ Dougherty County School System
  34. ^ thealbanyjournal.com
  35. ^ a b walb.com
  36. ^ a b gpb.org
  37. ^ wfxl.com
  38. ^ a b c wswg.tv
  39. ^ wsst51.com
  40. ^ WUNV 91.7 FM
  41. ^ wjiz.com
  42. ^ "WGEX-FM – 97.3 – Hit Music NOW". 973hitmusicnow.com. Diakses tanggal April 14, 2012. 
  43. ^ kissalbany.com
  44. ^ b100wobb.com
  45. ^ wqvealbany.com
  46. ^ q102albany.com
  47. ^ rock103albany.com
  48. ^ kcountry104.com
  49. ^ power105theking.com
  50. ^ "Georgia Women of Achievement". 
  51. ^ "Animal Rummy Designs". 
  52. ^ "East Albany, Georgia GA Community". Georgia Hometown Locator. Diakses tanggal 2011-09-06. 

Pustaka tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Carolyn Clive, Frances Davis, and Tom Liner, eds., Glancing Backward: Albany, Georgia, 1836–1986 (Albany, Ga.: Dougherty County School System and Sesquicentennial Publication Committee, 1986).
  • Lee W. Formwalt, "A Garden of Irony and Diversity," in The New Georgia Guide (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996).
  • Joseph Winthrop Holley, You Can't Build a Chimney from the Top: The South through the Life of a Negro Educator (New York: William-Frederick Press, 1948).
  • Thronateeska Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, History and Reminiscences of Dougherty County, Georgia (1924; reprint, Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1978).
  • Works Progress Administration, Historical Background of Dougherty County, 1836–1940 (Atlanta: Cherokee, 1981).

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]



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