Diskografi Lady Gaga

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Diskografi Lady Gaga
Photograph of Lady Gaga
Gaga menampilkan "Judas" di Good Morning America.
Merilis
Album studio 2
Album kompilasi 2
Album mini 3
Singel 12
Album video 1
Video klip 14
Singel Promosi 6

Diskografi penyanyi pop Amerika Serikat Lady Gaga terdiri dari dua album studio, dua album kompilasi, tiga album mini (EP), dua belas singel (termasuk satu singel fitur), enam singel promosi, satu video album dan empat belas video musik. Pada Agustus 2010, ia telah menjual lebih dari 51 juta singel dan 15 juta album di seluruh dunia.[1][2]

Gaga memulai debutnya pada Agustus 2008 dengan album The Fame,[3] sebuah album yang menarik inspirasi dari musik '80-an sedangkan menggabungkan musik dance dan clear hook. Pada Mei 2011, The Fame telah terjual lebih dari 12 juta kopi di seluruh dunia.[4][5] The Fame memuncak di nomor dua di Amerika Serikat dan kemudian bersertifikat triple platinum[6][7] sementara juga terlihat sukses besar di Eropa di mana The Fame menduduki puncak tangga lagu di Jerman dan Inggris.[8][9] Dua singel pertamanya, "Just Dance" dan "Poker Face", keduanya memuncak di nomor satu di Amerika Serikat dan mencapai berlipat lima platinum untuk penjualan lima juta kopi.[10][11] Singel ini juga sukses secara internasional, mencapai nomor satu di Australia, Kanada dan Inggris.[12][13][14] Album ini mengeluarkan tiga singel lain:.. "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)" , "LoveGame", yang menjadi singel charting terendah di beberapa negara, sementara "Paparazzi", singel terakhir album, mencapai sepuluh besar di banyak negara di seluruh dunia, termasuk nomor satu di Jerman.[8]

Keberhasilan komersial dan kritis album pertama-nya menyebabkan rencana edisi deluxe berjudul The Fame Monster yang akhirnya dirilis sebagai EP mandiri pada November 2009.[15] Album ini memuncak di nomor satu di Australia dan mencapai nomor lima di Amerika Serikat , di mana ia platinum.[6][7][12] Singel pertamanya, "Bad Romance", menjadi hit internasional dan mencapai nomor satu di dua belas negara, sementara memuncak pada nomor dua di Amerika Serikat.[16][13][17][14][18][10] Singel berikutnya, "Telephone" dan "Alejandro", adalah sepuluh hits di banyak negara.[19][20] Terdiri dari berbagai remix lagu-lagu dari The Fame dan The Fame Monster, album kompilasi pertama Gaga The Remix dirilis pada tahun 2010. Album ini memuncak di nomor enam di Amerika Serikat sementara mencapai lima besar di Kanada dan Inggris.[6][9][21] Album The Remix telah terjual 500.000 kopi di seluruh dunia, sehingga menjadikannya salah satu best selling remix album sepanjang masa.

Album studio kedua Born This Way dirilis Mei 2011[22] dan mencapai nomor satu di Amerika Serikat bersama dengan dua puluh negara-negara lain. Singel pertamanya "Born This Way" merupakan hit internasional, memuncak pada nomor-satu di sembilan belas negara termasuk Amerika Serikat, di mana menjadi singel nomer satunya yang ketiga di Amerika Serikat. Born This Way juga mengeluarkan dua singel lainnya, "Judas" dan "The Edge of Glory".

Album[sunting | sunting sumber]

Album studio[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Detail Album Peringkat tangga album Penjualan Certifikasi
US
[6]
AUS
[12]
AUT
[23]
CAN
[21]
FRA
[24]
GER
[8]
IRE
[18]
NZ
[25]
SWI
[26]
UK
[9]
The Fame 2 3 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1
Born This Way
  • Released: May 23, 2011
  • Label: Streamline, Kon Live, Interscope
  • Formats: CD, digital download
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
"-" Menunjukkan item yang tidak masuk grafik atau tidak dirilis.

Album kompilasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Detail Album Peringkat tangga album Penjualan
US
[6]
AUS
[12]
CAN
[21]
FRA
[24]
IRE
[18]
NZ
[25]
UK
[9]
The Remix
  • Released: March 3, 2010
  • Label: Streamline, Kon Live, Cherrytree, Interscope
  • Formats: CD, digital download, LP
6 12 5 19 10 9 3
The Singles[50][51]
  • Released: December 8, 2010
  • Label: Streamline, Kon Live, Cherrytree, Interscope
  • Format: CD
"-" Menunjukkan item yang tidak masuk grafik atau tidak dirilis.

