William Paley

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William Paley
William Paley by George Romney.jpg
William Paley (1743–1805)
LahirJuli 1743
Peterborough, Inggris
Meninggal25 Mei 1805
Bishopwearmouth, Inggris
Tempat tinggalInggris
AlmamaterChrist's College, Cambridge
Dikenal atasBerkontribusi pada filsafat moral, filsafat politik, etik dan filsafat agama
PenghargaanMembers' Prize, Cambridge, 1765
Karier ilmiah
Bidangteologi alam
InstitusiGiggleswick Grammar School, Christ's College, Cambridge, Giggleswick Parish, Katedral Carlisle, Katedral Lincoln, Katedral Durham

William Paley (Juli 1743 – 25 Mei 1805) merupakan seorang rohaniwan, apolog Kristen, filsuf, dan utilitarian Inggris. Ia paling dikenal karena eksposisi teologi alam-nya dari argumen teologi mengenai keberadaan Tuhan pada karyanya Natural Theology: or, Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, yang membuat penggunaan analogi tukang jam.

Kehidupan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Paley lahir di Peterborough, Inggris, dan dididik di Sekolah Giggleswick. Ayahnya merupakan kepala sekolah, dan di Christ's College, Cambridge.

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Fyfe, A. 'Publishing and the classics: Paley's Natural Theology and the nineteenth-century scientific canon', Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 33 (2002), 729–51.
  • Gascoigne, J., 'Rise and Fall of British Newtonian Natural Theology', Science in Context, 2 (1988), 219–256.
  • Gillespie, N. C. 'Divine Design and the Industrial Revolution. William Paley's Abortive Reform of Natural Theology', Isis, 81 (1990), 214–229.
  • Philipp, W. 'Physicotheology in the Age of Enlightenment: Appearance and History', Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, 57 (1967), 1233–1267.
  • Topham, J. R. 'Science, natural theology, and evangelicalism in the early nineteenth century: Thomas Chalmers and the evidence controversy', in D. N. Livingstone, D. G. Hart and M. A. Knoll, Evangelicals and Science in Historical Perspective (Oxford: 1999), 142–174.
  • Topham, J. R. 'Beyond the "Common Context": the Production and Reading of the Bridgewater Treatises', Isis, 89 (1998), 233–62.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brown, Colin. Miracles and the Critical Mind, Paternoster, Exeter and William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 1984.
  • Brooke, John H. Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991.
  • Clarke, M.L., Paley: Evidences for the Man, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1974.
  • Dodds, G. L. Paley, Wearside and Natural Theology, Sunderland, 2003.
  • Gilson, E., From Aristotle to Darwin and Back again: A Journey in Final Causality, Species, and Evolution, John Lyon (trans), Notre Dame University Press, London 1984.
  • Knight, David. Science and Spirituality: The Volatile Connection, Routledge, London, 2004.
  • LeMahieu, D.L. The Mind of William Paley, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1976.
  • McAdoo, H. R., The Spirit of Anglicanism: A Survey of Anglican Theological Method in the Seventeenth Century (London, 1965).
  • McGrath, A. E., A Scientific Theology: Volume I, Nature, Continuum, Edinburgh, 2001.
  • Meadley, G. W. Memoirs of William Paley, to which is Added an Appendix, London, 1809.
  • Ospovat, D. The Development of Darwin's Theory: Natural History, Natural Theology and Natural Selection, 1838–1859, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1995.
  • Pelikan, J. Christianity and Classical Culture: The Metamorphosis of Natural Theology in the Christian Encounter with Hellenism, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1993.
  • Porter, R. 'Creation and Credence', in Barry Barnes and Steven Shapin (eds), Natural Order: Historical Studies of Scientific Culture, Sage Press, Beverly Hills, 1979.
  • Raven, C. Natural Religion and Christian Theology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1953.
  • Richards, R. J. The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe, Chicago University Press, Chicago, 2002.
  • Rose, J. The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2002.
  • Rosen, Frederick, Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill (Routledge Studies in Ethics & Moral Theory), 2003. ISBN 0-415-22094-7
  • Rousseau, G. S. and Roy Porter (eds), The Ferment of Knowledge – Studies in the Historiography of Eighteenth Century Science, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1980.
  • St Clair, W. The Reading Nation in the Romantic Period, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004.
  • Viner, J. The Role of Providence in the Social Order, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, 1972.
  • Von Sydow, M. 'Charles Darwin: A Christian undermining Christianity?', in David M. Knight and Matthew D. Eddy, Science and Beliefs: From Natural Philosophy to Natural Science, Ashgate, Aldershot, 2005

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]