Album mini/EP[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Detail Album Peringkat tangga album Penjualan Certifikasi
US
[6]
AUS
[12]
CAN
[21]
FRA
[24]
The Cherrytree Sessions
  • Compilation EP
  • Released: February 3, 2009
  • Label: Streamline, Kon Live, Cherrytree, Interscope
  • Formats: CD, digital download
Hitmixes
  • Compilation EP
  • Released: August 25, 2009
  • Label: Streamline, Kon Live, Cherrytree, Interscope
  • Format: CD
8
The Fame Monster
  • Studio EP
  • Released: November 18, 2009
  • Label: Streamline, Kon Live, Cherrytree, Interscope
  • Formats: CD, digital download, USB flash drive
5 1 6 13
  • US: Platinum[7]
  • AUS: 3× Platinum[55]
  • FRA: 2× Platinum[56]
"-" Menunjukkan item yang tidak masuk grafik atau tidak dirilis.

Singel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sebagai artis utama[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Tahun Peringkat tangga lagu Certifikasi Album
US
[10]
AUS
[12]
AUT
[23]
CAN
[13]
FRA
[24]
GER
[17]
IRE
[18]
NZ
[25]
SWI
[57]
UK
[14]
"Just Dance"
(featuring Colby O'Donis)
2008 1 1 8 1 14 10 1 3 8 1 The Fame
"Poker Face" 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  • US: 5× Platinum[11]
  • AUS: 6× Platinum[58]
  • AUT: Gold[33]
  • CAN: 8× Platinum[62]
  • GER: 2× Platinum[36]
  • NZ: 2× Platinum[60]
  • SWI: 3× Platinum[39]
  • UK: Platinum[40]
"Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)" 2009 15 68 7 9
"LoveGame" 5 4 6 2 5 7 30 12 15 19
"Paparazzi" 6 2 3 3 6 1 4 5 4 4
"Bad Romance" 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 The Fame Monster
"Telephone"
(featuring Beyoncé)
2010 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 3 4 1
"Alejandro" 5 2 2 4 3 2 3 11 3 7
"Born This Way" 2011 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 3 Born This Way
"Judas" 10 6 6 8 7 23 4 12 8 8
"The Edge of Glory" 3 11 3 7 7 10 3 30 6
"-" Menunjukkan item yang tidak masuk grafik atau tidak dirilis.

Sebagai artis pendukung[sunting | sunting sumber]

Judul Tahun Peringkat tangga lagu Album
US
[10]
AUS
[12]
CAN
[13]
IRE
[18]
UK
[14]
"Chillin"
(Wale featuring Lady Gaga)
2009 99 29 73 19 12 Attention Deficit
"-" Menunjukkan item yang tidak masuk grafik atau tidak dirilis.

Singel promosi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Singel Peringkat tangga lagu Album
US
[10]
AUS
[12]
CAN
[13]
FRA
[24]
IRE
[18]
NZ
[25]
UK
[14]
2008 "Beautiful, Dirty, Rich" 83 The Fame
"Christmas Tree"
(featuring Space Cowboy)
79 Rilis Non-album
2009 "LoveGame / Poker Face"
(live from the 2009 MuchMusic Video Awards)
"Dance in the Dark" 24 88 89 The Fame Monster
2010 "Poker Face / Speechless / Your Song"
(live from the 52nd Grammy Awards) (featuring Elton John)[67]
94 Rilis non-album
2011 "Hair" 12 20 11 12 14 9 13 Born This Way
"-" Menunjukkan item yang tidak masuk grafik atau tidak dirilis.

Penampilan lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lagu-lagu berikut ini bukan merupakan singel resmi atau promosi dan belum muncul di album oleh Lady Gaga.

Tahun Lagu Album
2008 "Big Girl Now" (New Kids on the Block featuring Lady Gaga)

The Block[68]

2009 "Fashion"

Confessions of a Shopaholic[69]

"Video Phone" (extended remix) (Beyoncé featuring Lady Gaga)

I Am... Sasha Fierce (2009 deluxe edition)[70]

2011 "3-Way (The Golden Rule)" (The Lonely Island featuring Justin Timberlake & Lady Gaga) Lagu Non-album

Lagu lain yang masuk tangga lagu[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Peringkat tangga lagu Album
US
[71]
AUS
[72]
CAN
[73]
NZ
[25]
UK
[74]
2008 "The Fame" 73 The Fame
"Starstruck"
(featuring Space Cowboy and Flo Rida)
74 191
"Big Girl Now"
(New Kids on the Block featuring Lady Gaga)
84 The Block
2009 "Video Phone" (extended remix)
(Beyoncé featuring Lady Gaga)
65 31 32 I Am... Sasha Fierce
"Monster" 80 29 68 The Fame Monster
"Speechless" 94 67 88
"So Happy I Could Die" 84
"Teeth" 107
2011 "Marry the Night" 79 91 112 Born This Way
"Yoü and I" 36 27 89
"Scheiße" 136
"Black Jesus † Amen Fashion" 172
"Fashion of His Love" 140
"The Queen" 150
"-" Menunjukkan item yang tidak masuk grafik atau tidak dirilis.

Video[sunting | sunting sumber]

Album video[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Detail Album Catatan
2010 The Fame Monster: Video EP[75]
  • Released: May 7, 2010
  • Label: Streamline, Kon Live, Cherrytree, Interscope
  • Formats: Download
  • Berisi video musik untuk 7 singel gaga yang pertama sebagai artis utama.
One Sequin at a Time
  • Mencapai nomer 9 pada New Zealand Music DVD chart[78]

Video Musik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Sutradara
2008 "Just Dance" (featuring Colby O'Donis) Melina Matsoukas[79]
"Beautiful, Dirty, Rich"
"Poker Face" Ray Kay[79]
2009 "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)" Joseph Kahn[79]
"LoveGame"
"Chillin" (Wale featuring Lady Gaga) Chris Robinson[80]
"Paparazzi" Jonas Åkerlund[79]
"Bad Romance" Francis Lawrence[79]
"Video Phone" (extended remix) (Beyoncé featuring Lady Gaga) Hype Williams[81]
2010 "Telephone" (featuring Beyoncé) Jonas Åkerlund[82]
"Alejandro" Steven Klein[83]
2011 "Born This Way" Nick Knight[84]
"Judas" Lady Gaga and Laurieann Gibson[85]
"The Edge of Glory" Haus of Gaga[86]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Spotted: Lady Gaga Celebrates Success In Los Angeles". MTV News. MTV Networks. 2010-08-12. Diakses 2010-08-12. 
  2. ^ Molloy, Joanna (2010-06-12). "Word of advice to Lady Gaga: Madonna did it first and she did it better". Daily News. Diakses 2010-08-01. 
  3. ^ "Lady Gaga". People. Time Inc. Diakses 2010-09-03. 
  4. ^ a b "Lady Gaga Opens Up". CBS News. CBS Interactive Inc. 2010-08-03. Diakses 2010-08-03. 
  5. ^ "Lady Gaga Swaps Music for Guest Editing at Metro". Billboard. Billboard.com. 2011-05-17. Diakses 2011-05-17. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Lady Gaga Album & Song Chart History: Billboard 200". Billboard. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Gold & Platinum: Lady Gaga Albums". Recording Industry Association of America. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  8. ^ a b c "Chartverfolgung / Lady Gaga / Longplay" (dalam bahasa German). Charts.de. Phononet. Diakses 2010-08-01. 
  9. ^ a b c d Peak chart positions for albums in the United Kingdom:
  10. ^ a b c d e Peak chart positions for singles in the United States:
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Gold & Platinum: Lady Gaga Singles". Recording Industry Association of America. Diakses 2011-03-02. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "Discography Lady GaGa". australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Peak chart positions for singles in Canada:
  14. ^ a b c d e Peak chart positions for singles in the United Kingdom:
  15. ^ Birchmeier, Jason. [(Inggris) Diskografi Lady Gaga di Allmusic "Lady Gaga | Biography"]. Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Diakses 2010-09-03. 
  16. ^ "Lady Gaga > Bad Romance chart positions". Diakses 2010-10-17. 
  17. ^ a b "Chartverfolgung / Lady Gaga / Single" (dalam bahasa German). Media Control Charts. Diakses 2011-03-18. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f "Discography Lady GaGa". irish-charts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses 2010-08-03. 
  19. ^ "Lady Gaga > Telephone chart positions". Diakses 2010-10-17. 
  20. ^ "Lady Gaga > Alejandro chart positions". Diakses 2010-10-17. 
  21. ^ a b c d Peak chart positions for albums in Canada:
  22. ^ Kreps, Daniel (2010-09-13). "Lady Gaga Names Her New Album 'Born This Way'". Rolling Stone (Jann S. Wenner). Diakses 2010-09-13. 
  23. ^ a b "Discographie Lady GaGa" (dalam bahasa German). austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Diakses 2011-03-16. 
  24. ^ a b c d e "Discographie Lady GaGa" (dalam bahasa French). lescharts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  25. ^ a b c d e "Discography Lady GaGa". charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Diakses 2010-08-14. 
  26. ^ "Extended Search: Lady Gaga albums" (dalam bahasa German). swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses 2010-08-02. 
  27. ^ Waddell, Ray (2011-05-05). "Lady Gaga's Monster Ball Tour Breaks Record for Debut Headlining Artist". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Diakses 2011-05-06. 
  28. ^ "The Nielsen Company and Billboard's 2009 Canadian Industry Report". Business Wire. Nielsen SoundScan. 2010-02-04. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  29. ^ "The Nielsen Company and Billboard's 2010 Canadian Industry Report". FYIMusic Canada. Nielsen SoundScan. 2011-04-05. Diakses 2011-04-26. 
  30. ^ "Tops & Flops music of 2010" (dalam bahasa French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Chartsinfrance.net. Diakses 2011-04-07. 
  31. ^ Hue, Susan (2011-05-312). "Lady Gaga's Born This Way becomes biggest album debut of 2011". Music Week 38 (18): 31. ISSN 0265-1548. 
  32. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  33. ^ a b "Gold & Platin" (dalam bahasa German). IFPI Austria. Diakses 2011-02-20. 
  34. ^ "Gold & Platinum Certification: October 2010". Canadian Recording Industry Association. Diakses 2010-11-25. 
  35. ^ "Diamond certifications Albums – Year 2010" (dalam bahasa French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Diakses 2010-09-21. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h "Gold/Platin–Datenbank" [Gold/Platinum Database] (dalam bahasa Jerman). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Diakses 2011-01-06. 
  37. ^ "2009 Certification Awards: Multi-Platinum". Irish Recorded Music Association. Diakses 2010-09-21. 
  38. ^ a b "Latest Gold / Platinum Albums". RadioScope. Diakses 2010-10-27. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f "2010 Certifications" (dalam bahasa German). swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses 2010-09-21. 
  40. ^ a b c d e "Certified Awards Search: Lady Gaga". British Phonographic Industry. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  41. ^ Corner, Lewis. "Lady GaGa's 'Born This Way' sets global record". Digital Spy. Diakses 2 June 2011. 
  42. ^ Total sales in the United States:
  43. ^ Total sales in Canada:
  44. ^ "Lady Gaga Remains No.1 Selling Album" (dalam bahasa French). ChartsinFrance.net. 2011-06-08. Diakses 2011-06-13. 
  45. ^ Total sales in the United Kingdom:
  46. ^ "ARIA Top 50 Albums: Week of May 30, 2011". ARIA Charts. 2011-05-27. Diarsipkan dari aslinya tanggal 2011-05-29. Diakses 2011-05-29. 
  47. ^ Ziegbe, Mawuse (2010-07-08). "Lady Gaga Remix Album Due In The U.S. Next Month". MTV News. MTV Networks. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  48. ^ Grein, Paul (2010-12-08). "Week Ending Dec. 5, 2010: The "Gift" That Keeps On Giving". Yahoo! Inc. Diakses 2010-12-08. 
  49. ^ Alan, Paul (2011-05-31). "Gaga On Verge Of 3M UK Sales". Music Week. Diakses 2011-05-31. 
  50. ^ "レディー・ガガ:ザ・シングルス | Lady Gaga: The Singles". Universal Music Japan. Diakses 2011-04-10. 
  51. ^ "The Singles [Limited Release]". CDJapan. Diakses 2011-02-17. 
  52. ^ Grein, Paul (2010-09-08). "Week Ending Sept. 5, 2010: Rihanna Leads The Pack". Yahoo! Music. Yahoo! Inc. Diakses 2010-09-10. 
  53. ^ Trust, Gary (2011-02-15). "Arcade Fire, Lady Antebellum, Esperanza Spalding Were Least Likely Grammy Winners, Based On Chart History". Billboard. New York: Prometheus Global Media. Diakses 2011-02-17. 
  54. ^ "Les disques les plus vendus en France depuis début 2010" (dalam bahasa French). ChartsinFrance.net. 2010-11-09. Diakses 2010-11-11. 
  55. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2010 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Diakses 2010-08-02. 
  56. ^ "Double Platinum certifications Albums – 2009" (dalam bahasa French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Disqueenfrance. 2010-12-09. Diakses 2010-12-10. 
  57. ^ "Extended Search: Lady Gaga singles" (dalam bahasa German). swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses 2010-08-02. 
  58. ^ a b c d e "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Diakses 2010-07-31. 
  59. ^ a b "Gold & Platinum Certification: June 2009". Canadian Recording Industry Association. Diakses 2010-07-19. 
  60. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Latest Gold / Platinum Singles". RadioScope. Diakses 2011-04-12. 
  61. ^ "2009 Certifications" (dalam bahasa German). swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses 2010-09-21. 
  62. ^ a b c "Gold & Platinum Certification: April 2010". Canadian Recording Industry Association. Diakses 2010-08-01. 
  63. ^ a b "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2011 Singles". Australian Record Industry Assocation. Diakses 2011-05-02. 
  64. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2010 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Diakses 2010-07-31. 
  65. ^ a b "ARIA Singles Top 50". Australian Recording Industry Association. 2011-06-06. Diarsipkan dari aslinya tanggal 2011-06-03. Diakses 2011-06-06. 
  66. ^ "Awards 2011". swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses 2011-04-30. 
  67. ^ "Poker Face / Speechless / Your Song (feat. Elton John) [Live from the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards] - Single". iTunes Store. Apple Inc. Diakses 2011-05-12. 
  68. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. [(Inggris) Diskografi Lady Gaga di Allmusic "The Block | Album"]. Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Diakses 2010-09-27. 
  69. ^ [(Inggris) Diskografi Lady Gaga di Allmusic "Confessions of a Shopaholic > Overview"]. Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Diakses 2010-09-27. 
  70. ^ "Weekly music agenda: Grammy nominations, 'Avatar' CD release". The Independent. 2009-11-20. Diakses 2010-09-27. 
  71. ^ Peak chart positions for Other Charted songs by Lady Gaga:
  72. ^ Peak chart positions for other charted songs in Australia:
  73. ^ Peak chart positions for other charted songs in Canada:
  74. ^ Peak chart positions for other charted songs in the United Kingdom:
    • "Starstruck": "The Official UK Singles Chart for the week ending April 11, 2009". ChartsPlus (Milton Keynes: IQ Ware Ltd) (398): 3. 
    • "Monster": "Lady Gaga". The Official Charts Company. Diakses 2010-09-27. 
    • "So Happy I Could Die", "Speechless" and "Teeth": "The Official UK Singles Chart for the week ending December 5, 2009". ChartsPlus (Milton Keynes: IQ Ware Ltd) (432): 3. 
    • "Yoü and I": "Singles Top 100: Week of May 30, 2011". The Official Charts Company. 2011-05-30. Diarsipkan dari aslinya tanggal 2011-05-30. Diakses 2011-05-30. 
    • "Scheiße", "Marry the Night", "Black Jesus † Amen Fashion", "Fashion of His Love" and "The Queen": "The Official UK Singles Chart for the week ending May 1, 2011". ChartsPlus (Milton Keynes: IQ Ware Ltd). 
  75. ^ "The Fame Monster Videos by Lady GaGa". iTunes. Apple Inc. 2010-05-07. Diakses 2011-01-06. 
  76. ^ "Lady Gaga: One Sequin at a Time (2010)". Amazon.com. Diakses 2011-04-26. 
  77. ^ "The Lady Gaga Story – One Sequin at a Time [DVD]". Amazon.co.uk. Diakses 2011-04-26. 
  78. ^ "Top 10 music DVDs (#1770)". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. 2011-04-25. Diakses 2011-04-26. 
  79. ^ a b c d e Moralde, Oscar (2009-12-14). "Pop Ate My Heart: Lady Gaga, Her Videos, and Her Fame Monster". Slant Magazine. Diakses 2010-09-03. 
  80. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (2009-07-17). "Rapper Wale "Chillin" Out On The Charts". Billboard. Diarsipkan dari aslinya tanggal 2012-07-21. Diakses 2010-09-03. 
  81. ^ Montgomery, James (2009-10-15). "Exclusive: Beyonce And Lady Gaga's 'Video Phone' Clip Confirmed!". MTV News. MTV Networks. Diakses 2010-09-03. 
  82. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (2010-03-16). "Lady Gaga Has 'Potential' To Be The Next Madonna, Director Says". MTV News. MTV Networks. Diakses 2010-09-03. 
  83. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (2010-06-11). "Lady Gaga Wants To Offend With 'Alejandro,' Experts Say". MTV (MTV Networks). Diakses 2010-09-03. 
  84. ^ Herrera, Monica (2011-02-15). "Lady Gaga 'Born This Way' Cover Story". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Diakses 2011-02-18. 
  85. ^ Dinh, James (2011-03-22). "Lady Gaga To Direct 'Judas' Video With Laurieann Gibson". MTV (MTV Networks). Diakses 2011-03-23. 
  86. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (2011-06-17). "Lady GaGa "Had Issues" With New Video Director". MTV (MTV Networks). Diakses 2011-06-17. 

Link External[sunting | sunting sumber]